Times Square is a major commercial intersection, tourist destination, entertainment center, and neighborhood in the Midtown Manhattan section of
New York City New York City (NYC), often simply called New York, is the List of United States cities by population, most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2019 population of 8,336,817 distributed over about , New York City is also the L ...

New York City
, at the junction of Broadway and Seventh Avenue. Brightly lit by numerous billboards and advertisements, it stretches from West 42nd to West 47th Streets, and is sometimes referred to as "the Crossroads of the World", "the Center of the Universe", "the heart of the Great White Way", and "the heart of the world". One of the world's busiest pedestrian areas, it is also the hub of the Broadway Theater District and a major center of the world's
entertainment industry Entertainment is a form of activity that holds the attention and Interest (emotion), interest of an audience or gives pleasure and delight. It can be an idea or a task, but is more likely to be one of the activities or events that have develo ...
. Times Square is one of the world's most visited tourist attractions, drawing an estimated 50 million visitors annually. Approximately 330,000 people pass through Times Square daily, many of them tourists, while over 460,000 pedestrians walk through Times Square on its busiest days. Formerly known as Longacre Square, Times Square was renamed in 1904 after ''
The New York Times ''The New York Times'' (''NYT'' or ''NY Times'') is an American daily newspaper based in New York City with a worldwide readership. Founded in 1851, the ''Times'' has since won List of Pulitzer Prizes awarded to The New York Times, 130 Pulit ...
'' moved its headquarters to the then newly erected Times Building, now One Times Square. It is the site of the annual New Year's Eve , which began on December 31, 1907, and continues to attract over a million visitors to Times Square every year. Times Square functions as a , but is not geometrically a square; it is closer in shape to a bowtie, with two triangles emanating roughly north and south from 45th Street, where Seventh Avenue intersects Broadway. Broadway runs diagonally, crossing through the horizontal and vertical street grid of Manhattan laid down by the Commissioners' Plan of 1811, and that intersection creates the "bowtie" shape of Times Square. The southern triangle of Times Square has no specific name, but the northern triangle is officially Duffy Square. It was dedicated in 1937 to World War I chaplain Father Francis P. Duffy of New York City's U.S. 69th Infantry Regiment and is the site of a memorial to him. There is also a statue of composer and entertainer George M. Cohan, and the TKTS ticket booth for Broadway theaters.


Early history

When Manhattan Island was first settled by the Dutch, three small streams united near what is now 10th Avenue and 40th Street. These three streams formed the "Great Kill" (Dutch: ''Grote Kil''). From there the Great Kill wound through the low-lying Reed Valley, known for fish and waterfowl, and emptied into a deep bay in the Hudson River at the present 42nd Street. The name was retained in a tiny hamlet, Great Kill, that became a center for carriage-making, as the upland to the south and east became known as Longacre. Before and after the American Revolution, the area belonged to John Morin Scott, a general of the New York militia, in which he served under George Washington. Scott's manor house was at what is currently 43rd Street, surrounded by countryside used for farming and breeding horses. In the first half of the 19th century, it became one of the prized possessions of John Jacob Astor, who made a second fortune selling off lots to hotels and other real estate concerns as the city rapidly spread Upper Manhattan, uptown. By 1872, the area had become the center of New York's horse carriage industry. The locality had not previously been given a name, and city authorities called it Longacre Square after Long Acre in London, where the horse and carriage trade was centered in that city. William Henry Vanderbilt owned and ran the American Horse Exchange there. In 1910, it became the Winter Garden Theatre. As more profitable commerce and industrialization of Lower Manhattan pushed homes, theaters, and prostitution northward from the Tenderloin, Manhattan, Tenderloin District, Longacre Square became nicknamed the ''Thieves Lair'' for its rollicking reputation as a low entertainment district. The first theater on the square, the Olympia Theatre (New York City), Olympia, was built by cigar manufacturer and impresario Oscar Hammerstein I. According to ''Gotham: A History of New York City to 1898'', "By the early 1890s this once sparsely settled stretch of Broadway was ablaze with electric light and thronged by crowds of middle- and upper-class theatre, restaurant and cafe patrons."


In 1904, ''The New York Times, New York Times'' publisher Adolph Ochs, Adolph S. Ochs moved the newspaper's operations to a new skyscraper on 42nd Street at Longacre Square, on the site of the former Pabst Hotel, which had existed on the site for less than a decade since it opened in November 1899. Ochs persuaded Mayor George B. McClellan Jr. to construct a Times Square – 42nd Street (New York City Subway), subway station there, and the area was renamed "Times Square" on April 8, 1904.James Barron (journalist), Barron, James
"100 Years Ago, an Intersection's New Name: Times Square"
The New York Times ''The New York Times'' (''NYT'' or ''NY Times'') is an American daily newspaper based in New York City with a worldwide readership. Founded in 1851, the ''Times'' has since won List of Pulitzer Prizes awarded to The New York Times, 130 Pulit ...
'', April 8, 2004. Accessed May 26, 2017.
Just three weeks later, the first electrified advertisement appeared on the side of a bank at the corner of 46th Street and Broadway. The north end later became Duffy Square, and the former Horse Exchange became the Winter Garden Theatre, constructed in 1911. ''The New York Times'' moved to more spacious offices one block west of the square in 1913 and sold the building in 1961. The old Times Building was later named the Allied Corp., Allied Chemical Building in 1963. Now known simply as One Times Square, it is famed for the Times Square Ball drop on its roof every New Year's Eve. In 1913, the Lincoln Highway Association, headed by entrepreneur Carl G. Fisher, chose the intersection of 42nd Street and Broadway (at the southeast corner of Times Square) to be the Eastern Terminus of the Lincoln Highway. This was the first road across the United States, which originally ran coast to coast through 13 states to its western terminus in Lincoln Park (San Francisco), Lincoln Park in San Francisco. Times Square grew dramatically after World War I.Leach, William R. ''Land of Desire, Land of Desire: Merchants, Power, and the Rise of a New American Culture'', p
Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group, 2011, . Accessed May 26, 2017.
It became a cultural hub full of theatres, music halls, and upscale hotels. Advertising also grew significantly in the 1920s, growing from $25 million to $85 million over the decade. For example, the Wrigley Company, Wrigley Spearmint Gum sign, possibly the biggest electric sign "in the world," cost $9,000 per month to rent. Some contemporary critics, such as Thorstein VeblenLeach (1993)
/ref> and G. K. Chesterton,Leach (1993)
/ref> disliked the advertising at Times Square. Fritz Lang, after seeing Times Square in 1923, used it as inspiration for his dark industrial film ''Metropolis (1927 film), Metropolis''. Entertainment icons such as Irving Berlin, Charlie Chaplin, and Fred Astaire were closely associated with Times Square in the 1910s, 1920s, and 1930s. However, it was also during this period that the area began to be besieged by crime and corruption, in the form of gambling and prostitution; one case that garnered huge attention was the arrest and subsequent execution of police officer Charles Becker.


The general atmosphere of Times Square changed with the onset of the Great Depression in the early 1930s. City residents moved uptown to cheaper neighborhoods, and many popular theaters closed, replaced by saloons, brothels, "burlesque halls, vaudeville stages, and dime houses". The area acquired a reputation as a dangerous and seedy neighborhood in the following decades. Nevertheless, Times Square continued to be the site of the annual Times Square Ball, ball drop on New Year's Eve. The ball drop was placed on hiatus for New Year's Eve in 1942 and 1943 due to lighting restrictions during World War II. Instead, a moment of silence was observed at midnight in Times Square, accompanied by the sound of chimes played from sound trucks. On May 8, 1945, a massive crowd celebrated Victory in Europe Day in Times Square; and on August 15, 1945, the largest crowd in the history of Times Square gathered to celebrate Victory over Japan Day. The victory itself was announced by a headline on the "zipper" news ticker at One Times Square, which read "OFFICIAL *** TRUMAN ANNOUNCES JAPANESE SURRENDER ***", the six asterisks representing the United States Armed Forces#Command structure, branches of the U.S. Armed Forces.


From the 1960s to the early 1990s, the seediness of the area, especially due to its go-go bars, sex shops, peep shows, and adult theaters, became an infamous symbol of the city's decline. As early as 1960, 42nd Street between Seventh and Eighth Avenue was described by ''
The New York Times ''The New York Times'' (''NYT'' or ''NY Times'') is an American daily newspaper based in New York City with a worldwide readership. Founded in 1851, the ''Times'' has since won List of Pulitzer Prizes awarded to The New York Times, 130 Pulit ...
'' as "the 'worst' [block] in town".Milton Bracker, "Life on W. 42nd St. a study in decay," New York Times, March 14, 1960, at 1, 26. Later that decade, Times Square was depicted in ''Midnight Cowboy'' as gritty, dark, and desperate, and conditions only worsened in the 1970s and 1980s, as did the Crime in New York City, crime in the rest of the city. By 1984, an unprecedented 2,300 annual crimes occurred on that single block, of which 460 were serious felonies such as murder and rape. At the time, police morale was low and petty criminals who committed misdemeanors were not being arrested. William Bratton, who was appointed New York City Police Commissioner in 1994 and again in 2014, stated, "The [NYPD] didn't want high performance; it wanted to stay out of trouble, to avoid corruption scandals and conflicts in the community. For years, therefore, the key to career success in the NYPD, as in many bureaucratic leviathans, was to shun risk and avoid failure. Accordingly, cops became more cautious as they rose in rank, right up to the highest levels." The city government did not implement broken windows theory at first, and the allowance of low-profile crime was thought by some at the time to have caused more high-profile crimes to occur. Formerly elegant movie theaters began to show porn, and Male prostitution, hustlers were common. The area was so abandoned at one point during the time that the entire Times Square area paid the city only $6 million in property taxes, which is less than what a medium-sized office building in Manhattan typically would produce in tax revenue today in 1984 dollars. In the 1980s, a commercial building boom began in the western parts of Midtown as part of a long-term development plan developed under Mayors Ed Koch and David Dinkins.


In 1990, the New York (state), State of New York took possession of six of the nine historic theatres on 42nd Street, and the New 42nd Street non-profit organization was appointed to oversee their restoration and maintenance. The theatres underwent renovation for Broadway shows, conversion for commercial purposes, or demolition. In 1992, the Times Square Alliance (formerly the Times Square Business Improvement District, or "BID" for short), a coalition of city government and local businesses dedicated to improving the quality of commerce and cleanliness in the district, started operations in the area. In the mid-1990s, Mayor Rudolph Giuliani led an effort to clean up the area, an effort that is described by Steve Macek in ''Urban Nightmares: The Media, the Right, and the Moral Panic Over the City'': Security was increased, pornographic theatres were closed, and "undesirable" low-rent residents were pressured to relocate, and then more tourist-friendly attractions and upscale establishments were opened. Advocates of the remodeling claim that the neighborhood is safer and cleaner. Detractors have countered that the changes have homogenized or Disneyfication, "Disneyfied" the character of Times Square and have unfairly targeted lower-income New Yorkers from nearby neighborhoods such as Hell's Kitchen, Manhattan, Hell's Kitchen. The changes were shaped in large part by the actions of The Walt Disney Company, which bought and restored the New Amsterdam Theatre after several attempts at redevelopment had failed. As part of a contract with Disney, officials from the city and state evicted the pornographic theaters and contracted with Madame Tussauds and AMC Theatres to move onto 42nd Street. This spurred the construction of new office towers, hotels, and tourist attractions in the area. Times Square now boasts attractions such as American Broadcasting Company, ABC's Times Square Studios, where ''Good Morning America'' is broadcast live; competing The Hershey Company, Hershey's and M&M's stores across the street from each other, and multiple multiplex movie theaters. Additionally, the area contains restaurants such as Ruby Foo's, a Chinese food, Chinese eatery; the Bubba Gump Shrimp Company, a seafood establishment; Planet Hollywood, Planet Hollywood Restaurant and Bar, a theme restaurant; and Carmine's, serving Italian cuisine. It has also attracted several large financial, publishing, and media firms to set up headquarters in the area. A larger presence of police has improved the safety of the area. The theatres of Broadway and the huge number of animated neon sign, neon and LED signs have been one of New York's iconic images as well as a symbol of the intensely urban aspects of Manhattan. Such signage is mandated by zoning ordinances that require building owners to display illuminated signs, the only district in New York City with this requirement. The neighborhood has a minimum limit for lighting instead of the standard maximum limit. The density of illuminated signs in Times Square rivals that in Las Vegas. Officially, signs in Times Square are called "spectaculars", and the largest of them are called "jumbotrons". This signage ordinance was implemented in accordance with guidelines set in a revitalization program that New York Governor Mario Cuomo implemented in 1993. Notable signage includes the Toshiba billboard directly under the NYE ball drop, the curved seven-story NASDAQ sign at the NASDAQ MarketSite at 4 Times Square on 43rd Street, and the curved Coca-Cola sign located underneath another large LED display owned and operated by Samsung. Both the Coca-Cola sign and Samsung LED displays were built by LED display manufacturer Daktronics. Times Square's first environmentally friendly billboard powered by wind and solar energy was first lit on December 4, 2008. On completion, the 20 Times Square development will host the largest LED signage in Times Square at 18,000 square feet. The display will be 1,000 square feet larger than the Times Square Walgreens display and one of the largest List of largest video screens, video-capable screens in the world.


In 2002, New York City mayor Rudy Giuliani administered the oath of office to the city's next mayor, Michael Bloomberg, at Times Square after midnight on January 1 as part of the 2001–2002 New Year's celebration. Approximately 500,000 revelers attended. Security was high following the September 11 terrorist attacks in 2001, with more than 7,000 New York City Police Department, New York City police officers on duty in the Square, twice the number for an ordinary year. Times Square started hosting other major annual events in the 2000s. Since 2002, the summer solstice has been marked by "Mind over Madness", a mass yoga event involving up to 15,000 people. Tim Tompkins, a co-founder of the event, said part of its appeal was "finding stillness and calm amid the city rush on the longest day of the year". Architect Mark Foster Gage proposed and designed the original Times Square Valentine's Day heart in 2009. Since then, designing the heart has become an annual competition. In February 2011, Times Square became smoke-free as New York extended the outdoors List of smoking bans in the United States, smoking ban to the area. The measure imposed a $50 fine for any person caught smoking within the area. From January 29 to February 1, 2014, a "Super Bowl Boulevard" was held on Broadway, especially in Times Square, between 34th and 47th Streets, as part of Super Bowl XLVIII. The boulevard contained activities such as autographs, a -high toboggan run, and photographs with the Vince Lombardi Trophy. The area was under increased security and saw over 400,000 people during the period.

Pedestrian plaza

On February 26, 2009, Mayor Michael Bloomberg announced that traffic lanes along Broadway from 42nd Street (Manhattan), 42nd Street to 47th Street would be de-mapped starting Memorial Day 2009 and transformed into pedestrian plazas as a trial until at least the end of the year. The same was done in Herald Square from 33rd to 35th Street. The goal was to ease traffic congestion throughout the midtown grid. The results were to be closely monitored to determine if the project was successful and should be extended. Bloomberg also stated that he believed the street shutdown would make New York more livable by reducing pollution, cutting down on pedestrian-vehicle accidents, and helping traffic flow more smoothly. The pedestrian plaza project was originally opposed by local businesses, who thought that closing the street to cars would hurt business. The original seats put out for pedestrians were inexpensive multicolored plastic lawn chairs, a source of amusement to many New Yorkers; they lasted from the onset of the plaza transformation until August 14, 2009, when they were ceremoniously bundled together in an installation christened ''Now You See It, Now You Don't'' by the artist Jason Peters, and shortly afterward were replaced by sturdier metal furniture. Although the plaza had mixed results on traffic in the area, injuries to motorists and pedestrians decreased, fewer pedestrians were walking in the road, and the number of pedestrians in Times Square increased. On February 11, 2010, Bloomberg announced that the pedestrian plazas would become permanent. The city started rebuilding the plaza in 2010, hiring the design and landscaping firm Snøhetta (company), Snøhetta to permanently replace Broadway's roadway with custom-made granite pavers and benches. By December 2013, the first phase of the Times Square pedestrian plaza had been completed at the southern end of the square in time for the Times Square Ball drop on New Year's Eve. The project was originally intended to be completed by the end of 2015. The entire project was finally completed just before New Year's Eve 2016. Some safety bollards were also installed as part of the renovation to prevent Vehicle-ramming attack, vehicular attacks or Traffic collision, collisions on the sidewalk. After a fatal 2017 Times Square car crash, 2017 car crash, there were calls to install more bollards along Times Square. Times Square's pedestrian plaza is frequented by Toplessness, topless women (with painted breasts) called "desnudas", as well as costumed characters, who typically Begging, panhandle for tips. The pedestrian plaza became a source of controversy in the summer of 2015 because of a large number of complaints about the topless women and panhandling characters. Although neither of these activities was illegal, opponents believed that the panhandlers' presence was detrimental to the quality of life in the area. There were calls from Police Commissioner Bratton and Mayor Bill de Blasio to remove the plaza, although Manhattan Borough President Gale Brewer opposed the proposal. In June 2016, work started on "pedestrian flow zones" where no one was allowed to loiter, as well as "activity zones" where costumed characters were allowed to perform.


There have been several incidents in Times Square: * On the morning of March 6, 2008, 2008 Times Square bombing, a small bomb caused minor damage, but there were no reported injuries. * On May 1, 2010, Times Square was evacuated from 43rd to 46th Streets following 2010 Times Square car bombing attempt, the discovery of a car bomb. It was found to be a failed bombing. * On May 18, 2017, 2017 Times Square car crash, a car crash at Times Square killed one person and injured 22 others. * On August 7, 2019, shortly after the shootings in 2019 El Paso shooting, El Paso, Texas, and 2019 Dayton shooting, Dayton, Ohio, a backfiring motorcycle resulted in a stampede due to the sound being mistaken for gunfire; the stampede injured at least twelve people.

Number of visitors

Times Square is the most visited place globally with 360,000 pedestrian visitors a day, amounting to over 131 million a year. , it had a greater attendance than do each of the Disney theme parks worldwide, with 128,794,000 visitors between March 2012 and February 2013, versus 126,479,000 for the Walt Disney World theme parks in Bay Lake, Florida, in 2012. Even excluding residents from the visitor count, Times Square is the world's second most visited tourist attraction, behind the Las Vegas Strip. The high level of pedestrian traffic has resulted in $4.8 billion in annual retail, entertainment, and hotel sales,Times Square Economic Impact Update, Times Square Alliance / HRA
March 2012
with 22 cents out of every dollar spent by visitors in New York City being spent within Times Square. Since the start of the pandemic in 2020, a lot fewer people have been coming to Times Square. Before the pandemic, around 200 tour bus tickets were sold daily, but now, it is often that only two or three tickets are sold a day. About 108,000 pedestrians visit Times Square each day compared to the 380,000 before the pandemic. Major crime in the Midtown South precinct has declined by nearly 22 percent.

New Year's Eve celebrations

Times Square is the site of the annual New Year's Eve ball drop. About one million revelers crowd Times Square for the New Year's Eve celebrations, more than twice the usual number of visitors the area usually receives daily. However, for the millennium celebration on December 31, 1999, published reports stated approximately two million people overflowed Times Square, flowing from Sixth Avenue to Eighth Avenue and back on Broadway and Seventh Avenue to 59th Street, making it the largest gathering in Times Square since August 1945 during Victory over Japan Day, celebrations marking the end of World War II. On December 31, 1907, a ball signifying New Year's Day was first dropped at Times Square, and the Square has held the main New Year's celebration in New York City ever since. On that night, hundreds of thousands of people congregate to watch the Waterford Crystal ball being lowered on a pole atop the building, marking the start of the new year. It replaced a lavish fireworks display from the top of the building that was held from 1904 to 1906 but stopped by city officials because of the danger of fire. Beginning in 1908, and for more than eighty years thereafter, Times Square sign maker Artkraft Strauss was responsible for the ball-lowering. During World War II, a minute of silence, followed by a recording of church bells pealing, replaced the ball drop because of wartime blackout restrictions. Today, Countdown Entertainment and One Times Square handle the New Year's Eve event in conjunction with the Times Square Alliance. A new energy-efficient LED ball debuted for the arrival of 2008, which was the centennial of the Times Square ball drop. The 2008–09 ball is larger and has become a permanent installation as a year-round attraction, being used for celebrations on days such as Valentine's Day and Halloween. The New Year's Day celebrations are usually overseen by thousands of police officers. Aluminum barriers are erected to accommodate spectators; for the 2020 celebration, attended by a million people, barriers were erected from 38th to 59th Street and from Sixth to Eighth Avenue. Typically, the celebrations create large amounts of waste. The New York City Department of Sanitation estimated that by 8 a.m. on New Year's Day 2014, it had cleared over of trash from the New Year's celebration, using 190 workers from their crews and the Times Square Alliance. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States, Times Square was closed to the public for New Year's Day 2021 and observers were dispersed into enclosures measuring .

Notable landmarks

Times Square is a busy intersection of art and commerce, where scores of advertisements – electric, neon and illuminated signs and "zipper" news crawls – vie for viewers' attention. Notable examples include: * Coca-Cola sign * Disney Store * Fashion One * Forever 21 (formerly Virgin Megastores) * Hard Rock Cafe, Hard Rock Cafe New York * M&M's World * MTV * Planet Hollywood * PlayStation Theater * Revlon * Times Square Studios – used primarily for selected ABC News (United States), ABC News and ESPN programs, such as ''Good Morning America'' * TKTS – the Theatre Development Fund's reduced-price ticket booth has, since 2008, been backed by a red, sloped, triangular set of bleacher-like stairs, which is frequented by residents and tourists. * ''Times Square (Neuhaus), Times Square'' - a permanently installed sound art piece by Max Neuhaus between 45th and 46th Streets. Major buildings on or near Times Square * One Astor Plaza, 1 Astor Plaza (home of Fashion One, Revlon and MTV's New York studios) * 810 Seventh Avenue * 1500 Broadway * The Bowtie Building (1530 Broadway) * 1585 Broadway * AXA Center * Bank of America Tower (Manhattan), Bank of America Tower * Bertelsmann Building * Brill Building * Church of Saint Mary the Virgin (Times Square, New York), Church of Saint Mary the Virgin * The New York Times Building * The Orion (skyscraper), The Orion * Paramount Theatre (New York City), Paramount Theatre "Numbered" Times Square buildings * One Times Square – The former New York Times Tower (1904) * Renaissance Hotels, 2 Times Square – Renaissance Hotel Times Square (1992) * 3 Times Square – Thomson Reuters Building (1998–2001) * 4 Times Square – Condé Nast Building (1996–1999) * 6 Times Square – Knickerbocker Building (1906) * 7 Times Square – Times Square Tower (2002–2007) * 11 Times Square – Times Square Plaza (2007–2010) * 20 Times Square – 701 7th Ave (and 47th St) in development Hotels * Hotel Carter (Manhattan), Hotel Carter * Crowne Plaza Hotel, Times Square, Crowne Plaza Times Square * Doubletree Guest Suites * Hotel Edison * Millennium Broadway * New York Marriott Marquis * Renaissance Hotels, Renaissance Hotel Times Square (2 Times Square) * Sheraton New York * Marriott International, Times Square Edition * W Times Square * Hilton Times Square Corporate presence
The following companies have corporate presences in the area: * Bain & Company * Barclays Capital (formerly Lehman Brothers) * Bertelsmann * BMO Capital Markets * Condé Nast Publications * Diamond Management & Technology Consultants * Ernst & Young * Fashion One * Instinet * King & Spalding * Logo TV * Morgan Stanley * MTV * Nickelodeon * The New York Times Company * Revlon * Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom * O'Melveny & Myers * Six Flags, Six Flags Inc. * Thomson Reuters * ViacomCBS * ViacomCBS Domestic Media Networks

In popular culture

An immediately recognizable location, Times Square has been featured countless times in literature, films, video games, music videos, and on television. The seediness of the area was featured prominently in such films as ''Midnight Cowboy'' (1969), ''Born to Win'' (1971), and ''Taxi Driver'' (1976). The area was shown in the 1980 film ''Times Square (1980 film), Times Square'', which featured a punk rock/new wave music, new wave soundtrack. It was also depicted in the 2011 movie ''New Year's Eve (2011 film), New Year's Eve''. The area also appeared on ''The Amazing Race (American TV series), The Amazing Race'' as the starting location in a race around the world in the first episode of the show's The Amazing Race 25, 25th season, as well as on the HaMerotz LaMillion 6, sixth season of the HaMerotz LaMillion, Israeli edition of ''The Amazing Race'' with teams finishing their second leg in Times Square. Times Square has been fictionally attacked and destroyed in several movies, including ''Knowing (film), Knowing'', when a solar flare destroys New York City;Knight, Gladys L
''Pop Culture Places: An Encyclopedia of Places in American Popular Culture''
p. 870. Accessed October 5, 2016. "In ''Knowing'' (2009), the area is one of several iconic places ravaged by a solar flare."
''Deep Impact (film), Deep Impact'', when a tsunami created from a meteor impact destroys New York City; the 1998 film ''Godzilla (1998 film), Godzilla'', where Godzilla is chased through the square; the ''Ghostbusters'' movies; Stephen King's ''The Stand (1994 miniseries), The Stand'', where the intersection is overcome by total anarchy; ''Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen'', and ''Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs (film), Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs''. It was also seen in the festival battle scene in the 2002 film ''Spider-Man (2002 film), Spider-Man'', and a stand-off in the later film ''The Amazing Spider-Man 2''. Films and TV shows have also employed the opposite tactic, depicting the typically bustling area as eerily still, such as in ''Vanilla Sky,'' as well as the post-apocalyptic ''I Am Legend (film), I Am Legend'', in which Will Smith and his dog go hunting for deer in the deserted urban canyon. In the pilot episode of the TV series ''Blindspot (TV series), Blindspot'', Times Square is completely emptied due to an abandoned bag being suspected to be a bomb. Times Square also has featured prominently in video games. For instance, in ''Grand Theft Auto IV'', a recreation of the Times Square area referred to in-game as "Star Junction", is included in the game's fictional "Liberty City (Grand Theft Auto), Liberty City" setting. Times Square is also shown in ''Battlefield 3'', where the final fight with the main antagonist takes place, where the player must stop him from detonating a nuclear bomb in the square; and ''Crysis 2'', in which player must fight off attacking alien forces to assist U.S. Marines in evacuating the area.

See also

* Duffy Square, the northern section of Times Square between 45th and 47th Streets * Good Riddance Day, an unofficial holiday celebrated at Times Square since 2007 * Midtown Community Court, a branch of the New York City Criminal Court that primarily focuses on quality of life around Times Square * Naked Cowboy, New York City street performer and prominent fixture of Times Square * Theater District, ManhattanTheater District
NYC.com. Accessed January 10, 2017.
* Times Square – 42nd Street / Port Authority Bus Terminal (New York City Subway), Times Square – 42nd Street / Port Authority Bus Terminal subway station serving the * Lincoln Highway, the terminus of which was in Times Square




* Brown, H. (1922) ''Valentine's Manual of Old New York''. Valentine. * Fazio, W. (2000) ''Times Square'', Children's Press. * Friedman, J. (1993) ''Tales of Times Square'' Feral House. *
* Taylor, W. (1996) ''Inventing Times Square'', Johns Hopkins U. Press. * James Traub, Traub, James (2004) ''The Devil's Playground: A Century of Pleasure and Profit in Times Square'' New York: Random House.

External links

Times Square live camera

The Times Square Alliance
Events Listing

Times Square 360 panorama

"The Changing Face of Times Square"
at the New York Public Library website
Times Square Arts Center

New York City Tourist
{{Authority control Times Square, Road junctions in the United States Theater District, Manhattan Tourist attractions in Manhattan Lincoln Highway Squares in Manhattan Symbols of New York City Historical red-light districts in the United States Red-light districts in New York (state)