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The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Washington is an
archdiocese In church governance, a diocese or bishopric is the ecclesiastical district under the jurisdiction of a bishop. History In the later organization of the Roman Empire, the increasingly subdivided provinces were administratively associated i ...
of the
Roman Catholic Church in the United States The Catholic Church in the United States is composed of ecclesiastical communities in full communion with the Holy See. With 23% of the United States population , the Catholic Church is the country's second largest religious grouping, after Prot ...
. It comprises the
District of Columbia ) , image_skyline = , image_caption = Clockwise from top left: the Washington Monument and Lincoln Memorial on the National Mall, United States Capitol, Washington Metro, Air and Space Museum, White House, ...
and Calvert,
Charles Charles is a masculine given name predominantly found in English and French speaking countries. It is from the French form ''Charles'' of a Germanic name ''Karl''. The original Anglo-Saxon was ''Ċearl'' or ''Ċeorl'', as the name of King Ce ...
, Montgomery, Prince George's and Saint Mary's
counties A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary, L. Brookes (ed.), 2005, Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, Edinburgh in certain modern nations. The term is derived from the Old French ...
in the state of
Maryland Maryland ( ) is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, bordering Virginia, West Virginia, and the District of Columbia to its south and west; Pennsylvania to its north; and Delaware and the Atlantic Ocean to its east. Baltimo ...

Maryland
. It was originally part of the
Archdiocese of Baltimore The Metropolitan Archdiocese of Baltimore ( la, Archidiœcesis Baltimorensis) is the premier (or first) see of the Roman Catholic Church in the United States. The archdiocese comprises the City of Baltimore and 9 of Maryland's 23 counties in the ce ...

Archdiocese of Baltimore
. This Archdiocese crosses a state line. Three other U.S. Roman-rite dioceses (Roman Catholic Diocese of Wilmington, Wilmington, Roman Catholic Diocese of Norwich, Norwich and Roman Catholic Diocese of Gallup, Gallup) also do this, but they each have territory in more than one state. The Archdiocese of Washington is home to The Catholic University of America, the only national university operated by the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, United States Conference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB) and Georgetown University, the oldest Catholic and Society of Jesus, Jesuit institution of higher education in the country. In addition, the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception, a minor basilica dedicated to the nation's Patron saint, patroness, the Immaculate Conception, is located within and administered by it, and it is not the Archdiocesan cathedral (nor even a parish of the Archdiocese). The cathedral of the archdiocese is the Cathedral of St. Matthew the Apostle (Washington, D.C.), Cathedral of St. Matthew the Apostle in downtown Washington.


Prelature

The Ordinary (Catholic Church), ordinary of the Archdiocese of Washington is an archbishop whose cathedra is the Cathedral of St. Matthew the Apostle in the Washington, DC, City of Washington and who is metropolitan bishop, metropolitan of the ecclesiastical province, Ecclesiastical Province of :Roman Catholic Ecclesiastical Province of Washington, Washington. Its sole suffragan see is the Roman Catholic Diocese of Saint Thomas, Diocese of Saint Thomas in the U.S. Virgin Islands, United States Virgin Islands. The first Archbishop of Washington was Michael Joseph Curley, appointed in 1939. Eight years later, on November 15, 1947, the archdiocese received its first residential archbishop, with the appointment of Patrick O'Boyle (American bishop), Patrick Aloysius O'Boyle. Donald Wuerl, Donald William Cardinal Wuerl served as the most recent ordinary of the Archdiocese. Wuerl resigned as Archbishop of Washington on October 12, 2018 in the wake of revelations about his poor handling of incidents of sex abuse when he served as Bishop of Pittsburgh. However, Wuerl still led the Archdiocese as apostolic administrator until a successor was installed. On March 28, 2019, rumors were reported that Wilton Daniel Gregory of Atlanta had been offered the position of Archbishop of Washington. On April 4, 2019, his appointment by Pope Francis was confirmed by the Vatican. The same day, the Archdiocese of Washington announced that Archbishop Gregory would indeed be installed as the seventh Archbishop of Washington. Gregory, who was originally scheduled to be installed on May 17, 2019, was installed on May 21, 2019, becoming the first African American to lead the Archdiocese of Washington. Pope Francis raised Wilton Daniel Gregory to the rank of Cardinal (Catholic Church), cardinal at a Papal consistory, consistory held in Rome on November 28, 2020. He is the first American with African ancestry to become a Roman Catholic cardinal.


History

On March 25, 1634, the first Catholic Mass in the English-speaking colonies was celebrated by Fr. Andrew White, S.J., on St. Clement's Island, Maryland, in what is now part of the Archdiocese of Washington.About Us
Archdiocese of Washington. Retrieved November 19, 2016.
The Catholic founders of the Maryland settlement then established the colony as a place of religious freedom. During the colonial era, however, when others took power, Catholics would become a persecuted people suffering the wrath of oppression allowed by local penal laws. Upon the founding of the United States, a Jesuit priest, Father John Carroll (priest), John Carroll, was elected head of the mission sui juris, missionary territory (later Prefecture Apostolic) of the United States. In 1789 the Diocese of Baltimore (later the Archdiocese of Baltimore) was established with Carroll as its first bishop, and given ecclesiastical jurisdiction over the entire nation. On July 22, 1939, Pope Pius XII created the Archdiocese of Washington from territory which was then within the Archdiocese of Baltimore, with a single prelate serving as the archbishop of both archdioceses, two ecclesiastical jurisdictions united ''in persona episcopi''. The Archdiocese dates its founding from 1939. On November 15, 1947, Pope Pius appointed Washington's first residential archbishop. The Archdiocese of Washington became a metropolitan see on October 12, 1965, when the Roman Catholic Diocese of Saint Thomas, Diocese of Saint Thomas became its first (and, so far, only) Suffragan diocese, suffragan see.


Sex abuse scandal

On September 26, 2018, it was announced that the Archdiocese of Washington was now one of four American Catholic dioceses under investigation by the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops for reports of sex abuse.
/ref> Accused former cardinal and Washington archbishop Theodore McCarrick had served in each diocese. On October 15, 2018, the Archdiocese of Washington released the names of 31 clergy who served in the archdiocese and were credibly accused of sexually abusing minors since 1948. On August 15, 2019, archdiocesan priest Urbano Vazquez was convicted of four counts of sexual abuse involving two girls. On November 22, 2019, Vazquez was sentenced to 15 years in prison. In October 2019, the ''Washington Post'' reported that police were investigating an allegation that the former Bishop of Wheeling-Charleston, Michael Joseph Bransfield, had molested a 9-year-old girl during a September 2012 pilgrimage to the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in Washington, D.C., while on a trip led by Bransfield.Shawn Boburg & Robert O'Harrow Jr.
Former W.Va. bishop Michael Bransfield is under police investigation for alleged abuse of 9-year-old girl on church trip
''Washington Post'' (October 3, 2019).
Prior to being appointed bishop of the Diocese of Wheeling-Charleston in 2004, Bransfield long served at the Basilica, being named assistant director and director of Mass (liturgy), liturgy (1980), director of finance (1982), and director (1986) at the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception, National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception. The Archdiocese of Washington was subpoenaed for documents in connection with the investigation. Bransfield denied the allegation. In December 2019, the ''Washington Post'' revealed that Bransfield had paid $350,000 to Vatican and church officials during a sex abuse probe against him. The "hush money" payments involved acts of sex abuse he reportedly committed when he was at the Washington Basilica in the 1980s. The same report also revealed that during his time as Archbishop of Washington, McCarrick used his "Archbishop's Special Fund" to make similar hush money payments in order to cover acts of sex abuse he had committed in other Catholic dioceses. The archdiocese took in nearly a third less money in its 2019 annual fundraising appeal, which had been renamed from "Cardinal's Appeal" to "Annual Appeal", in the wake of the scandals.


Bishops

The list of bishops and their terms of service:


Archbishops of Washington

# Michael Joseph Curley (1939–1947), concurrently the Archbishop of Baltimore # Cardinal Patrick O'Boyle (American bishop), Patrick Aloysius O'Boyle (1947–1973) # Cardinal William Wakefield Baum (1973–1980), appointed Prefect of the Congregation for Catholic Education and later Major Penitentiary of the Apostolic Penitentiary # Cardinal James Aloysius Hickey (1980–2000) # Theodore Edgar McCarrick (2001–2006; former cardinal, laicized for sexual abuse) # Cardinal Donald Wuerl, Donald William Wuerl (2006–2018) # Cardinal Wilton Daniel Gregory (2019–present)


Auxiliary bishops

* John Michael McNamara (1947–1960) * Patrick Joseph McCormick (1950–1953) * Philip Matthew Hannan (1956–1965), appointed Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New Orleans, Archbishop of New Orleans * William Joseph McDonald (1964–1967), appointed Roman Catholic Archdiocese of San Francisco, Auxiliary Bishop of San Francisco * John Selby Spence (Catholic bishop), John Selby Spence (1964–1973) * Edward John Herrmann (1966–1973), appointed Roman Catholic Diocese of Columbus, Bishop of Columbus * Thomas William Lyons (1974–1988) * Eugene Antonio Marino, Josephite Fathers, S.S.J. (1974–1988), appointed Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Atlanta, Archbishop of Atlanta * Thomas Cajetan Kelly, Dominican Order, O.P. (1977–1981), appointed Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Louisville, Archbishop of Louisville * Alvaro Corrada del Rio, S.J. (1985–1997), appointed Roman Catholic Diocese of Caguas, Apostolic Administrator of Caguas and later Roman Catholic Diocese of Tyler, Bishop of Tyler and Diocese of Mayaguez, Bishop of Mayaguez * William George Curlin (1988–1994), appointed Roman Catholic Diocese of Charlotte, Bishop of Charlotte * Leonard Olivier, Leonard James Olivier, Divine Word Missionaries, S.V.D. (1988–2004) * William E. Lori, William Edward Lori (1995–2001), appointed Roman Catholic Diocese of Bridgeport, Bishop of Bridgeport and later Archbishop of Baltimore * Kevin Joseph Farrell (2001–2007), appointed Roman Catholic Diocese of Dallas, Bishop of Dallas and later Prefect of the Dicastery for the Laity, Family and Life (elevated to Cardinal (Catholic Church), cardinal in 2016) * Francisco González Valer, Sons of the Holy Family, S.F. (2001–2014) * Martin Holley, Martin David Holley (2004–2016), appointed Roman Catholic Diocese of Memphis, Bishop of Memphis * Barry Christopher Knestout (2008–2018), appointed Roman Catholic Diocese of Richmond, Bishop of Richmond * Mario E. Dorsonville (2015–present) * Roy Edward Campbell (2017–present) * Michael William Fisher (2018–2020), appointed Roman Catholic Diocese of Buffalo, Bishop of Buffalo


Other priests of the diocese who became bishops

* John Francis Donoghue, appointed Roman Catholic Diocese of Charlotte, Bishop of Charlotte in 1984 and later Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Atlanta, Archbishop of Atlanta * David Edward Foley, appointed Roman Catholic Diocese of Richmond, Auxiliary Bishop of Richmond in 1986 and later Roman Catholic Diocese of Birmingham in Alabama, Bishop of Birmingham * Raymond James Boland, appointed Roman Catholic Diocese of Birmingham in Alabama, Bishop of Birmingham in 1988 and later Roman Catholic Diocese of Kansas City-Saint Joseph, Bishop of Kansas City-Saint Joseph * Mark Edward Brennan, appointed Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Baltimore, Auxiliary Bishop of Baltimore in 2016 and later Roman Catholic Diocese of Wheeling-Charleston, Bishop of Wheeling-Charleston * William D. Byrne, appointed Roman Catholic Diocese of Springfield in Massachusetts, Bishop of Springfield in Massachusetts


Parishes


Schools

The archdiocese centralized school administration as part of its Center City Consortium, which was established in 1997. ; High schools


Colleges


Colleges and universities

* The Catholic University of America * Georgetown University * Trinity Washington University


Seminaries

*Redemptoris Mater (seminary), Redemptoris Mater Seminary * St. John Paul II Seminary * Theological College (The Catholic University of America), Theological College * Dominican House of Studies


Archdiocesan cemeteries

In addition to the nearly four dozen of its parishes which have their own cemeteries,Parish Cemeteries
from the official website of the Catholic Cemeteries of the Archdiocese of Washington
the archdiocese owns and operates five major cemeteries:
from the official website of the Catholic Cemeteries of the Archdiocese of Washington
* Mount Olivet Cemetery (Washington, D.C.), Mount Olivet Cemetery, Washington, D.C. * Gate of Heaven Cemetery (Silver Spring, Maryland), Gate of Heaven Cemetery, Silver Spring, Maryland * St. Mary's Queen of Peace Cemetery, Helen, Maryland * Resurrection Cemetery, Clinton, Maryland * All Souls Cemetery, Germantown, Maryland Two former parish cemeteries are also operated by the archdiocese: * St. John's Cemetery, Forest Glen, Maryland * St. Mary's Cemetery, Washington, D.C.


Province of Washington, D.C.

* Roman Catholic Diocese of Saint Thomas, Diocese of Saint Thomas


See also

* Catholic Church in the United States * List of the Catholic dioceses of the United States#Ecclesiastical province of Washington, Ecclesiastical Province of Washington * Global organisation of the Catholic Church * List of Roman Catholic archdioceses (by country and continent) * List of Roman Catholic dioceses (alphabetical) (including archdioceses) * List of Roman Catholic dioceses (structured view) (including archdioceses) * List of the Catholic cathedrals of the United States * List of the Catholic dioceses of the United States * Mount St. Sepulchre Franciscan Monastery * St. Mary's City, Maryland


References


External links


Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Washington Official Site

Cathedral of Saint Matthew the Apostle

Alphabetical Listing of Parishes
{{DEFAULTSORT:Roman Catholic Archdiocese Of Washington Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Washington, Roman Catholic dioceses in the United States, Washington Religious organizations based in Washington, D.C. Catholic Church in Washington, D.C. Catholic Church in Maryland Christian organizations established in 1947 Roman Catholic dioceses and prelatures established in the 20th century, Washington 1947 establishments in Washington, D.C.