Olaus (Olov) Svebilius (1 January 1624 – 29 June 1700) was a Swedish priest and professor.
He was Bishop of the Diocese of Linköping
and Archbishop of Uppsala
His most notable work was ''Martin Luthers Lilla katekes med Katekesförklaring'', a Swedish language translation and explanation of Luther's Small Catechism
He was born in Ljungby parish in Kalmar
, Sweden. He was the son of Jöran Ericsson Swebilius (1589–1669) and Ingeborg Larsdotter (1596–1672). His father served as crown commander
(''Kronobefallningsman'') at Södra Möre, now part of Kalmar municipality
. The surname Svebilius was derived from his grandfather's farm Sveby in Sillerud
parish (''Sveby gård i Sillerud'') in Värmland
He studied at University of Uppsala
in 1638, two years later he enrolled in Königsberg University
, and thereafter moved back to Uppsala earning his Master of Philosophy
in 1649. He subsequently conducted study trips to Strasbourg and Paris where he studied law.
Appointed associate professor in Kalmar in 1652, he became rector and associate professor of philosophy in 1656, ordained priest in 1658, became associate professor of theology that same year and vicar of Ljungby
in Kalmar diocese in 1663. He subsequently transferred to a theology professorship at Lund University
He was appointed court chaplain in 1668, in 1670 was entrusted with the teachings theology to future King Charles XI of Sweden
and in 1671 became Pastor primarius at Storkyrkan
church in Stockholm
After his coronation in 1675, King Charles declared it obligatory for all commoners to learn to read Luther's Small Catechism
as translated by Olov Svebilius. In 1678, Svebilius became Bishop of the Diocese of Linköping and in 1681 Archbishop of Uppsala.
He was the Speaker of the Clergy in the Riksdag
between 1682 and 1697.
In 1658, he married Elisabeth Gyllenadler (1639–1680), daughter of Samuel Enander
(1607–1670) who was Bishop of the Diocese of Linköping (1655–1670).
* List of Archbishops of Uppsala
External linksMartin Luthers Lilla katekes med Katekesförklaring
Category:People from Kalmar Municipality
Category:Uppsala University alumni
Category:Lund University faculty
Category:Lutheran archbishops of Uppsala
Category:Lutheran bishops of Linköping
Category:17th-century Lutheran archbishops
Category:17th-century Swedish people