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The Administration of Justice is the process by which the
legal system The contemporary national legal systems are generally based on one of four basic systems: civil law, common law, statutory law, religious law or combinations of these. However, the legal system of each country is shaped by its unique history ...
of a government is executed. The presumed goal of such an administration is to provide
justice Justice, one of the four cardinal virtues, by Vitruvio Alberi, 1589–1590. Fresco, corner of the vault, studiolo of the Virgin of Mercy, Madonna of Mercy, Palazzo Altemps, Rome Justice, in its broadest sense, is the principle that people recei ...
for all those accessing the legal system. The phrase is also commonly used to describe a University degree (Bachelor of Arts in Administration of Justice), which can be a prerequisite for a job in law enforcement or government.


Australia

In ''Attorney General for New South Wales v Love'' (1898), the appellant argued that section 24 of the Act 9 Geo 4 c 83 did not have the effect applying the Nullum Tempus Act (9 Geo 3 c 16) (1768) to
New South Wales New South Wales (abbreviated as NSW) is a States and territories of Australia, state on the Eastern states of Australia, east coast of :Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria (Australia), Victoria to the south, and South Austral ...
. Counsel for the appellant said that ''Whicker v Hume'' (1858) decided that section 24 referred not to laws generally, but only to laws as to modes of procedure, and that the Nullum Tempus Act did not deal merely with procedure. The Lord Chancellor said that the Act 9 Geo 4 c 83 ''
prima facie ''Prima facie'' (; ) is a Latin expression meaning ''on its first encounter'' or ''at first sight''. The literal translation would be 'at first face' or 'at first appearance', from the feminine forms of ''primus'' ('first') and ''facies'' ('face' ...
'' "applied the Nullum Tempus Act to the Colony in question as much as if it had re-enacted it for that Colony." He then said:


Canada

Section 92(14) of the Constitution Act, 1867, also known as the Administration of Justice power, grants the provincial legislatures of Canada the authority to legislate on: :14. The Administration of Justice in the Province, including the Constitution, Maintenance, and Organization of Provincial Courts, both of Civil and of Criminal Jurisdiction, and including Procedure in Civil Matters in those Courts.


Ontario

Section 1 of the Administration of Justice Act (RSO 1990 c A6) provides: This provision was previously section 1 of the Administration of Justice Act (RSO 1980 c 6), which was previously section 1 of Administration of Justice Act (RSO 1970 c 6), which was previously section 1 of Administration of Justice Act 1968 (SO 1968 c 1) (17 Eliz 2 c 1). Queen's printer copies of the Statutes of the Province of Ontario 1968 describe this provision as "new". This statute replaced the Administration of Justice Expenses Act (RSO 1960 c 5).


Republic of Ireland

"Offence against the Administration of Justice" is defined b
section 7
of the Criminal Procedure Act 2010.


United Kingdom

In England, the Administration of Justice is a Royal prerogative in the United Kingdom, prerogative of the Crown of the United Kingdom, Crown. It may be exercised only through duly-appointed Judiciary of England and Wales, judges and Courts of England and Wales, courts. The following matters and things pertain to the Administration of Justice: the organisation of the courts; the prerogative of justice, the prerogative of mercy, and any prerogative power to create new courts; nolle prosequi; the appointment, tenure and immunity of judges; the immunity of other participants in legal proceedings; contempt of court; the composition and availability of juries, any requirement that their verdict be unanimous, and the allowances they receive; the branches of the legal profession; and the provision of legal aid and advice. The Administration of Justice is an act which is normally associated with the carrying on of the business of government. When a government does that act, it is thereby exercising its sovereignty. It would accordingly be a violation of British sovereignty for a foreign government to do that act in British territory without authorisation. Section 2 of the Visiting Forces Act 1952 authorises foreign service courts to exercise their jurisdiction in the United Kingdom. There are offences against the administration of justice, offences against the Administration of Justice. For the purpose of section 54 of the Criminal Procedure and Investigations Act 1996, the following are Administration of Justice offences: *The offence of perverting the course of justice *The offence under section 51(1) of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994 *An offence of aiding, abetting, counselling, procuring, suborning or inciting another person to commit an offence under section 1 of the Perjury Act 1911. The offence of perverting the course of justice has been referred to as "interfering with the Administration of Justice" and/or "obstructing the Administration of Justice". Section 6(c) of the Contempt of Court Act 1981 provides that nothing in the foregoing provisions of that Act restricts liability for contempt of court in respect of conduct intended to impede or prejudice the Administration of Justice. An Arrestable offence, other than one specified in Schedule 5 to the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984, was serious arrestable offence, serious for the purposes of that Act if it led to, or was intended or likely to lead to, amongst other things, serious interference with the Administration of Justice. An arrestable offence which consisted of making a threat was serious for the purposes of that Act if carrying out the threat would be likely to lead to, amongst other things, serious interference with the Administration of Justice. In any legal proceedings held in public, the court may, where it appears to be necessary for avoiding a substantial risk of prejudice to the Administration of Justice in those proceedings, or in any other proceedings pending or imminent, order that the publication of any report of the proceedings, or any part of the proceedings, be postponed for such period as the court thinks necessary for that purpose. Information which is not exempt information by virtue of section 30 of the Freedom of Information Act 2000 is exempt information if its disclosure under that Act would, or would be likely to, prejudice the Administration of Justice.


Quotes

Roscoe Pound said: "Dissatisfaction with the Administration of Justice is as old as the law".Brown, Louis M. "The Role of the Law Office in the Administration of Justice" (1981) 67 ABA Journal 112
Digitized copy
from Google Books.


See also

*Administration of Justice Act *Open court principle


References


Bibliography

*James, John S. "Administration". Stroud's Judicial Dictionary, Stroud's Judicial Dictionary of Words and Phrases. Sweet & Maxwell. London. 1971. SBN 421 14290 1. Page 68. *Bar Council. Code of Conduct for the Bar of England and Wales. 5th Edition. Paras 201(a)(ii) and (iii) and 202. *G Glover Alexander. The Administration of Justice in Criminal Matters (In England and Wales). Cambridge University Press. First Published 1915. Reissued 1919.
Google Books
*William H Morley. The Administration of Justice in British India; Its Past History and Present State: Comprising an Account of the Laws Peculiar to India. Williams and Norgate. 1858
Google Books
*Miller, John. On the Administration of Justice in the British Colonies in the East-Indies. Parbury, Allen and Co. London, Leadenhall Street. 1828
Google Books
*"Contracts prejudicial to the Administration of Justice". T Anthony Downes. Textbook on Contract. Fourth Edition. Blackstone Press. 1995. Paragraph 8.7.3.2 at page 188.


External links

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