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Zaltbommel () (known also, historically and colloquially, as ''Bommel'') is a
municipality A municipality is usually a single administrative division having Municipal corporation, corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and regional laws to which it is subordinate. The term ''municipali ...
and a city in the
Netherlands The Netherlands ( nl, Nederland ), informally referred to as Holland, is a country primarily located in Western Europe and partly in the Dutch Caribbean, Caribbean. It is the largest of four Kingdom of the Netherlands#Constituent countries, cons ...

Netherlands
. Zaltbommel was expanded to its current size on 1 January 1999, by a merger of the municipalities of Brakel, Kerkwijk and Zaltbommel. The municipality is situated in the heart of the Netherlands, close to the A2 Motorway, the railway line from
Utrecht Utrecht ( , ) is the fourth-largest city and a municipality A municipality is usually a single administrative division having Municipal corporation, corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and ...
to 's‑Hertogenbosch and the rivers Waal and Maas.


Topography

''Dutch Topographic map of Zaltbommel (municipality), Sept. 2014''


Population centres

The municipality, consists of 13 population centres and had a population of in .


The city of Zaltbommel

The town of Zaltbommel was first mentioned as "Bomela" in the year 850. Zaltbommel received city rights in 1231 and these were renewed in 1316. In 1599 during the Eighty Years War, Zaltbommel was besieged by Spanish forces but was relieved by an Anglo-Dutch force led by Maurice of Orange. The bridge over the Waal at Zaltbommel (which has since been replaced) features in a celebrated twentieth-century Dutch sonnet, ''De moeder de vrouw'', by Martinus Nijhoff.


Notable residents

* Maarten van Rossum (ca.1478–1555) military tactician and commander * Elbertus Leoninus (1519 or 1520 – 1598) jurist and statesman, helped negotiate the Pacification of Ghent * Marigje Arriens (ca.1520–1591) an alleged Dutch witch * Caspar Barlaeus (1584–1648) polymath and Renaissance humanist, a theologian, poet, and historian * Andreas Essenius (1618–1677) Dutch Reformed theologian, controversialist and academic * Jacob Abraham de Mist (1749–1823) statesman, Head of State of the National Assembly of the Batavian Republic * Lion Philips (1794–1866) tobacco merchant, grandfather of Gerard and Anton Philips * Henriette_Pressburg#Sophie_Pressburg_and_Lion_Philips, Sophie Pressburg (1797–1854), grandmother of Anton and Gerard Philips * Hendrik Antonie Lodewijk Hamelberg (1826–1896), consul general and special envoy of the Orange Free State * Gerard Philips (1858–1942), industrialist, co-founder of Philips, Philips Electronics * Anton Philips (1874–1951), industrialist, co-founder of Philips, Philips Electronics * Johannes van Maaren (1890–1963) wrestler, competed at the 1920, 1924 and 1928 Summer Olympics * Anouchka van Miltenburg (born 1967) retired politician


The Arts

* Lucas Vorsterman (1595–1675), Baroque engraver * Warnard van Rijsen (1625–1670), a Dutch Golden Age painter. * Johannes Vorstermans (ca.1643– ca.1699/1719) Dutch Golden Age landscape painter. * Gerard Hoet, (1648–1743) Dutch Golden Age painter * Jan Soukens (c.1650–c.1725) a Dutch Golden Age painter * Suzanne Leenhoff (1829–1906), pianist, married Édouard Manet at Zaltbommel in 1863Streekarchief Bommelerwaard (Zaltbommel district archive, in Dutch) Retrieved 5 January 2017
/ref> * Peter van Anrooy (1879–1954) composer and conductor of classical music * Fiep Westendorp (1916-2004), illustrator * Thorwald Jørgensen (born 1980) classical musician, specialises in the theremin


Image gallery

File:Zaltbommel Waalbruggen 001.jpg, Zaltbommel (in the upper right-hand corner of the image) is situated on the banks of the Waal. Major north–south highways and railways cross the river in the town, just east of the town centre. File:Zaltbommel 1649 Blaeu.jpg, 1649 map of Zaltbommel in Willem Blaeu, Willem and Joan Blaeu's "Toonneel der Steden" File:Tiel + 1649 Blaeu'.jpg, Tyel & Salt Boemel, 1649


References


External links

* * {{Authority control Zaltbommel, Municipalities of Gelderland Populated places in Gelderland