Protesters outside the U.S. Army Recruiting Center in Times Square on July 26, 2017, respond to President Donald Trump's tweets that transgender people would no longer be allowed to serve in the U.S. military.

Because of the 2020 version of DoD Instruction 1300.28[1] transgender personnel in the United States military are denied equal opportunity to serve or enlist in the United States military, except if they serve in their original sex assignment, had been grandfathered in prior to April 12, 2019, or were given a waiver. This Memorandum, originally scheduled to expire on March 12, 2020, was extended until September 12, 2020.[2][3] Before it expired, it was replaced by a reissued version of DoD Instruction 1300.28, “Military Service by Transgender Persons and Persons with Gender Dysphoria," which took effect on September 4, 2020.[4]

  • From the creation of the United States military to 1960, there was no ban on transgender people from serving or enlisting the United States military.
  • From 1960 to June 30, 2016, there was a blanket ban on all transgender people from serving and enlisting in the United States military.
  • From June 30, 2016, to January 1, 2018, transgender individuals in the United States military were allowed to serve in their identified or assigned gender upon completing transition.
  • From January 1, 2018, to April 11, 2019, transgender individuals could enlist in the United States military under the condition of being stable for 18 months in their identified or assigned gender.

After the 2020 United States presidential election, Joe Biden became President-elect of the United States. One of his first executive orders expected after being sworn in as United States President on January 20, 2021, is the repeal of Presidential Memorandum on Military Service by Transgender Individuals.[5]