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''The European'', billed as "Europe's first national newspaper", was a British weekly
newspaper A newspaper is a periodical publication containing written information about current events and is often typed in black ink with a white or gray background. Newspapers can cover a wide variety of fields such as politics, business, sports and ...

newspaper
founded by
Robert Maxwell Ian Robert Maxwell (born Ján Ludvík Hyman Binyamin Hoch; 10 June 1923 – 5 November 1991) was a Ukrainian-British media proprietor, Member of Parliament (MP), suspected spy, and fraudster. Originally from Czechoslovakia, Maxwell rose from p ...
. It was published from 11 May 1990 until December 1998.


History

Maxwell founded the paper in the fervour which immediately followed the destruction of the
Berlin Wall The Berlin Wall (german: Berliner Mauer, ) was a guarded concrete barrier that physically and ideologically divided Berlin from 1961 to 1989. Construction of the wall was commenced by the German Democratic Republic (GDR, East Germany) on ...

Berlin Wall
and collapse of the
Iron Curtain The Iron Curtain was a political boundary dividing Europe into two separate areas from the end of World War II in 1945 until the end of the Cold War in 1991. The term symbolizes the efforts by the Soviet Union (USSR) to block itself and its sate ...
: the name was a reflection of the feelings of pan-European unity which were brought on by the historic changes, an ideal which Maxwell wholeheartedly supported. According to ''
Time Time is the indefinite continued progress of existence and events that occur in an apparently irreversible succession from the past, through the present, into the future. It is a component quantity of various measurements used to sequence event ...
'' magazine, Maxwell originally envisaged a daily with a circulation of 650,000, but by the launch date plans had been cut down to a more realistic weekly with a circulation of 225,000. In the event, the circulation peaked at 180,000, over half of which was British. Following Maxwell's death, the
Barclay brothers Sir David Rowat Barclay (27 October 1934 – 10 January 2021) and Sir Frederick Hugh Barclay (born 27 October 1934), commonly referred to as the "Barclay Brothers" or "Barclay Twins", were British billionaires. They were identical twin brothers, ...
bought the newspaper in 1992, investing an estimated $110 million and in 1996 transforming it into a high-end tabloid format oriented at the business community edited by
Andrew Neil Andrew Ferguson Neil (born 21 May 1949) is a Scottish journalist and broadcaster. He serves as chairman of ''The Spectator'' and GB News, which will launch in 2021. Neil was appointed editor of ''The Sunday Times'' by Rupert Murdoch in 1983, and ...
. In 1996, ''The European'' had a staff of 70 in London, 3 in
Brussels Brussels (french: Bruxelles or ; nl, Brussel ), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (french: link=no, Région de Bruxelles-Capitale; nl, link=no, Brussels Ho ...
, 1 in Paris, 1 in Berlin, 1 in Moscow, as well as a network of 100 freelance writers throughout Europe. Among the newspaper's innovations was a weekly short fiction contribution from published and previously unpublished writers. ''
The New European ''The New European'' is a British pro-EU weekly newspaper that began publication on 8 July 2016. Launched as a response to the United Kingdom's 2016 EU referendum, its readership is aimed at those who voted to remain within the European Union, ...
'' (a pro-EU newspaper founded in 2016 following the
Brexit referendum The United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, commonly referred to as the EU referendum or the Brexit referendum, took place on 23 June 2016 in the United Kingdom (UK) and Gibraltar to ask the electorate whether the country should ...
) is partially inspired by ''The European'''s experience.


Editors

*1990: Ian Watson *1991: John Bryant *1992: Charles Garside *1993: Herbert Pearson *1994: Charles Garside *1996:
Andrew Neil Andrew Ferguson Neil (born 21 May 1949) is a Scottish journalist and broadcaster. He serves as chairman of ''The Spectator'' and GB News, which will launch in 2021. Neil was appointed editor of ''The Sunday Times'' by Rupert Murdoch in 1983, and ...
*1998:
Gerry Malone Peter Gerald "Gerry" Malone (born 21 July 1950) is a British Conservative politician who served as an MP from 1983–87 and again from 1992–97. Born in Glasgow, Malone was educated at St Aloysius' College, Glasgow, and later attended the Uni ...


Contributors (partial list)

* Jean Cavé * Jean Schalit *
Roger Faligot Roger Faligot is a French journalist, who started working in Ireland in 1973 before working as freelance investigative journalist for British, Parisian or foreign newspapers and magazines (Ireland, England, Japan). Considered as one of the best Fr ...
* Peter Millar (journalist), Peter Millar * Jane Mulvagh * Peter Ustinov * Mark Porter (designer), Mark Porter * Walter Ellis * Anne-Elisabeth Moutet * Tim Walker, later to work on ''
The New European ''The New European'' is a British pro-EU weekly newspaper that began publication on 8 July 2016. Launched as a response to the United Kingdom's 2016 EU referendum, its readership is aimed at those who voted to remain within the European Union, ...
'' https://www.theneweuropean.co.uk/top-stories/mick-o-hare-finds-familiar-themes-in-the-first-edition-of-tne-s-print-predecessor-1-6512825


References


Further reading


Robert Maxwell's ''The European''
Magforum.com


See also

*''
The New European ''The New European'' is a British pro-EU weekly newspaper that began publication on 8 July 2016. Launched as a response to the United Kingdom's 2016 EU referendum, its readership is aimed at those who voted to remain within the European Union, ...
'' {{DEFAULTSORT:European, The 1990 establishments in the United Kingdom 1998 disestablishments in the United Kingdom Publications established in 1990 Publications disestablished in 1998 Defunct newspapers published in the United Kingdom Defunct weekly newspapers Weekly newspapers published in the United Kingdom David and Frederick Barclay