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''Time'' is an American
news magazine ''2512'', a monthly news magazine published in Réunion. A news magazine is a typed, printed, and published magazine, radio or television program, usually published weekly, consisting of articles about current events. News magazines generally dis ...
and
news website An online newspaper is the online version of a newspaper, either as a stand-alone publication or as the online version of a printed periodical. Going online created more opportunities for newspapers, such as competing with broadcast journalism in ...
published and based in
New York City New York City (NYC), often simply called New York, is the most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2019 population of 8,336,817 distributed over about , New York City is also the most densely populated major city in the Unit ...

New York City
. For many years, it was published
weeklyWeekly or Weeekly may refer to: *''Weekly'' (news magazine), an English-language national news magazine published in Mauritius *Weekly newspaper, any newspaper published on a weekly schedule *Alternative newspaper, also known as ''alternative weekly ...
, but by 2021 it switched to bi-weekly. It was first published in New York City on March 3, 1923, and for many years it was run by its influential co-founder
Henry Luce Henry Robinson Luce (April 3, 1898 – February 28, 1967) was an American magazine magnate who was called "the most influential private citizen in the America of his day". He launched and closely supervised a stable of magazines that transformed j ...
. A European edition (''Time Europe'', formerly known as ''Time Atlantic'') is published in
London London is the capital and largest city of England and the United Kingdom. The city stands on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its estuary leading to the North Sea. London has been a major settlement for two millen ...
and also covers the
Middle East The Middle East is a transcontinental region in Afro-Eurasia which generally includes Western Asia (except for Transcaucasia), all of Egypt (mostly in North Africa), and Turkey (partly in Southeast Europe). The term has come into wider usa ...

Middle East
,
Africa Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most populous continent, after Asia in both cases. At about 30.3 million km2 (11.7 million square miles) including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of Earth's total surface area and 20% of it ...

Africa
, and, since 2003,
Latin America * pt, América Latina, link=no , image = Latin America (orthographic projection).svg , area = , population = ( est.) , density = , religions = , demonym = Latin American , countries = 20 , dependencies = 14 , languages = Romance languages Ot ...
. An Asian edition (''Time Asia'') is based in
Hong Kong Hong Kong (, ), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (HKSAR) (), is a metropolitan area and special administrative region of the People's Republic of China on the eastern Pearl River Delta o ...
. The South Pacific edition, which covers
Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixt ...

Australia
,
New Zealand New Zealand ( mi, Aotearoa ) is an island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. It consists of two main landmasses—the North Island () and the South Island ()—and more than 700 smaller islands, covering a total area of . New Zealand ...
, and the
Pacific Islands This is a list of islands in the Pacific Ocean, collectively called the Pacific Islands. Three major groups of islands in the Pacific Ocean are Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia. Depending on the context, ''Pacific Islands'' may refer to countrie ...
, is based in
Sydney Sydney ( ; Dharug: ) is the capital city of the state of New South Wales, and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Located on Australia's east coast, the metropolis surrounds Port Jackson and extends about on its periphery toward ...

Sydney
. In December 2008, ''Time'' discontinued publishing a Canadian advertiser edition. As of 2012, ''Time'' had a circulation of 3.3 million, making it the 11th-most circulated magazine in the United States, and the second-most circulated weekly behind ''
People A people is a plurality of persons considered as a whole, as is the case with an ethnic group, nation or the public of a polity. In politics Various states govern or claim to govern in the name of ''the people''. Both the Roman Republic a ...
.'' In July 2017, its circulation was 3,028,013; this was cut down to 2 million by late 2017. The print edition has a readership of 1.6 million, 1 million of whom are based in the United States. Formerly published by New York City-based
Time Inc. Time Inc. was an American worldwide mass media corporation founded on November 28, 1922, by Henry Luce and Briton Hadden and based in New York City. It owned and published over 100 magazine brands, including its namesake ''Time'', ''Sports Illus ...
, since November 2018 ''Time'' has been published by TIME USA, LLC, owned by
Marc Benioff Marc Russell Benioff (born September 25, 1964) is an American internet entrepreneur, with a net worth of $8.8 billion . He is the founder, chairman and CEO of Salesforce, an enterprise cloud computing company. As of June 2020, he owned 3.36% of ...
, who acquired it from
Meredith Corporation Meredith Corporation is an American media conglomerate based in Des Moines, Iowa. The company owns magazines, television stations, websites, and radio stations. Meredith's publications have a readership of more than 120 million, paid circulation ...
.


History

Since its debut in
New York City New York City (NYC), often simply called New York, is the most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2019 population of 8,336,817 distributed over about , New York City is also the most densely populated major city in the Unit ...

New York City
on March 3, 1923, ''Time'' magazine was first published based in New York City by
Briton Hadden Briton Hadden (February 18, 1898 – February 27, 1929) was the co-founder of ''Time'' magazine with his Yale classmate Henry Luce. He was ''Time''s first editor and the inventor of its revolutionary writing style, known as Timestyle. Though h ...

Briton Hadden
and
Henry Luce Henry Robinson Luce (April 3, 1898 – February 28, 1967) was an American magazine magnate who was called "the most influential private citizen in the America of his day". He launched and closely supervised a stable of magazines that transformed j ...
, making it the first weekly news magazine in the United States. The two had previously worked together as chairman and managing editor, respectively, of the ''
Yale Daily News The ''Yale Daily News'' is an independent student newspaper published by Yale University students in New Haven, Connecticut since January 28, 1878. It is the oldest college daily newspaper in the United States. The ''Yale Daily News'' has consist ...
.'' They first called the proposed magazine ''Facts''. They wanted to emphasize brevity, so that a busy man could read it in an hour. They changed the name to ''Time'' and used the slogan "Take Time – It's Brief". Hadden was considered carefree and liked to tease Luce. He saw ''Time'' as important, but also fun, which accounted for its heavy coverage of celebrities and politicians, the entertainment industry and pop culture, criticizing it as too light for serious news. It set out to tell the news through people, and for many decades through the late 1960s, the magazine's cover depicted a single person. More recently, ''Time'' has incorporated "People of the Year" issues which grew in popularity over the years. Notable mentions of them were
Barack Obama Barack Hussein Obama II ( ; born August 4, 1961) is an American politician and attorney who served as the 44th president of the United States from 2009 to 2017. A member of the Democratic Party, Obama was the first African-American presi ...

Barack Obama
,
Steve Jobs Steven Paul Jobs (; February 24, 1955 – October 5, 2011), known as Steve Jobs, was an American business magnate, industrial designer, investor, and media proprietor. He was the chairman, the chief executive officer (CEO), and a co-founder of ...

Steve Jobs
, etc. The first issue of ''Time'' was published on March 3, 1923, featuring Joseph G. Cannon, the retired Speaker of the House of Representatives, on its cover; a facsimile reprint of Issue No. 1, including all of the articles and advertisements contained in the original, was included with copies of the February 28, 1938 issue as a commemoration of the magazine's 15th anniversary. The cover price was 15¢ (equivalent to $ in ). On Hadden's death in 1929, Luce became the dominant man at ''Time'' and a major figure in the history of 20th-century media. According to ''Time Inc.: The Intimate History of a Publishing Enterprise 1972–2004'' by Robert Elson, " Roy Edward Larsen ..was to play a role second only to Luce's in the development of Time Inc". In his book, ''
The March of Time ''The March of Time'' is an American newsreel series sponsored by Time Inc. and shown in movie theaters from 1935 to 1951. It was based on a radio news series broadcast from 1931 to 1945. The "voice" of both series was Westbrook Van Voorhis. Prod ...
, 1935–1951'', Raymond Fielding also noted that Larsen was "originally circulation manager and then general manager of ''Time'', later publisher of ''
Life Life is a characteristic that distinguishes physical entities that have biological processes, such as signaling and self-sustaining processes, from those that do not, either because such functions have ceased (they have died), or because the ...
'', for many years president of Time Inc., and in the long history of the corporation the most influential and important figure after Luce". Around the time they were raising $100,000 from wealthy
Yale Yale University is a private Ivy League research university in New Haven, Connecticut. Founded in 1701 as the Collegiate School, it is the third-oldest institution of higher education in the United States and one of the nine Colonial Colleges ...
alumni such as Henry P. Davison, partner of J.P. Morgan & Co., publicity man Martin Egan and J.P. Morgan & Co. banker Dwight Morrow, Henry Luce, and Briton Hadden hired Larsen in 1922 – although Larsen was a
Harvard Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Established in 1636 and named for its first benefactor, clergyman John Harvard, Harvard is the oldest institution of higher learning in the United Sta ...
graduate and Luce and Hadden were Yale graduates. After Hadden died in 1929, Larsen purchased 550 shares of Time Inc., using money he obtained from selling RKO stock which he had inherited from his father, who was the head of the
Benjamin Franklin Keith Benjamin Franklin Keith (January 26, 1846 – March 26, 1914) was an American vaudeville theater owner, highly influential in the evolution of variety theater into vaudeville. Biography Early years Keith was born in Hillsboro Bridge, New H ...
theatre chain in
New England New England is a region comprising six states in the Northeastern United States: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont. It is bordered by the state of New York to the west and by the Canadian provinces of ...

New England
. However, after Briton Hadden's death, the largest Time, Inc. stockholder was Henry Luce, who ruled the media conglomerate in an autocratic fashion, "at his right hand was Larsen", Time's second-largest stockholder, according to ''Time Inc.: The Intimate History of a Publishing Enterprise 1923–1941''. In 1929, Roy Larsen was also named a Time Inc. director and vice president. J. P. Morgan retained a certain control through two directorates and a share of stocks, both over ''Time'' and ''Fortune''. Other shareholders were Brown Brothers W. A. Harriman & Co., and the New York Trust Company (
Standard Oil Standard Oil Co. was an American oil-producing, transporting, refining, and marketing company. Established in 1870 by John D. Rockefeller and Henry Flagler as a corporation in Ohio, it was the largest oil refiner in the world at its height. Its h ...

Standard Oil
). The Time Inc. stock owned by Luce at the time of his death was worth about $109 million, and it had been yielding him a yearly dividend of more than $2.4 million, according to Curtis Prendergast's ''The World of Time Inc.: The Intimate History of a Changing Enterprise 1957–1983''. The Larsen family's Time stock was worth around $80 million during the 1960s, and Roy Larsen was both a Time Inc. director and the chairman of its executive committee, later serving as Time's vice chairman of the board until the middle of 1979. According to the September 10, 1979, issue of ''The New York Times'', "Mr. Larsen was the only employee in the company's history given an exemption from its policy of mandatory retirement at age 65." After ''Time'' magazine began publishing its weekly issues in March 1923, Roy Larsen was able to increase its circulation by using U.S. radio and movie theaters around the world. It often promoted both ''Time'' magazine and U.S. political and corporate interests. According to ''
The March of Time ''The March of Time'' is an American newsreel series sponsored by Time Inc. and shown in movie theaters from 1935 to 1951. It was based on a radio news series broadcast from 1931 to 1945. The "voice" of both series was Westbrook Van Voorhis. Prod ...
'', as early as 1924, Larsen had brought ''Time'' into the infant radio business with the broadcast of a 15-minute sustaining quiz show entitled ''Pop Question'' which survived until 1925". Then, in 1928, Larsen "undertook the weekly broadcast of a 10-minute programme series of brief news summaries, drawn from current issues of ''Time'' magazine ..which was originally broadcast over 33 stations throughout the United States". Larsen next arranged for a 30-minute radio program, ''
The March of Time ''The March of Time'' is an American newsreel series sponsored by Time Inc. and shown in movie theaters from 1935 to 1951. It was based on a radio news series broadcast from 1931 to 1945. The "voice" of both series was Westbrook Van Voorhis. Prod ...
'', to be broadcast over
CBS CBS (Columbia Broadcasting System) is an American commercial broadcast television and radio network owned by ViacomCBS through its CBS Entertainment Group division. The network is headquartered at the CBS Building in New York City, with major p ...

CBS
, beginning on March 6, 1931. Each week, the program presented a dramatisation of the week's news for its listeners, thus ''Time'' magazine itself was brought "to the attention of millions previously unaware of its existence", according to ''Time Inc.: The Intimate History of a Publishing Enterprise 1923–1941'', leading to an increased circulation of the magazine during the 1930s. Between 1931 and 1937, Larsen's ''
The March of Time ''The March of Time'' is an American newsreel series sponsored by Time Inc. and shown in movie theaters from 1935 to 1951. It was based on a radio news series broadcast from 1931 to 1945. The "voice" of both series was Westbrook Van Voorhis. Prod ...
'' radio program was broadcast over CBS radio and between 1937 and 1945 it was broadcast over NBC radio – except for the 1939 to 1941 period when it was not aired. ''
People Magazine ''People'' is an American weekly magazine that specializes in celebrity news, human-interest stories, and gossip. It is published by Meredith Corporation. With a readership of 46.6 million adults in 2009, ''People'' had the largest audie ...
'' was based on ''Time'''s People page. In 1987, Jason McManus succeeded Henry Grunwald as editor-in-chief and oversaw the transition before
Norman Pearlstine Norman Pearlstine (born October 4, 1942) is an American editor and media executive. He previously held senior positions at the ''Los Angeles Times'', Time Inc, Bloomberg L.P., ''Forbes'' and ''The Wall Street Journal''. Early life and education ...
succeeded him in 1995. In 1989, when Time, Inc. and Warner Communications merged, ''Time'' became part of
Time Warner Warner Media, LLC, doing business as WarnerMedia, is an American multinational mass media and entertainment conglomerate corporation owned by AT&T and headquartered in New York City, United States. It was originally formed in 1990 by Steve Ross ...
, along with Warner Bros. In 2000,'' Time'' became part of
AOL Time Warner Warner Media, LLC, doing business as WarnerMedia, is an American multinational mass media and entertainment conglomerate corporation owned by AT&T and headquartered in New York City, United States. It was originally formed in 1990 by Steve Ross ...
, which reverted to the name Time Warner in 2003. In 2007, ''Time'' moved from a Monday subscription/newsstand delivery to a schedule where the magazine goes on sale Fridays, and is delivered to subscribers on Saturday. The magazine actually began in 1923 with Friday publication. During early 2007, the year's first issue was delayed for roughly a week due to "editorial changes", including the layoff of 49 employees. In 2009, ''Time'' announced that they were introducing a personalized print magazine, ''Mine'', mixing content from a range of Time Warner publications based on the reader's preferences. The new magazine met with a poor reception, with criticism that its focus was too broad to be truly personal. The magazine has an online archive with the unformatted text for every article published. The articles are indexed and were converted from scanned images using
optical character recognition Optical character recognition or optical character reader (OCR) is the electronic or mechanical conversion of images of typed, handwritten or printed text into machine-encoded text, whether from a scanned document, a photo of a document, a scene- ...
technology. The minor errors in the text are remnants of the conversion into digital format. Time Inc. and
Apple An apple is an edible fruit produced by an apple tree (''Malus domestica''). Apple trees are cultivated worldwide and are the most widely grown species in the genus ''Malus''. The tree originated in Central Asia, where its wild ancestor, ''Ma ...
have come to an agreement wherein U.S. subscribers to ''Time'' will be able to read the
iPad iPad is a line of tablet computers designed, developed and marketed by Apple Inc., which run the iOS and iPadOS mobile operating systems. The first iPad was released on April 3, 2010; the most recent iPad models are the eighth-generation ...

iPad
versions for free, at least until the two companies sort out a viable digital subscription model. In January 2013, Time Inc. announced that it would cut nearly 500 jobs – roughly 6% of its 8,000 staff worldwide. Although ''Time'' magazine has maintained high sales, its ad pages have declined significantly over time. Also in January 2013, Time Inc. named Martha Nelson as the first female editor-in-chief of its magazine division. In September 2013, Nancy Gibbs was named as the first female managing editor of ''Time'' magazine. In November 2017,
Meredith Corporation Meredith Corporation is an American media conglomerate based in Des Moines, Iowa. The company owns magazines, television stations, websites, and radio stations. Meredith's publications have a readership of more than 120 million, paid circulation ...
announced its acquisition of Time, Inc., backed by Koch Equity Development. In March 2018, only six weeks after the closure of the sale, Meredith announced that it would explore the sale of ''Time'' and sister magazines ''
Fortune Fortune may refer to: General * Fortuna or Fortune, the Roman goddess of luck * Luck, a chance happening, or that which happens beyond a person's controls * Wealth, an abundance of items of economic value * Fortune, a prediction made in fortune-te ...
'', ''
Money In a 1786 James Gillray caricature, the plentiful money bags handed to King George III are contrasted with the beggar whose legs and arms were amputated, in the left corner">174x174px Money is any item or verifiable record that is generally a ...
'', ''
Sports Illustrated ''Sports Illustrated'' (''SI'') is an American sports magazine owned by Authentic Brands Group, and was first published in August 1954. It was the first magazine with circulation over one million to win the National Magazine Award for General E ...
'', since they did not align with the company's lifestyle brands. In 2017, editor and journalist
Catherine Mayer Catherine Mayer (born 24 January 1961) is an American-born British author and journalist, and the co-founder and President of the Women's Equality Party (WE) in the UK. Early life Mayer was born in the US and later became naturalised as British. ...
, who also founded the
Women's Equality Party The Women's Equality Party is a feminist political party set up in the United Kingdom in 2015. The idea was conceived by Catherine Mayer and Sandi Toksvig at the Women of the World Festival, when they concluded that there was a need for a party ...

Women's Equality Party
in the UK, sued ''Time'' through attorney
Ann Olivarius Ann Olivarius (born 19 February 1955) is an American-British lawyer who specializes in cases of civil litigation, sexual harassment, and sexual discrimination. Early life and education Ann Olivarius was a member of the Yale Undergraduate Women's C ...
for sex and age discrimination. The suit was resolved in 2018. In September 2018, Meredith Corporation announced that it would re-sell ''Time'' to
Marc Benioff Marc Russell Benioff (born September 25, 1964) is an American internet entrepreneur, with a net worth of $8.8 billion . He is the founder, chairman and CEO of Salesforce, an enterprise cloud computing company. As of June 2020, he owned 3.36% of ...
and his wife Lynne for $190 million, which was completed on October 31, 2018. Although Benioff is the chairman and co-CEO of
Salesforce.com Salesforce.com, Inc. is an American cloud-based software company headquartered in San Francisco, California. It provides customer relationship management (CRM) service and also provides a complementary suite of enterprise applications focused on ...
, ''Time'' will remain separate from the company, and Benioff will not be involved in its daily operations. The sale was completed on October 31, 2018. Time USA, LLC the parent company of the magazine is owned by Marc Benioff.


Circulation

During the second half of 2009, the magazine had a 34.9% decline in newsstand sales. During the first half of 2010, another decline of at least one-third in ''Time'' magazine sales occurred. In the second half of 2010, ''Time'' magazine newsstand sales declined by about 12% to just over 79,000 copies per week. As of 2012, it had a circulation of 3.3 million, making it the 11th-most circulated magazine in the United States, and the second-most circulated weekly behind ''
People A people is a plurality of persons considered as a whole, as is the case with an ethnic group, nation or the public of a polity. In politics Various states govern or claim to govern in the name of ''the people''. Both the Roman Republic a ...
''. As of July 2017, its circulation was 3,028,013. In October 2017, Time cut its circulation to two million. The print edition has a readership of 1.6 million, 1 million of whom are based in the United States.


Style

''Time'' initially possessed a distinctive writing style, making regular use of inverted sentences. This was parodied in 1936 by
Wolcott Gibbs Wolcott Gibbs (March 15, 1902 – August 16, 1958) was an American editor, humorist, theatre critic, playwright and author of short stories, who worked for ''The New Yorker'' magazine from 1927 until his death. He is best remembered for his 1936 pa ...
in ''
The New Yorker ''The New Yorker'' is an American weekly magazine featuring journalism, commentary, criticism, essays, fiction, satire, cartoons, and poetry. Started as a weekly in 1925, the magazine is now published 47 times annually, with five of these issu ...
'': "Backward ran sentences until reeled the mind ..Where it all will end, knows God!" Until the mid-1970s, ''Time'' had a weekly section called "Listings", which contained capsule summaries and/or reviews of then-current significant films, plays, musicals, television programs, and literary bestsellers similar to ''
The New Yorker ''The New Yorker'' is an American weekly magazine featuring journalism, commentary, criticism, essays, fiction, satire, cartoons, and poetry. Started as a weekly in 1925, the magazine is now published 47 times annually, with five of these issu ...
'''s "Current Events" section. ''Time'' is also known for its signature red border, first introduced in 1927. The border has only been changed six times since 1927: *The issue released shortly after the
September 11 attacks The September 11 attacks, often referred to as 9/11, were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the Wahhabi terrorist group Al-Qaeda against the United States on the morning of Tuesday, September 11, 2001. The attacks resulted i ...
on the United States featured a black border to symbolize
mourning Mourning is, in the simplest sense, grief over someone's death. The word is also used to describe a cultural complex of behaviours in which the bereaved participate or are expected to participate. Customs vary between cultures and evolve over t ...
. However, this was a special "extra" edition published quickly for the breaking news of the event; the next regularly scheduled issue contained the red border. *The April 28, 2008,
Earth Day Earth Day is an annual event on April 22 to demonstrate support for environmental protection. First held on April 22, 1970, it now includes a wide range of events coordinated globally by EARTHDAY.ORG (formerly Earth Day Network) including 1 bil ...

Earth Day
issue, dedicated to
environmental issues Environmental issues are harmful effects of human activity on the biophysical environment. Environmental protection is a practice of protecting the natural environment on the individual, organizational or governmental levels, for the benefit of both ...
, contained a green border. *The September 19, 2011, issue, commemorating the 10th anniversary of September 11 attacks, had a metallic silver border. *Another silver border was used in the December 31, 2012, issue, noting
Barack Obama Barack Hussein Obama II ( ; born August 4, 1961) is an American politician and attorney who served as the 44th president of the United States from 2009 to 2017. A member of the Democratic Party, Obama was the first African-American presi ...

Barack Obama
's selection as Person of the Year. *The November 28/December 5, 2016, issue, also featuring a silver border covering the Most Influential Photos of All Time. *The June 15, 2020, issue of the protests surrounding the death of George Floyd is the first time the red border of TIME includes the names of people. The cover, by artist Titus Kaphar, depicts an African-American mother holding her child. *The September 21 & 28, 2020, issue on the American response to the
coronavirus pandemic The COVID-19 pandemic, also known as the coronavirus pandemic, is an ongoing global pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The virus was first identified in Dec ...
featured a black border. Former president
Richard Nixon Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913April 22, 1994) was the 37th president of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. A member of the Republican Party, Nixon previously served as the 36th vice president from 1953 to 1961, having ris ...

Richard Nixon
has been among the most frequently-featured on the front page of Time, having appeared 55 times from the August 25, 1952 issue to the May 2, 1994 issue. In 2007, ''Time'' engineered a style overhaul of the magazine. Among other changes, the magazine reduced the red cover border to promote featured stories, enlarged column titles, reduced the number of featured stories, increased white space around articles, and accompanied opinion pieces with photographs of the writers. The changes were met with both criticism and praise. In October 2020, for the first time in its 97-year history, the magazine changed its cover logo, replacing the traditional ''TIME'' logo with the logo "VOTE". "Few events will shape the world to come more than the result of the upcoming US presidential election"
Edward Felsenthal Edward Felsenthal (born 1966) is an American journalist. He currently serves as the editor in chief of ''Time'', a fortnightly news magazine. Early life Felsenthal was born into a Jewish family on September 3, 1966, in Memphis, Tennessee, where h ...
, Time's editor-in-chief and chief executive wrote.


Special editions


Person of the Year

''Time''s most famous feature throughout its history has been the annual "Person of the Year" (formerly "Man of the Year") cover story, in which ''Time'' recognizes the individual or group of individuals who have had the biggest impact on news headlines over the past 12 months. The distinction is supposed to go to the person who, "for good or ill", has most affected the course of the year; it is, therefore, not necessarily an honor or a reward. In the past, such figures as
Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler (; 20 April 188930 April 1945) was an Austrian-born German politician who was the dictator of Germany from 1933 to 1945. He rose to power as the leader of the Nazi Party, becoming Chancellor in 1933 and then assuming the title o ...
and
Joseph Stalin Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin . ( – 5 March 1953) was a Georgian revolutionary and the ruler of the Soviet Union from 1927 until 1953. He served as both General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1922–1952) and Chairman ...
have been Man of the Year. In 2006, Person of the Year was designated as "You", a move that was met with split reviews. Some thought the concept was creative; others wanted an actual person of the year. Editors Pepper and Timmer reflected that, if it had been a mistake, "we're only going to make it once". In 2017, ''Time'' named The Silence Breakers, people who came forward with personal stories of sexual harassment, as Person of the Year.


''Time'' 100

In recent years, ''Time'' has assembled an annual list of the 100 most influential people of the year. Originally, they had made a list of the 100 most influential people of the 20th century. These issues usually have the front cover filled with pictures of people from the list and devote a substantial amount of space within the magazine to the 100 articles about each person on the list. In some cases, over 100 people have been included, as when two people have made the list together, sharing one spot. The magazine also compiled "All-''TIME'' 100 best novels" and " All-''TIME'' 100 best movies" lists in 2005, "The 100 Best TV Shows of All-''TIME''" in 2007, and "All-''TIME'' 100 Fashion Icons" in 2012. In February 2016, ''Time'' mistakenly included the male author
Evelyn Waugh Arthur Evelyn St. John Waugh (; 28 October 1903 – 10 April 1966) was an English writer of novels, biographies, and travel books; he was also a prolific journalist and book reviewer. His most famous works include the early satires ''Decline ...
on its "100 Most Read Female Writers in College Classes" list (he was 97th on the list). The error created much media attention and concerns about the level of basic education among the magazine's staff. ''Time'' later issued a retraction. In a
BBC The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a public service broadcaster, headquartered at Broadcasting House in Westminster, London. It is the world's oldest national broadcaster, and the largest broadcaster in the world by number of emplo ...

BBC
interview with
Justin Webb Justin Oliver Webb (born Justin Oliver Prouse, 3 January 1961 in Portsmouth, Hampshire) is a British journalist who has worked for the BBC since 1984. He is a former BBC North America Editor and the main co-presenter of BBC One's ''Breakfast News ...
, Professor Valentine Cunningham of
Corpus Christi College, Oxford Corpus Christi College (formally, Corpus Christi College in the University of Oxford, informally abbreviated as Corpus or CCC), is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom. Founded in 1517, it is the 12th ...
, described the mistake as "a piece of profound ignorance on the part of ''Time'' magazine".


Red X covers

During its history, on five nonconsecutive occasions, ''Time'' has released a special issue with a cover showing an X scrawled over the face of a man or a national symbol. The first ''Time'' magazine with a red X cover was released on May 7, 1945, showing a red X over
Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler (; 20 April 188930 April 1945) was an Austrian-born German politician who was the dictator of Germany from 1933 to 1945. He rose to power as the leader of the Nazi Party, becoming Chancellor in 1933 and then assuming the title o ...
's face. The second X cover was released more than three months later on August 20, 1945, with a black X (to date, the magazine's only such use of a black X) covering the
flag of Japan The national flag of Japan is a rectangular white banner bearing a crimson-red circle at its center. This flag is officially called , but is more commonly known in Japan as . It embodies the country's sobriquet: Land of the Rising Sun. The ''Niss ...

flag of Japan
, representing the recent
surrender of Japan upright=1.35, Representatives of the Empire of Japan stand aboard prior to signing of the Instrument of Surrender. The surrender of Imperial Japan was announced by Japanese Emperor Hirohito on August 15 and formally signed on September 2, 1945, ...
and which signaled the end of
World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. It involved the vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—forming two opposing milit ...
. Fifty-eight years later, on April 21, 2003, ''Time'' released another issue with a red X over
Saddam Hussein Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (; Arabic: '; 28 April 1937 – 30 December 2006) was an Iraqi politician who served as the fifth President of Iraq from 16 July 1979 until 9 April 2003. A leading member of the revolutionary Arab ...
's face, two weeks after the start of the
Invasion of Iraq An invasion is a military offensive in which large numbers of combatants of one geopolitical entity aggressively enter territory owned by another such entity, generally with the objective of either conquering; liberating or re-establishing contr ...
. On June 13, 2006, ''Time'' magazine printed a red X cover issue following the death of
Abu Musab al-Zarqawi#REDIRECT Abu Musab al-Zarqawi {{Redirect category shell, 1= {{R from other capitalisation ...
in a U.S. airstrike in
Iraq Iraq ( ar, ٱلْعِرَاق, '; ku, عێراق '), officially the Republic of Iraq ( ar, جُمْهُورِيَّة ٱلْعِرَاق '; ku, کۆماری عێراق '), is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to th ...
. The most recent red X cover issue of ''Time'' was published on May 2, 2011, after the
death of Osama bin Laden Osama bin Laden, the founder and first leader of the Islamist militant group al-Qaeda, was killed in Pakistan on May 2, 2011, shortly after 1:00 a.m. PKT (20:00 UTC, May 1) by United States Navy SEALs of the U.S. Naval Special Warfare De ...
. The next red X cover issue of ''Time'' will feature a red X scrawled over the year 2020 and the declaration “the worst year ever”.


Cover logo replaced by "Vote" logo

The November 2, 2020, issue of the U.S. edition of the magazine was the first time that the cover logo "TIME" was not used. The cover of that issue used the word "VOTE" as a replacement logo, along with artwork by
Shepard Fairey Frank Shepard Fairey (born February 15, 1970) is an American contemporary street artist, graphic designer, activist, illustrator, and founder of OBEY Clothing who emerged from the skateboarding scene. He first became known for his "Andre the Gian ...
of a voter wearing a pandemic face mask, accompanied by information on how to vote. The magazine's Editor-in-Chief and CEO Edward Felsenthal explained this decision for a one-time cover logo change as a "rare moment, one that will separate history into before and after for generations".


''Time for Kids''

''
Time for Kids#REDIRECT Time for Kids#REDIRECT Time for Kids {{R from other capitalisation ...
{{R from other capitalisation ...
'' is a
division Division or divider may refer to: Mathematics *Division (mathematics), the inverse of multiplication *Division algorithm, a method for computing the result of mathematical division Military *Division (military), a formation typically consisting o ...
magazine of ''Time'' that is especially published for children and is mainly distributed in classrooms. ''TFK'' contains some
national National may refer to: Common uses * Nation or country ** Nationality – a ''national'' is a person who is subject to a nation, regardless of whether the person has full rights as a citizen ** National (distribution), a type of product or publi ...
news, a "
Cartoon A cartoon is a type of illustration, sometimes animated, typically in a non-realistic or semi-realistic style. The specific meaning has evolved over time, but the modern usage usually refers to either: an image or series of images intended for ...
of the Week", and a variety of articles concerning
popular culture#REDIRECT Popular culture#REDIRECT Popular culture {{Redirect category shell, 1= {{R from other capitalisation ...
{{Redirect category shell, 1= {{R from other capitalisation ...
. An annual issue concerning the environment is distributed near the end of the U.S. school term. The publication rarely exceeds ten pages front and back.


Time LightBox

Time LightBox is a photography blog created and curated by the magazine's photo department that was launched in 2011. In 2011, ''
Life Life is a characteristic that distinguishes physical entities that have biological processes, such as signaling and self-sustaining processes, from those that do not, either because such functions have ceased (they have died), or because the ...
'' picked LightBox for its Photo Blog Awards.


Staff

Richard Stengel Richard Allen Stengel (born May 2, 1955) is an American editor, author, and former government official. He was ''Time'' magazine's 16th managing editor from 2006 to 2013. He was also chief executive of the National Constitution Center from 2004 to ...
was the managing editor from May 2006 to October 2013, when he joined the
U.S. State Department The United States Department of State (DOS), or State Department, is an executive department of the U.S. federal government responsible for the nation's foreign policy and international relations. Equivalent to the ministry of foreign affairs of ...
. Nancy Gibbs was the managing editor from September 2013 until September 2017. She was succeeded by
Edward Felsenthal Edward Felsenthal (born 1966) is an American journalist. He currently serves as the editor in chief of ''Time'', a fortnightly news magazine. Early life Felsenthal was born into a Jewish family on September 3, 1966, in Memphis, Tennessee, where h ...
, who had been ''Time'''s digital editor.


Editors

*
Briton Hadden Briton Hadden (February 18, 1898 – February 27, 1929) was the co-founder of ''Time'' magazine with his Yale classmate Henry Luce. He was ''Time''s first editor and the inventor of its revolutionary writing style, known as Timestyle. Though h ...

Briton Hadden
(1923–1929) *
Henry Luce Henry Robinson Luce (April 3, 1898 – February 28, 1967) was an American magazine magnate who was called "the most influential private citizen in the America of his day". He launched and closely supervised a stable of magazines that transformed j ...
(1929–1949) * T. S. Matthews (1949–1953) * Roy Alexander (1960–1966)


Managing editors


Notable contributors

*
Aravind Adiga Aravind Adiga (born 23 October 1974) is an Indian writer and journalist. His debut novel, ''The White Tiger'', won the 2008 Man Booker Prize. Biography Early life and education Aravind Adiga was born in Madras (now Chennai) on 23 October 1974 to ...
, ''Time'' correspondent for three years, winner of the 2008
Man Booker Prize The Booker Prize, formerly known as the Booker Prize for Fiction (1969–2001) and the Man Booker Prize (2002–2019), is a literary prize awarded each year for the best novel written in English and published in the United Kingdom or Ireland. Th ...
for fiction *
James Agee James Rufus Agee ( ; November 27, 1909 – May 16, 1955) was an American novelist, journalist, poet, screenwriter and film critic. In the 1940s, he was one of the most influential film critics in the U.S. His autobiographical novel, ''A Death in t ...
, book and movie editor for ''Time'' * Curt Anderson, Member of the Maryland House of Delegates * Ann Blackman, deputy news chief in Washington * Ian Bremmer, current Editor-at-Large * Margaret Carlson, the first female columnist for ''Time'' * Robert Cantwell, writer, editor 1936—1941 * Whittaker Chambers, writer, senior editor 1939—1948 * Richard Corliss, film critic for the magazine since 1980 * Brad Darrach, film critic * Nigel Dennis, drama critic * John Gregory Dunne, reporter; later author and screenwriter * Peter Economy, author and editor * Alexander Eliot, art editor from 1945 to 1961, author of 18 books on art, mythology, and history, including ''Three Hundred Years of American Painting'', published by Time-Life Books * John T. Elson, religion editor who wrote famous 1966 "Is God Dead?" cover story * Dean E. Fischer, reporter and editor, 1964–81 * Nancy Gibbs, essayist and editor-at-large; has written more than 100 ''Time'' cover stories * Lev Grossman, wrote primarily about books and technology for the magazine * Deena Guzder, a human rights journalist and author * Wilder Hobson, reporter in 1930s and '40s * Robert Hughes (critic), Robert Hughes, ''Times long-tenured art critic * Pico Iyer, essayist and novelist, essayist for ''Time'' since 1986 * Alvin M. Josephy Jr., photo editor 1952–60; also a historian and Hollywood screenwriter * Weldon Kees, critic * Joe Klein (journalist), Joe Klein, author (''Primary Colors (novel), Primary Colors'') and a ''Time'' columnist who wrote the "In the Arena" column * Louis Kronenberger, drama critic 1938–1961 * Andre Laguerre, Paris bureau chief 1948–1956, London bureau chief 1951–1956, also wrote about sports for ''Time''; later longtime managing editor of ''
Sports Illustrated ''Sports Illustrated'' (''SI'') is an American sports magazine owned by Authentic Brands Group, and was first published in August 1954. It was the first magazine with circulation over one million to win the National Magazine Award for General E ...
'' * Nathaniel Lande, author, filmmaker, and former creative director of ''Time'' * Will Lang Jr. ''1936–1968'', Time Life International * Marshall Loeb, writer and editor from 1956 through 1980 * John Moody (journalist), John Moody, Vatican and Rome correspondent 1986 through 1996 * Jim Murray (sportswriter), Jim Murray, West Coast correspondent 1948–1955 * Lance Morrow, backpage essayist from 1976 through 2000 * Roger Rosenblatt, essayist from 1979 until 2006 * Richard Schickel, film critic from 1965 through 2010 * Hugh Sidey, political reporter and columnist, beginning in 1957 * Donald L. Barlett and James B. Steele, investigative reporters who won two National Magazine Awards while at ''Time'' * Joel Stein, columnist who wrote the ''Joel 100'' just after ''Time ''Magazine's Most Influential issue in 2006 * Calvin Trillin, food writer, was a reporter for ''Time'' from 1960 to 1963 * David Von Drehle, current Editor-at-Large * Lasantha Wickrematunge, journalist * Robert Wright (journalist), Robert Wright, contributing editor * Fareed Zakaria, current Editor-at-Large


Snapshot: 1940 editorial staff

In 1940, William Saroyan lists the full ''Time'' editorial department in the play, ''Love's Old Sweet Song''. This 1940 snapshot includes: * Editor: Henry R. Luce * Managing Editors: Manfred Gottfried, Frank Norris, T.S. Matthews * Associate Editors: Carlton J. Balliett Jr., Robert Cantwell, Laird S. Goldsborough, David W. Hulburd Jr., John Stuart Martin, Fanny Saul, Walter Stockly, Dana Tasker, Charles Weretenbaker * Contributing Editors: Roy Alexander, John F. Allen, Robert W. Boyd Jr., Roger Butterfield, Whittaker Chambers, James G. Crowley, Robert Fitzgerald, Calvin Fixx, Walter Graebner, John Hersey, Sidney L. James, Eliot Janeway, Pearl Kroll, Louis Kronenberger, Thomas K. Krug, John T. McManus, Sherry Mangan, Peter Matthews, Robert Neville, Emeline Nollen, Duncan Norton-Taylor, Sidney A. Olson, John Osborne, Content Peckham, Green Peyton, Williston C. Rich Jr., Winthrop Sargeant, Robert Sherrod, Lois Stover, Leon Svirsky, Felice Swados, Samuel Gardner Welles, Samuel G. Welles Jr., Warren Wilhelm, and Alfred Wright Jr. * Editorial Assistants: Ellen May Ach, Sheila Baker, Sonia Bigman, Elizabeth Budelrnan, Maria de Blasio, Hannah Durand, Jean Ford, Dorothy Gorrell, Helen Gwynn, Edith Hind, Lois Holsworth, Diana Jackson, Mary V. Johnson, Alice Lent, Kathrine Lowe, Carolyn Marx, Helen McCreery, Gertrude McCullough, Mary Louise Mickey, Anna North, Mary Palmer, Tabitha Petran, Elizabeth Sacartoff, Frances Stevenson, Helen Vind, Eleanor Welch, and Mary Welles.


Competitors (US)

Other major American news magazines: * ''The Atlantic'' (1857) * ''Bloomberg Businessweek'' (1929) * ''Mother Jones (magazine), Mother Jones'' (1976) * ''The Nation'' (1865) * ''National Review'' (1955) * ''The New Republic'' (1914) * ''
The New Yorker ''The New Yorker'' is an American weekly magazine featuring journalism, commentary, criticism, essays, fiction, satire, cartoons, and poetry. Started as a weekly in 1925, the magazine is now published 47 times annually, with five of these issu ...
'' (1925) * ''Newsmax'' (1998) * ''Newsweek'' (1933) * ''U.S. News & World Report'' (1923) * ''The Weekly Standard'' (1925–2018) * ''World (magazine), WORLD'' (1986)


See also

* Heroes of the Environment * Lists of covers of Time magazine, Lists of covers of ''Time'' magazine * "The Thriving Cult of Greed and Power", 1991 article about Scientology, by Richard Behar, which received the Gerald Loeb Award


References


Bibliography

* * * * * * * * * *


External links

* – official site
''Time''
magazine vault – archive of magazines and covers from 1923 through present

articles by Whittaker Chambers 1939–1948 – ''Time'' on the Hiss Case, 1948–1953
Archived Time Magazines
on the Internet Archive
''TimeLine'': 4535 Time Magazine Covers, 1923-2009
by Lev Manovich and Jeremy Douglass. A 2009 Cultural Analytics Lab project. * * {{Authority control Time (magazine), News magazines published in the United States Biweekly magazines published in the United States English-language magazines Magazines established in 1923 Magazines formerly owned by Meredith Corporation Magazines published in New York City 1923 establishments in New York (state) Weekly news magazines