Obama, who is of biracial background, is regarded and self-identifies as African-American.[1][2] His father was a black Kenyan from the Luo ethnic group and his mother was white of European descent, mainly of English lineage. Obama, who grew to adulthood after the Civil Rights Movement, had early life experiences that differed from most African American politicians who launched their careers in the 1960s through participation in that movement. He was brought up in Honolulu, Hawaii, lived in Jakarta, Indonesia as a young child, and received a private prep school and Ivy League education.[3]

  • ^ In 2002 redistricting, Illinois' 19 U.S. Congressional Districts had a Census 2000 population of 653,647.
    In 2002 redistricting, Illinois' 59 Legislative (state Senate) Districts had a Census 2000 population of 210,496.
  • ^ Bing, Jonathan; McClintock, Pamela (July 28, 2004). "Auds resist charms of Dem stars; Convention sees tepid ratings". Daily Variety. Retrieved May 5, 2011.
  • ^ "Peggy Noonan on Political Impact of Illegal Immigration". Your World w/Neil Cavuto. Foxnews.com. June 8, 2008. Retrieved March 26, 2010.
  • ^ Noonan, Peggy (December 15, 2006). "The Man From Nowhere: What does Barack Obama believe in?". WSJ Opinion Archives. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved March 26, 2010. See also: Obama (2006), pp. 122–124. For Noonan's comments on Obama winning the January 2008 Iowa Caucus, see: Noonan, Peggy (January 4, 2008). "Out With the Old, In With the New: Obama and Huckabee rise; Mrs. Clinton falls". WSJ Opinion Archives. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved March 26, 2010.
  • ^ Dorning, Mike (October 4, 2007). "Obama reaches across decades to JFK; Kennedy speechwriter touts Illinois senator as 'only serious candidate for president'" (paid archive). Chicago Tribune. p. 6. Retrieved March 26, 2010. See also: Harnden, Toby (October 15, 2007). "Barack Obama is JFK Heir, Says Kennedy Aide". London: Telegraph.co.UK. Retrieved March 26, 2010.
  • ^ Christopher J. Wills, Associated Press writer (August 23, 2008). "Analysis: Is Obama ready for world's toughest job?". Politics. FoxNews.com. Retrieved March 26, 2010.
  • ^ Page, Susan (February 24, 2008). "Will any presidential candidate be ready on 'Day One'?". USA Today. Retrieved March 26, 2010.
  • ^ Javers, Eamon; Martin, Jonathan (August 23, 2008). "Statesman known for slips of his tongue". Politico.com. Retrieved March 26, 2010.
  • ^ Carlson, Margaret (October 9, 2008). "Obama's Temperament Proves the Right Stuff". Opinion. Bloomberg.com. Retrieved March 26, 2010.
  • ^ [1][dead link]
  • ^ "Barack Obama for President (Endorsement by the Editorial Board)". The Washington Post. October 17, 2008. Retrieved March 26, 2010.
  • ^ Barone, Michael (November 7, 2008). "Triumph of Temperament, Not Policy". Creators Syndicate. Retrieved March 26, 2010.
  • ^ White, Deborah (October 21, 2008). "Five Reasons Why Obama Won the '08 Election – Steady Leadership, Calm Temperament". About.com. Retrieved March 26, 2010.
  • ^ McManus, Doyle (November 5, 2008). "Now it's idealism versus realism". Election 2008: The Presidential Vote / News Analysis. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 26, 2010.
  • ^ John McCormick (March 13, 2008). "Obama enlists ex-commanders: 'No shock Barack' fires back at rivals". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved March 26, 2010.
  • ^ Andrew Sullivan (June 5, 2008). "No Drama Obama". The Daily Dish. The Atlantic. Retrieved March 26, 2010.
  • ^ Arianna Huffington (December 25, 2008). "Hillary + Obama = High Drama". The Huffington Post. November 24, 2008. Retrieved March 26, 2010.
  • ^ "President Obama Is Not Spock". The Atlantic Monthly Group. June 8, 2010. Retrieved November 12, 2010.
  • ^ Larotonda, Matthew (June 18, 2012). "Golfer in Chief? Obama Hits 100th Time on the Links". ABC News. Retrieved August 6, 2012.
  • ^ "Yep, Obama is a Golfer, Too: Ranking the golfing Presidents". Golf Digest. Condé Nast (January). 2009. Retrieved August 6, 2012.
  • ^ "Barack Obama Golf Trips ALREADY Outnumber Bush's". Huffington Post. May 25, 2011For all the talk of the past, the keynote speaker tonight was only 30 years old: Representative Harold Ford Jr., from Mr. Gore's home state of Tennessee. Democratic officials said Mr. Ford was a perfect cap for the evening not only because of his youth, and because he is an African American who represents diversity, but also because he is a moderate.
    Yet Mr. Ford did not get the usual exposure of the top-billed speaker. He did not take the stage until nearly 11 p.m. E.D.T., when the major networks ended their coverage.

  • ^ . (July 25, 2004). "Transcript for July 25. Guests: State Sen. Barack Obama, (D-Ill.); former Gov. Thomas Kean, (R-N.J.) Chair, 9-11 Commission; former Rep. Lee Hamilton, (D-Ind.) Vice Chair, 9-11 Commission; Tom Brokaw, NBC News". Meet the Press. NBC News. Retrieved May 5, 2011.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  • ^ Lizza, Ryan (September 2004). "The Natural. Why is Barack Obama generating more excitement among Democrats than John Kerry?". The Atlantic Monthly. pp. 30, 33. Retrieved May 5, 2011. available online July 26, 2004.