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The Supreme Court of Appeal (SCA), formerly known as the Appellate Division, is an appellate court in
South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over Demographics of South Africa, 59 million people, it is the world's List of countries by population, 23rd-most populous nation a ...
. It is located in Bloemfontein, the judicial capital of South Africa.


History

On the creation of the
Union of South Africa The Union of South Africa ( nl, Unie van Zuid-Afrika; af, Unie van Suid-Afrika ) is the historical predecessor to the present-day Republic of South Africa. It came into being on 31 May 1910 with the unification of the Cape Colony The Cap ...
from four British colonies in 1910, the supreme courts of the colonies became provincial divisions of the new Supreme Court of South Africa, and the Appellate Division was created as a purely appellate court superior to the provincial divisions. It was the seat of some of the country's most outstanding judges including Innes CJ, Watermeyer CJ, Galgut JA, Wessels CJ and Schreiner JA. In 1994 the
Constitutional Court of South Africa The Constitutional Court of South Africa is a supreme constitutional court established by the Constitution of South Africa, and is the apex court in the South African judicial system, with general jurisdiction. The Court was first establish ...

Constitutional Court of South Africa
was created with jurisdiction superior to the Appellate Division, but it could hear only in constitutional matters. The Appellate Division, therefore, remained the highest court in non-constitutional matters. In 1997 the Appellate Division became the Supreme Court of Appeal and was given constitutional jurisdiction, though the system of two apex courts remained: the Constitutional Court was the country's highest court in constitutional matters, but the SCA was the highest court in non-constitutional matters. However, the Constitutional Court took a broad reading of its jurisdiction, and in August 2013 the position was regularised by an amendment to the
South African Constitution The Constitution of South Africa is the supreme law of the Republic of South Africa. It provides the legal foundation for the existence of the republic, it sets out the human rights, rights and Duty, duties of its citizens, and defines the struct ...
which gave the Constitutional Court general jurisdiction.


Judges

The court is composed of a President, a Deputy President, and the number of ordinary Judges of Appeal determined in terms of an Act of Parliament; at present there are 23 ordinary positions on the court . Cases before the court are generally heard by panels of five judges. Judges are appointed by the President of South Africa on the advice of the Judicial Service Commission (South Africa), Judicial Service Commission. Judges of Appeal are cited in judgments with the surname of the judge followed by "JA". (The President and Deputy President are cited with a "P" and "DP" respectively, and acting judges are cited with "AJA".) the Judges of Appeal are: * Mandisa Maya (President) * Xola Petse (Deputy) * Azhar Cachalia * Nambitha Dambuza * Daniel Dlodlo * Lorimer Leach * Rammaka Mathopo * Yvonne Mbatha * Boissie Mbha * Baratang Mocumie * Mahube Molemela * Fikile Mokgohloa * Mahomed Navsa * Caroline Nicholls * Clive Plasket * Visvanathan Ponnan * Halima Saldulker * Kevin Swain * Zukisa Tshiqi * Christiaan Van Der Merwe * Malcolm Wallis * Dumisani Zondi * Wendy Hughes (judge), Wendy Hughes (Acting) * Sharise Weiner (Acting)


List of presidents of the Supreme Court of Appeal


List of deputy presidents of the Supreme Court of Appeal


See also

* :Supreme Court of Appeal of South Africa cases, Supreme Court of Appeal of South Africa cases


References


External links


Supreme Court of Appeal of South Africa official websiteDatabase of judgments from the Supreme Court of Appeal of South Africa
{{DEFAULTSORT:Supreme Court Of Appeal Of South Africa Courts of South Africa National supreme courts, South Africa Buildings and structures in Bloemfontein 1910 establishments in South Africa Courts and tribunals established in 1910 fr:Droit sud-africain#Cour suprême d'appel