Mercer County is a county in Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 16,434. Its county seat is Aledo. Mercer County is included in the Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL Metropolitan Statistical Area.


Mercer County is named for Hugh Mercer (1726–1777), a physician and general during the American Revolution who died from wounds suffered at the Battle of Princeton. In May 1812, Congress passed an act which set aside lands in Arkansas, Michigan, and Illinois as payment to volunteer soldiers in the War of 1812. Mercer County was part of this "Military Tract." Seven years after Illinois became a state, Mercer County was founded. It was formed from unorganized territory near Pike County on January 13, 1825. Although the county had been created, its government was not organized for several years; for administration purposes it was attached first to Schuyler County (until 1826), then to Peoria (until 1831), and finally to Warren County. The organization of the county government was finally completed in 1835, after a large influx of settlers following the Black Hawk War.Mercer County Fact Sheet, Illinois State Archives. File:Mercer_County_Illinois_1825.png|Mercer County at the time of its creation in 1825 File:Mercer County Illinois 1827.png|Mercer County in 1827, reduced to its present borders


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of , of which is land and (1.3%) is water.

Climate and weather

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Aledo have ranged from a low of in January to a high of in July, although a record low of was recorded in February 1905 and a record high of was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from in January to in June.

Major highways

* U.S. Highway 67 * Illinois Route 17 * Illinois Route 94 * 20px Illinois Route 135

Adjacent counties

* Rock Island County - north * Henry County - east * Knox County - southeast * Henderson County - south * Warren County - south * Des Moines County, Iowa - southwest * Louisa County, Iowa - west


As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 16,434 people, 6,734 households, and 4,724 families residing in the county. The population density was . There were 7,358 housing units at an average density of . The racial makeup of the county was 98.3% white, 0.3% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, 0.3% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.9% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 25.9% were German, 18.2% were Irish, 11.3% were English, 9.4% were Swedish, and 7.4% were American. Of the 6,734 households, 30.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.3% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.8% were non-families, and 25.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.88. The median age was 43.7 years. The median income for a household in the county was $50,909 and the median income for a family was $62,025. Males had a median income of $46,136 versus $30,392 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,332. About 8.2% of families and 9.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.9% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over.



* Aledo * Keithsburg * New Boston


* Alexis * Joy * Matherville * North Henderson * Reynolds * Seaton * Sherrard * Viola * Windsor

Unincorporated communities

* Boden * Burgess * Cable * Eliza * Gilchrist * Hamlet * Mannon * Marston * Millersburg * Petersville * Preemption * Shale City * Sunbeam * Swedona * Wanlock


Mercer County is divided into fifteen townships: * Abington * Duncan * Eliza * Greene * Keithsburg * Mercer * Millersburg * New Boston * North Henderson * Ohio Grove * Perryton * Preemption * Richland Grove * Rivoli * Suez


Historically, Mercer County was a solidly Republican Yankee-influenced county, and before the Republican Party existed a stronghold of the Whig Party. The county never voted for a Democratic presidential candidate until Lyndon Johnson’s 1964 landslide over Barry Goldwater – the solitary break in Whig and Republican dominance occurring in 1912 when the GOP was mortally split and Progressive Theodore Roosevelt carried the county over conservative incumbent President William Howard Taft. After Johnson’s victory in the county, Mercer voted to being Republican between 1968 and 1984, but Reagan’s landslide in that election saw a swing to the Democrats that was capitalized upon by Michael Dukakis to carry the county in 1988. Between then and 2012, Mercer was solidly Democratic, but concern over declining economic opportunities in the “Rust Belt” caused a dramatic swing to populist Republican Donald Trump in 2016. Trump’s performance was the best by a Republican since Richard Nixon's 3,000-plus-county landslide in 1972. Mercer County is located in Illinois's 17th Congressional District and is currently represented by Democrat Cheri Bustos. Within the Illinois House of Representatives, the county is located in the 74th district and is currently represented by Republican Daniel Swanson. The county is located in the 37th district of the Illinois Senate, and is currently represented by Republican Chuck Weaver.

See also

* National Register of Historic Places listings in Mercer County, Illinois


Further reading

* William C. Ives, "Abraham Lincoln in Mercer County, Illinois, 1832, 1834, 1858," ''Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society,'' vol. 101 (Fall–Winter 2008), pp. 329–347.
''History of Mercer and Henderson Counties, Together with Biographical Matter, Statistics, Etc.''
Chicago: H.H. Hill and Company, 1882.

External links


{{Coord|41.20|-90.74|display=title|type:adm2nd_region:US-IL_source:UScensus1990 Category:Illinois counties Category:1825 establishments in Illinois Category:Illinois counties on the Mississippi River Category:Populated places established in 1825 Category:Quad Cities