The Schwinn Paramount was a high-end racing bicycle produced under the Schwinn Bicycle Company
brand from 1938 through 2009.
In the 1930s, Schwinn sponsored a bicycle racing team headed by Emil Wastyn
, who designed the team bikes, and the company competed in six-day racing
across the United States with riders such as Jerry Rodman and Russell Allen
. In 1938, Frank W. Schwinn officially introduced the ''Paramount'' series. Developed from experiences gained in racing, Schwinn established ''Paramount'' as their answer to high-end, professional competition bicycles. The ''Paramount'' used high-strength chrome-molybdenum
steel alloy tubing and expensive brass lug-brazed construction. During the next twenty years, most of the ''Paramount'' bikes would be built in limited numbers at a small frame shop headed by Wastyn, in spite of Schwinn's continued efforts to bring all frame production into the factory.
On 17 May 1941, Alfred Letourneur
was able to beat the motor-paced world speed record on a bicycle
, reaching on a Schwinn Paramount bicycle riding behind a car in Bakersfield, California
While many large bicycle manufacturers sponsored or participated in bicycle racing competition of some sort to keep up with the newest trends in technology, Schwinn restricted its racing activities to events inside the United States, where Schwinn bicycles predominated. As a result, Schwinns became increasingly dated in both styling and technology. By 1957, the ''Paramount'' series, once a premier racing bicycle, had atrophied from a lack of attention and modernization. Aside from some new frame lug designs, the designs, methods and tooling were the same as had been used in the 1930s. After a crash-course in new frame-building techniques and derailleur
technology, Schwinn introduced an updated ''Paramount'' with Reynolds 531
double-butted tubing, Nervex
lugsets and bottom bracket shells, as well as Campagnolo
derailleur dropouts. The ''Paramount'' continued as a limited production model, built in small numbers in a small apportioned area of the old Chicago assembly factory. The new frame and component technology incorporated in the ''Paramount'' largely failed to reach Schwinn's mass-market bicycle lines. Another change occurred in 1963 following the death of F. W. Schwinn, when grandson Frank Valentine Schwinn took over management of the company.
The ''Ten Speed''
A growing number of teens and young adults were purchasing imported European sport racing or sport touring bicycles, many fitted with multiple derailleur-shifted gears. Schwinn decided to meet the challenge by developing two lines of sport or road 'racer' bicycles. One was already in the catalog — the limited production ''Paramount'' series. As always, the ''Paramount'' spared no expense; the bicycles were given high-quality lightweight lugged steel frames using double-butted tubes of Reynolds 531
and fitted with quality European components including Campagnolo
derailleurs, hubs, and gears. The Paramount series had limited production numbers, making vintage examples quite rare today.
The Bicycle Boom
The period of 1965–1975 saw adult cycling increase sharply in popularity. More and more cyclists, especially younger buyers, began to insist on stronger steel alloys (which allowed for lighter frames), responsive frame geometry, aluminum components, advanced derailleur shifting, and multiple gears.
[Ballantine, Richard, ''Richard's 21st Century Bicycle Book'', New York: Overlook Press (2001), , pp. 23–24]
While the ''Paramount'' sold in limited numbers to this market, the model's customer base began to age, changing from primarily bike racers to older, wealthier riders looking for the ultimate bicycle. Schwinn sold an impressive 1.5 million bicycles in 1974, but would pay the price for failing to keep up with new developments in bicycle technology and buying trends.
Schwinn also marketed a top-shelf touring model from Panasonic, the ''World Voyager'', lugged with butted Tange
chrome-molybdenum alloy tubing, Shimano derailleurs, and SunTour bar-end shifters, a serious challenge to the Paramount series at half the price.
[Dzierzak, Lou, and Hackett, Jeff, ''Schwinn'', MBI Publishing Company (2002), , , p. 55]
Schwinn brand loyalty began to suffer as huge numbers of buyers came to retailers asking for the latest sport and racing road bikes from European or Japanese manufacturers. By 1979, even the ''Paramount'' had been passed, technologically speaking, by a new generation of American as well as foreign custom bicycle manufacturers.
Transfer of Ownership
In 1993, Richard Schwinn
, great-grandson of Ignaz Schwinn, with business partner Marc Muller
, purchased the Schwinn Paramount plant in Waterford, Wisconsin
, where Paramounts were built since 1980. They founded Waterford Precision Cycles
, which produced the Paramount for Schwinn until September 1994 when the line was retired.
In late 1997, Questor Partners Fund purchased Schwinn Bicycles (and later GT Bicycles) and in 1998 reintroduced the Paramount line. In 2001, Schwinn/GT declared bankruptcy and was acquired by Pacific Cycle
and later Dorel Industries
, who marketed the Paramount line through 2009.