St. Joseph is a city in and the county seat
of Buchanan County, Missouri
. Small parts of St. Joseph extend into Andrew County
It is the principal city of the St. Joseph Metropolitan Statistical Area
, which includes Buchanan
, and DeKalb
counties in Missouri and Doniphan County
. As of the 2010 census
, St. Joseph had a total population of 76,780, making it the eighth largest city in the state, and the third largest in Northwest Missouri.
St. Joseph is located roughly thirty miles north of the Kansas City, Missouri
city limits and approximately 125 miles south of Omaha, Nebraska.
The city was named after the town's founder Joseph Robidoux
and the biblical Saint Joseph
. and is located on the Missouri River
. It is the birthplace of hip hop star Eminem
as well as the death place of Jesse James
; it is also the starting point of the Pony Express
. St. Joseph is also home to Missouri Western State University
St. Joseph was founded on the Missouri River by Joseph Robidoux
, a local fur trader
, and officially incorporated in 1843.
In its early days, it was a bustling outpost and rough frontier town, serving as a last supply point and jumping-off point on the Missouri River toward the "Wild West"
. It was the westernmost point in the United States accessible by rail until after the American Civil War
The main east-west downtown streets were named for Robidoux's eight children: Faraon, Jules, Francois (Francis), Felix, Edmond, Charles, Sylvanie, and Messanie. The street between Sylvanie and Messanie was named for his second wife, Angelique.
St. Joseph, or "St. Joe", as it was called by many, was a "Jumping-Off Point" for those headed to the Oregon Territory
in the mid-1800s. These cities, including Independence
, and St. Joseph, were where pioneers would stay and purchase supplies before they would head out in wagon trains. The town was a very lively place, and was the second city in the US to have electric streetcars.
Between April 3, 1860, and late October 1861, St. Joseph was one of the two endpoints of the Pony Express
, which operated for a short period over the land then inaccessible by rail, to provide fast mail service. The pony riders carried additionally, along with the mail, a small personal Bible
. Today the Pony Express Museum
hosts visitors in the old stables.
On April 3, 1882 outlaw Jesse James
was killed at his home, originally located at 1318 Lafayette, now sited next to the Patee House
. In the post-Civil War years, when the economy was down, the hotel had served for a time as the home of the Patee Female College, followed by the St. Joseph Female College
up to 1880. James was living under the alias of Mr. Howard. The song, "Jesse James
", includes the lines, "...that dirty little coward that shot Mr. Howard has laid poor Jesse in his grave."
The Heaton-Bowman-Smith Funeral Home maintains a small museum about Jesse James. Their predecessors conducted the funeral. His home is now known as the Jesse James Home Museum
. It has been relocated at least three times, and features the bullet hole from that fateful shot. St. Joseph is identified by the slogan, "Where the Pony Express started and Jesse James ended."
Among properties listed on the National Register of Historic Places
are the Patee House, a former hotel now maintained as a museum of transportation, and the Missouri Theatre
, an ornate movie palace.
St. Joseph's population peaked in 1900, with a census population of 102,979. This population figure is questionable, as civic leaders tried to inflate the numbers for that census.
At the time, it was the home to one of the largest wholesale companies in the Midwest, the Nave & McCord Mercantile Company
, as well as the Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad
, and the C.D. Smith & Company, which would become C.D. Smith Healthcare.
The Walnut Park Farm Historic District
near St. Joseph was listed on the National Register of Historic Places
In 1997, St. Joseph was named an "All-America City
" by the National Civic League
. St. Joseph was voted the top true western town of 2007 by ''True West Magazine
'', in the January/February 2008 issue.
2019–20 coronavirus pandemic
On May 2, 2020, the city's local meat packaging plant run by Triumph Foods confirmed that 295 workers became infected with COVID-19
during the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic
. The next day 64 more cases were confirmed resulting in a total number of 359 infected workers. As of May 3,the case tally is currently at 373 infected workers. As of May 5, 412 workers were reported to have contracted the virus while showing no symptoms.
Geography and climate
Saint Joseph is located at (39.757944, -94.836541),
on the Missouri/Kansas
border in northwestern Missouri, also close to Nebraska; Iowa
is another 70 miles farther north. The nearest major metropolitan area to St. Joseph is the Kansas City Metropolitan Area
, which begins approximately to the south. The nearest major airport is Kansas City International Airport
, which is approximately to the south. According to the United States Census Bureau
, the city has a total area of , of which is land and is water.
The monthly weather averages listed below are taken from National Weather Service 1981-2010 Normals recorded at Rosecrans Airport. Because of the Airport's location near the Missouri River and at a low elevation, official overnight lows during wintertime especially are often several degrees colder than at other places within the city. Snowfall is not recorded at the St Joseph weather station although surrounding reporting stations typically receive 12-20 inches of snowfall annually.
As of the census
of 2010, there were 76,780 people, 29,727 households, and 18,492 families residing in the city. The population density
was . There were 33,189 housing units at an average density of . The racial makeup of the city was 87.8% White
, 6.0% Black, 0.5% Native American
, 0.9% Asian
, 0.2% Pacific Islander
, 2.0% from other races
, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 5.7% of the population.
There were 29,727 households, of which 32.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.0% were married couples
living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.8% were non-families. 30.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 23.6% under the age of 18; 11.7% between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.1% from 25 to 44; 24.9% from 45 to 64; and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age in the city was 35.6 years. The gender makeup of the city was 49.8% male and 50.2% female.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 73,990 people, 29,026 households, and 18,460 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,687.7 people per square mile (651.6/km). There were 31,752 housing units at an average density of 724.2 per square mile (279.6/km). The racial makeup of the city was 91.9% White, 5.0% Black, 0.5% Native American, 0.5% Asian, <0.1% Pacific Islander
, 0.7% from other races
, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.6% of the population.
There were 29,026 households, out of which 30.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.4% were single-family households. 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.98.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 24.1% under the age of 18, 11.6% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $32,663, and the median income for a family was $40,995. Males had a median income of $31,300 versus $21,592 for females. The per capita income
for the city was $17,445. About 9.1% of families and 13.0% of the population were below the poverty line
, including 15.5% of those under age 18 and 9.8% of those age 65 or over.
Saint Joseph has a vibrant and diversified local economy. The local area supports a large food processing industry. Bio-fuels, meat and grains processing, candies, and various other products well known throughout North America are made in Saint Joseph. With this specific industry come other associated packaging and food processing equipment suppliers that employ many more persons.
Saint Joseph is at the center of the Kansas City Animal Health Triangle, which extends from Manhattan, KS to Columbia, MO. With this advantageous location, Saint Joseph is home to several Animal Health Pharmaceutical, Animal Nutrition, and associated research facilities. Other agricultural products including herbicides for crop production are produced in St. Joseph.
Transit America Services
, a subsidiary of Herzog, provides conductors and other railway technical positions for transit rail systems nationwide. Herzog Contracting, parent company to Transit America, is based in the city and provides construction services, rail equipment, rail testing, and signaling services to freight and transit systems throughout North America and the Caribbean. Attached is a list of the largest employers in St. Joseph, MO. Other privately held manufacturing companies are also top employers but they do not publicly disclose employment numbers. Saint Joseph has the 3rd largest manufacturing economy in Missouri, after Saint Louis and Kansas City. In June 2019, total employment in the St. Joseph Metropolitan Area was 65,099 persons.
St. Joseph is home to several retail areas, many of which are grouped along Belt Highway on the city's east side. East Hills Mall
is located at North Belt Highway and Frederick Boulevard. The mall opened in 1965, was expanded in 1988, and was renovated in 2001 with a far more extensive renovation in 2008 and 2009. Developed in 2005, the Shoppes at North Village is concentrated along North Belt Highway between approximately Cook and County Line roads. This serves as a regional shopping destination. Other shopping districts include Belt Center, Hy-Vee Shopping Center, Hillcrest Plaza, East Ridge Village, and Woodlawn Shopping Center. Saint Joseph's trade area encompasses parts of NE Kansas, NW Missouri, SE Nebraska, and SW Iowa.
The St. Joseph School District operates three public high schools, four public middle schools and 16 public elementary schools in St. Joseph. There are three private grade schools, a private high school and a private K-12
Christian school. Two new elementary schools (Oak Grove and Carden Park) have been constructed, and both opened by the 2014–15 academic year. In addition, there is an active home education community that serves the city and surrounding areas. In higher education
, St. Joseph is the home of a regional public university
as well as a public university outreach center, a public technical school
and a private technical school.
;Public elementary schools
*Carden Park Elementary School — (K-05)
*Coleman Elementary School — (K-05)
*Edison Elementary School — (PK-05)
*Ellison Elementary School — (K-05)
*Eugene Field Elementary School — (K-05)
*Hosea Elementary School — (PK-05)
*Hyde Elementary School — (K-05)
*Lindbergh Elementary School — (PK-05)
*Mark Twain Elementary School — (PK-05)
*Oak Grove Elementary School — (K-05)
*Parkway Elementary School — (PK-05)
*Pershing Elementary School — (K-05)
*Pickett Elementary School — (PK-05)
*Skaith Elementary School — (PK-05)
;Public middle schools
*Bode Middle School — (06-08)
*Robidoux Middle School — (06-08)
*Spring Garden Middle School — (06-08)
*Truman Middle School — (06-08)
;Public high schools
*Central High School
*Benton High School
*Lafayette High School
*Bishop LeBlond High School
*Cathedral Grade School
*St. Francis Xavier Grade School
*St. James Grade School
*St. Joseph Christian School
*St. Paul Lutheran School
*Prescott Seventh-Day Adventist School
Colleges and universities
*Missouri Western State University
Special focus institutions
*American College of Technology
*Hillyard Technical Center
*Colgan Alternative Resource Center
*Webster Learning Center
St. Joseph has a four-branch public library system. The system is overseen by the Library Board which consists of nine members appointed by the mayor, with city council approval, for three-year terms. The Downtown Library
, located in downtown St. Joseph, houses the administrative offices for the library system. Carnegie Library
and Washington Park Library are neighborhood branches that serve communities in the North and South ends of the city. East Hills Library is the largest branch, located off Interstate 29
, which serves the greater St. Joseph area. Downtown Library and Carnegie Library were listed on the National Register of Historic Places
in 1982 and 1990 respectively.
The St. Joseph Transit
is publicly owned and provides bus service. Rosecrans Memorial Airport
is a joint municipal/military owned airport for general aviation. It is the home of the 139th Airlift Wing
of the Missouri Air National Guard
, and does not have commercial service. The nearest commercial airport is Kansas City International Airport
, which is approximately 35 miles (56 km) to the south.
The city is served by two Interstate highways, one proposed interstate, and four U.S. Routes:
*, which runs south to Kansas City
and north to Council Bluffs, Iowa
*, a western bypass of St. Joseph.
*, might come to St. Joseph in the future.
*, the Pony Express Highway, running east to Cameron
and west to Hiawatha, Kansas
*, which runs south to Atchison, Kansas
and north into western Iowa
*, which runs south concurrent with I-29 to Kansas City, and north to Maryville
*, which runs south to Kansas City, and north to Winterset, Iowa
In addition, four state routes serve the city:
Numerous parks, golf courses, sports complexes, skate parks, a water park, a riverwalk
along the Missouri River, and a small conservation area can be found throughout St. Joseph proper. The city is also nationally known for its parkway system
, which is accompanied by an urban trail system.
Two of the city's largest parks are Krug Park
and Hyde Park; these respectively anchor the parkway and urban trail on the north and south. A dog park
has been added to the parkway system near Corby Pond.
St. Joseph currently ranks 201st largest designated market area
out of 210 media markets
in the United States (as ranked by Nielsen Media Research
); the market covers six counties in northwestern Missouri (Holt
) and Doniphan County
in northeastern Kansas. The St. Joseph area has three low-power and two full-power television stations, and ten radio stations. News-Press & Gazette, a media corporation, is headquartered in Saint Joseph. They have interests in numerous television, radio, and newspaper markets throughout the Midwestern and Western United States.
Due to its proximity to Kansas City and Topeka, stations from those markets serve as default affiliates of MyNetworkTV (KSMO-TV
/Kansas City and WIBW-DT2
/Topeka, on Dish Network only) and PBS (KCPT
/Kansas City) due to the lack of affiliates of either network licensed to the market. ABC
had long been the only major commercial station in St. Joseph, but in June 2012, the locally based News-Press & Gazette Company
as a Fox
affiliate, KBJO-LD as a CW
affiliate, and KNPG-LD as a Telemundo
affiliate. This in turn was followed by the conversions of KBJO-LD to NBC
in November 2016 (retaining the CW as a LD2 subchannel),
and the original KNPG-LD (which assumed the KBJO-LD call letters) to CBS
in June 2017,
[NPG to add local CBS affiliate in June](_blank)
''St. Joseph News-Press'', February 24, 2017.
ending out-of-market reliance for major network programming.
Local broadcast stations
Local independent cable channels
* News-Press 3 NOW
, Suddenlink channel 3/KNPN-LD virtual channel 26.3 (Local news)
* ''St. Joseph News-Press
''The Saint Joseph Telegraph''''The Regular Joe''
City of St. JosephDowntown Different | Saint Joseph, MO
* Historic maps of St. Joseph in th
at the University of Missouri
Category:Cities in Buchanan County, Missouri
Category:County seats in Missouri
Category:Cities in Missouri
Category:St. Joseph, Missouri metropolitan area
Category:Populated places established in 1843
Category:Missouri populated places on the Missouri River
Category:1843 establishments in Missouri