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Nongoma is a town in Zululand,
KwaZulu-Natal KwaZulu-Natal (, also referred to as KZN and known as "the garden province"; zu, iKwaZulu-Natali; xh, KwaZulu-Natala; af, KwaZoeloe-Natal) is a province of South Africa that was created in 1994 when the Zulu bantustan of KwaZulu ("Place of the Z ...
,
South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over 59 million people, it is the world's 23rd-most populous nation and covers an area of . South Africa has three capital cities: e ...
. It is the seat of the Nongoma Local Municipality. It is situated 300 km north of Durban and 56 km from Ulundi; it is surrounded by the Ngome Forest. It is a busy market town that serves a large surrounding area. It is assigned registration plate NND (Natal NDwandwe). This small town is also the home of King Bhekuzulu College, one of the popular boarding schools in the province. There are also TVET College, Mthashana TVET College Nongoma and KwaGqikazi Campuses, which are the equivalent of American Community Colleges.


Royal palaces (Izigodlo)

The area has five royal palaces belonging to the late Zulu people, Zulu Goodwill Zwelethini kaBhekuzulu, King Goodwill Zwelithini: * Osuthu Royal Palace - The King lives here. * Khethomthandayo Royal Palace — His first wife, Queen MaDlamini, lives here. * KwaDlamahlahla Royal Palace — Queen KaMathe lives here. * Kwakhangelamankengane Royal Palace — Queen Mantfombi Dlamini-Zulu lives here. * Linduzulu Royal Palace — Queen MaNdlovu, lives here. * Enyokeni Royal Palace — Queen MaMchiza lives here, and it is the King's only 'traditional' palace. In early September it is the site of the ''Umhlanga (ceremony), Umhlanga'' (Reed Dance).


History

This area was once the home of King Zwide kaLanga, Zwide, a late 18th-century Ndwandwe monarch who was eventually defeated by Shaka at the beginning of the Mfecane wars. On 30 March 1883, a Zulu regiment, the Mandlakazi under Usibepu, Zibhebhu, defeated the uSuthu (another Zulu regiment representing Cetshwayo kaMpande, King Cetshwayo kaMpande) in the Msebe Valley near Nongoma. The town itself was only established in 1887 with the building of Fort Ivuna by the United Kingdom, British as a buffer zone between the Zulu warring factions. It was originally called Ndwandwe but was later replaced by an earlier name given by the local tribesmen to the sacred area where the town stands: KwaNongoma ("place of the diviner or mother of songs"). In June 1888 Nongoma was destroyed by the uSuthu but later rebuilt. The fort was used during the Bambatha Rebellion of 1906. Two Zulu monarchs are laid to rest in the Nongoma area: *Solomon kaDinuzulu, King Solomon kaDinuzulu (1891–1933), son of Dinizulu, King Dinuzulu kaCetshwayo *Cyprian Bhekuzulu kaSolomon, King Cyprian Bhekuzulu kaSolomon (1924–1968), son of King Solomon kaDinuzulu and father of the former Zulu King Goodwill Zwelithini.


See also

* List of Zulu kings


References


External links


Tourism site describing the Umhlanga ceremony
{{Zululand District Municipality Populated places in the Nongoma Local Municipality