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A federal republic is a
federation
federation
of states with a
republic A republic ( la, res publica, links=yes, meaning "public affair") is a List of forms of government, form of government in which "power is held by the people and their elected representatives". In republics, the country is considered a "public m ...
an form of government. At its core, the literal meaning of the word republic when used to reference a form of government means: "a country that is governed by elected representatives and by an elected leader (such as a president) rather than by a king or queen". In a federal republic, there is a division of powers between the federal government, and the government of the individual subdivisions. While each federal republic manages this division of powers differently, common matters relating to security and defense, and monetary policy are usually handled at the federal level, while matters such as infrastructure maintenance and education policy are usually handled at the regional or local level. However, views differ on what issues should be a federal competence, and subdivisions usually have sovereignty in some matters where the federal government does not have jurisdiction. A federal republic is thus best defined in contrast to a Unitary state, unitary republic, whereby the central government has complete sovereignty over all aspects of political life. This more decentralized structure helps to explain the tendency for more populous countries to operate as federal republics.Forum of Federations

Schram, Sanford. Handbook of Federal Countries: United States, pg 373–391, 2005.
Most federal republics codify the division of powers between orders of government in a written Constitution, constitutional document. The political differences between a federal republic and other Federation, federal states, especially Federal monarchy, federal monarchies under a parliamentary system of government, are largely a matter of legal form rather than political substance, as most federal states are democratic in structure if not practice with Separation of powers#Checks and balances, checks and balances. However, some federal monarchies, such as the United Arab Emirates are based upon principles other than democracy.


Contemporary


Historical


See also

* Form of government * List of republics * Federal monarchy


Notes and references


External links

{{DEFAULTSORT:Federal republic Federal republics, Federalism, Republic Republicanism