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Live action (or live-action) is a form of
cinematography
cinematography
or videography that uses photography instead of
animation Animation is a method in which Image, figures are manipulated to appear as moving images. In traditional animation, images are drawn or painted by hand on transparent cel, celluloid sheets to be photographed and exhibited on film. Today, most an ...

animation
. Some works combine live-action with animation to create a live-action animated film. Live-action is used to define film, video games or similar visual media. Photorealistic animation, particularly modern
computer animation " technique Computer animation is the process used for digitally generating animated images. The more general term computer-generated imagery (CGI) encompasses both static scenes and dynamic images, while computer animation ''only'' refers to movi ...
, is sometimes erroneously described as "live-action" as in the case of some media reports about Disney's 2019 remake of ''The Lion King''. According to the Cambridge English Dictionary, live action "[involves] real people or animals, not models, or images that are drawn, or produced by computer".


Overview

As the normal process of making visual media involves live-action, the term itself is usually superfluous. However, it makes an important distinction in situations in which one might normally expect animation, such as when the work is adapted from a video game, or from an animated cartoon, such as ''Scooby-Doo (film), Scooby-Doo'', ''The Flintstones (film), The Flintstones'', ''101 Dalmatians (1996 film), 101 Dalmatians'' films, or ''The Tick (2001 TV series), The Tick'' television program. The phrase "live-action" also occurs within an animation context to refer to non-animated characters: in a live-action/animated film such as ''Space Jam'', ''Who Framed Roger Rabbit'', ''Looney Tunes: Back in Action'', or ''Mary Poppins (film), Mary Poppins'' in which humans and cartoons co-exist. In this case the "live-action" characters are the "real" actors, such as Michael Jordan, Bob Hoskins and Julie Andrews, as opposed to the animated "actors", such as List of Who Framed Roger Rabbit characters#Roger Rabbit, Roger Rabbit himself. As use of computer-generated imagery (CGI) in films has become a major trend, some critics, such as Mark Langer, have discussed the relationship and overlap between live-action and animation. New films that use computer-generated special-effects can not be compared to live-action films using cartoon characters because of the perceived realism of both styles combined.


Live-action vs. animation

In producing a movie, both live-action and
animation Animation is a method in which Image, figures are manipulated to appear as moving images. In traditional animation, images are drawn or painted by hand on transparent cel, celluloid sheets to be photographed and exhibited on film. Today, most an ...

animation
present their own pros and cons. Unlike animation, live-action involves the photography of actors and actresses, as well as sets and props making the movie seem personal and as close to reality as possible. The only drawback being one's budget. On the other hand, animation works well in conveying abstract art, abstract ideas and it generally takes much longer to produce.


See also

*Animated cartoon *Films with live action and animation *Footage *List of live-action films based on cartoons and comics *List of live-action puppet films *Live-action role-playing game *List of short live-action films


References

{{Film genres Film and video terminology Television terminology sv:Spelfilm