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The Province of Hanover (german: Provinz Hannover) was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia and the Free State of Prussia from 1868 to 1946. During the Austro-Prussian War, the Kingdom of Hanover had attempted to maintain a neutral position, along with some other member states of the German Confederation. After Hanover voted in favour of mobilising confederation troops against Prussia on 14 June 1866, Prussia saw this as a just cause for declaring war; the Kingdom of Hanover was soon dissolved and annexed by Prussia. The private wealth of the dethroned House of Hanover was then used by Otto von Bismarck to finance his continuing efforts against Ludwig II of Bavaria. In 1946, the British military administration recreated the State of Hanover based on the former Kingdom of Hanover; but within the year, at the instigation of the German leadership, it was merged into the new state () of Lower Saxony—along with the states of Oldenburg, Brunswick, and Schaumburg-Lippe—with the city of Hanover as the capital of this new state.

Hanoverian regions

300px|Hannover, Schleswig-Holstein and small Northern German States (1890) Hanover was subdivided into six regions first called ''Landdrostein' (High-Bailiwick, which were reorganised into Prussian standard Regierungsbezirke (governorates) on 1 April 1885. #Aurich #Osnabrück #Stade #Lüneburg (''Lunenburg'') #Hildesheim #Hanover


Administrative divisions from 1885


On 1 April 1885 the six ''Landdrosteien'' were turned into regional administrative districts called ''Regierungsbezirke'': The ''Regierungsbezirke'' were subdivided into new urban and rural counties (''Stadtkreise'' and ''Landkreise''), the old ''Amt'' structure being disbanded. Where the name of the county town differs from that of the county, it is shown in brackets:


Regierungsbezirk Aurich




Stadtkreise

*Emden *Wilhelmshaven (1919–1937, then ceded to Oldenburg)

Landkreise

*Aurich *Emden (to 1932, then divided between the town of Emden, Landkreis Norden and Landkreis Leer) *Leer *Norden *Weener (to 1932, then to Landkreis Leer) *Wittmund


Regierungsbezirk Hannover




Stadtkreise

*Hamelin (from 1923) *Hanover *Linden (1886–1920, then to the city of Hanover)

Landkreise

*Grafschaft Diepholz (county offices in Diepholz, to 1932 Kreis Diepholz) *Grafschaft Hoya (county offices in Syke, before 1932 Kreis Hoya) *Grafschaft Schaumburg (county offices in Rinteln, before 1932 Province of Hesse-Nassau) *Hameln-Pyrmont (county offices in Hamelin, before 1922 Kreis Hameln) *Hanover *Linden (to 1932, then to Landkreis Hannover) *Neustadt am Rübenberge *Nienburg/Weser *Springe *Stolzenau (to 1932, then to Landkreis Nienburg/Weser) *Sulingen (to 1932, then to Landkreis Grafschaft Diepholz) *Syke (to 1932, then to Landkreis Grafschaft Hoya)


Regierungsbezirk Hildesheim




Stadtkreise

*Göttingen *Goslar (to 1941, then to Brunswick) *Hildesheim

Landkreise

*Alfeld *Duderstadt *Einbeck *Göttingen *Goslar (to 1941, then to Brunswick) *Gronau *Hildesheim *Holzminden (from 1941, previously Brunswick) *Ilfeld (to 1932, then to Province of Saxony) *Marienburg i. Hann. (county offices in Hildesheim) *Münden *Northeim *Osterode am Harz *Peine *Uslar (to 1932, then to Landkreis Northeim) *Zellerfeld (county offices in Clausthal-Zellerfeld)


Regierungsbezirk Lüneburg




Stadtkreise

*Celle *Harburg (1927 to Harburg-Wilhelmsburg) *Harburg-Wilhelmsburg (1927–1937, then to Hamburg) *Lüneburg *Wilhelmsburg (1925–1927, then to Harburg-Wilhelmsburg)

Landkreise

*Bleckede (to 1932, then to Landkreis Lüneburg) *Burgdorf *Celle *Fallingbostel *Gifhorn *Harburg (county offices in Hamburg-Harburg) *Isenhagen (to 1932, then to Landkreis Gifhorn) *Lüchow-Dannenberg (county offices in Lüchow, formed in 1932 from the counties of Lüchow and Danneberg) *Lüneburg *Soltau *Uelzen (county offices to 1974 in Oldenstadt) *Winsen


Regierungsbezirk Osnabrück




Stadtkreise

*Osnabrück

Landkreise

*Aschendorf-Hümmling (county offices in Aschendorf/Ems, formed in 1932 from the counties of Aschendorf and Hümmling) *Landkreis Bersenbrück *Grafschaft Bentheim (county offices in Bentheim) *Iburg (to 1932, then to Landkreis Osnabrück) *Lingen *Melle *Meppen *Osnabrück *Wittlage


Regierungsbezirk Stade




Stadtkreise

*Cuxhaven (from 1937, previously part of Hamburg) *Geestemünde (1912–1924, then to Stadtkreis Wesermünde) *Lehe (1920–1924, then to Stadtkreis Wesermünde) *Wesermünde (formed in 1924 from the counties of Geestemünde and Lehe)

Landkreise

*Achim (to 1932, then to Landkreis Verden) *Blumenthal (to 1932, then to Landkreis Osterholz) *Bremervörde *Hadeln (county offices in Otterndorf, 1932 to Landkreis Land Hadeln) *Jork (to 1932, then to counties of Stade and Harburg) *Kehdingen (to 1932, then to Landkreis Stade) *Land Hadeln (county offices in Otterndorf, formed in 1932 from the counties of Hadeln and Neuhaus an der Oste) *Neuhaus an der Oste (to 1932, then to Landkreis Land Hadeln) *Osterholz (county offices in Osterholz-Scharmbeck) *Rotenburg i. Hann. *Stade *Verden *Wesermünde (formed in 1932 from the counties of Geestemünde and Lehe) *Zeven (to 1932, then to Landkreis Bremervörde)

Presidents of the Province of Hanover

The heads of the provinces, appointed by the central Prussian government, were called Oberpräsident (Upper President). The provincial executive, the Landesdirektor (provincial director), was elected by the provincial parliament (Provinziallandtag). *Otto Graf zu Stolberg-Wernigerode 1867–1873 *Botho Wendt August Graf zu Eulenburg 1873–1878 *Adolf Hilmar von Leipziger 1878–1888 *Rudolf von Bennigsen 1888–1897 *Konstantin Graf zu Stolberg-Wernigerode 1898–1902 *Richard von Wentzel 1902–1914 *Ludwig Hubert von Windheim 1914–1917 *Ernst von Richter (DVP) 1917–1920 *Gustav Noske (SPD) 1920–1933 *Viktor Lutze (NSDAP) 1933–1941 *Hartmann Lauterbacher (NSDAP) 1941–1945 *Hinrich Wilhelm Kopf (SPD) 1946


See also


* Kingdom of Hanover, for rulers of Hanover before the Prussian annexation {{DEFAULTSORT:Hanover, Province Of Category:Provinces of Prussia Category:1868 establishments in Prussia Province of Hanover Category:1946 disestablishments in Germany