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Pennsauken Township is a
township ''Township'' refers to various kinds of settlements or administrative subdivisions in different countries. While a ''township'' may be associated with an urban area, this tends to be an exception to the rule. In Australia Australia, offi ...
in Camden County, in the US state of
New Jersey New Jersey is a U.S. state, state in the Mid-Atlantic States, Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern United States, Northeastern regions of the United States. It is bordered on the north and east by the state of New York (state), New York; on the ...
, and a suburb of
Philadelphia Philadelphia, colloquially Philly, is a city in the state of Pennsylvania in the United States. It is the sixth-most populous city in the United States and the most populous city in the state of Pennsylvania, with a 2019 estimated population ...
. As of the
2010 United States Census The United States Census of 2010 was the twenty-third United States United States Census, national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010. The census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, wit ...
, the township's population was 35,885, reflecting an increase of 148 (+0.4%) from the 35,737 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 999 (+2.9%) from the 34,738 counted in the 1990 Census.


History

Pennsauken Township was incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 18, 1892, from portions of the now-defunct Stockton Township.Snyder, John P
''The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968''
Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 108. Accessed July 24, 2012.
The exact origin of the name ''Pennsauken'' is unclear, but it probably derives from the language of the
Lenni Lenape The Lenape ( or ), also called the Leni Lenape, Lenni Lenape and Delaware people, are an indigenous people of the Northeastern Woodlands, who live in the United States and Canada. Their historical territory included present-day New Jersey ...
people (a Native American group which once occupied the area) from "", the Lenape language term for "tobacco pouch". Alternatively, the "Penn" in the township's name refers to , while "sauk" is a water inlet or outlet. Pennsauken was home to America's first drive-in movie theater, created in 1933 with the opening of the Camden Drive-In in Pennsauken. It featured the comedy ''Wives Beware'', released in the theaters as ''Two White Arms''. For 50 years, the township was the home to the Pennsauken Mart, a large multi-vendor indoor market, which was closed in January 2006 to make way for a sports arena/conference complex, however that did not materialize. In its place in 2018 a new high-end luxury apartment complex will be built-Haddon Point. Most of the vendors moved to the ''Grand Market Place'' in Willingboro Township.


Geography

According to the
United States Census Bureau The United States Census Bureau (USCB), officially the Bureau of the Census, is a principal agency of the Federal Statistical System of the United States, U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the Americans, Amer ...
, the township had a total area of 12.13 square miles (31.41 km2), including 10.48 square miles (27.14 km2) of land and 1.65 square miles (4.27 km2) of water (13.59%). Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Amon Heights, Bethel, Biedemon, Delair, Delair Station, Delaware Gardens, Dudley, East Pennsauken, Fish House, Hillcrest, Homesteadville, Jordantown, Merchantville Park, Morris, Morrisville, North Pennsville and Wellwood. The township includes Petty's Island, a island in the
Delaware River The Delaware River is a major river on the Atlantic Ocean, Atlantic coast of the United States. It drains an area of in four U.S. states: Delaware, New Jersey, New York (state), New York and Pennsylvania. Rising in two branches in New York sta ...
although most of the island actually sits across a narrow strait from neighboring Camden, New Jersey, Camden. Once an oil storage and distribution facility, the island is now the site of a container cargo shipping operation and nesting bald eagles. Petty's Island is currently in the process of being turned over to the State of New Jersey by Citgo to be transformed to a new state park and nature center . Pennsauken borders
Philadelphia Philadelphia, colloquially Philly, is a city in the state of Pennsylvania in the United States. It is the sixth-most populous city in the United States and the most populous city in the state of Pennsylvania, with a 2019 estimated population ...
, Pennsylvania. The two municipalities are connected across the
Delaware River The Delaware River is a major river on the Atlantic Ocean, Atlantic coast of the United States. It drains an area of in four U.S. states: Delaware, New Jersey, New York (state), New York and Pennsylvania. Rising in two branches in New York sta ...
by the Betsy Ross Bridge which is owned and operated by the Delaware River Port Authority. In New Jersey, Pennsauken borders Camden, New Jersey, Camden, Cherry Hill, New Jersey, Cherry Hill, Collingswood, New Jersey, Collingswood and Merchantville, New Jersey, Merchantville in Camden County, and Cinnaminson Township, New Jersey, Cinnaminson Township, Maple Shade Township, New Jersey, Maple Shade Township and Palmyra, New Jersey, Palmyra in Burlington County, New Jersey, Burlington County.


Demographics


Census 2010

The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation adjustment, inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $57,241 (with a margin of error of +/- $3,957) and the median family income was $65,910 (+/- $3,272). Males had a median income of $47,651 (+/- $3,101) versus $39,229 (+/- $2,035) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $26,048 (+/- $1,438). About 6.4% of families and 8.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.4% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.


Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 35,737 people, 12,389 households, and 9,093 families residing in the township. The population density was 3,392.4 people per square mile (1,310.4/km2). There were 12,945 housing units at an average density of 1,228.8 per square mile (474.7/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 60.10% White (U.S. Census), White, 24.18% African American (U.S. Census), African American, 0.35% Native American (U.S. Census), Native American, 4.58% Asian (U.S. Census), Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander (U.S. Census), Pacific Islander, 8.27% from Race (United States Census), other races, and 2.51% from two or more races. Hispanic (U.S. Census), Hispanic or Latino (U.S. Census), Latino of any race were 14.34% of the population.Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Pennsauken township, Camden County, New Jersey
,
United States Census Bureau The United States Census Bureau (USCB), officially the Bureau of the Census, is a principal agency of the Federal Statistical System of the United States, U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the Americans, Amer ...
. Accessed July 24, 2012.
DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Pennsauken township, Camden County, New Jersey
,
United States Census Bureau The United States Census Bureau (USCB), officially the Bureau of the Census, is a principal agency of the Federal Statistical System of the United States, U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the Americans, Amer ...
. Accessed July 24, 2012.
There were 12,389 households, out of which 36.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.6% were married couples living together, 16.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.6% were non-families. 23.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.34. In the township the age distribution of the population shows 27.5% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.8 males. The median income for a household in the township was $47,538, and the median income for a family was $52,760. Males had a median income of $37,652 versus $30,100 for females. The per capita income for the township was $19,004. About 6.1% of families and 8.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.1% of those under age 18 and 8.0% of those age 65 or over.


Economy

Pennsauken is home to a large industrial park that includes a Pepsi bottling plant and J & J Snack Foods.


Government


Local government

Pennsauken Township is governed under the Township (New Jersey), Township form of New Jersey municipal government, one of 141 municipalities (of the 565) statewide that use this form, the second-most commonly used form of government in the state. The Township Committee is comprised of five members, who are elected directly by the voters at-large in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle.''2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book'', Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 38. At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another as Deputy Mayor, each serving a one-year term. , members of the Pennsauken Township Committee are Mayor Tim Killion (Democratic Party (United States), D, term of office on committee and as mayor ends December 31, 2020; elected to serve an unexpired term), Deputy Mayor Marco DiBattista (D, term on committee ends 2021; term as deputy mayor ends 2020), Almar "Al" Dyer (D, 2022), Elizabeth W. "Betsy" McBride (D, 2020) and Jessica Rafeh (D, 2021).Township Committee
Pennsauken Township. Accessed February 12, 2020.
Official Election Results 2019 General Election November 5, 2019
Camden County, New Jersey, updated November 15, 2019. Accessed January 1, 2020.
Official Election Results 2018 General Election November 6, 2018
Camden County, New Jersey, amended December 4, 2018. Accessed January 1, 2019.
Official Election Results 2017 General Election November 7, 2017
Camden County, New Jersey, November 16, 2017. Accessed January 1, 2018.
In July 2019, the Township Committee appointed Tim Killion to fill the seat expiring in December 2020 that had been held by former Mayor Jack Killion until he resigned from office the previous month; Betsy McBride was selected to replace Jack Killion as mayor. In November 2020, Killion was elected to serve the balance of the term of office.


Federal, state and county representation

Pennsauken Township is located in the 1st Congressional DistrictPlan Components Report
New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed February 1, 2020.
and is part of New Jersey's 6th state legislative district.Municipalities Sorted by 2011-2020 Legislative District
New Jersey Department of State. Accessed February 1, 2020.
''2019 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government''
New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed October 30, 2019.
Prior to the New Jersey Legislative Districts, 2011 apportionment, 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 United States Census, 2010 Census, Pennsauken Township had been in the 7th Legislative District (New Jersey), 7th state legislative district.''2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government''
, p. 62, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed May 22, 2015.


Politics

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 22,704 registered voters in Pennsauken Township, of which 9,989 (44.0%) were registered as Democratic Party (United States), Democrats, 2,263 (10.0%) were registered as Republican Party (United States), Republicans and 10,443 (46.0%) were registered as Unaffiliated (New Jersey), Unaffiliated. There were 9 voters registered to other parties. In the United States presidential election in New Jersey, 2012, 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 78.4% of the vote (12,200 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 20.8% (3,233 votes), and other candidates with 0.9% (135 votes), among the 15,722 ballots cast by the township's 24,313 registered voters (154 ballots were Spoilt vote, spoiled), for a turnout of 64.7%. In the United States presidential election in New Jersey, 2008, 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 74.0% of the vote (12,195 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain, who received around 23.2% (3,824 votes), with 16,485 ballots cast among the township's 21,669 registered voters, for a turnout of 76.1%. In the United States presidential election in New Jersey, 2004, 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 63.7% of the vote (9,384 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush, who received around 32.1% (4,720 votes), with 14,726 ballots cast among the township's 20,846 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 70.6. In the New Jersey gubernatorial election, 2013, 2013 gubernatorial election, Democrat Barbara Buono received 51.4% of the vote (414 cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 44.3% (357 votes), and other candidates with 4.2% (34 votes), among the 915 ballots cast by the borough's 2,793 registered voters (110 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 32.8%. In the New Jersey gubernatorial election, 2009, 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 64.% of the vote (5,594 ballots cast), ahead of both Republican Chris Christie with 28.8% (2,517 votes) and Independent Chris Daggett with 4.2% (364 votes), with 8,745 ballots cast among the township's 22,497 registered voters, yielding a 38.9% turnout.


Education

The Pennsauken Public Schools serve public school students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2018–19 school year, the district, comprised of nine schools, had an enrollment of 4,785 students and 395.5 classroom teachers (on an full-time equivalent, FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.1:1.District information for Pennsauken Township Board Of Education School District
National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed April 1, 2020.
Schools in the district (with 2018–19 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Baldwin Early Childhood Learning Center (103 students in grade PreK), Carson Elementary School (300; PreK-4), Delair Elementary School (386; PreK-4), George B. Fine Elementary School (249; PreK-4), Benjamin Franklin Elementary School (361; K-4), Pennsauken Intermediate School (702; 5–6), Howard M. Phifer Middle School (1,151; 7–8), Alfred E. Burling High School (now 6-12; was 108 in PreK-3) and Pennsauken High School (1,317; 9-12). Beginning in 1972, Merchantville, New Jersey, Merchantville sent its students to attend the Pennsauken district's high school as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Merchantville School District; the Merchantville district has sought to end the relationship with the Pennsauken school and send its students to Haddon Heights High School. From 2015 to 2019 Merchantville was phased out of the Pennsauken High School. Also available in the township is the Pennsauken Technical High School, which offers day and evening technical and vocational education to students from across the county. Bishop Eustace Preparatory School is a coeducational, private Secondary education in the United States, high school for students in grades 9-12, founded in 1954 by the priests and brothers of the Society of the Catholic Apostolate (the Pallottines). St. Cecilia School is a K-8 elementary school that operates under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Camden. Additionally there are students from Pennsauken who attend Resurrection Regional Catholic Schools in Cherry Hill, New Jersey, Cherry Hill.


Transportation

File:Pennsauken Transit Center - commuter platform.jpg, thumbnail, Pennsauken Transit Center


Roads and highways

, the township had a total of of roadways, of which were maintained by the municipality, by Camden County, by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and by the Delaware River Port Authority. Major roads through the township include U.S. Route 130, Route 130, the largest highway through the township, which intersects with New Jersey Route 73, Route 73 in the northern part of the township, near the Cinnaminson Township, New Jersey, Cinnaminson Township border. New Jersey Route 90, Route 90 is a short highway leading to the Betsy Ross Bridge, which connects the township with Philadelphia. Owned and operated by the Delaware River Port Authority, the bridge stretches between abutments and opened to traffic on April 30, 1976. New Jersey Route 38 and New Jersey Route 70, Route 70 merge westbound in the eastern part of the township near the Cherry Hill, New Jersey, Cherry Hill border and U.S. Route 30 in New Jersey, U.S. Route 30 at the border with Camden, New Jersey, Camden. US 130 and 30 and NJ 38 and 70 converge at the Airport Circle in the southern section of Pennsauken Township. County Route 537 (New Jersey), CR 537 passes through in the south while County Route 543 (New Jersey), CR 543 travels through in the north.


Public transportation

The township hosts three NJ Transit rail stops. The Pennsauken–Route 73 (River Line station), Pennsauken-Route 73 and 36th Street (River Line station), 36th Street stations on the River Line (NJ Transit), River Line offer service between Trenton, New Jersey, Trenton and Camden, New Jersey, Camden. The Pennsauken Transit Center on River Road features a transfer between the River Line and the Atlantic City Line, which provides rail service between Atlantic City, New Jersey, Atlantic City and
Philadelphia Philadelphia, colloquially Philly, is a city in the state of Pennsylvania in the United States. It is the sixth-most populous city in the United States and the most populous city in the state of Pennsylvania, with a 2019 estimated population ...
. The station was constructed at a cost of $40 million and opened for commuters in October 2013. Daily NJ Transit bus service between the township and Philadelphia is available on routes 317 (New Jersey bus), 317, 404 (New Jersey bus), 404, 406 (New Jersey bus), 406, and 409 (New Jersey bus), 409. Additional service to Philadelphia is available through routes 414 (New Jersey bus), 414 and 414 (New Jersey bus), 417, which run on weekdays during morning and evening rush hours. The township is also serviced by intrastate or local routes 405 (New Jersey bus), 405, 407 (New Jersey bus), 407, 413 (New Jersey bus), 413, and 419 (New Jersey bus), 419, as well as express route 409 (New Jersey bus), 418.


Notable people

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Pennsauken Township include: * Harold Amos (1918–2003), microbiologist and professor, who was the first black department chairman at Harvard Medical School. * Dotty Attie (born 1938), feminist painter and printmaker whose works are in the collections of The Museum of Modern Art, The Whitney Museum, and the Brooklyn Museum. * Albert E. Burling (1891-1960), Justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court from 1947 to 1960. * Jack Conners (born 1943), member of the New Jersey General Assembly from 1998 to 2011. * Mary Keating Croce (1928–2016), politician who served in the New Jersey General Assembly for three two-year terms, from 1974 to 1980, before serving as the Chairwoman of the New Jersey State Parole Board in the 1990s. * Ron Curry (basketball), Ron Curry (born 1993), professional basketball player for KK Krka, Krka of the Premier A Slovenian Basketball League. * Eric Dezenhall (born 1962), crisis management consultant and author. * George Dempsey (basketball), George Dempsey (born 1929), former professional basketball player who played five seasons (1954–1959) in the National Basketball Association as a member of the Philadelphia Warriors and Syracuse Nationals. * Vice Admiral (United States), Vice Admiral Nanette M. DeRenzi, 42nd Judge Advocate General of the Navy, Judge Advocate General (JAG) of the United States Navy. * Al Fisher (born 1986), basketball player for Kent State University who was named 2008 Mid-American Conference Men's Basketball Player of the Year, MAC PLayer of the Year. * Carmen M. Garcia, former Chief judge of Municipal Court in Trenton, New Jersey. * Bill Gosper (born 1943), mathematician and pioneering computer programmer. * David Griggs (American football), David Griggs (1967–1995), former NFL linebacker. * Dwight Hicks (born 1956), former player for the San Francisco 49ers. * Todd McNair (born 1965), former NFL running back who played for the Kansas City Chiefs and Houston Oilers. * Bill Melchionni (born 1944), former National Basketball Association and American Basketball Association player. * Donald Norcross (born 1958), politician who has represented New Jersey's 1st congressional district since 2014, prior to which he served in the New Jersey General Assembly. * Delia Parr, author of historical fiction. * Steven M. Petrillo (born 1958), politician who served in the New Jersey General Assembly from 1994 to 1996. * Gary Schaer (born 1951), Council President of Passaic, New Jersey, Passaic who represents the 36th Legislative District (New Jersey), 36th Legislative District in the New Jersey General Assembly. * Frank Seward (1921–2004), pitcher who played for the New York Giants (NL), New York Giants in 1943 and 1944. * Stephen M. Sweeney (born 1959), politician who has served in the New Jersey Senate since 2002, where he represents the 3rd Legislative District (New Jersey), 3rd Legislative District and serves as Senate President. * John Taylor (American football), John Taylor (born 1962), wide receiver with the San Francisco 49ers.Bloom, Earl
"The 49ers' Taylor and Chargers' Griggs grew up in Pennsauken, N.J."
''The Orange County Register'', January 29, 1995. Accessed June 10, 2007. "The residents of Remington Street in Pennsauken, N.J., will have a particularly high interest in Super Bowl 29 today. San Diego Chargers outside linebacker David Griggs and San Francisco 49ers wide receiver John Taylor grew up on the same block in the town of 35,000 near Philadelphia."
* Keith Taylor (American football), Keith Taylor (born 1964), former NFL Safety (American and Canadian football position), safety who played for the Indianapolis Colts, New Orleans Saints and Washington Redskins. * Jersey Joe Walcott (1914–1994), world heavyweight boxing champion from 1949 to 1952. * William Wesley (born 1964), NBA basketball player associate.Thamel, Pete
"The Most Powerful Man In Basketball Nobody Knows"
''The New York Times'', April 5, 2008. Accessed June 7, 2020. "Growing up in a middle class family in Camden County, N.J., Wesley was so outgoing that he was voted Class Loudmouth at Pennsauken High in 1982."


References


External links


Pennsauken Township website

Pennsauken Public Schools
*
School Data for the Pennsauken Public Schools
National Center for Education Statistics
Griffith Morgan House
{{authority control Pennsauken Township, New Jersey, 1892 establishments in New Jersey Populated places established in 1892 Township form of New Jersey government Townships in Camden County, New Jersey New Jersey populated places on the Delaware River