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A political alliance, also known as a coalition or bloc, is cooperation by members of different political parties, in countries with a parliamentary system, on a common agenda of some kind. This usually involves formal agreements between two or more entire parties. An alliance is usually especially beneficial to the parties concerned during and immediately after elections – due to characteristics of the electoral systems concerned (e.g. allowing each party to clear election thresholds) and/or allowing parties to participate in formation of a government after elections. These may break up quickly, or hold together for decades becoming the de facto norm, operating almost as a single unit. Alliances may also form prior to elections in an effort to reduce uncertainty following the election. Coalition governments are formed when a political alliance comes to power, or when only a plurality (not a majority) has not been reached and several parties must work together to govern. One of the peculiarities of such a method of governance results in minister without portfolio. There are several reasons as to why the Alliance government system is getting special significance at present. #Due to increase in the number of political parties. #Due to decrease in the significance of a single political parties. #After spending so many thousands of crores of public money in holding an election if no stable government can be formed due to the complexities that arise for not getting the absolute majority by any of the parties taking a part in the election, in such a circumstances forming of the alliance or coalition government is the only alternative left to avoid spending of public money again by holding another election.

Examples



Active political alliances

* Argentina: Frente de Todos, Juntos por el Cambio, Workers' Left Front – Unity * Armenia: My Step Alliance * Australia: Liberal/National Coalition * Bulgaria: Coalition for Bulgaria, United Patriots * Croatia: People's Coalition * Czech Republic: Pirates and Mayors, Together * Germany: Christian Democratic Union/Christian Social Union * Gibraltar: GSLP–Liberal Alliance * Greece: Movement for Change * Hong Kong: Pan-democracy camp, Pro-Beijing camp, Localist Groups * India: National Democratic Alliance (NDA), United Progressive Alliance (UPA), Left Front * Ireland: Solidarity–People Before Profit, Fianna FáilSDLP * Israel: National camp (informal), Yamina, United Torah Judaism, Joint List * Italy: Centre-left coalition, Centre-right coalition * Latvia: Union of Greens and Farmers * Lebanon: March 14 Alliance * Malaysia: Alliance of Hope * Moldova: Now Platform * Philippines: Coalition for Change, Bagong Alyansang Makabayan * Poland: United Right, European Coalition, The Left, Polish Coalition * Portugal: Unitary Democratic Coalition * Romania: 2020 USR-PLUS Alliance, National Identity Bloc in Europe * Russia: All-Russia People's Front * Serbia: Aleksandar Vučić — For Our Children * Spain: Unidas Podemos, EH Bildu * Sweden: Red-Greens * Republic of China/Taiwan: Pan-Blue Coalition, Pan-Green Coalition * Tunisia: Popular Front * Turkey: People's Alliance, Nation Alliance * United Kingdom: Labour and Co-operative * Uruguay: Broad Front * Venezuela: Great Patriotic Pole, Democratic Unity Roundtable


Defunct political alliances


* Argentina: Alliance for Work, Justice and Education, Broad Progressive Front * Armenia: Way Out Alliance * Brazil: With the strength of the people * Chile: Alliance for Chile, Concert of Parties for Democracy, Coalition for Change, Juntos Podemos Más * France: Union for French Democracy, Federation of the Democratic and Socialist Left, Left Front * Germany: WASGPDS, Harzburg Front *Greece: Coalition of the Radical Left * India: Third Front * Israel: Alignment, Gahal, One Israel, National Union, Likud Yisrael Beiteinu, Zionist Union, Blue and White, Yesh Atid-Telem * Italy: Pole for Freedoms, House of Freedoms, The Olive Tree, The Union, Italy Common Good * South Korea: Three People, Forward and Creative, Peace and Justice, Democratic United, * Latvia: Harmony Centre * Lebanon: March 8 Alliance * Mauritius: L'alliance Sociale * Malaysia: Barisan Alternatif, Pakatan Rakyat * Mexico: Broad Progressive Front * Moldova: Alliance for Democracy and Reforms, Alliance for European Integration * Montenegro: Coalition for a European Montenegro, Together for Change, Serb List * New Zealand: United-Reform Coalition, Alliance * Norway: Red-Green Coalition * Poland: Solidarity Electoral Action, Left and Democrats, United Left * Portugal: Democratic Alliance * Romania: Social Democratic Pole, Justice and Truth Alliance, Social Liberal Union * Russia: The Other Russia * Serbia: Democratic Opposition of Serbia * Slovenia: Democratic Opposition of Slovenia * Spain: Convergence and Union, Junts pel Sí * Sweden: Alliance * Ukraine: Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc, Our Ukraine–People's Self-Defense Bloc * United Kingdom: SDP–Liberal Alliance, Conservative–DUP agreement

See also

*Coalition government *Electoral alliance *Kartel (electoral alliance) *Popular front *United front


References


{{DEFAULTSORT:Political alliance Category:Political science terminology