HOME
TheInfoList



Olaf or Olav (, , or
British British may refer to: Peoples, culture, and language * British people, nationals or natives of the United Kingdom, British Overseas Territories, and Crown Dependencies. ** Britishness, the British identity and common culture * British English, t ...
''Ōleifr'', ''Anleifr'' ;
Old Norse Old Norse, Old Nordic, or Old Scandinavian was a North Germanic language that was spoken by inhabitants of Scandinavia and their overseas settlements from about the 7th to the 15th centuries. The Proto-Norse language developed into Old Norse ...
: ''Áleifr'', ''Ólafr'') is a Scandinavian given name. It is presumably of
Proto-Norse Proto-Norse (also called Ancient Nordic, Ancient Scandinavian, Ancient Norse, Primitive Norse, Proto-Nordic, Proto-Scandinavian and Proto-North Germanic) was an Indo-European language spoken in Scandinavia that is thought to have evolved as a ...
origin, reconstructed as ''*Anu-laibaz'', from ''anu'' "ancestor, grand-father" and ''laibaz'' "heirloom, descendant".
Old English Old English (, ), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest recorded form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages. It was brought to Great Britain by Anglo-Saxon settlers in the mid-5th centur ...
forms are attested as ''Ǣlāf'', ''Anlāf''. The corresponding
Old Novgorod dialectOld Novgorod dialect (russian: древненовгородский диалект, translit=drevnenovgorodskiy dialekt; also translated as Old Novgorodian or Ancient Novgorod dialect) is a term introduced by Andrey Zaliznyak to describe the dialect f ...
form is ''Uleb''. A later English form of the name is ''Olave''. In the
Norwegian language Norwegian (Norwegian: ''norsk'') is a North Germanic language spoken mainly in Norway, where it is an official language. Along with Swedish and Danish, Norwegian forms a dialect continuum of more or less mutually intelligible local and regional va ...
, ''Olav'' and ''Olaf'' are equally common, but Olav is traditionally used when referring to Norwegian royalty. The Swedish form is ''
Olov Olov (or Olof) is a Swedish form of Olav/Olaf, meaning "ancestor's descendant". A common short form of the name is ''Olle''. The name may refer to: *Per-Olov Ahrén (1926–2004), Swedish clergyman, bishop of Lund from 1980 to 1992 *Per-Olov Brasa ...
'' or ''Olof''. It was borrowed into
Old Irish Old Irish (''Goídelc''; ga, Sean-Ghaeilge; gd, Seann Ghàidhlig; gv, Shenn Yernish or ; Old Irish: ᚌᚑᚔᚇᚓᚂᚉ), sometimes called Old Gaelic, is the oldest form of the Goidelic for which extensive written texts are extant. It was used ...
and Scots with the spellings ''Amlaíb'' and ''Amhlaoibh'', giving rise to modern version ''
AulayAulay is a Scottish masculine given name. It is an Anglicisation of the Scottish Gaelic ''Amhladh'', ''Amhlaidh'', ''Amhlaigh'', and ''Amhlaibh''. The standard Irish Gaelic form of these names is ''Amhlaoibh'' (pronounced "ow-liv", and "owl-lee"); wh ...
'' (see also
Mac Amhlaoibh and Mac Amhalghaidh (Irish septs) ''Mac Amhlaoibh'' and ''Mac Amhalghaidh'' are two different Gaelic patronymic names with different origins and meanings, but which share the same or similar Anglicisations. These Gaelic names are borne by at least three unrelated native Irish clans ...
). The name is Latinized as ''Olaus''.


Notable people


North Germanic

;Denmark *
Olaf I of Denmark Olaf I ( da, Oluf; – 18 August 1095), nicknamed Olaf Hunger, was king of Denmark from 1086 to 1095, following the death of his brother Canute IV the Holy. He was a son of king Sweyn II Estridsson, and the third of Sweyn's sons to rule. He married ...
, king 1086–1095 *
Olaf II of Denmark no, Olav Håkonsson , house = Bjelbo , father = Haakon VI of Norway , mother = Margaret I of Denmark , birth_date = , birth_place = Akershus Castle, Oslo , death_date = , death_place = Falsterbo Castle, Falst ...
, also Olaf IV of Norway *
Oluf Haraldsen Olaf Haraldsen (died ) was a Danish anti-king who ruled Scania for a few years from 1139. He never won control over the rest of Denmark, and he is not included in the list of Danish monarchs used by the Danish monarchy or ''Den Store Danske Encyklo ...
(died c. 1143), Danish nobleman who ruled Scania for a few years from 1139 ;Norway *
Olaf Haraldsson GeirstadalfOlaf Haraldssøn Geirstadalf Digerbein (Agder, c. 877 - Tønsberg, c. 934), was a reputed son of King Harald Fairhair of Norway with Svanhild Øysteinsdatter, daughter of Øystein Jarl. Biography The saga ''Heimskringla'', written in Iceland in the ...
, petty king *
Olaf I of Norway Olaf Tryggvason (960s – 9 September 1000) was King of Norway from 995 to 1000. He was the son of Tryggvi Olafsson, king of Viken (Vingulmark, and Rånrike), and, according to later sagas, the great-grandson of Harald Fairhair, first King of Norw ...
Tryggvason, 969 – 9 September 1000 *
Olaf II of Norway Olaf II Haraldsson (c. 995 – 29 July 1030), later known as Saint Olaf (and traditionally as St. Olave), was King of Norway from 1015 to 1028. Son of Harald Grenske, a petty king in Vestfold, Norway, he was posthumously given the title ''Rex P ...
, or Saint Olaf, ruled 1015–1030 *
Olaf III of Norway Olaf III (Old Norse: ''Óláfr Haraldsson'', Norwegian: ''Olav Haraldsson''; – 22 September 1093), known as Olaf Kyrre (Old Norse: ''kyrri'', English: Peaceful), was king of Norway from 1067 until his death.Claus Kra''Olav 3 Haraldsson Kyrre'' ...
, king 1067–1093 *
Olaf Magnusson Olav Magnusson (1099 – 22 December 1115) was king of Norway in 1103–1115. He was the son of King Magnus Barefoot and Sigrid, daughter of Saxe of Vik. Olav became king together with his half-brothers Sigurd Jorsalfar and Øystein Magnusson when ...
(formerly IV) of Norway, 1103–1110 *
Olaf IV of Norway no, Olav Håkonsson , house = Bjelbo , father = Haakon VI of Norway , mother = Margaret I of Denmark , birth_date = , birth_place = Akershus Castle, Oslo , death_date = , death_place = Falsterbo Castle, Falst ...
, king 1370 – 23 August 1387; was also Olaf II of Denmark ;Sweden *
Olaf of Sweden (disambiguation)Olaf of Sweden also "Onela" - Swedish: ''Olov'' or ''Olof'' - may refer to: *Onela, mythological Swedish ruler *Olof (I) of Sweden, Swedish king in 854 (speculative numeral) *Olof Björnsson, Olof "II", Swedish king (reigned ca. 970–975) (speculat ...
(I, II and III)


Norse-Gaelic

Not all the following were strictly Norse-Gaels, but they share the most common Norse-Gaelic names. *
Olaf the Black Óláfr Guðrøðarson (died 1237) (Scottish Gaelic: ''Amhlaibh Dubh''), also known as Olaf the Black, was a thirteenth-century King of the Isles, and a member of the Crovan dynasty. He was a son of Guðrøðr Óláfsson, King of the Isles and Fio ...
, 13th-century Norse king *
Amlaíb Conung Amlaíb Conung ( non, Óláfr; died c. 874) was a Viking leader in Ireland and Scotland in the mid-late ninth century. He was the son of the king of Lochlann, identified in the non-contemporary ''Fragmentary Annals of Ireland'' as Gofraid, and broth ...
(King Olaf), King of Dublin, possibly identical with
Olaf the White Olaf the White ( non, Óláfr hinn Hvíti) was a viking sea-king who lived in the latter half of the 9th century. Olaf was born around 820, in Ireland. His father was the Hiberno-Norse warlord Ingjald Helgasson. Some traditional sources portray Olaf ...
*
Olaf III Guthfrithson Olaf Guthfrithson ( non, Óláfr Guðrøðsson; oe, Ánláf; sga, Amlaíb mac Gofraid; died 941) was a Viking leader who ruled Dublin and Viking Northumbria in the 10th century. He was the son of Gofraid ua Ímair and great-grandson of Ímar, ma ...
(Emlaíb mac Gofraid), King of Dublin *
Amlaíb Ua Donnubáin Amlaíb Ua Donnubáin (or Olaf/Auliffe O'Donovan) (died 1201) is the last member of the O'Donovan family to be styled king of Uí Chairpre Áebda (Cairbre Eva) in the Irish annals, and in fact the very last known king of this people. He is the chie ...
(Auliffe O'Donovan), regional Irish king


Mann and the Isles

*
Olaf I of Mann Olaf or Olav (, , or British ''Ōleifr'', ''Anleifr'' ; Old Norse: ''Áleifr'', ''Ólafr'') is a Scandinavian given name. It is presumably of Proto-Norse origin, reconstructed as ''*Anu-laibaz'', from ''anu'' "ancestor, grand-father" and ''laibaz'' ...
, also called Olaf Godredsson (c. 1080–1153) * Olaf II the Black, also called Olaf Godredsson (1173/4–1237), King of Mann and the Isles 1229–1237.


Novgorod Republic (in Russia)

* Uleb Ragnvaldsson, son of Ragnvald Ulfsson jarl of Staraja Ladoga (Aldeigjuborg), military leader of Novgorod Republic in conquering of Yugra in 1032.


Modern people

*Olav V of Norway, king 1957–1991 *Olaf Fink (1914-1973), American educator and state senator *Olaf Pooley (1914–2015), English actor *Oluf van Steenwinckel (died 1659), Danish building master and engineer *Olaf C. Seltzer (1877-1957), Danish-born American painter *Olaf Stapledon (1886–1950), British author and historian *Count Oluf of Rosenborg (1923–1990) *Erwin Olaf (Erwin Olaf Springveld), Dutch photographer *Olaf Lubaszenko, Polish actor *:de:Olaf Reichmann, Olaf Reichmann, German voice actor *Olaf Scholz, German Vice-Chancellor of Germany, Vice-Chancellor and Federal Ministry of Finance (Germany), Minister of Finance


Fictional characters

*Count Olaf, a fictional character and the main antagonist in the series of novels ''A Series of Unfortunate Events'' by Lemony Snicket *List of Jungle Jam and Friends: The Radio Show! characters#Olaf and Carl, Olaf, a fictional character in ''Jungle Jam and Friends: The Radio Show!'' *Olaf (Frozen), Olaf, a fictional anthropomorphic snowman in the 2013 film ''Frozen'' *Olaf, the Berserker, a character in the multiplayer online battle arena video game ''League of Legends'' *Olaf "the Stout", a fictional character in the video game series ''The Lost Vikings (series), The Lost Vikings'' *List of minor Buffy the Vampire Slayer characters#Olaf, Olaf the Troll, a fictional character in the TV series ''Buffy the Vampire Slayer'' *Olaf, one of Snoopy#Siblings, Snoopy's siblings in ''Peanuts'' *Olaf Potato, a fictional anthropomorphic potato in the British animated short series ''Small Potatoes (2011 TV series), Small Potatoes'' *Olaf the Smug Anteater, a fictional character from ''Animal Crossing: New Leaf'' *Olaf the Lofty, a fictional inventor from Noggin the Nog *Agent Olaf, from Odd Squad (TV series) *Olaf (Agent Otto Jefferies), a fictional character from the ''Anita Blake'' series.


Septs and clans

* McAuliffe (surname) *
Mac Amhlaoibh and Mac Amhalghaidh (Irish septs) ''Mac Amhlaoibh'' and ''Mac Amhalghaidh'' are two different Gaelic patronymic names with different origins and meanings, but which share the same or similar Anglicisations. These Gaelic names are borne by at least three unrelated native Irish clans ...
* Clan Macaulay of Lewis * Clan MacAulay


See also

*
AulayAulay is a Scottish masculine given name. It is an Anglicisation of the Scottish Gaelic ''Amhladh'', ''Amhlaidh'', ''Amhlaigh'', and ''Amhlaibh''. The standard Irish Gaelic form of these names is ''Amhlaoibh'' (pronounced "ow-liv", and "owl-lee"); wh ...
, the Anglicized Scottish form of the name *Ólafur, the Icelandic form of the name *Olavi, the Finnish form of the name *Olavo, the Portuguese form of the name *Ole (name), Ole and Oluf of Denmark (disambiguation), Oluf, the Danish forms of the name *Ola (given name), Ola and
Olov Olov (or Olof) is a Swedish form of Olav/Olaf, meaning "ancestor's descendant". A common short form of the name is ''Olle''. The name may refer to: *Per-Olov Ahrén (1926–2004), Swedish clergyman, bishop of Lund from 1980 to 1992 *Per-Olov Brasa ...
, the Swedish forms of the name *Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olav {{Given name, type=both Masculine given names Norwegian masculine given names Swedish masculine given names Finnish masculine given names Danish masculine given names Icelandic masculine given names German masculine given names Dutch masculine given names Scandinavian masculine given names Swiss masculine given names Polish masculine given names fi:Uolevi