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In
geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, features, inhabitants, and phenomena of the Earth and planets. The first person to use the word γεωγραφ ...
, a plain is a flat expanse of land that generally does not change much in
elevation The elevation of a geographic location is its height above or below a fixed reference point, most commonly a reference geoid, a mathematical model of the Earth's sea level as an equipotential gravitational surface (see Geodetic datum § Vertical d ...

elevation
. Plains occur as
lowland in the United States, an example of an upland river habitat. Upland and lowland are conditional descriptions of a plain based on elevation above sea level. In studies of the ecology of freshwater rivers, habitats are classified as upland or lowla ...
s along
valley A valley is an elongated low area often running between hills or mountains, which will typically contain a river or stream running from one end to the other. Most valleys are formed by erosion of the land surface by rivers or streams over a ...

valley
s or on the doorsteps of
mountains A mountain is an elevated portion of the Earth's crust, generally with steep sides that show significant exposed bedrock. A mountain differs from a plateau in having a limited summit area, and is larger than a hill, typically rising at least ...
, as
coastal plain#REDIRECT Coastal plain#REDIRECT Coastal plain {{Redirect category shell, 1= {{R from other capitalisation ...
{{Redirect category shell, 1= {{R from other capitalisation ...
s, and as
plateau In geology and physical geography, a plateau (, , or ; ; plural plateaus or plateaux), also called a high plain or a tableland, is an area of a highland consisting of flat terrain, that is raised sharply above the surrounding area on at least on ...
s or uplands. In a valley, a plain is enclosed on two sides, but in other cases a plain may be delineated by a complete or partial ring of hills, by mountains, or by
cliff upEurope's highest cliff, Troll Wall in Norway, a famous BASE jumping location for jumpers from around the world. In geography and geology, a cliff is a vertical, or nearly vertical, rock exposure. Cliffs are formed as erosion landforms by ...
s. Where a geological region contains more than one plain, they may be connected by a pass (sometimes termed a gap). Coastal plains would mostly rise from
sea level Mean sea level (MSL) (often shortened to sea level) is an average level of the surface of one or more of Earth's bodies of water from which heights such as elevation may be measured. The global MSL is a type of vertical datuma standardised geode ...
until they run into elevated features such as mountains or plateaus. Plains are one of the major
landform A landform is a natural or artificial feature of the solid surface of the Earth or other planetary body. Landforms together make up a given terrain, and their arrangement in the landscape is known as topography. Landforms include hills, mountains ...
s on earth, where they are present on all continents, and would cover more than one-third of the world's land area. Plains may have been formed from flowing
lava of pāhoehoe lava, Hawaii, United States , Iceland in 1984 Lava is molten Rock (geology), rock (magma) that has been expelled from the interior of a terrestrial planet (such as Earth) or a moon. Magma is generated by the internal heat of the pla ...
, deposited by water, ice, wind, or formed by
erosion In earth science, erosion is the action of surface processes (such as water flow or wind) that removes soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the Earth's crust, and then transports it to another location. Erosion is distinct from ...

erosion
by these agents from hills and mountains. Plains would generally be under the
grassland Grasslands are areas where the vegetation is dominated by grasses (Poaceae). However, sedge (Cyperaceae) and rush (Juncaceae) can also be found along with variable proportions of legumes, like clover, and other herbs. Grasslands occur naturally ...
(
temperate In geography, the temperate climates of Earth occur in the middle latitudes (40° to 60° N/S of Equator), which span between the tropics and the polar regions of Earth. These zones generally have wider temperature ranges throughout the yea ...
or
subtropical The subtropical zones or subtropics are geographic and climate zones located to the north and south of the tropical zone. Geographically part of the north and south temperate zones, they cover the latitudes between 23°26′11.6″ and approxim ...

subtropical
),
steppe File:Steppe of western Kazakhstan in the early spring.jpg, Steppe in Kazakhstan In physical geography, a steppe is an ecoregion characterized by grassland plains without trees apart from those near rivers and lakes. Steppe b ...
(
semi-arid A semi-arid climate, semi-desert climate, or steppe climate is the climate of a region that receives precipitation below potential evapotranspiration, but not as low as a desert climate. There are different kinds of semi-arid climates, depending on ...
),
savannah A savanna or savannah is a mixed woodland-grassland ecosystem characterised by the trees being sufficiently widely spaced so that the canopy does not close. The open canopy allows sufficient light to reach the ground to support an unbroken herb ...
(
tropical The tropics are the region of Earth surrounding the Equator. They are delimited in latitude by the Tropic of Cancer in the Northern Hemisphere at N and the Tropic of Capricorn in the Southern Hemisphere at S; these latitudes correspond to the ...
) or
tundra In physical geography, tundra () is a type of biome where the tree growth is hindered by low temperatures and short growing seasons. The term ''tundra'' comes through Russian (') from the Kildin Sámi word (') meaning "uplands", "treeless mount ...
(
polar Polar may refer to: Geography Polar may refer to: * Geographical pole, either of two fixed points on the surface of a rotating body or planet, at 90 degrees from the equator, based on the axis around which a body rotates *Polar climate, the clima ...
) biomes. In a few instances,
desert upright=1.5, alt=see caption, Sand dunes in the Rub' al Khali ("Empty quarter") in the United Arab Emirates A desert is a barren area of landscape where little precipitation occurs and, consequently, living conditions are hostile for ...
s and
rainforest Rainforests are forests characterized by high and continuous rainfall, with annual rainfall in the case of tropical rainforests between and definitions varying by region for temperate rainforests. The monsoon trough, alternatively known as the ...
s can also be plains. Plains in many areas are important for
agriculture Agriculture is the science, art and practice of cultivating plants and livestock. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that enabled peo ...
because where the soils were deposited as
sediment Sediment is a naturally occurring material that is broken down by processes of weathering and erosion, and is subsequently transported by the action of wind, water, or ice or by the force of gravity acting on the particles. For example, sand and ...
s they may be deep and
fertile Fertility is the quality of being able to produce children. As a measure, the fertility rate is the average number of children that a woman has in her lifetime and is quantified demographically. Fertility is most commonly considered when there i ...
, and the flatness facilitates mechanization of crop production; or because they support grasslands which provide good grazing for
livestock Livestock is commonly defined as domesticated animals raised in an agricultural setting to produce labor and commodities such as meat, eggs, milk, fur, leather, and wool. The term is sometimes used to refer solely to those that are bred for consu ...
.


Types of plain


Depositional plains

The types of depositional plains include: *
Abyssal plain Depiction of the abyssal zone in relation to other major oceanic zones">oceanic_zone.html" style="text-decoration: none;"class="mw-redirect" title="abyssal zone in relation to other major oceanic zone">abyssal zone in relation to other major ...
s, flat or very gently sloping areas of the deep ocean basin. *
Planitia In geography, a plain is a flat expanse of land that generally does not change much in elevation. Plains occur as lowlands along valleys or on the doorsteps of mountains, as coastal plains, and as plateaus or uplands. In a valley, a plain is encl ...
, the
Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the power of the Roman Republic, it became the dominant language ...
word for plain, is used in the naming of plains on extraterrestrial objects (planets and moons), such as
Hellas Planitia instrument of ''Mars Global Surveyor''. The crater depth is below the standard topographic datum of Mars. MGS radio science measured 11.50 mbar at 34.4° S 59.6° E −7152 meters Hellas Planitia is a Planitia, plain located within the huge, ro ...
on
Mars Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second-smallest planet in the Solar System, being larger than only Mercury. In English, Mars carries the name of the Roman god of war and is often referred to as the "Red Planet". The latter refe ...

Mars
or Sedna Planitia on
Venus Venus is the second planet from the Sun. It is named after the Roman goddess of love and beauty. As the brightest natural object in Earth's night sky after the Moon, Venus can cast shadows and can be, on rare occasion, visible to the naked ey ...
. * Alluvial plains, which are formed by rivers and which may be one of these overlapping types: **
Alluvial plain#REDIRECT Alluvial plain {{R from other capitalisation ...
s, formed over a long period of time by a
river A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river. In some cases a river flows into the ground and becomes dry at the end of its course without reaching another body of water. Sm ...
depositing sediment on their flood plains or beds, which become
alluvial Alluvium (from the Latin ''alluvius'', from ''alluere'', "to wash against") is loose, unconsolidated (not cemented together into a solid rock) soil or sediment that has been eroded, reshaped by water in some form, and redeposited in a non-mar ...
soil. The difference between a flood plain and an alluvial plain is: a flood plain represents areas experiencing flooding fairly regularly in the present or recently, whereas an alluvial plain includes areas where a flood plain is now and used to be, or areas which only experience flooding a few times a century. **
Flood plain File:Flood plain 7991.JPG, Riparian vegetation on the floodplain of the Lynches River, close to Johnsonville, South Carolina. These tupelo and Taxodium, cypress trees show the ordinary high water mark, high-water mark of flooding. A f ...

Flood plain
, adjacent to a lake, river, stream, or wetland that experiences occasional or periodic
flooding Flash flooding caused by heavy rain falling in a short amount of time. A flood is an overflow of water that submerges land that is usually dry. In the sense of "flowing water", the word may also be applied to the inflow of the tide. F ...
. **
Scroll plain A scroll plain occurs where a river meanders across an area with a very low gradient, usually with a fairly continuous discharge. In addition to meanders, scroll plains are also characterised by many oxbow lakes. See also *Strath References {{T ...
, a plain through which a river
meander Meanders of the ''Rio Cauto'' at Guamo Embarcadero, Cuba A meander is one of a series of regular sinuous curves, bends, loops, turns, or windings in the channel of a river, stream, or other watercourse. It is produced by a stream or river swingin ...
s with a very low gradient. * Glacial plains, formed by the movement of glaciers under the force of gravity: **
Outwash plain An outwash plain, also called a sandur (plural: ''sandurs''), sandr or sandar, is a plain formed of glacial sediments deposited by meltwater outwash at the terminus of a glacier. As it flows, the glacier grinds the underlying rock surface and ca ...

Outwash plain
(also known as sandur; plural sandar), a glacial out-wash plain formed of sediments deposited by melt-water at the terminus of a glacier. Sandar consist mainly of stratified (layered and sorted) gravel and sand. **
Till plainTill plains are an extensive flat plain of glacial till that forms when a sheet of ice becomes detached from the main body of a glacier and melts in place, depositing the sediments it carried. Ground moraines are formed with melts out of the glacier ...
s, plain of
glacial till image:Geschiebemergel.JPG, Closeup of glacial till. Note that the larger grains (pebbles and gravel) in the till are completely surrounded by the matrix of finer material (silt and sand), and this characteristic, known as ''matrix support'', is d ...
that form when a sheet of
ice Ice is water frozen into a solid state. Depending on the presence of impurities such as particles of soil or bubbles of air, it can appear transparent or a more or less opaque bluish-white color. In the Solar System, ice is abundant and occur ...
becomes detached from the main body of a
glacier A glacier ( or ) is a persistent body of dense ice that is constantly moving under its own weight. A glacier forms where the accumulation of snow exceeds its ablation over many years, often centuries. Glaciers slowly deform and flow under stres ...
and melts in place depositing the
sediment Sediment is a naturally occurring material that is broken down by processes of weathering and erosion, and is subsequently transported by the action of wind, water, or ice or by the force of gravity acting on the particles. For example, sand and ...
s it carries. Till plains are composed of unsorted material (till) of all sizes. *
Lacustrine plainA lacustrine plain or lake plain is a plain formed due to the past existence of a lake and its accompanying sediment accumulation. Lacustrine plains can be formed through one of three major mechanisms: glacial drainage, differential uplift, and inlan ...
s, plains that originally formed in a lacustrine environment, that is, as the bed of a
lake A lake is an area filled with water, localized in a basin, surrounded by land, apart from any river or other outlet that serves to feed or drain the lake. Lakes lie on land and are not part of the ocean, although like the much larger oceans, ...
. *
Lava plain Barren waste of lava fields at Reykjanes Peninsula, Iceland. A lava field, also called a lava plain or lava bed, is a large expanse of nearly flat-lying lava flows. Such features are generally composed of highly fluid basalt lava, and can extend ...
s, formed by sheets of flowing
lava of pāhoehoe lava, Hawaii, United States , Iceland in 1984 Lava is molten Rock (geology), rock (magma) that has been expelled from the interior of a terrestrial planet (such as Earth) or a moon. Magma is generated by the internal heat of the pla ...
.


Erosional plains

Erosional plains have been leveled by various agents of denudation such as running water, rivers, wind and glacier which wear out the rugged surface and smoothens them. Plain resulting from the action of these agents of denudation are called ''
peneplain In geomorphology and geology, a peneplain is a low-relief plain formed by protracted erosion. This is the definition in the broadest of terms, albeit with frequency the usage of peneplain is meant to imply the representation of a near-final (or pe ...
s'' (almost plain) while plains formed from wind action are called ''
pediplain In geology and geomorphology a pediplain (from the Latin ''pes'', genitive case ''pedis'', meaning "foot") is an extensive plain formed by the coalescence of pediments. The processes through which pediplains forms is known as pediplanation. The ...
s''.


Structural plains

Structural plains are relatively undisturbed horizontal surfaces of the Earth. They are structurally depressed areas of the world that make up some of the most extensive natural lowlands on the Earth's surface.


Notable examples

View of the South Småland peneplain at Store Mosse National Park in Sweden.


Americas


Caribbean and South America

*
Altiplano (Parinacota and Pomerape) The Altiplano (Spanish for "high plain"), Collao (Quechuan languages, Quechua and Aymara: Qullaw, meaning "place of the Qulla") or Andean Plateau, in west-central South America, is the area where the Andes are the wid ...

Altiplano
(Bolivia, Chile) *
Altiplano Cundiboyacense The Altiplano Cundiboyacense is a high plateau located in the Eastern Cordillera of the Colombian Andes covering parts of the departments of Cundinamarca and Boyacá. The altiplano corresponds to the ancient territory of the Muisca. The Altiplano ...

Altiplano Cundiboyacense
(Colombia) *
Caroni Plain On the island of Trinidad in the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, the Caroni Plain is a lowland area between the Northern Range and the Central Range. The lowland areas to the south of the Central Range are the Naparima Plain on the west and the Na ...
(
Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago (, ), officially the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, is the southernmost island country in the Caribbean and is known for its fossil-fuel wealth. Consisting of the main islands Trinidad and Tobago, and numerous much smalle ...

Trinidad and Tobago
) *
Chilean Central Valley The Central Valley ( es, Valle Central), Intermediate Depression, or Longitudinal Valley is the depression between the Chilean Coastal Range and the Andes Mountains. The Chilean Central Valley extends from the border with Peru to Puerto Montt in sout ...
** ** Los Llanos *
Gran Chaco The Gran Chaco or Dry Chaco is a sparsely populated, hot and semiarid lowland natural region of the Río de la Plata basin, divided among eastern Bolivia, western Paraguay, northern Argentina, and a portion of the Brazilian states of Mato Gross ...
(Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay) *
Llanos The Llanos (Spanish ''Los Llanos'', "The Plains"; ) is a vast tropical grassland plain situated to the east of the Andes in Colombia and Venezuela, in northwestern South America. It is an ecoregion of the tropical and subtropical grasslands, sava ...
(
Colombia Colombia ( , ; ), officially the Republic of Colombia (), is a country in South America with territories in North America. Colombia is bounded on the north by the Caribbean Sea, the northwest by Panama, the south by Ecuador and Peru, the east ...

Colombia
and
Venezuela Venezuela (; ), officially the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela ( es, link=no, República Bolivariana de Venezuela), is a country on the northern coast of South America, consisting of a continental landmass and many islands and islets in the Ca ...
) *
Pampas The Pampas (from the qu, pampa, meaning "plain") are fertile South American lowlands that cover more than and include the Argentine provinces of Buenos Aires, La Pampa, Santa Fe, Entre Ríos, and Córdoba; all of Uruguay; and Brazil's southern ...
(Argentina,
Uruguay Uruguay (; ; pt, Uruguai), officially the Oriental Republic of Uruguay ( es, República Oriental del Uruguay), is a country in the southeastern region of South America. It borders Argentina to its west and southwest and Brazil to its north and nor ...
,
Brazil Brazil ( pt, Brasil; ), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: ), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. At 8.5 million square kilometers (3.2 million square miles) and with over 211 millio ...
) * Coastal plains of Chile


North America

*
Atlantic coastal plain Wheat field near Centreville on the Eastern Shore of Maryland, with flat terrain typical of the Atlantic coastal plain The Atlantic coastal plain is a physiographic region of low relief along the East Coast of the United States. It extends from ...

Atlantic coastal plain
(
United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, 326 India ...
) *
Carrizo Plain The Carrizo Plain (Obispeño: ''tšɨłkukunɨtš'', "Place of the rabbits"; is a large enclosed grassland plain, approximately long and up to across, in southeastern San Luis Obispo County, California, about northwest of Los Angeles. It contai ...
(
California California is a state in the Western United States. With over 39.3million residents across a total area of approximately , it is the most populous and the third-largest U.S. state by area. It is also the most populated subnational entity in N ...
, United States) *
Great Plains The Great Plains, sometimes simply "the Plains", is a broad expanse of flat land (a plain), much of it covered in prairie, steppe, and grassland, located in the interior of North America. It lies west of the Mississippi River tallgrass prairie ...
(
Canada Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering , making it the world's second-largest country by total ...

Canada
and United States) *
Gulf Coastal Plain The Gulf Coastal Plain extends around the Gulf of Mexico in the Southern United States and eastern Mexico. This coastal plain reaches from the Florida Panhandle, southwest Georgia, the southern two-thirds of Alabama, over most of Mississippi, weste ...
(
Mexico Mexico ( es, México ; Nahuan languages: ), officially the United Mexican States (; EUM ), is a country in the southern portion of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to ...
and United States) *
Interior Plains 300px, The Interior Plains are highlighted in red. The Interior Plains are a vast physiographic region that spreads across the Laurentian craton of central North America, extending from the Gulf Coast region to the Arctic Ocean along the east flank ...
(Canada and United States) * Lake Superior Lowland (
Wisconsin Wisconsin () is a state in the Upper Midwest region of the United States, bordered by Minnesota to the west; Iowa to the southwest; Illinois to the south; Lake Michigan to the east; Michigan to the northeast; and Lake Superior to the north. W ...
, United States) * Laramie Plains (
Wyoming Wyoming () is a state in the Mountain West region of the United States. The 10th largest state by area, it is also the least populous and least densely populated state in the contiguous United States. It is bordered by Montana to the north an ...

Wyoming
) *
Mississippi Alluvial Plain 150px, The Mississippi River Alluvial Plain is an alluvial plain created by the Mississippi River on which lie parts of seven U.S. states, from southern Louisiana to southern Illinois (Illinois, Missouri, Kentucky, Tennessee, Arkansas, Mississippi, ...
(
Mississippi Mississippi () is a state in the Southeastern region of the United States, bordered to the north by Tennessee; to the east by Alabama; to the south by the Gulf of Mexico; to the southwest by Louisiana; and to the northwest by Arkansas. Mississi ...
) *
Oxnard Plain The Oxnard Plain The Oxnard Plain is a large coastal plain in southwest Ventura County, California, United States surrounded by the mountains of the Transverse ranges. The cities of Oxnard, Camarillo, Port Hueneme and much of Ventura as well as th ...
(
Ventura County Ventura County is a county in the southern part of the U.S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 823,318. The largest city is Oxnard, and the county seat is the city of Ventura. Ventura County comprises the Oxnard-Thou ...
, California) *
Snake River Plain The gorges,_such_as_this_one_near_Twin_Falls,_Idaho.html" style="text-decoration: none;"class="mw-redirect" title="canyons">Snake River cutting through the plain leaves many canyons and Canyon#List of gorges">gorges, such as this one near ...

Snake River Plain
(
Idaho Idaho () is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. It borders the state of Montana to the east and northeast, Wyoming to the east, Nevada and Utah to the south, and Washington and Oregon to the west. To the north, it sh ...
)


Asia


Eastern Asia

*
Chianan PlainChianan or Jianan may refer to: Taiwan * Chianan Plain, largest plain in Taiwan * Chianan Irrigation, canals of Chianan Plain of Taiwan Han Dynasty *Jian'an, name for the period of rule (196—220) of the Emperor Xian of Han *Seven Scholars of Jian ...
(
Taiwan Taiwan (), officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a country in East Asia. Neighbouring countries include the People's Republic of China (PRC) to the northwest, Japan to the northeast, and the Philippines to the south. The main island of Ta ...
) *
Depsang Plains The Depsang Plains () represent a high-altitude gravelly plain at the northwest portion of the disputed Aksai Chin region of Kashmir, divided into Indian and Chinese administered portions across a Line of Actual Control. India controls the w ...
(
China China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia. It is the world's most populous country, with a population of around 1.4 billion. Covering approximately 9.6 million square kilometers (3.7 million m ...
and
India India (Hindi: ), officially the Republic of India (Hindi: ), is a country in South Asia. It is the second-most populous country, the seventh-largest country by land area, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Oce ...

India
) * Honam Plain (South Korea) *
Kantō Plain The is the largest plain in Japan, and is located in the Kantō region of central Honshū. The total area 17,000 km2 covers more than half of the region extending over Tokyo, Saitama Prefecture, Kanagawa Prefecture, Chiba Prefecture, Gunma P ...
(
Japan , image_flag = Flag of Japan.svg , alt_flag = Centered deep red circle on a white rectangle , image_coat = Imperial Seal of Japan.svg , alt_coat = Golden circle subdivided ...
) *
Kedu Plain Kedu Plain, also known as Progo River valley, is the fertile volcanic plain that lies between the volcanoes, Mount Sumbing and Mount Sundoro to the west, and Mount Merbabu and Mount Merapi to the east, roughly corresponds to present-day Magelang and ...
(
Indonesia Indonesia ( ), officially the Republic of Indonesia ( id, Republik Indonesia, links=yes ), is a country in Southeast Asia and Oceania between the Indian and Pacific oceans. It consists of more than seventeen thousand islands, including Sumatra, ...

Indonesia
) *
Kewu Plain Kewu Plain, also known as Prambanan Plain or Opak River valley, is a fertile volcanic plain that lies between Merapi-Merbabu complex in the north, Bantul lowlands and Sewu karst limestone range in the south, Bengawan Solo river valley in east, and ...
(Indonesia) *
Mallig Plains Mallig Plains Region is a region in the western part of the province of Isabela in the Philippines. Its name was derived from the rolling terrains or kilometers of plain lands in western Isabela. The municipality of Roxas serves as the business cen ...
(
Philippines The Philippines (; fil, Pilipinas or ''Filipinas'' ), officially the Republic of the Philippines ( fil, Republika ng Pilipinas), * bik, Republika kan Filipinas * ceb, Republika sa Pilipinas * cbk, República de Filipinas * hil, Republika sang ...

Philippines
) *
Nōbi Plain The is a large plain in Japan that stretches from the Mino area of southwest Gifu Prefecture to the Owari area of northwest Aichi Prefecture, covering an area of approximately .
(Japan) *
North China Plain 200px, The North China Plain is shown in dark. The Yellow River is shown as "Río Amarillo". The North China Plain () is a large-scale downfaulted rift basin formed in the late Paleogene and Neogene and then modified by the deposits of the Yellow Ri ...
(China) *
Osaka Plain The refers to a 1,600 km² area of flat land, the largest plain in the Kinki region, including a large part of Osaka Prefecture and a southeastern portion of Hyōgo Prefecture. It is bordered on the north by the Hokusetsu Mount Range, on the ...
(Japan) * Pingtung Plain (Taiwan) *
Sarobetsu plain 300px, Sarobetsu-genya , derived from the Ainu ''sar'' (marsh) and ''pet'' (river), is a coastal plain and low-lying moor in northwestern Hokkaidō, Japan. With an area of approximately 20,000 ha or , it forms part of the Rishiri-Rebun-Sarobetsu Na ...
(Japan) * West Siberian Plain (Russia) * Yilan Plain (Taiwan)


South Asia

* Bhuikhel (Nepal) *
Depsang Plains The Depsang Plains () represent a high-altitude gravelly plain at the northwest portion of the disputed Aksai Chin region of Kashmir, divided into Indian and Chinese administered portions across a Line of Actual Control. India controls the w ...
(
India India (Hindi: ), officially the Republic of India (Hindi: ), is a country in South Asia. It is the second-most populous country, the seventh-largest country by land area, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Oce ...

India
and
China China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia. It is the world's most populous country, with a population of around 1.4 billion. Covering approximately 9.6 million square kilometers (3.7 million m ...
) * Dooars (
India India (Hindi: ), officially the Republic of India (Hindi: ), is a country in South Asia. It is the second-most populous country, the seventh-largest country by land area, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Oce ...

India
and Bhutan) * Eastern coastal plains (
India India (Hindi: ), officially the Republic of India (Hindi: ), is a country in South Asia. It is the second-most populous country, the seventh-largest country by land area, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Oce ...

India
) * Indo-Gangetic Plains (Bangladesh,
India India (Hindi: ), officially the Republic of India (Hindi: ), is a country in South Asia. It is the second-most populous country, the seventh-largest country by land area, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Oce ...

India
, Nepal and Pakistan) * More plains (
India India (Hindi: ), officially the Republic of India (Hindi: ), is a country in South Asia. It is the second-most populous country, the seventh-largest country by land area, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Oce ...

India
) * North Bengal plains (Bangladesh and
India India (Hindi: ), officially the Republic of India (Hindi: ), is a country in South Asia. It is the second-most populous country, the seventh-largest country by land area, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Oce ...

India
) * Punjab Plains (Pakistan and
India India (Hindi: ), officially the Republic of India (Hindi: ), is a country in South Asia. It is the second-most populous country, the seventh-largest country by land area, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Oce ...

India
) * Terai (
India India (Hindi: ), officially the Republic of India (Hindi: ), is a country in South Asia. It is the second-most populous country, the seventh-largest country by land area, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Oce ...

India
and Nepal) * Utkal Plains (
India India (Hindi: ), officially the Republic of India (Hindi: ), is a country in South Asia. It is the second-most populous country, the seventh-largest country by land area, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Oce ...

India
) * Western coastal plains (
India India (Hindi: ), officially the Republic of India (Hindi: ), is a country in South Asia. It is the second-most populous country, the seventh-largest country by land area, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Oce ...

India
)


Western Asia

* Al-Ghab Plain (Syria) * Aleppo plateau (Syria) * Ararat plain (Armenia and Turkey) * Israeli coastal plain (Israel) * Khuzestan Plain (Iran) * Mugan plain (Azerbaijan and Iran) * Nineveh Plains (Iraqi Kurdistan) * Shiraki Plain (Georgia (country), Georgia)


Europe


Central Europe

* Limagne (France) * North German Plain * Ochsenfeld (France) * Pannonian Basin (Central Europe) * Parndorf Plain (Austria) * Westphalian Lowland (Germany)


Eastern Europe

* Bărăgan Plain (Romania) * Danubian Plain (Bulgaria), Danubian Plain (Bulgaria) * Dnieper Lowland (Ukraine) * East European Plain * European Plain * Great Hungarian Plain * Kosovo field (region), Kosovo field (Kosovo) * Little Hungarian Plain (Austria, Hungary, and Slovakia) * Pannonian Steppe (Hungary) * Polesian Lowland (Ukraine and Belarus) * Upper Thracian Plain (Bulgaria) * Wallachian Plain (Romania)


Northern Europe

* Cheshire Plain (England) * Hardangervidda (Norway) * Kaffiøyra (Svalbard, Norway) * Muddus plains (Sweden) * North European Plain * North Northumberland Coastal Plain (Northern England) * North Somerset Levels (North Somerset, England) * Salisbury Plain (England) * Solway Plain (Cumbria, England) * Somerset Levels (Somerset, England) * South Coast Plain (Hampshire and Sussex, England) * South Småland peneplain (Sweden) * Stora Alvaret (Öland, Sweden) * Strandflat (Norway) * Sub-Cambrian peneplain (Nordic countries) ** Central Swedish lowland ** Ostrobothnian Plain (Finland) * The Fylde (Lancashire, England)


Southern Europe

* Agro Nocerino Sarnese (Italy) * Campidano (Italy) * Lelantine Plain (Greece) * Mesaoria (Cyprus) * Messara Plain (Greece) * Nurra (Sardinia, Italy) * Po Valley (Italy) * Rieti Valley (Central Italy) * Tavoliere delle Puglie (Southern Italy)


Oceania


Australia

* Bogong High Plains (Victorian Alps, Australia) * Cumberland Plain (Sydney, Australia) * Esperance Plains (Western Australia) * Molonglo Plain (Australian Capital Territory) * Mulga Lands (eastern Australia) * Nullarbor Plain (Southern Australia) * Ord Victoria Plain (Northern Australia) * Swan Coastal Plain (Perth, Australia)


New Zealand

* Awarua Plains (Southland, New Zealand, Southland) * Canterbury Plains (Canterbury, New Zealand, Canterbury) * Hauraki Plains (Waikato) * Maniototo (Otago) * Taieri Plains, Taieri (Otago)


See also

* * * * * * * * * *


References


External links

* {{Authority control Slope landforms Plains, Agricultural land Grasslands Environmental terminology Meadows Land management