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Nesting is the delimitation of voting districts for one elected body in order to define the voting districts for another body. For example, in California, the State Assembly (the lower house) is composed of 80 members, each one representing 1/80 of California's population, and the State Senate (the upper house) is composed of 40 members, each one representing 1/40 of California's population. In this case, the process of nesting could either be first defining the 80 Assembly districts, and then defining the Senate districts as a merge of two Assembly districts, or first defining the 40 Senate districts, and then creating the Assembly districts by splitting each Senate district into two. If the Assembly districts and the Senate districts are created independently of each other, then the process of nesting is not used. The major concerns of nesting are: * the practice may impede the creation of majority-minority districts * the practice may cause cities or other communities with common concerns to be split into different voting districts (and therefore dilute their votes)

US States which perform nesting

The US States which have nesting (with the ratio of lower house to upper) * Alaska (2/1) * Arizona (2/1) (districts are identical) * Illinois (2/1) * Iowa (2/1) * Maryland (3/1) * Minnesota (2/1) * Montana (2/1) * New Jersey (2/1) (districts are identical) * North Dakota (2/1) (districts are identical) * Ohio (3/1) * Oregon (2/1) * South Dakota (2/1) * Washington (2/1) (districts are identical) * Wisconsin (3/1) In addition there are four states (California, Hawaii, New York, and Wyoming) that encourage, but do not require, nesting of voting districts.Where the lines are drawn
by the Brennan Center for Justice

References



External links


The Implications of Nesting in California Redistricting
an August 2007 UC Berkeley study by Bruce E. Cain and Karin Mac Donald
link to archive
{{DEFAULTSORT:Nesting (Voting Districts) Category:Redistricting Category:Constituencies Category:State legislative districts of the United States