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The Zabūr (also ''Zaboor'', ar|الزَّبُورُ, Arabic plural ''Zubur'', ar|زُبُرٌ) is, according to Islam, the holy book of Daud (David), one of the holy books revealed by Allah before the Quran, alongside others such as the ''Tawrat'' (''Torah'') of Musa (Moses) and the ''Injil'' (''Gospel''). Zabur is the Arabic word for Psalms. The Christian monks and ascetics of pre-Islamic Arabia may be associated in pre-Islamic Arabic poetry with texts called ''zabūr''s, which in other contexts may refer to palm leaf documents. This has been interpreted by some as referring to psalters. Among many Christians in the Middle East and in South Asia, the word ''Zabur'' (Urdu: (Nastaʿlīq), (Devanagari)) is used for the ''Book of'' ''Psalms'' in the Bible.

Etymology

The Arabic word ''zabūr'' means "book" "inscription," or "writing." In early sources it may refer to South Arabian writing on palm leaves. Much of Western scholarship sees the word ''zabūr'' in the sense "psalter" as being a conflation of Arabic ''zabūr'', "writing", with the Hebrew word for "psalm", ''mizmōr'' ( he|מִזְמוֹר) or its Aramaic equivalent ''mazmūrā'' ( syr|ܡܙܡܘܪܐ). An alternate, less accepted origin for the title ''zabūr'' in this sense is that it is a corruption of the Hebrew ''zimrah'' ( he|זִמְרָה) meaning "song, music" or ''sippūr'' ( he|סִפּוּר}), meaning "story."

Mention in the Quran

In the Qur'an, the Zabur is mentioned by name only three times. The Qur'an itself says nothing about the Zabur specifically, except that it was revealed to Dawud and that in the Zabur is written "My servants the righteous, shall inherit the earth".

Connection to Psalms

No books are known to have been written by King David of Israel, either through archeology or biblical accounts. However, the majority of the psalms collected in The Book of Psalms are attributed to David, suggesting that the Qur'an might be referring to Psalms. The Quran 21:105 says that in David's Zabur there is a quote "the land is inherited by my righteous servants." This resembles the 29th verse of Psalm 37 which says, "The righteous shall inherit the land, and dwell therein for ever," (as translated in the King James Version of the Bible). Ahrens supports the view that Al-Anbiya 105 is quoting from the Psalms (1930). He says that the verse in the Qur'an reads "We have written in the Zabur after the reminder that My righteous servants shall inherit the earth." His conclusion is that this verse represents a close and rare linguistic parallel with the Hebrew Bible and, more pointedly, with Psalm 37 ascribed specifically to David (see wording in verses 9,11,29). Many Muslim scholars think that it also has reference to Exodus 32:13, which reads "Remember Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, thy servants, to whom thou swearest by thine own self, and saidst unto them, I will multiply your seed as the stars of heaven, and all this land that I have spoken of will I give unto your seed, and they shall inherit it for ever."

In Hadith

One hadith, considered valid by Muhammad al-Bukhari, says:

Ketuvim

Christian apologist Karl Gottlieb Pfander suggested that the Qur'an's reference to Zabur actually refers to the third division of the Hebrew Scriptures, known as the Writings or Ketuvim, a broader grouping of Jewish holy books encompassing the Psalms and other collections of Hebrew literature and poetry.C. G. Pfander, The Balance of Truth, pg. 51


See also


*Scrolls of Abraham *Sabians *Sheba

References

{{Characters and names in the Quran Category:Psalms Category:Islamic texts Category:Arabian Peninsula Category:History of Yemen Category:Islamic terminology tr:Zebur