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Comedy-drama, or dramedy, is a
genre
genre
of dramatic works that combines elements of
comedy Comedy (from the el, wikt:κωμῳδία, κωμῳδία, ''kōmōdía'') is a genre of fiction consisting of discourses or works intended to be humorous or amusing by inducing laughter, especially in theatre, film, stand-up comedy, television ...
and drama.


History

The advent of
radio drama Radio drama (or audio drama, audio play, radio play, radio theatre, or audio theatre) is a dramatized, purely acoustic performance. With no visual component, radio drama depends on dialogue, music and sound effects to help the listener imagine th ...
,
cinema
cinema
and in particular, television created greater pressure in marketing to clearly define a product as either comedy or drama. While in live theatre the difference became less and less significant, in mass media comedy and drama were clearly divided. Comedies were expected to keep a consistently light tone and not challenge the viewer by introducing more serious content. By the early 1960s, television companies commonly presented half-hour-long "comedy" series or hour-long "dramas". Half-hour series were mostly restricted to situation comedy (sitcoms) or family comedy and were usually aired with either a live or overdubbed laugh track. One-hour dramas included such shows as police and detective series, westerns, science fiction and serialized prime time soap operas. Comedy-drama series are often associated with the
single-camera Diagram showing a single-camera setup. The single-camera setup, or single-camera mode of production, also known as portable single camera, is a method of filmmaking and video production. The single-camera setup originally developed during the b ...
production format.


In the UK

In the
United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' use Britain as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Some prefer to use Britain as shortha ...
, the format first appeared successfully in 1979 with the long-running series '' Minder'', along with other comedy-dramas such as '' Jeeves and Wooster,'' '' Benidorm'', ''Misfits'' and '' After Life.''


In the US

One of the first American television shows to successfully blend elements of comedy and drama together was Jackie Cooper's military-themed series, ''
Hennesey ''Hennesey'' is an American military comedy-drama Comedy-drama, or dramedy, is a genre of dramatic works that combines elements of comedy and Drama (film and television), drama. History The advent of radio drama, film, cinema and in particul ...
''. Although the show initially featured a laugh track, it also contains many elements of character drama that occurred amongst the re-occurring characters and the guest stars. The laugh track was not extensively used in each episode; by the third season, it was eliminated completely from the series. Beginning around 1969, there was a brief spate of half-hour shows that purposely alternated between comedy and drama and aired without a laugh track, as well as some hour-long shows such as ''CHiPs'' in the late 1970s to early 1980s. These were known as "comedy-dramas". An early (1969–1974) example of this genre was the award-winning ''Room 222'', one of the first fully racially integrated television series. The episodes blended comedy with weighty subjects such as race relations, integrity, student smoking and mortality as well as topical issues such as the Vietnam War and the plight of returning war veterans. The sitcom formula pioneered by Norman Lear in the 1970s in which a half-hour multi-camera situation comedy addressed serious issues in a dramatic format on videotape before a live studio audience is considered another type of comedy-drama hybrid. Examples of this genre include ''All in the Family'', Andi Mack, and ''One Day at a Time (1975 TV series), One Day at a Time''. Another example was ''The Days and Nights of Molly Dodd'', which aired from 1987 to 1991. The term "dramedy" was coined to describe the late 1980s wave of shows, including ''Hooperman'', ''Doogie Howser, M.D.'', and ''Frank's Place''. These early shows influenced how general TV comedies and series (especially family themed sitcoms) were developed. They often included brief dramatic interludes and more serious subject matter. An example of a successful comedy-drama series that distinguished this genre in television was the series ''Moonlighting (TV series), Moonlighting''. It generated critical acclaim and was a highly rated series worldwide. Another example of a successful comedy-drama was the television series ''Eight Is Enough''. The show was distinct, because it was not a comedy-drama in the traditional sense. It was an hour-long series that used a laugh track, which was very unusual, but is considered a comedy-drama for the fact that it alternated between drama and comedy.


See also

*List of comedy-drama television series *Black comedy *Dramatic structure *Melodrama *Seriousness *Tragicomedy *List of comedy-drama films


References

{{Television genres Comedy-drama, Comedy genres, Drama Drama genres Film genres Television genres