The Tawrat (also Tawrah or Taurat; ar|توراة) is the Arabic name for the Torah within its context as an Islamic holy book believed by Muslims to be given by God to Prophets among the Children of Israel. When referring to traditions from ''Tawrat'', Muslims did not only identify it with the Pentateuch, but also with the other books of the Hebrew Bible, Talmudic- and Midrashim writings.

In the Quran

The word Tawrat occurs eighteen times in the Quran and the name of Musa is mentioned 136 times in the Quran, nowhere in the Quran is written that Moses alone has been given Tawrat, but on the contrary it is written in Quran that the prophets governed with Tawrat. As per Quran the governing ayats containing an order of God are Tawrat. The Law mentioned in Quran (5:45) Similarly it is mentioned in the Exodus According to 7:157, Muhammad is written about in both the Injil (Gospel), revelations to Jesus (Isa) and the Tawrat, The Tawrat is mentioned as being known by Isa in 5:110. Some quotations are repeated from other books of the Hebrew Bible. An example of this is 48:29, This could be repeated from Psalms:

In the hadith

Because he believed the Quran replaced it, Muhammad did not teach from the Torah but referenced it heavily. He did say that Moses was one of the few prophets to receive a revelation directly from God, that is, without an intervening angel. On one occasion, it is recorded that some Jews wanted Muhammad to decide how to deal with their brethren who had committed adultery. Abu Dawood recorded:


There is some ambiguity among English speaking Muslims on the use of ''Tawrat'' versus ''Torah''. The Arabic of the Quran and hadith have only one word, ''Tawrat''. Generally, in English, they are used interchangeably. However, some Muslims prefer to reserve ''Tawrat'' to refer only to the original revelation of God to Moses which some Muslims believe was later corrupted maybe through the Babylonian captivity, and the rewriting of Ezra (Uzair) (and the men of the Great Assembly). However it is not possible to state without any authentic sources as to where, when and by whom the Torah was changed since the Quran mentions Uzair by name in chapter 9 verse 30 and does not say that he corrupted the Torah in this verse it cannot be said that Uzair did so. There is also ambiguity as to whether the Quran uses ''Tawrat'' only referring to the five books of Moses, the entire Tanakh, or both, as in Hebrew. This comes because the Quran often lists the holy books as the Tawrat, Zabur, Injil, and Quran. Zabur (the Psalms) is sometimes excluded, possibly because the Psalms are part of the Tanakh. This meaning is uncommon, as most Muslims think it only refers to the five books of Moses.

Importance of the Torah

The word Torah occurs eighteen times and the name of Moses is mentioned 136 times in the Quran. Nowhere in the Quran is it written that Moses alone taught by the Torah as all succeeding Hebrew prophets and seers, including Harun, used the Law for preaching. The Quran states that the Torah did have words of wisdom in it, and all subsequent prophets, priest, rabbis and sages in Israel used its Law for guidance for prophets in plural and not only for Moses alone. The Quran mentions that the basic aspects of Islamic law are evident in the earliest scriptures, including that of Moses. He mentions that it contains the information about the Last Day and about the concepts of Paradise (Jannah) and Hell (Jahannam). The Torah is also mentioned as being known by Jesus.

See also

* Scrolls of Abraham


External links

A discussion of the Tawrat and some other scripturesStudy Regarding the Tawrat
{{Characters and names in the Quran Category:Islamic texts Category:Torah