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An arrondissement (, , ) is any of various
administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms, are generic names for geographical areas into which a particular, ...

administrative division
s of France,
Belgium Belgium ( nl, België ; french: Belgique ; german: Belgien ), officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe. It is bordered by the Netherlands to the north, Germany to the east, Luxembourg to the southeast, France to the so ...
,
Haiti Haiti (; ht, Ayiti ); french: Haïti ; officially the Republic of Haiti (; ) and formerly known as Hayti, is a country located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea, to the east of Cuba and Jama ...
, certain other
Francophone This article details the geographical distribution of speakers of the French language, regardless of the legislative status within the countries where it is spoken. French-based creoles are considered separate languages for the purpose of this art ...
countries, as well as the
Netherlands The Netherlands ( nl, Nederland ), informally referred to as Holland, is a country primarily located in Western Europe and partly in the Caribbean. It is the largest of four constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. In Europe, the ...

Netherlands
.


Europe


France

The 101 French
departments Department may refer to: * Departmentalization, division of a larger organization into parts with specific responsibility Government and military *Department (country subdivision), a geographical and administrative division within a country, for e ...
are divided into 342 ''arrondissements'', which may be roughly translated into English as districts. The capital of an arrondissement is called a
subprefecture A subprefecture is an administrative division of a country that is below prefecture or province. Albania There are twelve Albanian counties or prefectures, each of which is divided into several districts, sometimes translated as subprefectures. ...
. When an arrondissement contains the
prefecture A prefecture (from the Latin ''Praefectura'') is an administrative jurisdiction traditionally governed by an appointed prefect. This can be a regional or local government subdivision in various countries, or a subdivision in certain international ...
(capital) of the department, that prefecture is the capital of the arrondissement, acting both as a prefecture and as a subprefecture. Arrondissements are further divided into
cantons A canton is a type of administrative division of a country. In general, cantons are relatively small in terms of area and population when compared with other administrative divisions such as counties, departments, or provinces. Internationally, t ...
and
communes A commune is an intentional community of people sharing living spaces, interests, values, beliefs, and often property, possessions, and resources in common. In some communes, the people also share common work, income, or assets. In addition ...

communes
.


Municipal arrondissement

A
municipal arrondissement In France, a municipal arrondissement ( ) is a subdivision of the commune, and is used in the country's three largest cities: Paris, Lyon and Marseille. It functions as an even lower administrative division, with its own mayor. Although usually re ...
(, pronounced ), is a subdivision of the
commune A commune is an intentional community of people sharing living spaces, interests, values, beliefs, and often property, possessions, and resources in common. In some communes, the people also share common work, income, or assets. In addition ...

commune
, used in the three largest cities: Paris,
Lyon Lyon or Lyons (, , ; frp, Liyon, ; it, Lione, ) is the third-largest city and second-largest urban area of France. It is located at the confluence of the rivers Rhône and Saône, about south-east of Paris, north of Marseille and northeast of ...

Lyon
, and
Marseille Marseille ( , also spelled in English as ''Marseilles''; , ; oc, Marselha ) is the prefecture of the department of Bouches-du-Rhône and region of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur in France. It is located on the coast of the Gulf of Lion, part of th ...
. It functions as an even lower administrative division, with its own mayor. Although usually referred to simply as an "arrondissement," they should not be confused with departmental
arrondissements An arrondissement (, , ) is any of various administrative divisions of France, Belgium, Haiti, certain other Francophone countries, as well as the Netherlands. Europe France The 101 French departments are divided into 342 ''arrondissements'', w ...
, which are groupings of communes within one ''
département In the administrative divisions of France, the department (french: département, ) is one of the three levels of government under the national level ("territorial collectivities"), between the administrative regions and the communes. Ninety-six ...
''. The official translation into English is "district".


Belgium

Belgium Belgium ( nl, België ; french: Belgique ; german: Belgien ), officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe. It is bordered by the Netherlands to the north, Germany to the east, Luxembourg to the southeast, France to the so ...
is a country which geographically consists of three regions, of which only
Flanders Flanders (, ; Dutch: ''Vlaanderen'' ; French: ''Flandre'' ; German: ''Flandern'' ) is the Dutch-speaking northern portion of Belgium and one of the communities, regions and language areas of Belgium. However, there are several overlapping defini ...
(Flemish Region) and
Wallonia Wallonia (; french: link=no, Wallonie ; german: link=no, Wallonien or ; nl, Wallonië ) (Walloon Region (french: Région wallonne; german: Wallonische Region; nl, Waals gewest), in the Belgian Constitution) is one of the three Regions of Belgium ...
(Walloon Region) are subdivided into five provinces each; the
Brussels-Capital Region Brussels (french: Bruxelles or ; nl, Brussel ), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (french: link=no, Région de Bruxelles-Capitale; nl, link=no, Brussels Ho ...
is neither a province nor is it part of one. In Belgium, there are administrative, judicial and electoral arrondissements. These may or may not relate to identical geographical areas. * The 43 administrative arrondissements are an administrative level between the
municipalities A municipality is usually a single administrative division having corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and regional laws to which it is subordinate. The term ''municipality'' may also mean the ...
and the
provinces A province is almost always an administrative division within a country or state. The term derives from the ancient Roman ''provincia'', which was the major territorial and administrative unit of the Roman Empire's territorial possessions outside ...
. * Belgium has 12 judicial arrondissements. * For the elections of the
Parliament of Wallonia The Parliament of Wallonia (french: Parlement de Wallonie) (Walloon Parliament (french: Parlement wallon) in the decrees) is the legislative body of Wallonia, one of the three self-governing regions of Belgium (the other two being Flanders and the ...
, 13 electoral arrondissements (or grouped arrondissements) are used as
electoral district An electoral district, also known as an election district, legislative district, voting district, constituency, riding, ward, division, (election) precinct, electoral area, circumscription, or electorate, is a subdivision of a larger state (a cou ...
s. ** Until 2002, the electoral districts for the Chamber of Representatives were electoral arrondissements; at present these are provincial constituencies and one for
Brussels-Capital Brussels (french: Bruxelles or ; nl, Brussel ), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (french: link=no, Région de Bruxelles-Capitale; nl, link=no, Brussels Ho ...
. The electoral districts
Brussels-Halle-Vilvoorde The area within Belgium known as Brussels-Halle-Vilvoorde encompasses the bilingual—French and Dutch—Brussels-Capital Region, which coincides with the arrondissement of Brussels-Capital and the surrounding Dutch-speaking area of Halle-Vilvoord ...
and
Leuven Leuven (, ) or Louvain (, also , ; german: link=no, Löwen ) is the capital and largest city of the province of Flemish Brabant in the Flemish Region of Belgium. It is located about east of Brussels. The municipality itself comprises the histori ...
still existed until 2012. ** Electoral arrondissements were also used for the
Flemish Parliament The Flemish Parliament (Dutch: , formerly called Flemish Council or ''Vlaamse Raad'') constitutes the legislative power in Flanders for matters which fall within the competence of Flanders, both as a geographic region and as a cultural community of ...
elections, until 2004 when they were changed to provincial electoral districts.


Netherlands

In the
Netherlands The Netherlands ( nl, Nederland ), informally referred to as Holland, is a country primarily located in Western Europe and partly in the Caribbean. It is the largest of four constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. In Europe, the ...

Netherlands
an ''arrondissement'' is a
judicial The judiciary (also known as the judicial system, judicature, judicial branch, judiciative branch, and court or judiciary system) is the system of courts that adjudicates legal disputes and interprets, defends, and applies the law in legal cases. ...

judicial
jurisdiction.


Switzerland

Subdivisions of the canton of BernOn 1 January 2010, the 26 districts (german: Amtsbezirke, french: districts) were combined into 10 new precincts (german: Verwaltungskreise, french: arrondissement administratif): They are grouped into five regions (german: Verwaltungsregionen). Th ...
include districts since 2010, which are called ''arrondissements administratifs'' in French.


Post-Soviet states

In some
post-Soviet states The post-Soviet states, also known as the former Soviet Union (FSU), the former Soviet Republics and in Russia as the near abroad (russian: бли́жнее зарубе́жье, blizhneye zarubezhye), are the 15 sovereign states that emerged and re ...
, there are cities that are divided into municipal
raion A raion (also rayon) is a type of administrative unit of several post-Soviet states (such as part of an oblast). The term is from the French "''rayon''" (meaning "honeycomb, department"), which is both a type of a subnational entity and a division ...
i similarly to how some French cities are divided into municipal arrondissements (see e.g.
Raions of cities in Ukraine An urban district or urban raion ( uk, Райони у містах України) is an administrative division of certain cities in Ukraine. An urban district is subordinate to the city administration. Overview There are 111 districts in 19 ci ...
,
Municipal divisions of Russia The municipal divisions in Russia, also called municipal formations (russian: муниципальные образования, munitsipalnye obrazovaniya), are territorial divisions of the Russian Federation which are formally granted the autho ...
, Administrative divisions of Minsk).


Francophone Africa

Most nations in Africa that have been colonised by France have retained the arrondissement administrative structure. These are normally subunits of a department, and may either contain or be coequal with communes (towns). In
Mali Mali (; ), officially the Republic of Mali (french: République du Mali; bm, ߡߊߟߌ ߞߊ ߝߊߛߏߖߊߡߊߣߊ, Mali ka Fasojamana, ff, 𞤈𞤫𞤲𞥆𞤣𞤢𞥄𞤲𞤣𞤭 𞤃𞤢𞥄𞤤𞤭, Renndaandi Maali), is a landlocked country in ...

Mali
the arrondissement is a subunit of a Cercle, while in some places arrondissements are essentially subdistricts of large cities. *Each of
Senegal Senegal (; french: link=no, Sénégal; Wolof: ''Senegaal''), officially the Republic of Senegal (french: link=no, République du Sénégal; Wolof: ''Réewum Senegaal''), is a country in West Africa. Senegal is bordered by Mauritania in the north ...
's departments is subdivided into arrondissements.
Dakar Dakar (; ; wo, Ndakaaru) is the capital and largest city of Senegal. The city of Dakar proper has a population of 1,030,594, whereas the population of the Dakar metropolitan area is estimated at 3.94 million in 2021. The area around Dakar was se ...
is further subdivided into arrondissements; see
Arrondissements of Senegal The departments of Senegal are subdivided into arrondissements. As of 2008 there were 133. The arrondissements are listed below, by department: Bakel *Bélé Arrondissement *Kéniaba Arrondissement *Moudéry Arrondissement Bambey *Baba Garage A ...
. *Between 1962 and 2002, each of
Niger Niger or the Niger ( or ; ), officially the Republic of the Niger, is a landlocked country in West Africa named after the Niger River. Niger is bordered by Libya to the northeast, Chad to the east, Nigeria to the south, Benin and Burkina Faso ...
's departments was subdivided into arrondissements; see Arrondissements of Niger: Since 2002 they have been renamed Departments (with the former Departments renamed Regions). *Each of Mali's Cercles is subdivided into arrondissements; see
Cercles of Mali A cercle is the second level administrative unit in Mali. Mali is divided into eight ''régions'' and one capital district (Bamako); the ''régions'' are subdivided into 49 ''cercles''. These subdivisions bear the name of their principal city. Dur ...
for maps of arrondissements by Cercle. *Each of
Benin Benin ( , ; french: Bénin ), officially the Republic of Benin (french: République du Bénin) (formerly known as Dahomey), is a country in West Africa. It is bordered by Togo to the west, Nigeria to the east, Burkina Faso to the north-west, ...
's departments is subdivided into communes, which are in turn subdivided into arrondissements: they sit above villages in Benin's structure; see
Communes of Benin The departments of Benin are subdivided into 77 communes, which in turn are divided into arrondissements and finally into villages or city districts. Prior to 1999 provinces were broken down into 84 districts, titled either urban or rural. Before ...
for maps of communes by Department. *Each of
Cameroon Cameroon (, french: Cameroun), officially the Republic of Cameroon (french: République du Cameroun, links=no), is a country in west-central Africa. It is bordered by Nigeria to the west and north; Chad to the northeast; the Central African R ...
's departments is subdivided into arrondissements: they sit above ''subdistricts'' and communes in Cameroon's structure; see
Departments of Cameroon The Regions of Cameroon are divided into 58 divisions or departments. The divisions are further sub-divided into sub-divisions (''arrondissements'') and districts. The divisions are listed below, by province. The constitution divides Cameroo ...
for maps of arrondissements by Department. *Since 2002,
Chad Chad (; ar, تشاد , ; french: Tchad, ), officially known as the Republic of Chad ( ar, جمهورية تْشَاد, link=no '; ), is a landlocked country in north-central Africa. It is bordered by Libya to the north, Sudan to the east, t ...
retains arrondissements only in the city of
N'Djamena N'Djamena (; french: N'Djaména, ; ar, انجمينا ''Injamīnā'') is the capital and largest city of Chad. A port on the Chari River, near the confluence with the Logone River, it directly faces the Cameroonian town of Kousséri, to which the ...
, which is divided into 10 municipal arrondissements. *
Djibouti Djibouti ar, جيبوتي ', french: link=no, Djibouti, so, Jabuuti , officially the Republic of Djibouti, is a country located in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Somalia in the south, Ethiopia in the southwest, Eritrea in the north, a ...
retains arrondissements only in the city of
Djibouti City Djibouti (also called Djibouti City; ar, مدينة جيبوتي, french: Ville de Djibouti, so, Magaalada Jabuuti, aa, Magaala Gabuuti) is the eponymous capital and largest city of Djibouti. It is located in the coastal Djibouti Region on the Gul ...
, which is divided into six arrondissements. *
Morocco ) , image_map = Morocco (orthographic projection, WS claimed).svg , map_caption = Location of Morocco in northwest Africa.Dark green: Undisputed territory of Morocco.Lighter green: Western Sahara, a territory claimed and occupied mostly by Moro ...
's Cercles are subdivided into communes rurales, municipalities, communes urbaines, and arrondissements, depending on the classification of the community. *The
Republic of the Congo The Republic of the Congo ( french: République du Congo, mkw, Repubilika ya Kôngo), also known as Congo-Brazzaville, the Congo Republic or simply either Congo or the Congo, is a country located in the western coast of Central Africa. To the ...
retains arrondissements only in the city of
Brazzaville Brazzaville (, kg, Kintamo, Nkuna, Kintambo, Mavula; Teke: ''Mfwa'', ''Mfoa'', ''M'fa'') is the capital and largest city of the Republic of the Congo (Congo Republic). Constituting the financial and administrative centre of the country, it is loc ...
, which is divided into seven arrondissements. See Administrative divisions of the Republic of the Congo.


North America


Haiti

As of 2015,
Haiti Haiti (; ht, Ayiti ); french: Haïti ; officially the Republic of Haiti (; ) and formerly known as Hayti, is a country located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea, to the east of Cuba and Jama ...
's ten
departments Department may refer to: * Departmentalization, division of a larger organization into parts with specific responsibility Government and military *Department (country subdivision), a geographical and administrative division within a country, for e ...
are sub-divided into 42 arrondissements.


Quebec

In the
Canadian province The provinces and territories of Canada are sub-national divisions within the geographical areas of Canada under the jurisdiction of the Canadian Constitution. In the 1867 Canadian Confederation, three provinces of British North America—New Br ...
of
Quebec ) , image_map = Quebec in Canada 2.svg , Label_map = yes , coordinates = , official_lang = French , capital = Quebec City , CapCoord = , largest_city ...
, eight cities are divided into arrondissements, known as
borough A borough is an administrative division in various English-speaking countries. In principle, the term ''borough'' designates a self-governing walled town, although in practice, official use of the term varies widely. History In the Middle Ages ...
s in English. In Quebec, boroughs are provincially organized and recognized sub-municipal entities that have mayors and councillors.


References


External links

* {{Terms for types of administrative territorial entities Types of administrative division