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A provisional constitution, interim constitution or transitional constitution is a constitution intended to serve during a transitional period until a permanent constitution is adopted. The following countries currently have, or have had in the past, such a constitution.


Currently in force

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Libya Libya (; ar, ليبيا, Lībīyā), officially the State of Libya, ( ar, دولة ليبيا, Dawlat Lībīyā) is a country in the Maghreb region in North Africa bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to Egypt–Libya border, t ...
Libyan interim Constitutional Declaration (since 3 August, 2011) * Somalia — Provisional Constitution of the Federal Republic of Somalia (since 1 August 2012) * South Sudan — Constitution of South Sudan, Transitional Constitution of South Sudan (since 9 July 2011) * Rojava - Constitution of Rojava (since 29 January 2014)


In the past

* Taiwan, Republic of China — Provisional Constitution of the Republic of China (from 11 March 1912 to 1 June 1931) * Czechoslovakia — History of Czechoslovakia (1918–38), Provisional Constitution (from 13 November 1918 to 6 March 1920) * Egypt — 2011 Provisional Constitution of Egypt (from 30 March 2011 to 26 December 2012) * Indonesia — Provisional Constitution of 1950 (from 17 August 1950 to 5 July 1959) * Iraq — Law of Administration for the State of Iraq for the Transitional Period (from 28 June 2004 to 15 October 2005) * Ireland — Dáil Constitution (from 21 January 1919 to 6 December 1922) * Nepal — Constitution of Nepal#Nepal Interim Constitution, 2007, Interim Constitution of Nepal (from 2007- 20 September 2015) * Islamic Republic of Pakistan - Interim Constitution Government of India Act (August 1947 to March 11) * Philippines — 1986 Freedom Constitution (from 1986 to 1987) * South Africa — Interim Constitution of South Africa (from 27 April 1994 to 4 February 1997) * Tanzania — Constitution of Tanzania#Interim Constitution (1964-1977), Interim Constitution of Tanzania (from 1964 to 1977) * Thailand — 2006 Interim Constitution of Thailand (from 1 October 2006 to 19 August 2007) * United States — Provisional Constitution (John Brown) - Constitution for a new state John Brown (abolitionist) hoped escaped slaves would create, 1859. Never in effect. * United States — Provisional Constitution of the Confederate States, Provisional Constitution of the Confederate States of America (from 8 February 1861 to 22 February 1862) Provisional constitutions, {{politics-stub