Port Shepstone is a town situated on the mouth of the Mzimkhulu River
, the largest river on the KwaZulu-Natal South Coast
of South Africa
. It is located halfway between Hibberdene
and is positioned 120 km south of Durban
. It is the administrative, educational and commercial centre for southern Natal
The town was founded in 1867 when marble
was discovered near the Mzimkhulu River mouth, and is named after Sir Theophilus Shepstone
of the Natal government of the 1880s.
William Bazley built a harbour, and the first coaster entered the harbour on May 8, 1880. In 1882 a party of 246 Norwegian
immigrants settled in the town and subsequently started to play a major role in the development of the area. Post the opening of the railway to Durban in 1901, the harbour fell into disuse and eventually the river silted up again, making it impossible to use. The 27,000-candela lighthouse still stands at the mouth of the Mzimkulu River.
immigration to Port Shepstone began in the late 19th century, when 246 Norwegians (along with 175 Briton
and 112 German
settlers) came ashore with a steamship which arrived in 1882. The soon-to-be settlers founded a nearby interior village within the same year, known as Marburg
. The Norwegian settlers played a large role in the development of not only Marburg, but also Port Shepstone and nearby areas. Norwegian immigration to the region was a result of the Natal Immigration Board
’s efforts to claim land for Europeans in South Africa. When the Norwegians first arrived, they were the largest European group in Alfred County
. Remains of the Norwegian presence can still be seen today in certain places of the town, such as, ''Fredheim'' and Oslo Beach
, with its main street ''King Haakon Drive''.
The Norwegians erected a Norwegian Lutheran
church, school, cultural hall, choir, and rowing club. A newspaper in Norwegian language
was also distributed in Port Shepstone. Drinks such as akvavit
and cuisine, including cheese from soured milk, were easily accessible. When the Norwegians arrived, few European settlers lived in the area and the town of Port Shepstone consisted of one hotel, two cabins, one shop, and little else.
After Norwegian settlement
Port Shepstone was declared “a full fiscal port’ in 1893, and after Durban
officially became the region’s second harbour. Eventually, though, the ongoing wreckages and arrival of the railway, was to see the gradual closure of the harbour and the start of the real Port Shepstone boom.
When the railroad arrived in Port Shepstone in 1901, the travel time to Durban
was reduced to five hours, and the city became far less isolated. The railway connection opened for increased immigration for other settlers, and the Norwegians were soon outnumbered by German and British settlers. Between 1911-12, the number of students at the Norwegian school became too low for the school to keep open, and it consequentially closed.
Port Shepstone is governed by the Ray Nkonyeni Local Municipality
, which is part of the larger Ugu District Municipality
. It is not only a regional economic hub for the South Coast
but also the seat for both Ray Nkonyeni and Ugu municipalities.
The town lies on the Indian Ocean
coastline, which lies to the east and is surrounded by its extension of Umtentweni
to the north, Boboyi
to the west and Shelly Beach
to the south.
Port Shepstone's greater area extends from Oslo Beach
in the south, to Melville
in the north and Merlewood in the west. Nearby towns include Margate
, Shelly Beach
* Broadview Estate
* Lion's Grove
* Sea Park
* Sunwich Port
Port Shepstone has two police stations (in the CBD and Southport) and two hospitals, Port Shepstone Regional Hospital and Hibiscus Private Hospital, and two shopping centers, Sheppy Centre and Oribi Plaza. Nearby and larger shopping centers are South Coast Mall and Shelly Centre, both located in Shelly Beach
The Port Shepstone Country Club is located on the northern banks of the Mzimkhulu River
opposite the CBD in Umtentweni
. Other golf courses in the broader area are in Margate
The first school was opened in 1883
, but by 1950
, the school became too small. The Port Shepstone School split into two, the Port Shepstone Primary School and the Port Shepstone High School
. There is also the Port Shepstone Secondary School
. There are other schools in the surrounding areas such as Mlonde High School, Marburg Secondary School, Marburg Primary School, R.A Engar Primary School, Jai Hind Primary School
, Margate Middle School, Margate Primary, Ingwemabala Comprehensive High School, Makhanda Secondary School and Insingizi Combined Primary School
As the KZN South Coast's main economic hub, Port Shepstone includes the head offices for the Ugu District Municipality
and Ray Nkonyeni Local Municipality
. There is also a Magistrates court
and the Department of Home Affairs
, South African Social Security Agency
(SASSA), Small Enterprise Development Agency
(SEDA) and the South African Revenue Service
(SARS) have regional offices in Port Shepstone.
The manufacturing hub in the KwaZulu-Natal South Coast
is mainly centered around Port Shepstone, especially around Marburg
, which is a suburb that lies west of Port Shepstone and is the KZN South Coast's main industrial hub.
The town's industries also include a sugar
mill, a lime
works and a marble
quarry. Additionally, timber
bark and sub-tropical fruit
are produced in the district.
Port Shepstone is not only an economic hub in the South Coast but is also a tourist hub.
Attractions include the Mzimkhulu River
Marina, which has leisure boat trips on the river in which people can admire the rich wildlife and bird life along the banks of the river.
Other attractions include the Port Shepstone Museum; the museum includes the town's history with a series of exhibits carrying a maritime theme; the Port Shepstone Lighthouse, which has a 27 000 candela lighthouse that still stands at the mouth of the Mzimkhulu River. The present day cast iron lighthouse was erected during 1906 and can still be explored today.
Attractions in the broader area (KZN South Coast) include the Oribi Gorge
21 km west of Port Shepstone, Aliwal Shoal
, Umtanvuma Nature Reserve
, Pure Venom Reptile Farm and the Riverbend Crocodile Farm among others.
Beaches in the greater Port Shepstone area include Anerley
, Banana Beach, Melville, Oslo Beach
, Port Shepstone (main beach), Sea Park, Southport, Sunwich Port and Umtentweni
Local newspapers in Port Shepstone include the South Coast Herald and South Coast Fever which serve the entirety of the KwaZulu-Natal South Coast.
The Ugu Youth Radio
is a youth radio which is based in Port Shepstone and caters to the needs of the Zulu-speaking community
. Other radios which serve Port Shepstone and surroundings include East Coast Radio
, Gagasi FM
, Vuma FM
and Ukhozi FM
, all of which are based either to the North of KwaZulu-Natal or central Durban
The nearest airport is Margate Airport
, which is located in the namesake town and is about 20 km south-west of Port Shepstone. The airport is small-scale, and only offers one scheduled domestic route to Johannesburg
. King Shaka International Airport
, near Durban
, is about 158 km north-east of Port Shepstone and has many domestic and international air routes.
Bus companies that operate long-distance routes to and from Port Shepstone include Intercape, Intercity, Greyhound and Citiliner. These buses normally terminate around the Central Business District (CBD) near Port Shepstone High School, Shell
petrol station or opposite Oribi Plaza Shopping Centre.
Port Shepstone railway station
opened in 1917, serving as both the southern terminus of the Cape gauge
line from & to Durban, as well as the southern coastal terminus of the narrow gauge Alfred County Railway
After the standard gauge Transnet
passenger services shut down in 1986, the ACR continued operations until 2005, when the famous ''Banana Express
'' ceased operation.
The N2 highway
has two off ramps in Port Shepstone, exit 45 and exit 51.
Exit 45 is where the N2
meets the R61
highway to Margate
and Port Edward
and is where the N2 goes inland, away from the coast towards Kokstad
. The off-ramp is also where the Oribi Toll Plaza is situated and as from there the R61 completes the last leg of the South Coast Toll Route. Exit 51 is located north of Port Shepstone in Umtentweni and the road at the off-ramp connects to Umtentweni
and St Faith's
An alternative route to the South Coast Toll Route is to either take the R102
if heading north towards Durban or south towards Port Shepstone and the R620
heading south towards Margate and Southbroom and north towards Port Shepstone.
Places of Worship
* Albersville Masjid
* Juma Masjid
* AGS Kingsway Port Shepstone
* Alfred County Presbyterian Church
* Oslo Beach Kingdom Hall
* Vision Christian Fellowship
Category:Populated places in the Hibiscus Coast Local Municipality
Category:Populated coastal places in South Africa
Category:KwaZulu-Natal South Coast