Uitenhage (; ) officially renamed Kariega is a South Africa
n town in the Eastern Cape Province
. It is well known for the Volkswagen
factory located there, which is the biggest car factory on the Africa
n continent. Along with the city of Port Elizabeth
and the small town of Despatch
, it forms the Nelson Mandela Metropolitan Municipality
Uitenhage was founded on 25 April 1804 by ''landdrost
'' (district magistrate) Jacob Glen Cuyler
and named in honour of the Cape's Commissioner-General Jacob Abraham Uitenhage de Mist
by the Dutch Cape Colony
governor, Jan Willem Janssens
. Uitenhage formed part of the district of Graaff Reinet
(shortly after its short-lived secession).
The Cape Colony
received a degree of independence when "Responsible Government
" was declared in 1872. In 1875, the Cape
government of John Molteno
took over the rudimentary Uitenhage railway site, incorporated it into the Cape Government Railways
(CGR), and began construction of the lines connecting Uitenhage to Port Elizabeth
and the Southern Africa
n interior. Two years later, in 1877
, Uitenhage was declared a municipality.
Nearly a hundred years later, as part of the Republic of South Africa, Uitenhage became a centre for resistance against apartheid. In 1985, police opened fire on a funeral procession in Uitenhage, killing a number of unarmed people, in an event that became notorious as an example of police oppression in South Africa under apartheid
it was incorporated with Port Elizabeth and Despatch into the Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality
. On 23 February 2021, Minister of Sports, Arts and Culture
, Nathi Mthethwa
approved and gazetted the decision to rename Uitenhage to Kariega along with the neighbouring city of Port Elizabeth which was changed to Gqeberha.
Uitenhage is located 30 km north-west of Port Elizabeth
. Its neighbouring town of Despatch
, the city of Port Elizabeth and other surrounding areas form the Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality
Neighbouring towns include Despatch
in the south-east and KwaNobuhle
in the south.
Uitenhage is also located at the beginning of the Mohair Route which stretches to Graaff-Reinet
(considered the centre for mohair farming
) via Jansenville
on Route 75
Uitenhage is known for the large industries situated there. The largest of these industries are the Volkswagen
factories. An automotive
supplier park, Alexander Park Industrial, has also been created directly next to the Volkswagen factory, thus allowing automotive component
manufacturers to construct their manufacturing plants close by.
Uitenhage is at the junction of regional
and metropolitan routes
and has access to many roads. Roads intersecting or running through Uitenhage include the R75, M19, R334 and M10.
* The R75
links to Despatch
and Port Elizabeth
in the south and Jansenville
in the north.
* The M19
links to Despatch, Ibhayi and Swartkops
* The R334
links to Motherwell
to the east and KwaNobuhle
and the R102
which also connects to the N2
and Cape Town
* The M10
links to Despatch, Bethelsdorp
and Port Elizabeth.
* Allan Hendrickse
- Preacher-teacher-politician from apartheid politics
* Anrich Nortje
- South African cricketer
* B. J. Vorster
- South African Prime Minister 1966 - 1978
* Bicks Ndoni
- former mayor of Uitenhage and ANC politician
* Carel Fourie
- Springbok rugby wing; from Die Brandwag Hoërskool.
* Charles Robert Redcliffe - Labour Party
politician, community leader and anti-apartheid activist.
* Christo van Rensburg
- South African tennis player, ATP
* Deshun Deysel
- international business coach and mountaineer.
* Deon Kayser
- rugby player.
* Enoch Sontonga
- composer of ''Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika
'' which is now part of the national anthem.
- Springbok rugby scrum-half
from Muir College
* James Wide - Double leg amputee railway signalman and owner of Jack
* Joseph Petrus Hendrik Crowe
- British Army
officer who was awarded the Victoria Cross
* Johann van der Merwe - Springbok rugby centre
1969/70 British tour; from Die Brandwag Hoërskool.
* Lee-Roy Wright - South African actor and television presenter
* Linky Boshoff
- South African tennis player from Riebeek College Girls' High School.
* Loyiso Bala - South African R&B singer; part of Bala Brothers ground and TKZee
* Mcebisi Jonas
, former deputy Finance Minister, active member of ANC
's Uitenhage branch
* Nantie Hayward
- South African cricketer who now plays in the Indian Cricket League
* Okkert Brits
- Olympic pole vaulter
* Sean Burke
- musician, composer currently based in Randburg, GautengArtist hits home with Consciousness Hip Hop
* Smuts Ngonyama - ANC National Spokesman during Thabo Mbeki's Era. Recently appointed South African Ambassador to Spain
* The Invaders
- popular South African music group from the 1960s
* Jack - A chacma baboon trained to assist signalman James Wide, who had both legs amputated.
* Al-Qudamah Mosque, considered to be the oldest mosque in the country.
Coats of arms
Drostdy — In 1804, the Cape colonial government assigned the shield of Jacob Abraham Uitenhage de Mist's arms to the new Uitenhage drostdy. The arms were ''Sable, a cross moline Argent'', i.e. a silver cross moline on a black shield. An anchor was placed behind the shield.
[Pama, C. (1965) ''Lions and Virgins''.] The British authorities discontinued the drostdy seals in 1814, and replaced them with the royal coat of arms. [''Cape Town Gazette'' 418 (15 January 1814).]
Municipality — In 1881, the Uitenhage municipal council adopted the De Mist arms, complete with a crest consisting of a cross moline issuing from a gold coronet. [The arms were depicted on ] The arms were registered with the Cape Provincial Administration in September 1956
issued in 1931.
[Cape of Good Hope ''Official Gazette'' 2833 (28 September 1956).] and at the Bureau of Heraldry in June 1994.
Divisional council — The Uitenhage divisional council (the local authority for the rural areas outside the town) assumed a coat of arms in 1968. The arms were granted by the provincial administrator in August 1968 [Cape of Good Hope ''Official Gazette'' 3470 (9 August 1968).] and registered at the Bureau of Heraldry in June 1972.
On the arms were stated: "Or, a triple crowned tree Vert, the trunk entwined with the Batavian tricolour; on a chief wavy Sable a cross moline between dexter a pickaxe and hammer in saltire, handles downwards and sinister two scrolls in saltire, Argent." In layman's terms, the design was a golden shield displaying, from top to bottom, a crossed pickaxe and hammer, a cross moline and two crossed scrolls on a black horizontal strip with a wavy edge, and a triple-crowned tree with a Batavian Republic flag wrapped around it.
The crest was an elephant, and the motto ''Per laborem ad honorem''.
''Note'': Distances by tarred road as pe
SA Explorer – Uitenhage Distances
Category:Populated places in Nelson Mandela Bay
Category:Populated places established in 1804