Vincent Kennedy McMahon (; born August 24, 1945) is an American
professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving wrestling matches whose progress and outcome are planned in advance, typically between performers with established character roles. The wrestling matches are base ...
promoter and executive,
American football American football, referred to simply as football in the United States and Canada and also known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular American football field, field with goalposts at each end. T ...
executive, and
media proprietor A media proprietor, media mogul or media tycoon refers to a successful entrepreneur or businessperson who controls, through personal ownership or via a dominant position in any media related company or enterprise, media consumed by many individual ...
. He is currently serving as the chairman and chief executive officer of WWE, the largest professional wrestling promotion in the world. He is also the founder and owner of Alpha Entertainment. McMahon was born in
Pinehurst, North Carolina Pinehurst is a village in Moore County, North Carolina, Moore County, North Carolina, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, 2010 census, the city population was 13,124. It is home of the historic golf resort, Pinehurst Resort. A la ...
, and graduated from East Carolina University with a degree in business in 1968. He worked for WWE for his father as a commentator and he assumed control of the company in 1982; McMahon saw the commercial potential of monopolizing the industry, which previously operated as separate fiefdoms across the United States. This led to the development of the annual
WrestleMania WrestleMania is a professional wrestling event produced annually between mid-March and mid-April by WWE, an American professional wrestling promotion based in Stamford, Connecticut. WWE first produced the event in WrestleMania 1, 1985 and has s ...

, which has since become the most successful professional wrestling event ever. He faced industry competition from
World Championship Wrestling World Championship Wrestling, Inc. (WCW) is a defunct American professional wrestling promotion founded by media tycoon Ted Turner Robert Edward Turner III (born November 19, 1938) is an American media proprietor, producer, and philanthrop ...
(WCW) in the 1990s, but eventually purchased the company in 2001 after a long power struggle, and also purchased the assets of the defunct Extreme Championship Wrestling (ECW) in 2006. McMahon has embarked on a number of WWE-related ventures; in 2014, he launched the
WWE Network WWE Network is an American Video on demand#Subscription models, subscription video on-demand Over-the-top media service, over-the-top Streaming media, streaming service and digital television network owned by WWE. It primarily distributes original ...
, a subscription video on-demand over-the-top streaming service. McMahon also owns other WWE subsidiaries related to
multimedia Multimedia is a form of communication that combines different content forms such as text, audio, images, animations, or video into a single presentation, in contrast to traditional mass media, such as printed material or audio recordings. Popul ...

, such as WWE Studios, film, WWE Music Group, music, and WWE Magazine, magazines, as well as a WWE Performance Center, professional wrestling school system. Outside of wrestling, McMahon joint-owned and operated the XFL (2001), XFL, a football league, twice; XFL (2020), both iterations folded after a single season with the second due to the COVID-19 pandemic. He also headed the short-lived World Bodybuilding Federation, and co-owns the clothing brand Tapout (clothing brand), Tapout. McMahon also worked as a professional wrestler and personality known by the ring name Mr. McMahon, using a gimmick (professional wrestling), gimmick based on his real-life persona. He was the broadcast color commentator and chief broadcaster until 1997, and is a two-time Professional wrestling championship#World championships, world champion, a Royal Rumble (1999), Royal Rumble match winner, and has headlined multiple List of WWE pay-per-view events, WWE pay-per-view events. He is the eldest living member of the McMahon family, and is a third-generation wrestling promoter, following his grandfather Jess McMahon, Jess and father Vincent J. McMahon, Vincent. He married political executive Linda McMahon, Linda Edwards in 1966, and is the father of businesspeople Stephanie McMahon, Stephanie and Shane McMahon, and father-in-law to Triple H.

Early life

Vincent Kennedy McMahon was born on August 24, 1945, in
Pinehurst, North Carolina Pinehurst is a village in Moore County, North Carolina, Moore County, North Carolina, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, 2010 census, the city population was 13,124. It is home of the historic golf resort, Pinehurst Resort. A la ...
, the younger son of Victoria (née Askew) and Vincent J. McMahon, Vincent James McMahon. His father left the family when McMahon was still a baby and took his elder son Rod with him, so McMahon did not meet him until age 12. McMahon's paternal grandfather was promoter Jess McMahon, Roderick James "Jess" McMahon, whose parents were Irish immigrants from County Galway. His paternal grandmother, Rose Davis, was also of Irish descent. McMahon was raised as Vinnie Lupton and spent the majority of his childhood living with his mother and a string of stepfathers. He claimed that one of his stepfathers, Leo Lupton, used to beat his mother and attacked McMahon when he tried to protect her. He later said, "It is unfortunate that he died before I could kill him. I would have enjoyed that." He attended Fishburne Military School in Waynesboro, Virginia, graduating in 1964. In his early life, he also overcame dyslexia.

Business career

World Wide Wrestling Federation (1969–1979)

McMahon first met the promoter for Capitol Wrestling Corporation (CWC), his father Vincent J. McMahon, at the age of 12. At that point, McMahon became interested in following his father's professional wrestling footsteps and often accompanied him on trips to Madison Square Garden. McMahon wanted to be a wrestler, but his father did not let him, explaining that promoters did not appear on the show and should stay apart from their wrestlers. In 1968, McMahon graduated from East Carolina University with a business degree and after a nondescript career as a traveling salesman, he was eager to assume a managerial role in his father's WWE#World Wide Wrestling Federation, World Wide Wrestling Federation promotion. In 1969, McMahon made his debut as an in-ring announcer for the WWWF's ''List of former WWE programming#All-Star Wrestling (1974–1986), All-Star Wrestling''. In 1971, he was assigned to a small territory in Maine, where he promoted his first card. He later became the play-by-play commentator for television matches after he replaced Ray Morgan (announcer), Ray Morgan in 1971, a role he regularly maintained until November 1997. Throughout the 1970s, McMahon became the prominent force in his father's company and, over the next decade, assisted his father in tripling TV syndication. He pushed for the renaming of the company to the World Wrestling Federation (WWF). The younger McMahon was also behind the Muhammad Ali versus Antonio Inoki match of 1976. In 1979, the younger McMahon and his wife Linda McMahon, Linda founded their own company, WWE#Titan Sports, Titan Sports, which was incorporated in the following year, and in 1982 acquired control of the CWC from his ailing father (who died in May 1984).

World Wrestling Federation/World Wrestling Entertainment/WWE

1980s wrestling boom

On February 21, 1980, McMahon officially founded Titan Sports, and the company's headquarters were established in South Yarmouth, Massachusetts, using the now-defunct Cape Cod Coliseum as a home base for the company. At the time of his purchase of the WWF, professional wrestling was a business run by regional promotions. The various promoters shared an understanding that they would not invade each other's territories, as this practice had gone on undeterred for decades; McMahon had a different vision of what the industry could become. In 1983, the WWF split from the National Wrestling Alliance a second time, after initially splitting from them in 1963 before rejoining them in 1971. The NWA was the governing body for all the regional territories across the country and as far away as Japan. He began expanding the company nationally by promoting in areas outside of the company's Northeast U.S. stomping grounds and by signing talent from other companies, such as the American Wrestling Association (AWA). In 1984, he recruited Hulk Hogan to be the WWF's charismatic new megastar, and the two quickly drew the ire of industry peers as the promotion began traveling and broadcasting into rival territories. Nevertheless, McMahon (who still also fronted as the WWF's squeaky clean babyface announcer) created ''1980s professional wrestling boom, The Rock 'n' Wrestling Connection'' by incorporating pop music stars into wrestling storylines. As a result, the WWF was able to expand its fanbase into a national mainstream audience as the promotion was featured heavily on MTV programming. On March 31, 1985, he ran WrestleMania I, the first WrestleMania at Madison Square Garden, available on closed circuit television in various markets throughout the U.S. During the late 1980s, McMahon shaped the WWF into a unique sports entertainment brand that reached out to family audiences while attracting fans who had never before paid attention to pro wrestling. By directing his storylines towards highly publicized supercards, McMahon capitalized on a fledgling revenue stream by promoting these events live on pay-per-view television. In 1987, the WWF reportedly drew 93,173 fans to the Silverdome, Pontiac Silverdome (which was called the "biggest crowd in sports-entertainment history") for WrestleMania III, which featured the main event of Hulk Hogan versus André the Giant.

Attitude Era

After struggling against Ted Turner's
World Championship Wrestling World Championship Wrestling, Inc. (WCW) is a defunct American professional wrestling promotion founded by media tycoon Ted Turner Robert Edward Turner III (born November 19, 1938) is an American media proprietor, producer, and philanthrop ...
(WCW), McMahon cemented the WWF as the preeminent wrestling promotion in the late 1990s when he initiated a new brand strategy that eventually returned the WWF to prominence. Sensing a public shift towards a more hardened and cynical fan base, McMahon redirected storylines towards a more adult-oriented model. The concept became known as "WWF Attitude", and McMahon commenced the new era when he manipulated the WWE World Championship, WWF Championship away from Bret Hart at Survivor Series (1997), Survivor Series in what is now known as the "Montreal Screwjob." McMahon, who for years had downplayed his ownership of the company and was mostly known as a commentator, became involved in WWF storylines as the Heel (professional wrestling), evil Mr. McMahon, who began a legendary feud with Stone Cold Steve Austin, who challenged the boss's authority. As a result, the WWF suddenly found itself back in national pop-culture, drawing millions of viewers for its weekly ''WWE Raw, Monday Night Raw'' broadcasts, which ranked among the highest-rated shows on cable television. In October 1999, McMahon led the WWF in an initial public offering of company stock. McMahon acquired the fading
World Championship Wrestling World Championship Wrestling, Inc. (WCW) is a defunct American professional wrestling promotion founded by media tycoon Ted Turner Robert Edward Turner III (born November 19, 1938) is an American media proprietor, producer, and philanthrop ...
(WCW) from Turner Broadcasting System on March 23, 2001, bringing an end to the Monday Night Wars. On April 1, 2001, Extreme Championship Wrestling (ECW) filed for bankruptcy, leaving WWF as the last major wrestling promotion at that time. McMahon later acquired the assets of ECW on January 28, 2003.https://www.scribd.com/doc/305765539/WWE-acquires-ECW-Assets-HHG-Corporation

Company name change

On May 5, 2002, the World Wrestling Federation announced it was changing both its company name and the name of its wrestling promotion to World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE) after the company lost a lawsuit initiated by the World Wide Fund for Nature, World Wildlife Fund over the WWF trademark. Although initially caused by an unfavorable ruling in its WWE#WWF name dispute, dispute with the World Wildlife Fund regarding the "WWF" initialism, the company noted it provided an opportunity to emphasize its focus on entertainment.

Other business dealings

In 1979, Vince and Linda purchased the Cape Cod Coliseum and the Cape Cod Buccaneers of the Atlantic Coast Hockey League (1981–87), Atlantic Coast Hockey League. In addition to pro wrestling and hockey, they began selling out rock concerts, including Van Halen and Rush (band), Rush, in non-summer months, traditionally considered unprofitable due to lack of tourists. This venture led the McMahons to join the International Association of Arena Managers, learning the details of the arena business and networking with other managers through IAAM conferences, which Linda later called a great benefit to WWE's success. In 1990, McMahon founded the World Bodybuilding Federation. The organization folded in 1992. In 2000, McMahon again ventured outside the world of professional wrestling by launching the XFL (2001), XFL, a professional
American football American football, referred to simply as football in the United States and Canada and also known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular American football field, field with goalposts at each end. T ...
league. The league began in February 2001, with McMahon making an appearance at the first game. It folded after one season due to low television ratings. In February 2014, McMahon helped launch an over-the-top content, over-the-top streaming service called the
WWE Network WWE Network is an American Video on demand#Subscription models, subscription video on-demand Over-the-top media service, over-the-top Streaming media, streaming service and digital television network owned by WWE. It primarily distributes original ...
. In 2017, McMahon established and personally funded Alpha Entertainment, a separate entity from WWE. On January 25, 2018, he announced the XFL (2020), resurrection of the XFL. The league filed for bankruptcy on April 13, 2020.

Professional wrestling career

World Wide/World Wrestling Federation/Entertainment/WWE

Commentator (1971–1997)

Before the evolution of the Mr. McMahon character, McMahon was primarily seen as a sports commentator, commentator on television, with his behind-the-scenes involvement generally kept off television for kayfabe-based reasons. While he did publicly identify himself as the owner of the WWF outside of WWF programming, on television his ownership of the WWF was considered an open secret through the mid-1990s. Jack Tunney was portrayed as the president of WWF instead of him. McMahon made his commentary debut in 1971 when he replaced Ray Morgan after Morgan had a pay dispute with McMahon's father, Vincent J. McMahon, shortly before a scheduled television taping. The elder McMahon let Morgan walk instead of giving in to his demands and needed a replacement on the spot, offering it to his son. For the younger McMahon, it was also somewhat of a compromise, as it allowed him to appear on television. McMahon wanted to be a wrestler but his father did not let him, explaining that promoters did not appear on the show and should stay apart from their wrestlers.''McMahon'' DVD McMahon eventually became the regular play-by-play commentator and maintained that role until November 1997, portraying himself originally as mild-mannered and diplomatic but from 1984 onwards as easily excited and over-the-top. In addition to matches, McMahon also hosted other WWF shows, and introduced WWF programming to TBS (U.S. TV channel), TBS on Black Saturday (wrestling), Black Saturday, upon the WWF's acquisition of Georgia Championship Wrestling and its lucrative WCW Saturday Night, Saturday night timeslot (McMahon sold the timeslot to Jim Crockett Promotions after the move backfired on him and he eventually acquired JCP's successor company,
World Championship Wrestling World Championship Wrestling, Inc. (WCW) is a defunct American professional wrestling promotion founded by media tycoon Ted Turner Robert Edward Turner III (born November 19, 1938) is an American media proprietor, producer, and philanthrop ...
, from Time Warner, AOL Time Warner in 2001). At the Slammy Award, 1987 Slammy Awards, McMahon performed in a musical number and sang the song "Stand Back". The Camp (style), campy "Stand Back" video has since resurfaced several times over the years as a running gag between McMahon and any Face (professional wrestling), face wrestler he is feuding with at that particular time, and was included on the 2006 ''McMahon'' DVD. As with most play-by-play commentators, McMahon was a Face (professional wrestling), babyface "voice of the fans", in contrast to the Heel (professional wrestling), heel color commentator, usually Jesse Ventura, Bobby Heenan or Jerry Lawler. While most of McMahon's on-screen physicality took place during his "Mr. McMahon" character later in his career, he was involved in physical altercations on WWF television only a few times as a commentator or host; in 1977, when he and Arnold Skaaland were struck from behind by Lou Albano, Captain Lou Albano (as part of a kayfabe "Manager Of the Year" storyline, when Albano was disgruntled over losing to Skaaland); in 1985, when Andre the Giant grabbed him by the collar during an interview on ''Tuesday Night Titans'' (Andre had become irritated at McMahon's questions regarding his feud with Big John Studd and their match at WrestleMania I, the first WrestleMania); on the September 28, 1991 episode of ''WWF Superstars of Wrestling'', when Roddy Piper mistakenly hit him with a folding chair aimed at Ric Flair (requiring McMahon to be taken out of the arena on a stretcher), and again on the November 8, 1993 episode of ''WWE Raw, Monday Night Raw'', when Randy Savage hurled him to the floor in an attempt to attack Brian Adams (wrestler), Crush after McMahon attempted to restrain him. McMahon can also be seen screaming at medics and WWF personnel during the May 26, 1990 episode of ''WWF Superstars of Wrestling'' (after Hulk Hogan was attacked by John Tenta, Earthquake during a segment of ''The Brother Love Show''), when Hogan was not moved out of the arena quickly enough.

Start of the Mr. McMahon character (1996–1997)

Throughout late 1996 and into 1997, McMahon slowly began to be referred to as the owner on WWF television while remaining as the company's lead play-by-play commentator. On the September 23, 1996 ''WWE Raw, Monday Night Raw'', Jim Ross delivered a Shoot (professional wrestling)#Worked shoots, worked shoot promo during which he ran down McMahon, outing him as chairman and not just a commentator for the first time in WWF storylines. This was followed up on the October 23 ''Raw'' with Stone Cold Steve Austin referring to then-WWF President Gorilla Monsoon as "just a puppet" and that it was McMahon "pulling all the strings". The March 17, 1997 ''WWF Raw Is War'' is cited by some as the beginning of the Mr. McMahon character, as after Bret Hart lost to Sid Vicious (wrestler), Sycho Sid in a steel cage match for the WWE World Championship, WWF Championship, Hart engaged in an Profanity, expletive-laden rant against McMahon and WWF management. This rant followed Hart shoving McMahon to the ground when he attempted to conduct a post-match interview. McMahon, himself, returned to the commentary position and nearly cursed out Hart before being calmed down by Ross and Lawler. McMahon largely remained a commentator after the Bret Hart incident on ''Raw''. On September 22, 1997, on the first-ever ''Raw'' to be broadcast from Madison Square Garden, Bret's brother Owen Hart was giving a speech to the fans in attendance. During his speech, Stone Cold Steve Austin entered the ring with five New York City Police Department, NYPD officers following and assaulted Hart. When it appeared Austin would fight the officers, McMahon ran into the ring to lecture him that he could not physically compete; at the time, Austin was recovering from a broken neck after Owen Hart Botch (professional wrestling), botched a Piledriver (professional wrestling), piledriver in his match against Austin at SummerSlam (1997), SummerSlam. After telling McMahon that he respects the fact that he and the WWF cared, Austin attacked McMahon with a Stone Cold Stunner, leaving McMahon in shock. Austin was then arrested on charges of trespassing, assault, and assaulting a police officer. This marked the beginning of the Austin-McMahon rivalry. At Survivor Series (1997), Survivor Series in 1997, Bret Hart defended his WWF Championship against long-time rival Shawn Michaels in the main event. During the match, Michaels applied Hart's signature Professional wrestling holds, submission maneuver Sharpshooter (professional wrestling), The Sharpshooter on Hart. Though Hart did not submit, McMahon ordered the Referee (professional wrestling), referee to ring the bell, thus Glossary of professional wrestling terms#Screwjob, screwing Hart out of the title and making Michaels the champion and making McMahon turn Heel (professional wrestling), heel for the first time on WWF television. This incident was subsequently dubbed the "Montreal Screwjob". Following the incident, McMahon left the commentary table for good (Jim Ross replaced McMahon as lead commentator) and the Mr. McMahon character began.

Feud with Stone Cold Steve Austin (1997–1999)

In December 1997 on ''WWE Raw, Raw Is War'', the night after D-Generation X: In Your House, McMahon talked about the behavior and attitude of Stone Cold Steve Austin, such as Austin having assaulted WWF Commissioner Sgt. Slaughter and commentators such as Jim Ross and McMahon himself. Mr. McMahon demanded that Austin defend his Intercontinental Championship against Dwayne Johnson, The Rock in a rematch. As in the previous match, Austin used his pickup truck as a weapon against The Rock and the Nation of Domination gang. Austin decided to forfeit the title to The Rock, but instead, Austin gave The Rock a ''Stone Cold Stunner'' and knocked McMahon off the ring ropes. On the January 19, 1998 episode of ''Raw Is War'', McMahon called Mike Tyson to the ring for a major announcement. Before McMahon could make the announcement (that Tyson would serve as a ringside enforcer at WrestleMania XIV for the WWF Championship match between Stone Cold Steve Austin and Shawn Michaels) Austin interrupted and confronted Tyson culminating with Austin displaying his middle finger right in Tyson's face. Tyson shoved Austin at which point WWF security and Tyson's entourage intervened and separated both men. McMahon was incensed by Austin's actions screaming "YOU RUINED IT" and had to be held back from attacking Austin himself. On the March 2 edition of ''Raw Is War'', Mike Tyson joined D-Generation X, led by WWF Champion Shawn Michaels. A week later, Austin called out McMahon incensed by Tyson's alignment with Michaels. Austin verbally abused McMahon and attempted to provoke an agitated McMahon into hitting him (Austin) but McMahon left. On the following episode of ''Raw Is War'', McMahon claimed he hadn't hit Austin on the previous episode of Raw as he didn't want to ruin the WrestleMania XIV main event. Asked to explain what this meant, McMahon stated Austin would be unable to compete with a broken jaw. After initial attempts to dodge the question of whether he wanted Austin to become WWF Champion, McMahon finally answered with "it's not just a "no", it's an OH HELL NO" mimicking Austin's "hell yeah" catchphrase. McMahon didn't get involved during the WrestleMania XIV main event during which Mike Tyson turned on Shawn Michaels and assisted Austin in becoming WWF Champion. On the March 30 ''Raw Is War'', the night after Austin won the WWF title at WrestleMania XIV, McMahon presented him with a new title belt and warned Austin that he did not approve of his rebellious nature. Austin responded by delivering the ''Stone Cold Stunner'' to McMahon for the second time. On the April 13 episode of ''Raw Is War'', it appeared Austin and McMahon were going to battle out their differences in an actual match, but the match was declared a no-contest when Mick Foley, Dude Love interfered. This marked the first time since June 10, 1996, that Monday Night Wars, ''Raw'' beat WCW's ''Nitro'' in the ratings. This led to a title match between Dude Love and Austin at Unforgiven: In Your House, Unforgiven, for which McMahon sat ringside and attempted to assist Dude Love in winning the match. Dude Love ultimately did win by disqualification when Austin hit McMahon with a chair. Austin retained the title which couldn't change hands by disqualification under regular match rules. In a title rematch at Over the Edge: In Your House, Austin again retained, despite McMahon being the referee and his "Corporate Stooges", Gerald Brisco and Pat Patterson (wrestler), Pat Patterson, as timekeeper and ring announcer, respectively. While McMahon was incapacitated by an accidental Dude Love chair shot, Austin delivered the ''Stone Cold Stunner'' to Dude Love and used McMahon's hand to count his pinfall victory. In the fall of 1998, McMahon said he was "damn sick and tired" of seeing Stone Cold Steve Austin as the WWF Champion and developed a "master plan" to remove the championship from Austin. By employing the services of The Brothers of Destruction, The Undertaker and Kane, McMahon set up a triple threat match for the WWF Championship at Breakdown: In Your House, in which Undertaker and Kane could only win by pinning Austin. At Breakdown, Austin lost the title after being pinned simultaneously by both Undertaker and Kane. However, no new champion was crowned. The following night on ''WWE Raw, Raw Is War'', McMahon attempted to announce a new WWF Champion. He held a presentation ceremony and introduced The Undertaker and Kane. After saying that both deserved to be the WWF Champion, Austin drove a Ice resurfacer, Zamboni into the arena and attacked McMahon before police officers stopped him, and arrested him. Because The Undertaker and Kane both failed to defend McMahon from Austin, McMahon did not name a new champion, but instead made a match at Judgment Day: In Your House between The Undertaker and Kane with Austin as the Professional wrestling match types#Special referee, special referee. This prompted The Undertaker and Kane to attack Mr. McMahon, injuring his ankle because he gave them the Finger (gesture), finger behind their backs. At Judgement Day, there was still no champion crowned as Austin declared himself the winner after counting a double pinfall three count for both men. McMahon ordered the WWF Championship to be defended in a Professional wrestling tournament, 14-man tournament named Survivor Series (1998)#Tournaments bracket, Deadly Games at Survivor Series (1998), Survivor Series in 1998. McMahon made sure that Mick Foley, Mankind reached the finals because Mankind had visited McMahon in the hospital after McMahon was sent to the hospital by The Brothers of Destruction, The Undertaker and Kane. He also awarded Mankind the WWE Hardcore Championship, WWF Hardcore Championship due to his status as a Hardcore wrestling, hardcore wrestling legend. Originally, McMahon was acting as he if he was helping out Mankind during the match. At one point, The Rock turned his attention to McMahon. McMahon Glossary of professional wrestling terms#Turn, turned on Mankind after a Glossary of professional wrestling terms#Screwjob, screwjob, however, as The Rock had caught Mankind in the Sharpshooter (professional wrestling), Sharpshooter. Mankind had not submitted but McMahon ordered the referee to ring the bell, thus giving The Rock the WWF Championship. This was a homage to the "Montreal Screwjob" that occurred one year earlier. McMahon referred to The Rock as the "Corporate Champion" thus forming the Corporation with his son Shane McMahon, Shane and The Rock. At Rock Bottom: In Your House, Mankind defeated The Rock to win the WWF Championship after The Rock passed out to the Professional wrestling holds#Mandible claw, Mandible Claw. McMahon, however, screwed Mankind once again by reversing the decision and returning the belt to his chosen champion, The Rock. McMahon participated in a "Corporate Rumble" on the January 11, 1999 ''Raw'' as an unscheduled participant, but was eliminated by Chyna. McMahon restarted a long-running feud with Stone Cold Steve Austin when, in December 1998, he made Austin face the Undertaker in a Buried Alive match with the Royal Rumble qualification on the line. Austin defeated the Undertaker with help from Kane. McMahon had put up $100,000 to anyone who could eliminate Austin from the Royal Rumble match. At Royal Rumble (1999), Royal Rumble, thanks to help from the Corporation's attack on Austin in the women's bathroom during the match (Austin and McMahon went under the ropes, not over them as the Royal Rumble rules require for elimination to occur along with the 'Shawn Michaels Rule', in which both feet must touch the floor after going over the top rope) and The Rock distracting Austin, McMahon lifted Austin over the top rope from behind, thus winning the match and earning a title shot at WrestleMania XV against the WWF Champion The Rock. He turned down his spot, however, and WWF Commissioner Shawn Michaels awarded it to Austin, which infuriated McMahon. Austin decided to put his title shot on the line against McMahon so he could get a chance to fight Vince at St. Valentine's Day Massacre: In Your House, In Your House: St. Valentine's Day Massacre in a Professional wrestling match types#Cages, steel cage match. During the match, Big Show — a future member of the Corporation — interrupted, making his WWF debut. He threw Austin through the side of the cage thus giving him the victory. The Corporation started a feud with The Undertaker's new faction the "Ministry of Darkness", which led to a storyline introducing McMahon's daughter Stephanie McMahon, Stephanie. Stephanie played an "innocent sweet girl" who was kidnapped by The Ministry twice. The first time she was kidnapped, she was found by Ken Shamrock on behalf of McMahon in a basement of the stadium. The second time she was kidnapped, The Undertaker attempted to marry her whilst she was forcefully tied to the Ministry's crucifix, but she was saved by Steve Austin. This angle saw a brief friendship develop between McMahon and Austin, cooling their long-running feud. McMahon became a member of the short-lived stable The Union (professional wrestling), The Union, during May 1999. McMahon's son Shane merged the Corporation with Undertaker's Ministry of Darkness to form the Corporate Ministry. On the June 7 episode of ''Raw Is War'', McMahon was revealed as the "Higher Power" behind the Corporate Ministry. This not only reignited McMahon's feud with WWF Champion Austin but also caused a kayfabe disgusted Linda McMahon, Linda and Stephanie McMahon to give their 50% share of the WWF to Austin. At King of the Ring (1999), King of the Ring, Vince and Shane defeated Austin in a Professional wrestling match types#Handicap match, handicap ladder match to regain control of the WWF. While CEO, Austin had scheduled a WWF Championship match, to be shown on ''Raw Is War'' after King Of The Ring. During the match, Austin defeated the Undertaker once again to become the WWF Champion. At Fully Loaded (1999), Fully Loaded, Austin was again scheduled for a first blood match against The Undertaker. If Austin lost, he would be banned from wrestling for the WWF Championship again; if he won, Vince McMahon would be banned from appearing on WWF television. Austin defeated The Undertaker, and McMahon was banned from WWF television. McMahon returned as a Face (professional wrestling), face in the fall of 1999 and won the WWE World Championship, WWF Championship in a match against Triple H, thanks to outside interference from Austin on the September 16 ''WWE SmackDown, SmackDown!''. He had decided to vacate the title during the following Monday's ''Raw Is War'' because he was not allowed on WWF television because of the stipulations of the Fully Loaded contract he signed. However, Stone Cold Steve Austin reinstated him in return for a WWF title shot. Over the next few months, McMahon and Triple H feuded, with the linchpin of the feud being Triple H's storyline marriage to Stephanie McMahon. The feud culminated at Armageddon (1999), Armageddon in 1999; McMahon faced Triple H in a Hardcore wrestling, No Holds Barred match which McMahon lost. Afterward, Stephanie turned on him, revealing her true colors. McMahon, along with his son Shane, then disappeared from WWF television, unable to accept the union between Triple H and Stephanie. This left Triple H and Stephanie in complete control of the WWF.

McMahon-Helmsley Era (2000–2001)

McMahon returned to WWF television on the March 13, 2000 ''Raw Is War'' helping Dwayne Johnson, The Rock win his WWF title shot back from the Big Show. He also attacked Shane McMahon and Triple H. Two weeks later, McMahon and The Rock defeated Shane McMahon and The Big Show in a tag team match with help from special guest referee Mick Foley, Mankind. At WrestleMania 2000, Triple H defended the WWF Championship in a Professional wrestling match types#Basic elimination matches, Fatal Four-Way Elimination match in which each competitor had a McMahon in his corner. Triple H had his wife Stephanie McMahon who was also the WWE Women's Championship (1956–2010), WWF Women's Champion in his corner, The Rock had Vince McMahon in his corner, Mick Foley had Linda McMahon in his corner, and Big Show had Shane in his corner. After Big Show and Foley were eliminated, Triple H and The Rock were left. Although Vince was in The Rock's corner, he Glossary of professional wrestling terms#Turn, turned on The Rock after Professional wrestling attacks#Chair shot, hitting him with a chair, turning heel for the first time since his feud with Stone Cold Steve Austin, which helped Triple H win the match and retain his title. This began the McMahon-Helmsley Era. At King of the Ring (2000), King of the Ring, McMahon, Shane, and WWF Champion Triple H took on The Brothers of Destruction (The Undertaker and Kane (wrestler), Kane) and The Rock in a six-man tag team match for the WWF Championship. This match stipulated that whoever made the scoring pinfall would become the WWF Champion. McMahon was pinned by The Rock. McMahon was then absent from WWF television until late 2000. On the December 4 episode of ''Raw Is War'', McMahon questioned the motives of WWF Commissioner Mick Foley and expressed concern of the well being of the six superstars competing in the Hell in a Cell match at Armageddon (2000), Armageddon. On the December 18 episode of ''Raw Is War'', McMahon faced Kurt Angle in a non-title match which was fought to no contest when Mick Foley interfered and attacked both men. After the match, both men beat Foley and McMahon fired him. McMahon then began a public kayfabe, extramarital affair with Trish Stratus, much to the disgust of his daughter, Stephanie. However, on the February 26 episode of ''Raw'', McMahon and Stephanie humiliated Trish by dumping sewage on her, with McMahon adding that Stephanie will always be "daddy's little girl" and Trish was only "daddy's little toy". McMahon and Stephanie then aligned together against Shane, who'd returned and had enough of Vince's actions in recent months. At WrestleMania X-Seven, McMahon lost to Shane after Linda—who had been Psychological abuse, emotionally abused to the point of a Mental breakdown, nervous breakdown; the breakdown was caused after Vince demanded a divorce on the December 7 episode of ''SmackDown!''; the breakdown left her helpless as she was deemed unable to continue being CEO of the WWF at the time, giving Vince 100% authority; finally, she was heavily sedated, in the storyline—hit Vince with a Professional wrestling attacks#Low blow, low blow. On the same night, McMahon allied with Stone Cold Steve Austin, helping him defeat The Rock to gain another WWF Championship. The two, along with Triple H, allied. Austin and Triple H put The Rock out of action with a brutal assault and suspension; this was done so The Rock could film ''The Scorpion King''. Austin and Triple H held all three major WWF titles at the same time. The alliance was short-lived, due to an injury to Triple H and a business venture by McMahon.

The Invasion and brand extension (2001–2005)

McMahon purchased long-time rival promotion
World Championship Wrestling World Championship Wrestling, Inc. (WCW) is a defunct American professional wrestling promotion founded by media tycoon Ted Turner Robert Edward Turner III (born November 19, 1938) is an American media proprietor, producer, and philanthrop ...
(WCW) in March 2001 from AOL Time Warner and signed many wrestlers from the organization. This marked the beginning of the Invasion storyline, in which the former WCW wrestlers regularly fought matches against the WWF wrestlers. On the July 9, 2001, episode of ''Raw Is War'', some List of Extreme Championship Wrestling alumni, extremists as well as several former ECW wrestlers on the WWF roster, joined with the WCW wrestlers to form The Alliance (professional wrestling), The Alliance. Stone Cold Steve Austin joined the Alliance, along with Shane McMahon, Shane and Stephanie McMahon. Vince McMahon led Team WWF thus turning Babyface (professional wrestling), face. At Survivor Series (2001), Survivor Series, Team WWF defeated Team Alliance in a Survivor Series elimination match to pick up the victory and end the Invasion storyline. Following the collapse of The Alliance, McMahon created the "Vince McMahon Kiss My Ass Club", also known as the "Mr. McMahon Kiss My Ass Club", which consisted of various WWE individuals being ordered to kiss his buttocks in the middle of the ring, usually with the threat of suspension or firing if they refused reverting to a Heel (professional wrestling), heel. The club was originally proclaimed closed by Dwayne Johnson, The Rock after McMahon was forced to kiss Rikishi (wrestler), Rikishi's buttocks on an episode of ''SmackDown!''. In November 2001, Ric Flair returned to WWF after an eight-year hiatus declaring himself the co-owner of the WWF, which infuriated McMahon. The two faced each other in January 2002, at Royal Rumble (2002), Royal Rumble, in a Professional wrestling match types#Street fight, Street Fight which Flair won. Due to their status as co-owners, McMahon became the owner of ''SmackDown!'' while Flair became the owner of ''Raw''. However, on the June 10 ''Raw'', McMahon defeated Flair to end the rivalry and become the sole owner of WWE. On the February 13, 2003 ''SmackDown!'', McMahon tried to derail the return of Hulk Hogan after a five-month hiatus but was knocked out by Hogan and received a Leg drop#Running leg drop, running leg drop. At No Way Out (2003), No Way Out, McMahon interfered in Hogan's match with The Rock. Hogan hit The Rock with a running leg drop and went for the pin, but the lights went out. When the lights came back on, McMahon came to the ringside to distract Hogan. Sylvain Grenier, the referee, gave The Rock a chair, which he then hit Hogan with. He ended the match with a Powerslam#Side slam, Rock Bottom to defeat Hogan. This led to McMahon facing Hogan in a match at WrestleMania XIX, which McMahon lost in a Street Fight. McMahon then banned Hogan from the ring but Hogan returned under the glossary of professional wrestling terms#Gimmick, gimmick of "Mr. America". McMahon tried to prove that Mr. America was Hogan under a mask but failed at these attempts. Hogan later quit WWE and at which point McMahon claimed that he had discovered Mr. America was Hulk Hogan and "fired" him. McMahon asked his daughter Stephanie to resign as SmackDown! Professional wrestling authority figures#General managers 2, General Manager on the October 2 ''SmackDown!''. Stephanie, however, refused to resign and this set up an "I Quit" match between the two. At No Mercy (2003), No Mercy, McMahon defeated Stephanie in an "I Quit" match when Linda threw in the towel. Later that night, he helped Brock Lesnar retain the WWE Championship against The Undertaker in a Professional wrestling match types#Object on a Pole match, Biker Chain match. This started a rivalry between McMahon and Undertaker. At Survivor Series (2003), Survivor Series, McMahon defeated Undertaker in a Professional wrestling match types#Buried Alive match, Buried Alive match with help from Kane.

Feuds with D-Generation X, Donald Trump and Bobby Lashley (2005–2007)

He began a feud with Eric Bischoff in late 2005, when he decided that Bischoff was not doing a good job as General Manager of ''Raw'' turning face again. He started "The Trial of Eric Bischoff" where McMahon served as the judge. Bischoff ended up losing the trial; McMahon "fired" him, and put him in a garbage truck before it drove away. Bischoff stayed gone for months. Almost a year later on ''Raw'' in late 2006, Bischoff was brought out by McMahon's executive assistant Jonathan Coachman so that he could announce the completion of his book ''Controversy Creates Cash''. Bischoff began Shoot (professional wrestling)#Examples of "worked shoots", blasting remarks at McMahon, saying that he was fired "unceremoniously" as the ''Raw'' General Manager, that there would be no McMahon if not for Bischoff's over-the-top rebellious ideas, and that D-Generation X was nothing but a rip off of the New World Order (professional wrestling), New World Order. On the December 26, 2005 ''Raw'', Vince personally reviewed Bret "Hit Man" Hart: The Best There Is, The Best There Was, The Best There Ever Will Be, Bret Hart's DVD. Shawn Michaels came out and he also started talking about Hart. McMahon replied, "I screwed Bret Hart. Shawn, don't make me screw you". At the 2006 Royal Rumble (2006), Royal Rumble, when Michaels was among the final six remaining participants after eliminating Shelton Benjamin, McMahon's entrance theme music distracted Michaels, allowing Shane McMahon to eliminate him. On the February 27 ''Raw'', Michaels was knocked unconscious by Shane. When Michaels' former The Rockers, Rockers tag team partner Marty Jannetty came to the rescue of Michaels, he was forced to join McMahon's "Kiss My Ass Club". On ''Saturday Night's Main Event XXXII'', Michaels faced Shane in a Street Fight. McMahon screwed Michaels while Shane had Michaels in the Sharpshooter. Michaels had not submitted, but McMahon ordered the referee to ring the bell, giving Shane the victory (another Montreal Screwjob reference). At WrestleMania 22, Vince McMahon faced Michaels in a hardcore wrestling, No Holds Barred match. Despite interference from the Spirit Squad and Shane, McMahon was unable to beat Michaels. At Backlash (2006), Backlash, Vince McMahon and his son Shane defeated Michaels and "God" (characterized by a spotlight) in a No Holds Barred match. On the May 15 ''Raw'', Triple H hit Shane with a sledgehammer meant for Michaels. The next week on ''Raw'', Triple H had another chance to hit Michaels with the object but he instead whacked the Spirit Squad. For a few weeks, McMahon ignored Michaels and began a rivalry with Triple H by forcing him to join "Kiss My Ass Club" (Triple H hit McMahon with a Facebuster#Double underhook facebuster, Pedigree instead of joining the club) and pitting him in a Professional wrestling match types#Gauntlet match, gauntlet handicap match against the Spirit Squad. Michaels, however, saved Triple H and the two reformed D-Generation X (D-X). This led to a feud between the McMahons and D-X, throughout the following summer. He also with the Spirit Squad teaming with Shane lost to Eugene (wrestler), Eugene by disqualification on July 10. At SummerSlam (2006), SummerSlam in 2006, the McMahons lost to D-X in a tag team match despite interference by Umaga, Big Show, Dave Finlay, Finlay, Ken Anderson (wrestler), Mr. Kennedy, and William Regal. The McMahons also allied themselves with the ECW World Heavyweight Championship, ECW World Champion Big Show. At Unforgiven (2006), Unforgiven, the McMahons teamed up with The Big Show in a Hell in a Cell match to take on D-X. Despite their 3-on-2 advantage, the McMahons lost again to D-X thus ending the rivalry. In January 2007, McMahon started a feud with Donald Trump, which was featured on major media outlets. Originally Trump wanted to fight McMahon himself but they came to a deal: both men would pick a representative to wrestle at WrestleMania 23 in a Professional wrestling match types#Luchas de Apuestas, Hair vs. Hair match. The man whose wrestler lost would have his head shaved bald. After the contract signing on ''Raw'', Trump pushed McMahon over the table in the ring onto his head after McMahon provoked Trump with several finger pokes to the shoulders. Later at a press conference, McMahon, during a photo opportunity, offered to shake hands with Trump but retracted his hand as Trump put out his. McMahon went on to fiddle with Trump's tie and flick Trump's nose. This angered Trump as he then slapped McMahon across the face. McMahon was then restrained from retaliating by Trump's bodyguards and Bobby Lashley, Trump's representative. At WrestleMania 23, McMahon's representative (Umaga (wrestler), Umaga) lost the match. As a result, McMahon's hair was shaved bald by Trump and Lashley with the help of Stone Cold Steve Austin, Steve Austin, who was the special guest referee of the "Battle of the Billionaires" match. McMahon then began a rivalry with Lashley over his ECW World Heavyweight Championship, ECW World Championship. At Backlash (2007), Backlash, McMahon pinned Lashley in a 3-on-1 Professional wrestling match types#Handicap match, handicap match teaming up with his son Shane McMahon, Shane and Umaga (wrestler), Umaga to win the ECW World Championship. At Judgment Day (2007), Judgment Day, McMahon defended his ECW World Championship against Lashley again in a 3-on-1 handicap match. Lashley won the match as he pinned Shane after a Powerslam#Front powerslam, Dominator but McMahon said that he was still the champion because Lashley could only be champion if he could beat him. McMahon finally lost the ECW World Championship to Lashley at One Night Stand (2007), One Night Stand in a Hardcore wrestling, Street Fight despite interference by Shane and Umaga.

Faked death, illegitimate son and Million Dollar Mania (2007–2008)

On June 11, 2007, WWE aired a segment at the end of ''Raw'' that featured McMahon entering a limousine moments before it exploded. The show went off-air shortly after, and WWE.com reported the glossary of professional wrestling terms#Angle, angle within minutes as though it were a legitimate occurrence, proclaiming that McMahon was "presumed dead". Although this was the fate of the fictional "Mr. McMahon" character, no harm came to the actual person; the "presumed death" of McMahon was part of a storyline. WWE later acknowledged to CNBC that he was not truly dead. The June 25 ''Raw'' was scheduled to be a three-hour memorial to "Mr. McMahon". However, due to the Glossary of professional wrestling terms#Legit, actual Chris Benoit double-murder and suicide, death of Chris Benoit, the show opened with McMahon standing in an empty arena, acknowledging that his reported death was only of his character as part of a storyline. This was followed by a tribute to Benoit that filled the three-hour timeslot. McMahon's last appearance on WWE television until August 6, 2007, was the next night on ''WWE ECW, ECW on Sci Fi'' in which after acknowledging that a tribute to Benoit had aired the previous night, he announced that there would be no further mention of Benoit Chris Benoit double-murder and suicide#World Wrestling Entertainment, due to the circumstances becoming apparent and that the ECW show would be dedicated to those that had been affected by the Benoit murders. The "Mr. McMahon" character officially returned on the August 6 episode of ''Monday Night Raw''. McMahon said that he faked his death to see what people thought of him, with Stephanie accused of faking mourning while checking her father's last will to see how it would benefit her. He also talked about many subjects, including an investigation by the United States Congress and owing money to the Internal Revenue Service, IRS. McMahon also declared a battle royal to determine a new ''Raw'' General Manager, which was won by William Regal. At the end of ''Raw'', Jonathan Coachman informed McMahon of a (kayfabe, storyline) paternity suit regarding an illegitimate long-lost child, who was revealed in the following weeks as being a male member of the WWE roster. On the September 3 ''Raw'', McMahon appeared and was confronted by his family. They were interrupted by Ken Anderson (wrestler), Mr. Kennedy, who claimed to be McMahon's "illegitimate son". He was himself interrupted by a lawyer claiming Kennedy was not McMahon's son and that the real son would be revealed the next week on ''Raw''. His illegitimate son was finally revealed on September 10 on ''Raw'' as Hornswoggle. In February 2008, after months of "tough love" antics towards Hornswoggle, John Layfield, John "Bradshaw" Layfield revealed that Hornswoggle was not McMahon's son and that he was actually Dave Finlay, Finlay's son. It turned out that the scam was thought up by Shane, Stephanie and Linda McMahon, along with Finlay. On the June 2 ''Raw'', McMahon announced that starting the next week, he would give away US$1,000,000 live on ''Raw''. Fans could register online, and each week randomly selected fans would receive a part of the $1,000,000. McMahon's Million Dollar Mania lasted just three weeks and was suspended after the 3-hour Draft episode of ''Raw'' on June 23. After giving away $500,000, explosions tore apart the ''Raw'' stage, which fell and collapsed on top of McMahon. On June 30, Shane addressed the WWE audience before ''Raw'', informing the fans that his family had chosen to keep his father's condition private. He also urged the WWE roster to stand together during what he described as a "turbulent time". The McMahons made several requests to the wrestlers for solidarity, before finally appointing Mike Adamle as the new general manager of ''Raw'' to restore order to the brand.

Feud with The Legacy and Bret Hart (2009–2010)

On the January 5, 2009 ''Raw'', Chris Jericho told Stephanie McMahon that McMahon would be returning to ''Raw'' soon. The following week, Jericho was (kayfabe) fired from WWE by Stephanie. On the January 19 ''Raw'', McMahon returned, as a face, and supported his daughter's decision on Jericho, but Stephanie rehired him. Randy Orton then came out and assaulted McMahon after harassing Stephanie. McMahon returned on the March 30 ''Raw'' with his son, Shane, and son-in-law Triple H to confront Orton. The night after WrestleMania 25, McMahon appeared on ''Raw'' to announce Orton would not receive another championship opportunity at Backlash (2009), Backlash, but compete in a six-man tag team match with his The Legacy (professional wrestling), Legacy stablemates against Triple H, Shane McMahon and himself. ''Raw'' General Manager Vickie Guerrero made the match for the WWE Championship. Orton then challenged McMahon to a match that night, in which Legacy assaulted him, and Orton also hitting him with the RKO. After being assisted by Triple H, Shane and a returning Batista, McMahon announced Batista would replace him in the match at Backlash. On the June 15 ''Raw'', McMahon announced that he had sold the ''Raw'' brand to businessman Donald Trump. The next week, during the ''Trump is Raw'' show, McMahon bought the brand back from Trump. On the June 29 ''Raw'', McMahon announced that every week, a celebrity guest host would control ''Raw'' for the night. He soon appeared on ''SmackDown'', putting Theodore Long on probation for his actions. On August 24 ''Raw'', McMahon had a birthday bash which was interrupted by The Legacy, and competed in a six-man tag team match with his long-time rival team D-Generation X, D-X, in which they won after the interference of John Cena. He continued to appear on ''SmackDown'', making occasional matches and reminding Long that he was still on probation. On the November 16 ''Raw'', McMahon was called out by guest host Roddy Piper, who wanted a match with McMahon that night in Madison Square Garden. McMahon declined and announced his retirement from in-ring competition.
/ref> On the January 4, 2010 ''Raw'', McMahon, once again a heel, confronted special guest host Bret "The Hitman" Hart for the (televised) first time since the Montreal Screwjob at Survivor Series 1997, to bury the hatchet from the above-mentioned Montreal Screwjob. The two appeared to finally bury the hatchet, but after shaking hands, Vince kicked Hart in the groin and left the arena to a loud chorus of boos and the crowd chanting "You screwed Bret! You screwed Bret!". A match was then booked between the two at WrestleMania XXVI, which saw Hart defeat McMahon in a No Holds Barred Lumberjack match. On the May 31 ''Raw'', McMahon returned to congratulate Hart on becoming the new Raw General Manager. On the June 22 ''Raw'', McMahon fired Hart for not dealing with ''WWE NXT (TV series), NXT'' season one rookies, known as Nexus (professional wrestling), The Nexus. That same night, he announced the new General Manager would be anonymous and make decisions via emails, which would be read by Michael Cole (wrestling), Michael Cole. The General Manager's first decision was McMahon to be the guest referee for a WWE Championship match that night between John Cena and Sheamus. The match was interrupted by The Nexus who then attacked McMahon. McMahon appeared in a segment on the November 1 ''Raw'', in a coma from the attack by The Nexus. He woke up and his doctor (Freddie Prinze Jr.) explained what had happened since he had been out. The scene transitioned to Stephanie McMahon waking up, revealing Dream sequence, it was all a dream.

Storyline with John Laurinaitis and CM Punk (2011–2012)

In early 2011, McMahon once again stepped away from WWE storylines to focus on both his corporate and backstage duties. On the June 27 episode of ''Raw'', CM Punk made a scathing on-air speech criticizing WWE and McMahon about the way WWE was run. McMahon suspended Punk but reinstated him at the behest of Punk's Money in the Bank (2011), Money in the Bank opponent, WWE Champion John Cena. At Money in the Bank, McMahon and Vice President of Talent Relations John Laurinaitis interfered on Cena's behalf but Punk was ultimately successful and walked out of the company with the championship. On the following ''Raw'', Triple H returned and, on behalf of WWE's board of directors, fired McMahon from his position of running ''Raw'' and ''SmackDown'', though leaving him chairman of the board. Triple H then announced he had been designated Chief Operating Officer of WWE. McMahon returned on the October 10 ''Raw'', firing Triple H from running ''Raw'', stating the board of directors had called Triple H a financial catastrophe, and that List of WWE personnel, WWE employees had voted Motion of no confidence, no confidence in him the previous week. He subsequently appointed Laurinaitis as the interim general manager of ''Raw''. On June 11, 2012, McMahon returned to give a job evaluation to John Laurinaitis. After a conflict with Cena and Big Show that saw McMahon accidentally knocked out by Big Show, McMahon declared that if Big Show lost his match at No Way Out (2012), No Way Out, Laurinaitis would be fired. Cena defeated Big Show in a Professional wrestling match types#Cages, steel cage match, and McMahon fired Laurinaitis. McMahon announced AJ Lee, AJ as ''Raw'''s new general manager at ''WWE Raw 1000, Raw 1000'' and made Booker T SmackDown's new general manager on August 3 episode of ''SmackDown''. After CM Punk interrupted him on the October 8 episode of ''Raw'', he challenged Punk to a match, threatening to fire him if he declined. The match did not officially start, but McMahon held his own in a brawl with Punk until Punk attempted the Professional wrestling attacks#Go to Sleep, GTS. Ryback and Cena interfered and McMahon ultimately booked Punk in a match with Ryback at Hell in a Cell (2012), Hell in a Cell.

The Authority (2013–2017)

During the buildup for the Royal Rumble (2013), 2013 Royal Rumble, McMahon told CM Punk that if The Shield (professional wrestling), The Shield interfered in his match with Dwayne Johnson, The Rock, Punk would forfeit his title. During the match, the lights went out and Rock was attacked by what appeared to be The Shield, leading to Rock's loss. Vince came out and restarted the match at Rock's request and Rock was victorious. The next night on ''Raw'', while conducting a performance review on Paul Heyman, he was assaulted by the returning Brock Lesnar, who attacked him with the Facebuster#Fireman's carry facebuster, F-5. According to WWE.com, McMahon broke his pelvis and required surgery. Vince sought revenge on Heyman and faced him in a street fight on the February 25 episode of ''Raw'', but Lesnar again interfered, only for Triple H to interfere as well, setting up a rematch between Lesnar and Triple H at WrestleMania 29. From June 2013, members of the McMahon family began to dispute various elements of the control of WWE, such as the fates of Daniel Bryan, and of ''Raw'' and ''SmackDown'' General Managers Brad Maddox and Vickie Guerrero. After Triple H and Stephanie created The Authority (professional wrestling), The Authority, McMahon celebrated Randy Orton's victory at TLC: Tables, Ladders and Chairs (2013), TLC with them, but stepped aside from his on-screen authority role in early 2014 to evaluate Triple H and Stephanie's control of the company. McMahon returned on the November 3, 2014, episode of ''Raw'', making a stipulation that if Team Cena had defeated Team Authority at Survivor Series (2014), Survivor Series, The Authority would be removed from power. Team Cena won the match, but McMahon gave John Cena the option to reinstate The Authority. McMahon returned on the December 14, 2015, episode of ''Raw'', aligning himself with The Authority (professional wrestling), The Authority, by confronting Roman Reigns over his attack on Triple H at the TLC: Tables, Ladders and Chairs (2015), TLC pay-per-view. McMahon granted Reigns a rematch for the WWE World Championship, WWE World Heavyweight Championship against Sheamus, with the stipulation that if he failed to win the championship he would be fired. During the match, McMahon interfered on Sheamus' behalf but was attacked by Reigns, who then pinned Sheamus to win the WWE World Heavyweight Championship. On the December 28 episode of ''Raw'', McMahon was arrested for assaulting an New York City Police Department, NYPD officer and resisting arrest after a confrontation with Roman Reigns. McMahon made himself special guest referee in Reigns' rematch against Sheamus on the January 4, 2016 episode of ''Raw'', where Reigns won after McMahon was knocked out and another referee made the decision. With his plan foiled, McMahon retaliated by announcing after the match that Reigns would defend his title at the Royal Rumble (2016), Royal Rumble against 29 other men in the Royal Rumble#Match, Royal Rumble match, which was won by Triple H. On the February 22, episode of ''Raw'', McMahon presented the first-ever "Vincent J. McMahon Legacy of Excellence" Award to Stephanie before being interrupted Shane McMahon, who returned to WWE for the first time in over six years, confronting his father and sister, and claiming that he wanted control of ''Raw''. This led to Vince book Shane against The Undertaker at WrestleMania 32 in a Hell in a Cell match with the stipulation that if Shane won, he would have full control of ''Raw'' and The Undertaker would be banned from competing in any future WrestleMania. On the April 4 episode of ''Raw'', McMahon gloated about Shane's loss at WrestleMania the previous night, before Shane came out, accepted his defeat and said goodbye, leading McMahon to allow Shane to run that nights show, after feeling upstaged by his son. After Shane ran ''Raw'' for the rest of April, at Payback (2016), Payback, McMahon announced Shane and Stephanie had joint control. On the April 3, 2017 episode of ''Raw'', McMahon returned to announce Kurt Angle as the new Raw General Manager and the upcoming 2017 WWE Superstar Shake-up, Superstar Shake-up. On September 5, it was announced that McMahon would make an appearance on the September 12 episode of ''SmackDown Live''. At the end of that night as a Babyface (professional wrestling), face, McMahon confronted Kevin Owens, who was unhappy about Vince's son Shane attacking him the week before, which resulted in Shane being suspended. McMahon was furious about the heinous words regarding his family, and how Owens was not respectful, and how he planned to prosecute everybody who wronged him. McMahon warned him that his lawsuit would result in him being fired, but McMahon has the cash to deal with that empty threat. This prompted Owens to say Shane put his hands on him, but McMahon said he suspended Shane for not finishing off Owens. Shane was then reinstated to face Owens at the ''Hell in a Cell'' pay-per-view. Owens then attacked McMahon, leaving him lying in the ring. Even with several referees present, Owens continued to attack McMahon, and splashed down on him from atop one of the ring posts, resulting in McMahon being (kayfabe) injured. Stephanie McMahon also returned to help her father, as he was attended to by WWE officials.

Sporadic Apperances (2018–present)

On January 22, 2018, McMahon returned on ''Raw 25 Years'' to address the WWE Universe, only to later turn on them by calling them "cheap" turning heel once again. He was later confronted, and Stunner (professional wrestling), stunnered, by Stone Cold Steve Austin. On March 12, McMahon made an appearance in a backstage segment with Roman Reigns, announcing that Reigns would be suspended for his recent actions. On SmackDown 1000 McMahon returned as face once again after dancing on TruthTV. McMahon returned once again to WWE television on the December 17, 2018, episode of ''Monday Night Raw'', accompanied by his son Shane McMahon, Shane, daughter Stephanie McMahon, and his son-in-law Triple H, promising to shake things up as they admitted they weren't performing as well as they should have. McMahon announced that the four of them would now kayfabe, ''run'' both ''Monday Night Raw'' and ''SmackDown Live'' collectively. In early 2019, McMahon entered in the feud between Daniel Bryan and Kofi Kingston, not letting that latter receive a WWE Championship, WWE championship match at WrestleMania 35, WrestleMania. McMahon returned to WWE television on the April 24, 2020, episode of ''Friday Night Smackdown, Friday Night SmackDown'', in celebration of Triple H's 25th anniversary in WWE. He also appeared at Survivor Series (2020) introducing The Undertaker to the ring during his retirement celebrations.

United States Wrestling Association (1993)

While the Mr. McMahon character marked the first time that McMahon had been portrayed as a villain in WWF, in 1993, McMahon was engaged in a feud with Jerry Lawler as part of a cross-promotion between the WWF and the United States Wrestling Association (USWA). As part of the angle, McMahon sent various WWF wrestlers to Memphis, Tennessee, Memphis to dethrone Lawler as the "king of professional wrestling". This angle marked the first time that McMahon physically interjected himself into a match, as he occasionally tripped and punched at Lawler while seated ringside. During the angle, McMahon was not acknowledged as the owner of the WWF, and the feud was not acknowledged on WWF television, as the two continued to provide commentary together (along with Randy Savage) for the television show ''WWF Superstars of Wrestling, Superstars''. The feud also helped build toward Lawler's match with Bret Hart at SummerSlam (1993), SummerSlam. The peak of the angle came with Tatanka (wrestler), Tatanka defeating Lawler to win the USWA Unified World Heavyweight Championship, USWA Championship with McMahon gloating at Lawler while wearing the championship belt. This storyline came to an abrupt end when Lawler was accused of raping a young girl in Memphis, and he was dropped from the WWF. He returned shortly afterward, however, as the girl later stated that the rape accusations were lies.

Professional wrestling style and persona

McMahon's on-screen persona is known for his throaty exclamation of "You're fired!", and his "power walk"—an exaggerated strut toward the ring, swinging his arms and bobbing his head from side to side in a cocky manner. According to Jim Cornette, the power walk was inspired by one of McMahon's favorite wrestlers as a child, Dr. Jerry Graham. The Fabulous Moolah, however, claims in her autobiography that Buddy Rogers (wrestler), "Nature Boy" Buddy Rogers was the inspiration for the walk. According to composser Jim Johnston, the idea behind his theme song, No Chance in Hell, was "He’s got the power, the money, and [...], he was pretty much the only game in town. [...] Rather than a song about one man, I wanted it to be about ’The Man’."


Vince McMahon is often described as the most influential person in professional wrestling history and for having had a large impact on television and American culture. ESPN reporter Shaun Assael writes: "As a TV pioneer, he went from selling costumed super-heroes like Hulk Hogan to dark anti-heroes like Stone Cold Steve Austin, Steve Austin. He helped give birth to reality television by making himself a central character, and he launched Dwayne Johnson, The Rock into a movie career. No one in television can match his longevity. Few have his instincts for what sells." His daughter, Stephanie McMahon, credits him for creating the term "sports entertainment " and publicly acknowledging wrestling's predetermined nature, while Thom Loverro of ''The Washington Times'' ascribes McMahon with shaping reality television and American politics with sports entertainment. Television executive Dick Ebersol considers McMahon to be the best partner he has worked with and believes he has impacted American culture. McMahon's close friend and former on-screen rival, ex-U.S. president Donald Trump, praised McMahon, stating: "People love this stuff, and it’s all because of Vince McMahon and his vision." Jim Cornette called McMahon "the most successful promoter ever". Analyzing the legacy of McMahon's successes, from the birth of Hulkamania to birthing
WrestleMania WrestleMania is a professional wrestling event produced annually between mid-March and mid-April by WWE, an American professional wrestling promotion based in Stamford, Connecticut. WWE first produced the event in WrestleMania 1, 1985 and has s ...

, to beating out his rival competition of Ted Turner's
World Championship Wrestling World Championship Wrestling, Inc. (WCW) is a defunct American professional wrestling promotion founded by media tycoon Ted Turner Robert Edward Turner III (born November 19, 1938) is an American media proprietor, producer, and philanthrop ...
coming out victorious in the TV ratings in the Monday Night Wars and later purchasing WCW from Turner, McMahon, however in the later years, has seemingly lost the pulse that he had such a grip of in the late 90s into the mid-2000s. From seemingly listening to the fans and pushing the talent that got the biggest reaction to just listening to himself, McMahon has therefore taken many wrong turns in recent years. Arn Anderson calls McMahon a "marketing genius" for attracting women and children to the product, but says it came at the expense of "the bell-to-bell action", which is the reason most wrestlers got into the business. Promoter and manager Jim Cornette stated that older wrestlers dislike him for "breaking the code" by acknowledging that wrestling is predetermined, that fans who only watched during the Attitude Era will remember him well and that he will be criticized by modern fans for being "an old man ... [that presides] over a bland, boring product". Jon Moxley, who wrestled for WWE as Dean Ambrose and became WWE Champion, left WWE because of their creative process in 2019 and singled out McMahon for being the problem. A 2020 article in ''Variety (magazine), Variety'' also blamed McMahon for a continuous decrease in ratings over the years and urged investors to hold him accountable. Former WWE wrestler Chris Hero claimed that "I don’t think Vince cares to be in touch with today’s wrestling [...] he’s not trying to be ‘in touch.". Assael also writes that "Steroids will always be a part of that legacy" because of his legal trial and the controversies that arose in the aftermath of Chris Benoit's death. However, several talent complained how McMahon used them. After years of interest declining, Forbes' Blake Oeschriester said the reason was McMahon "failing to create new stars". On another article, he wrote that McMahon was "out of touch" with his audience. Forbes' Alfred Konuwa, talking about WWE ratings decline, said " incompetent leadership and poor storytelling, history suggests that there will be no long-term solutions to WWE’s ratings woes as long as Vince McMahon is in charge.". Jon Moxley called him the "problem" of WWE. Ryback (wrestler), Ryback called him a "piece of shit" and "the world would be a better place when he passes." It was also critized McMahon's point of view of tag team wrestling. Arn Anderson and Tom Prichard think McMahon doesn't like tag team wrestling for financial reasons. Former WWF Tag Team Champion Bret Hart said "he kind of singlehandedly killed" tag team wrestling. One of WWE's top superstars Seth Rollins has praised McMahon stating "Vince McMahon has been doing this 20 years longer than I've been alive. So he's got some ideas and he knows things that I just don't know that I have to learn." All Elite Wrestling, AEW President and CEO Tony Khan, has praised McMahon as one his idols where he stated “Vince McMahon is one of my all time idols in terms of building a brand and sustaining a great company,”.

Other media

In 2001, McMahon was interviewed by ''Playboy'' and performed an interview with his son Shane for the second issue of the magazine that year. In March 2006, at age 60, McMahon was featured on the cover of ''Muscle & Fitness'' magazine. In August 2006, ''McMahon'', a two-disc DVD set showcasing McMahon's career was released. The box art symbolizes the blurred reality between Vince McMahon the person and Mr. McMahon the character. ''McMahon'' features profiling of the Mr. McMahon character, such as the rivalries with wrestlers, on-screen firings, and antics. The DVD includes Vince's business life, such as acquiring WCW and ECW and the demise of the XFL. McMahon's top nine matches of his professional wrestling career are included in ''McMahon''. In March 2015, at age 69, McMahon once again appeared on the cover of ''Muscle & Fitness'' magazine.


Personal life


McMahon married Linda McMahon on August 26, 1966, in New Bern, North Carolina. The two met in church when Linda was 13 and Vince was 16. At that time, McMahon was known as Vince Lupton, using his stepfather's surname. They were introduced by Vince's mother, Vicky H. Lupton (now Vicky H. Askew). They have two children, Shane McMahon, Shane and Stephanie McMahon, Stephanie, both of whom have spent time in the WWF/E both onscreen and behind the scenes. Shane left the company on January 1, 2010 (later returning in 2016), while Stephanie continues to be active in a backstage role and onscreen. McMahon had an older brother, Roderick James McMahon III (October 12, 1943 – January 20, 2021), who was not involved in the wrestling industry. McMahon has six grandchildren: Declan James, Kenyon Jesse, and Rogan Henry McMahon, sons of Shane and his wife Marissa Mazzola-McMahon, Marissa; and Aurora Rose, Murphy Claire, and Vaughn Evelyn Levesque, daughters of Stephanie and her husband Triple H, Paul "Triple H" Levesque.

Wealth and donations

As of 2006, McMahon has a $12 million Penthouse apartment, penthouse in Manhattan, Manhattan, New York; a $40 million mansion in Greenwich, Connecticut; a $20 million vacation home; and a 47-foot sports yacht named ''Sexy Bitch''. His wealth has been noted at $1.1 billion, backing up WWE's claim he was a billionaire for 2001, although he was reported to have since dropped off the list between 2002 and 2013. In 2014, McMahon had an estimated net worth of $1.2 billion. On May 16, 2014, McMahon's worth dropped to an estimated $750 million after his WWE stock fell $350 million due to a price drop following disappointing business outcomes. In 2015, McMahon returned to the list with an estimated worth of $1.2 billion. In 2018, his net worth reached $3.6 billion. McMahon and his wife have donated to various Republican Party (United States), Republican Party causes, including $1 million in 2014 to federal candidates and political action committees, such as Karl Rove's American Crossroads and the research and tracking group America Rising. The McMahons have donated $5 million to Donald Trump's charity, the Donald J. Trump Foundation. The McMahons donated over $8 million in 2008, giving grants to the Fishburne Military School, Sacred Heart University, and East Carolina University. ''Nonprofit Quarterly'' noted the majority of the McMahons' donations were towards capital expenditures. In 2006, they paid $2.5 million for construction of a tennis facility in Ebensburg, Pennsylvania. The McMahons have supported the Special Olympics since 1986, first developing an interest through their friendship with NBC producer Dick Ebersol and Susan Saint James, who encouraged them to participate.

Rape and harassment allegations

On April 3, 1992, Rita Chatterton, a former Referee (professional wrestling), referee noted for her stint as Rita Marie in the WWF in the 1980s and for being the first female referee in the WWF (possibly in professional wrestling history), made an appearance on Geraldo Rivera's show ''Now It Can Be Told''. She claimed that on July 16, 1986, McMahon tried to force her to perform oral sex on him in his limousine and, when she refused, raped her. On February 1, 2006, McMahon was accused of sexual harassment by a worker at a tanning bar in Boca Raton, Florida. At first, the charge appeared to be discredited because McMahon was in Miami for the Royal Rumble (2006), 2006 Royal Rumble at the time. It was soon clarified that the alleged incident was reported to police on the day of the Rumble, but actually took place the day before. On March 25, it was reported that no charges would be filed against McMahon as a result of the investigation.

Legal trial

In 1993, McMahon was indicted in federal court after a steroid controversy engulfed the promotion and thus temporarily ceded control of the WWF to his wife Linda. The case went to trial in 1994, where McMahon was accused of distributing steroids to his wrestlers. One prosecution witness was Kevin Wacholz, who had wrestled for the company in 1992 as "Nailz" and who had been fired after a violent confrontation with McMahon. Wacholz testified that McMahon had ordered him to use steroids, but his credibility was called into question during his testimony as he made it clear he "hated" McMahon. The jury acquitted McMahon of the charges.

Championships and accomplishments

* ''The Baltimore Sun'' ** Best Non-wrestling Performer of the Decade (2010) * Cauliflower Alley Club * Professional Wrestling Hall of Fame and Museum ** Class of 2011 * ''Pro Wrestling Illustrated'' ** List of Pro Wrestling Illustrated awards#Feud of the Year, Feud of the Year (1996) vs. Eric Bischoff ** Feud of the Year (1998, 1999) vs. Stone Cold Steve Austin ** Feud of the Year (2001) vs. Shane McMahon ** List of Pro Wrestling Illustrated awards#Match of the Year, Match of the Year (2006) vs. Shawn Michaels in a Professional wrestling match types#Hardcore-based variations, No Holds Barred match at WrestleMania 22 * WWE, World Wrestling Federation/World Wrestling Entertainment ** ECW World Heavyweight Championship, ECW World Championship (List of ECW World Heavyweight Champions, 1 time) ** WWE Championship, WWF Championship (List of WWE Champions, 1 time) ** Royal Rumble (Royal Rumble (1999), 1999) * ''Wrestling Observer Newsletter awards'' ** List of Wrestling Observer Newsletter awards#Best Booker, Best Booker (1987, 1998, 1999) ** List of Wrestling Observer Newsletter awards#Best Promoter, Best Promoter (1988, 1998–2000) ** List of Wrestling Observer Newsletter awards#Best Non-Wrestler, Best Non-Wrestler (1999, 2000) ** List of Wrestling Observer Newsletter awards#Feud of the Year, Feud of the Year (1998, 1999) vs. Stone Cold Steve Austin ** List of Wrestling Observer Newsletter awards#Most Obnoxious, Most Obnoxious (1983–1986, 1990, 1993) ** List of Wrestling Observer Newsletter awards#Worst Feud of the Year, Worst Feud of the Year (2006) with Shane McMahon vs. D-Generation X (Shawn Michaels and Triple H) ** Wrestling Observer Newsletter Hall of Fame (Wrestling Observer Newsletter Hall of Fame#1996 inductees, Class of 1996)

Other awards and honors

* Boys & Girls Clubs of America Hall of Fame (Class of 2015) * Guinness World Records – Oldest WWE Champion (September 1999) * Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree from Sacred Heart University * Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame (2008)

''Luchas de Apuestas'' record



General sources

* (via Google Books) *

External links

WWE Corporate Profile
* * {{DEFAULTSORT:McMahon, Vince 1945 births 20th-century American businesspeople 21st-century American businesspeople American billionaires American chairpersons of corporations American chief executives American color commentators American football executives American ice hockey administrators American mass media owners American people of Irish descent American political fundraisers American television talk show hosts Businesspeople from Greenwich, Connecticut Businesspeople from New York City Connecticut Republicans East Carolina University alumni ECW Heavyweight Champions/ECW World Heavyweight Champions Fishburne Military School alumni Living people McMahon family People acquitted of crimes People with dyslexia People from Manhattan People from Pinehurst, North Carolina People who faked their own death Professional wrestlers billed from Connecticut Professional wrestlers from North Carolina Professional wrestling announcers Professional Wrestling Hall of Fame and Museum Professional wrestling trainers The Authority (professional wrestling) members WWE executives WWE Champions XFL (2001) XFL (2020) owners