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Leon Edward Panetta (born June 28, 1938) is an American politician who has served in several different public office positions, such as Secretary of Defense, Director of the CIA, White House Chief of Staff, Director of the Office of Management and Budget, and as a U.S. Representative from California. A Democrat, Panetta was a member of the United States House of Representatives
United States House of Representatives
from 1977 to 1993, served as Director of the Office of Management and Budget
Office of Management and Budget
from 1993 to 1994, and as President Bill Clinton's Chief of Staff from 1994 to 1997. He co-founded the Panetta Institute for Public Policy and served as a Distinguished Scholar to Chancellor Charles B. Reed
Charles B. Reed
of the California State University System and as a professor of public policy at Santa Clara University. In January 2009, newly elected President Barack Obama
Barack Obama
nominated Panetta for the post of CIA Director.[1][2] Panetta was confirmed by the full Senate in February 2009. As director of the CIA, Panetta oversaw the operation that brought down international terrorist Osama bin Laden. On April 28, 2011, Obama announced the nomination of Panetta as Defense Secretary, to replace the retiring Robert Gates. In June the Senate confirmed Panetta unanimously and he assumed the office on July 1, 2011.[3][4] David Petraeus
David Petraeus
took over as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency on September 6, 2011.[5] Since retiring as Secretary of Defense in 2013, Panetta has served as Chairman of The Panetta Institute for Public Policy, located at California
California
State University, Monterey Bay, a campus of the California State University that he helped establish during his tenure as congressman.[6] The Institute is dedicated to motivating and preparing people for lives of public service and helping them to become more knowledgeably engaged in the democratic process. He also serves on a number of boards and commissions and frequently writes and lectures on public policy issues.

Contents

1 Early life, education, and military service 2 Political career

2.1 Early political career 2.2 U.S. House of Representatives

2.2.1 Elections 2.2.2 Tenure 2.2.3 Budget Committee 2.2.4 Committee assignments

2.3 Director of the Office of Management and Budget 2.4 White House Chief of Staff 2.5 Director of the CIA

2.5.1 Nomination 2.5.2 Tenure

2.6 Secretary of Defense (2011–2013)

2.6.1 Nomination 2.6.2 Tenure

2.7 Activities outside politics 2.8 After Secretary of Defense (2013–present) 2.9 Responsibilities 2.10 Personal life

3 Awards 4 References 5 Further reading 6 External links

Early life, education, and military service[edit] Panetta was born in Monterey, California, the son of Carmelina Maria (Prochilo) and Carmelo Frank Panetta, Italian immigrants from Siderno in Calabria, Italy. In the 1940s, the Panetta family owned a restaurant in Monterey.[7] He was raised in the Monterey area, and attended two Catholic grammar schools: San Carlos School (Monterey) and Junípero Serra School (Carmel). He attended Monterey High School, a public school where he became involved in student politics, and was a member of the Junior Statesmen of America.[8] As a junior, he was the vice president of the Student Body, and as a senior, he became its president.[9] In 1956, he entered Santa Clara University, California, and graduated magna cum laude in 1960 with a Bachelor of Arts in Political Science. In 1963, he received a Juris Doctor
Juris Doctor
from the Santa Clara University
Santa Clara University
School of Law. In 1964, he joined the United States
United States
Army as a Second Lieutenant, where he served as an officer in Army Military Intelligence, and received the Army Commendation Medal.[10] In 1966, he was discharged as a First Lieutenant.[11] Political career[edit] Early political career[edit] Panetta started in politics in 1966 as a legislative assistant to Republican Senator Thomas Kuchel, the United States
United States
Senate Minority Whip from California, whom Panetta has called "a tremendous role model".[12] In 1969 he became the assistant to Robert H. Finch, Secretary of the United States
United States
Department of Health, Education, and Welfare under the Nixon administration. Soon thereafter he was appointed Director of the Office for Civil Rights.[13] Panetta chose to enforce civil rights and equal education laws over the objection of President Nixon, who wanted enforcement to move slowly in keeping with his strategy to gain political support among Southern whites.[14] Robert Finch and Assistant Secretary John Veneman supported Panetta and refused to fire him, threatening to resign if forced to do so.[15] Eventually forced out of office in 1970, Panetta left Washington to work as Executive Assistant for John Lindsay, the then-Republican Mayor of New York City (Lindsay would switch parties the following year.) Panetta wrote about his Nixon administration experience in his 1971 book Bring Us Together.[16] He moved back to Monterey to practice law at Panetta, Thompson & Panetta from 1971 to 1976.[17] U.S. House of Representatives[edit] Elections[edit]

1977 Congressional portrait of Panetta

Like Lindsay, Panetta switched to the Democratic Party in 1971, because he thought that the Republican Party was moving away from the political center.[18] In 1976, Panetta was elected to the U.S. Congress to represent California's then-16th congressional district, unseating incumbent Republican Burt Talcott
Burt Talcott
with 53% of the vote, and was reelected eight times.[19][20][21] (With a few boundary adjustments, the 16th district became the 17th district after the 1990 census and is the 20th district today. It consists of all of Monterey and San Benito Counties, plus most of Santa Cruz County, including the city of Santa Cruz. At the time of Panetta's first election, it also included the northern part of San Luis Obispo County.) Tenure[edit] During his time in Congress, Panetta concentrated mostly on budget issues, civil rights, education, healthcare, agriculture, immigration, and environmental protection, particularly preventing oil drilling off the California
California
coast. He wrote the Hunger Prevention Act
Hunger Prevention Act
(Public Law 100-435) of 1988 and the Fair Employment Practices Resolution. He was the author of legislation establishing the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary,[22] and legislation providing Medicare coverage for hospice care. Working with Chancellor Barry Munoz of CSU, he helped establish CSU Monterey Bay at the former Fort Ord
Fort Ord
military base. Budget Committee[edit] A member of the House Committee on the Budget from 1979 to 1989, and its chairman from 1989 to 1993, Panetta played a key role in the 1990 Budget Summit.[23][24] Committee assignments[edit] His positions included:

Chairman of the U.S. House Committee on the Budget Chairman of the Agriculture Committee's Subcommittee on Domestic Marketing, Consumer Relations, and Nutrition Chairman of the Administration Committee's Subcommittee on Personnel and Police Chairman of the Task Force on Domestic Hunger created by the U.S. House Select Committee on Hunger Vice Chairman of the Caucus of Vietnam-Era Veterans in Congress Member of the President's Commission on Foreign Language and International Studies.

Director of the Office of Management and Budget[edit] Though elected to a ninth term in 1992, Panetta left the House at the beginning of 1993, after President-elect Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
selected him to serve as Director of the United States
United States
Office of Management and Budget. In that role he developed the budget package that would eventually result in the balanced budget of 1998. White House Chief of Staff[edit] In 1994, President Clinton became increasingly concerned about a lack of order and focus in the White House and asked Panetta to become his new Chief of Staff, replacing Mack McLarty. According to author Nigel Hamilton, "Panetta replaced McLarty for the rest of Clinton's first term—and the rest is history. To be a great leader, a modern president must have a great chief of staff—and in Leon Panetta, Clinton got the enforcer he deserved."[25] Panetta was appointed White House Chief of Staff on July 17, 1994, and he held that position until January 20, 1997. He was a key negotiator of the 1996 budget, which was another important step toward bringing the budget into balance.[26][27] Director of the CIA[edit] Nomination[edit]

President Barack Obama
Barack Obama
speaks to CIA employees at CIA Headquarters in Langley, April 20, 2009

On January 5, 2009, President-elect Barack Obama
Barack Obama
announced his intention to nominate Panetta to the post of Director of the Central Intelligence Agency.[1] At the time of his selection, journalists and politicians raised concerns about Panetta's limited experience in intelligence, aside from his two-year service as a military intelligence officer in the 1960s. California
California
Democratic Senator Dianne Feinstein, the Chairman of the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, expressed concerns that she was not consulted about the Panetta appointment and stated her belief that "the Agency is best-served by having an intelligence professional in charge at this time.”[28] Former CIA officer Ishmael Jones stated that Panetta was a wise choice, because of his close personal connection to the President and lack of exposure to the CIA bureaucracy.[29][30] Also, Washington Post columnist David Ignatius
David Ignatius
said that Panetta did have exposure to intelligence operations as Director of the OMB and as Chief of Staff for President Bill Clinton, where he "sat in on the daily intelligence briefings as chief of staff, and he reviewed the nation's most secret intelligence-collection and covert-action programs in his previous post as director of the Office of Management and Budget".[31] On February 12, 2009, Panetta was confirmed in the full Senate by voice vote.[32] Tenure[edit]

Panetta as Director of the CIA.

Wikisource
Wikisource
has original text related to this article: Message from the Director: Interrogation Policy and Contracts

On February 19, 2009, Panetta was sworn in as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency by Vice President Joe Biden
Joe Biden
before an audience of CIA employees. Panetta reportedly received a "rock star welcome" from his new subordinates.[33] As CIA Director, Panetta traveled extensively to intelligence outposts around the world and worked with international leaders to confront threats of Islamic extremism
Islamic extremism
and Taliban. In 2010 working with the Senate Intelligence Committee, he conducted a secret review of the use of torture by the CIA (euphemistically referred to as "enhanced interrogation techniques") during the administration of George W. Bush. The review, which came to be known by 2014 as the "Panetta Review," yielded a series of memoranda that, according to The New York Times, "cast a particularly harsh light" on the Bush-era interrogation program.[34] The findings of this report aligned closely with the Senate Intelligence Committee report on CIA torture.[34] Panetta supported the Obama administration's campaign of U.S. drone strikes in Pakistan, which he identified as the "most effective weapon" against senior al-Qaeda leadership.[35][36] Drone strikes increased significantly under Panetta, with as many as 50 suspected al-Qaeda militants being killed in May 2009 alone.[37][38] As Director of the CIA, Panetta oversaw the hunt for terrorist leader Osama bin Laden, and played a key role in the operation in which bin Laden was killed on May 1, 2011.[39] Under Panetta, the CIA advanced workplace rights and benefits for LGBT employees; the agency for the first time implemented policies extending benefits to the same-sex partners.[40] Secretary of Defense (2011–2013)[edit] Nomination[edit]

Panetta being sworn in as Secretary of Defense.

On April 28, 2011, President Obama announced the nomination of Panetta as United States Secretary of Defense
United States Secretary of Defense
as a replacement for retiring Secretary Robert Gates. On June 21, 2011, the Senate confirmed Panetta in a 100–0 vote.[41] He was sworn in on July 1, 2011. Tenure[edit] One of Panetta's first major acts as Defense Secretary was to jointly certify with the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
that the military was prepared to repeal "Don't Ask, Don't Tell", triggering final repeal after 60 days. In August 2011, Panetta publicly warned that deeper cuts in the defense budget risked hollowing out the military and would hamper Pentagon efforts to deal with rising powers such as China, North Korea, and Iran
Iran
and he urged Congress not to go beyond the roughly $500 billion in defense cuts required over the next decade under the debt reduction bill signed by President Barack Obama. Working with military and civilian leaders at the Department of Defense, Panetta developed a new defense strategy for the 21st century. The need to keep the United States
United States
military strong in the face of tightening budget constraints became an ongoing theme during Panetta's tenure. He also warned that future service members may see changes in retirement benefits and that the military healthcare system may need reforms to rein in costs while ensuring quality care.[42]

Panetta with Saudi Arabian Minister of Defense Prince Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Pentagon, April 11, 2012

Leon Panetta
Leon Panetta
with Italian Prime Minister Mario Monti
Mario Monti
in Rome

Panetta being interviewed by Jake Tapper, May 2012

Another major issue during Panetta's tenure as Defense Secretary was the Obama administration's diplomatic effort to dissuade Iran
Iran
from developing nuclear weapons. In January 2012, Panetta stated that nuclear weapons development was a "red line" that Iran
Iran
would not be allowed to cross and that the United States
United States
was keeping all options, including military ones, open to prevent it. He said that Iran
Iran
would not be allowed to block the Straits of Hormuz. In January 2013, shortly before his departure from the Defense Secretary post, Panetta announced that women would be allowed to enter all combat jobs in the military, citing an assessment phase in which "each branch of service will examine all its jobs and units not currently integrated and then produce a timetable for integrating them".[43] Activities outside politics[edit]

Panetta giving his farewell speech to Europe at King's College London in January 2013.[44]

Panetta and his wife Sylvia founded the Panetta Institute for Public Policy in December 1997 and served as co-directors there until his departure in 2009 to serve as CIA director and later Secretary of Defense under President Obama. He has since returned to the Institute in the role of Chairman, while his wife serves as Co-Chair and CEO, supervising the Institute's day-to-day operations. The Institute is located at California
California
State University, Monterey Bay, a campus Panetta was instrumental in creating on the site of the decommissioned Fort Ord Army base when he was a Congressman. Coincidentally, Panetta was stationed at Fort Ord
Fort Ord
in the 1960s during his service as an Army intelligence officer. Panetta served on the board of the UC Santa Cruz Foundation, as a Distinguished Scholar to the Chancellor of California
California
State University[45] and as a Presidential Professor at Santa Clara University. He was urged to consider running for Governor of California
California
during the recall election in 2003 but declined in part because of the short time available to raise the necessary campaign funds.[46] Panetta has long been an advocate for the world's oceans. In addition to introducing legislation and winning passage of ocean protections measures such as the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary
Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary
during his time in Congress,[45][47][48] he was named chairman in 2003 of the Pew Oceans Commission, which in 2005 combined with the U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy to establish the Joint Ocean Commission Initiative. Panetta now co-chairs the Joint Ocean Commission Initiative with Admiral
Admiral
James D. Watkins, U.S. Navy (Ret.)[49] and continues to serve as a Commission member. Panetta also serves as an advocate and information source for other ocean organizations, including the National Marine Sanctuary Foundation[50] and the Monterey Bay Aquarium.[51] In 2006, Panetta was part of the presidentially-appointed Iraq
Iraq
Study Group, also known as the Baker Commission, which explored potential changes in U.S. policy in Iraq.[52][53]

Panetta speaks at the 2016 Democratic National Convention, 27 July 2016

In 2014, Panetta published his memoir Worthy Fights, in which he recounted his long career in public service. While overwhelmingly positive in his assessment of the Obama presidency, Panetta aired some disagreements in the book with the President's policies in Syria and Iraq. Panetta said: "By failing to persuade Iraq’s leader to allow a continuing force of US troops, the commander in chief “created a vacuum . . . and it’s out of that vacuum that ISIS began to breed."[54] He regularly obtains fees for speaking engagements, including from the Carlyle Group.[55] He is also a supporter of Booz Allen Hamilton.[56][57] After Secretary of Defense (2013–present)[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (March 2018)

Panetta was a speaker on Day 3 of the 2016 Democratic National Convention in which Hillary Clinton
Hillary Clinton
was nominated to run as the Democratic candidate in the presidential election that year. Notably, his speech was booed by anti-war supporters of Bernie Sanders
Bernie Sanders
who protested his war record.[58] On February 2, 2018 during with interview CBS News
CBS News
he believes release Nunes Memo
Nunes Memo
could cause damage to national security.[59] Responsibilities[edit]

This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (February 2017)

Panetta has held positions within a number of institutions and corporations, including:

Joint Ocean Commission Initiative, Commissioner and Co-Chair[60][61] Pew Oceans Commission, Commissioner and Chairman[62] Bread for the World, Board of Directors National Marine Sanctuary Foundation, Board of Directors[63] National Leadership Roundtable on Church Management, Board of Directors (2004–2009) New York Stock Exchange,

Co-chairman of the Corporate Accountability and Listing Standards Committee Board of Directors (1997–present)

Close Up Foundation, Board of Directors (1999–present) Connetics Investor Relations, Board of Directors (2000–present)[64] Fleishman-Hillard,[65]

Co-chairman of the Corporate Accountability and Listing Standards Committee Co-chairman of the Corporate Credibility Advisory practice Member of the International Advisory Board

Junior Statesmen Foundation Inc., Trustee (2004) Public Policy Institute of California, Board of Directors[66] Blue Shield of California, Board of Directors (2013–present) Oracle Corporation, Board of Directors (2015–present)[67]

In June 2002, the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops
U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops
appointed Panetta to their National Review Board,[68] which was created to look into the Catholic Church's sexual abuse scandal. This created controversy because of Panetta's pro-choice stands on abortion and other views seen as conflicting with those of the Church. Panetta is also a member of the Partnership for a Secure America's bipartisan Advisory Board. The Partnership is a non-profit organization based in Washington, DC that promotes bipartisan solutions to national security and foreign policy issues. Panetta serves on the Advisory Board of the Committee to Investigate Russia.[69] Personal life[edit] Panetta is married to Sylvia Marie Varni, who administered his home district offices during his terms in Congress.[70][71] They live on his family's twelve-acre walnut farm in the Carmel Valley, California. They have three sons and six grandchildren.[22] in 2016, their third son, Jimmy, a former Monterey County
Monterey County
Deputy District Attorney, won election to the U.S. House of Representatives for California's 20th congressional district - essentially the same district that his father represented from 1977 to 1993. Awards[edit]

1966 – Army Commendation Medal 1969 – Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln
Award, National Education Association 1983 – Foreign Language Advocate Award, Northeast Conference on the Teaching of Foreign Languages .[72] 1984 – A. Philip Randolph
A. Philip Randolph
Award 1988 – Golden Plow Award, American Farm Bureau Federation[73] 1991 – President's Award, American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages 1991 – Coastal and Ocean Management Award, Coastal Zone Foundation 1993 – Peter Burnett Award for Distinguished Public Service 1995 – Distinguished Public Service Medal, Center for the Study of the Presidency 1997 – Special
Special
Achievement Award for Public Service, National Italian American Foundation 2001 – John H. Chafee Coastal Stewardship Award, Coastal America 2002 – Law Alumni Special
Special
Achievement Award, Santa Clara University School of Law Alumni Association[74] 2003 – Julius A. Stratton "Champion of the Coast" Award for Coastal Leadership 2005 – Received an honorary Doctorate from University of Wisconsin–Parkside 2005 – Received an honorary Doctorate of Public Service from Northeastern University[75] 2006 – Paul Peck Award 2012 - Intrepid Freedom Award, Intrepid Sea, Air & Space Museum[76] 2014 - Excellence in Policy, Peter Benchley
Peter Benchley
Ocean Awards[77] 2015 - Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Award, National Defense Industrial Association[78]

References[edit]

^ a b " Leon Panetta
Leon Panetta
Tapped to Head CIA, Prompting Criticism From Lawmakers". Fox News. January 5, 2009.  ^ "Obama names Panetta for CIA". Associated Press. January 9, 2009. Archived from the original on January 28, 2016. Retrieved January 9, 2009.  ^ "Leon E. Panetta - Barack Obama
Barack Obama
Administration". Office of the Secretary of Defense - Historical Office.  ^ "Obama bids farewell to defense secretary". MSNBC. June 30, 2011. Retrieved December 20, 2011.  ^ Quemener, Tangi (September 6, 2011). "Petraeus sworn in as new CIA chief". Agence France-Presse. Retrieved September 6, 2011.  ^ "The Panetta Institute for Public Policy". panettainstitute.org. Retrieved 2016-11-03.  ^ "Current Biography Yearbook - 1993". Amazon.com. 31 December 1993. Retrieved 2 December 2016.  ^ "Hon. Leon Panetta
Leon Panetta
Appointed CIA Director". Alumni. JSA and the Junior Statesmen Foundation. May 21, 2009. Archived from the original on February 9, 2010. Retrieved 11 December 2009.  ^ Profile of Leon Panetta
Leon Panetta
Archived March 9, 2012, at the Wayback Machine., Santa Clara University
Santa Clara University
Law School, accessed April 28, 2011 ^ "Message to the Department of Defense from Defense Secretary Leon Panetta". Archived from the original on July 6, 2011. Retrieved 1 July 2011.  ^ Biography, Leon Panetta, News Hour, Public Broadcasting Service, accessed April 28, 2011 ^ "Conversation with Leon Panetta", p. 2 ^ Gizzi, John (April 28, 2011), "Leon Panetta: Bipartisan in Spirit but a Liberal at Heart", Human Events ^ " Leon Panetta
Leon Panetta
Confirmed as New U.S. Secretary of Defense - Santa Clara Law".  ^ "The Victoria Advocate - Google News Archive Search".  ^ Gall, Peter; E, Panetta, Leon (1971). Bring us together: the Nixon team and the civil rights retreat ([1st ed.] ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott.  ^ Study group member profile, Leon Panetta, published by Iraq
Iraq
Study Group, accessed April 28, 2011 ^ " Leon Panetta
Leon Panetta
B.S. '60, J.D. '63". Lawyers Who Lead. Santa Clara University School of Law. Archived from the original on March 9, 2012. Retrieved March 29, 2012.  ^ Opinion column, Democrats See Potential Gains, by Matt Pinkus, Congressional Quarterly, published in Eugene Register-Guard, August 23, 1976 ^ Newspaper article, Democrats in Congress Keep Old Seats, Take 1 From GOP, Los Angeles Times, November 4, 1976 ^ Newspaper article, State Democrats Gain By One Seat In Congress, by Associated Press, published in Modesto Bee, November 4, 1976 ^ a b ""Hon. Leon E. Panetta"". Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-27. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) , U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops ^ "Budget Summit Opens", by Tom Raum, Associated Press, published in Hendersonville Times-News, May 16, 1990 ^ "As Budget Chief, Panetta May Be Frugal Deficit Foe", Christian Science Monitor, December 11, 1992 ^ Hamilton, Nigel (2007). Bill Clinton: Mastering the Presidency. New York: PublicAffairs. ISBN 978-1-58648-516-0.  ^ Newspaper column, Clinton Is Winning On Balanced Budget, by Morton Kondracke, Pomeroy-Middleton Daily Sentinel, January 23, 1996 ^ Newspaper article, Flexibility Shown in Budget Talks, by Associated Press, published in Williamson Daily News, September 17, 1996 ^ " Dianne Feinstein
Dianne Feinstein
Not Too Pleased With Panetta Pick « The Washington Independent". Washingtonindependent.com. Archived from the original on November 21, 2010. Retrieved August 21, 2010.  ^ "JONES: Where loyalty is vital". Washington Times. January 8, 2009. Retrieved August 21, 2010.  ^ "Panetta a 'Brave' Choice, Says Former CIA Agent – The Corner – National Review Online". Corner.nationalreview.com. January 6, 2009. Archived from the original on January 18, 2009. Retrieved August 21, 2010.  ^ Ignatius, David (January 7, 2009). "A Surprise for Langley". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 23, 2009.  ^ "Senate confirms Panetta as CIA director". Associated Press. February 12, 2009. Retrieved February 12, 2009.  ^ " Leon Panetta
Leon Panetta
Gets a Rock Star Welcome at CIA Headquarters". The Wall Street Journal. February 19, 2009.  ^ a b Mazzetti, Mark (March 7, 2014). "Behind Clash Between C.I.A. and Congress, a Secret Report on Interrogations". The New York Times.  ^ "CIA Pakistan
Pakistan
Campaign Is Working, Director Says", Mark Mazzetti and Helene Cooper, New York Times, February 26, 2009, A15 ^ Gerstein, Josh. "CIA Director Panetta Warns Against Politicization". NBC New York. Retrieved August 21, 2010.  ^ "25 Militants Are Killed In Attack In Pakistan". The New York Times. May 17, 2009. Retrieved March 27, 2010.  ^ "Drone Wars Pakistan: Analysis". New America Foundation.  ^ Leon E. Panetta & Jeremy Bash, The Former Head of the CIA on Managing the Hunt for Bin Laden, Harvard Business Review (May 2, 2016). ^ Shane Harris, How the CIA Came Out of the Closet, Daily Beast (July 31, 2015). ^ "U.S. Senate Periodical Press Gallery". Senate.gov. Archived from the original on November 26, 2011. Retrieved December 20, 2011.  ^ Pincus, Walter (October 10, 2011). "On Pentagon budget matters, telling it like it is". The Washington Post. ^ "Military to open combat jobs to women". CNN. ^ Leon Panetta
Leon Panetta
calls for 'relentless pressure on al-Qaida', The Guardian, January 18, 2013 ^ a b Panetta Institute – Leon Panetta
Leon Panetta
– retrieved 11/22/2008 Archived July 6, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Newspaper article, Panetta Doesn't Seek Governorship, San Jose Mercury News, July 20, 2003 ^ " Joint Ocean Commission Initiative – Panetta bio". Jointoceancommission.org. Archived from the original on January 11, 2012. Retrieved December 20, 2011.  ^ Consortium for Ocean Leadership – Panetta bio ^ "Watkins bio". Jointoceancommission.org. Archived from the original on January 11, 2012. Retrieved December 20, 2011.  ^ National Marine Sanctuary Foundation – Leon Panetta
Leon Panetta
Archived August 28, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Stanford University, Monterey Bay Aquarium
Monterey Bay Aquarium
launch center to save oceans". News.mongabay.com. January 9, 2008. Archived from the original on January 16, 2008. Retrieved August 21, 2010.  ^ Television news report transcript, Iraq
Iraq
Survey Group Report Released, by Kim Landers, the World Today, ABC (Australia), December 7, 2006 ^ Newspaper article, Iraq Study Group
Iraq Study Group
to Present Report to Bush, by Brian Knowlton, New York Times, December 3, 2006 ^ "Former CIA Director: Obama ‘lost his way’ on national security". New York Post. October 7, 2014. ^ "Panetta, Obama Choice for C.I.A. Chief, Discloses Finances", Mark Mazzetti. New York Times. February 4, 2009. Retrieved 5 feb 2017 ^ "Pearl Harbor Offers Lessons for Today's Cyber Security Challenges", Mike McConnell. Booz Allen Hamilton. June 26, 2012. Retrieved 5 feb 2017 ^ "SHELL GAME: A Military Whistleblowing Report to the U.S. Congress Exposing the Betrayal and Cover-Up by the U.S. Government of the Union Bank of Switzerland-Terrorist Threat Finance Connection to Booz Allen Hamilton and U.S. Central Command", 2LT Scott Bennett 11th Psychological Operations Battalion. p. 77. Retrieved 5 feb 2017 ^ " Leon Panetta
Leon Panetta
scorches Trump at DNC, as crowd boos and chants, 'No more war!'". Retrieved 2016-12-30.  ^ https://www.cbsnews.com/news/leon-panetta-transcript-cbs-news-interview-gop-memo-release/ ^ INTERVIEW: Leon Panetta, Joint Ocean Commission Initiative Global Solutions Archived July 24, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. ^ " Joint Ocean Commission Initiative Commissioners". Jointoceancommission.org. Archived from the original on January 11, 2012. Retrieved December 20, 2011.  ^ "Pew Oceans Commission". Pew Oceans Commission. Retrieved December 20, 2011.  ^ NMSF ~~ Board of Directors ~ Ex-Officio Members ~ Jeffery Mora ~~ Archived June 19, 2004, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Stiefel Laboratories, Inc. Home". Connetics.com. Retrieved December 20, 2011.  ^ http://www.fleishman.com/capabilities/practice_groups/cca.html Archived June 6, 2004, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Leon E. Panetta". Ppic.org. Retrieved December 20, 2011.  ^ " Leon Panetta
Leon Panetta
Executive Biography". www.oracle.com. Retrieved 2017-02-12.  ^ "Membership of National Review Board Completed". U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops. August 23, 2002. Retrieved August 21, 2010.  ^ "Committee to Investigate Russia: Advisory Board". Committee to Investigate Russia. Retrieved February 10, 2018.  ^ O'Shea, Jennifer (January 8, 2009), "10 Things You Didn't Know about Leon Panetta", U.S. News and World Report ^ Doyle, Michael (April 27, 2011), "Panetta will Bring a Lifetime of Service to the Pentagon" Archived May 5, 2011, at the Wayback Machine., Modesto Bee, McClatchy Newspapers ^ "The James W. Dodge Foreign Language Advocate Award". Northeast Conference on the Teaching of Foreign Languages. Archived from the original on August 21, 2014. Retrieved August 28, 2014.  ^ "AFBF Golden Plow Award,". American Farm Bureau Federation. Retrieved March 8, 2012.  ^ "Santa Clara (U.) Law School – Law Alumni Special
Special
Achievement Award". Law.scu.edu. April 29, 2010. Archived from the original on May 22, 2011. Retrieved December 20, 2011.  ^ "Speakers for 103rd Commencement". Newswise.com. April 29, 2005. Retrieved August 21, 2010.  ^ "Panetta Accepts Intrepid Freedom Award". 24 May 2012. Retrieved 28 September 2017.  ^ "Secretary Leon Panetta
Leon Panetta
Peter Benchley
Peter Benchley
Ocean Awards". Retrieved 28 September 2017.  ^ " Leon Panetta
Leon Panetta
to receive Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Award" (14 April 2015). USA TODAY. Retrieved 28 September 2017. 

Further reading[edit]

Clinton, Bill (2005). My Life. Vintage. ISBN 1-4000-3003-X. "The Defense Secretary: An interview with Leon Panetta". CBS News. January 29, 2012.  " Leon Panetta
Leon Panetta
enters the 'No Spin Zone', Part 1". The O'Reilly Factor, Fox News. October 7, 2014.  " Leon Panetta
Leon Panetta
enters the 'No Spin Zone', Part 2". The O'Reilly Factor, Fox News. October 7, 2014.  " Leon Panetta
Leon Panetta
enters the 'No Spin Zone', Part 3". The O'Reilly Factor, Fox News. October 7, 2014.  Panetta, Leon (2014). Worthy Fights: A Memoir of Leadership in War and Peace. Penguin Press HC. ISBN 978-1594205965. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Leon Panetta.

Department of Defense biography Biography of the Central Intelligence Agency at the Wayback Machine (archived May 27, 2010)

Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States
United States
Congress Profile at Project Vote Smart Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress Biography of Panetta, Hartnell University Profile at SourceWatch Conversations with History – Interview with Leon Panetta, UC Berkeley Institute of International Studies on YouTube The Panetta Institute for Public Policy Appearances on C-SPAN

U.S. House of Representatives

Preceded by Burt Talcott Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California's 16th congressional district 1977–1993 Succeeded by Don Edwards

Preceded by Cal Dooley Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California's 17th congressional district 1993 Succeeded by Sam Farr

Preceded by Bill Gray Chair of the House Budget Committee 1989–1993 Succeeded by Martin Sabo

Political offices

Preceded by Richard Darman Director of the Office of Management and Budget 1993–1994 Succeeded by Alice Rivlin

Preceded by Mack McLarty White House Chief of Staff 1994–1997 Succeeded by Erskine Bowles

Preceded by Robert Gates United States
United States
Secretary of Defense 2011–2013 Succeeded by Chuck Hagel

Government offices

Preceded by Michael Hayden Director of the Central Intelligence Agency 2009–2011 Succeeded by Michael Morell Acting

Leon Panetta
Leon Panetta
navigational boxes

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Chairmen of the United States
United States
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White House Chiefs of Staff

Steelman Adams Persons Watson Jones Haldeman Haig Rumsfeld Cheney Jordan Watson J. Baker Regan H. Baker Duberstein Sununu Skinner J. Baker McLarty Panetta Bowles Podesta Card Bolten Emanuel Daley Lew McDonough Priebus Kelly

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Directors of Central Intelligence and the Central Intelligence Agency

Central Intelligence

Souers Vandenberg Hillenkoetter Smith Dulles McCone Raborn Helms Schlesinger Colby Bush Turner Casey Webster Gates Woolsey Deutch Tenet Goss

Central Intelligence Agency

Goss Hayden Panetta Petraeus Brennan Pompeo

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Directors of the United States
United States
Office of Management and Budget

Dawes Lord Roop Douglas D. W. Bell Smith Webb Pace Lawton Dodge Hughes Brundage Stans D. E. Bell Gordon Schultze Zwick Mayo Shultz Weinberger Ash Lynn Lance McIntyre Stockman Miller Wright Darman Panetta Rivlin Raines Lew Daniels Bolten Portman Nussle Orszag Lew Burwell Donovan Mulvaney

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Members of the Iraq
Iraq
Study Group

Chairs

James Baker
James Baker
(Co-chair) Lee Hamilton (Co-chair)

Members

Vernon Jordan, Jr. Edwin Meese Sandra Day O'Connor Leon Panetta William Perry Chuck Robb Alan Simpson Lawrence Eagleburger

Resigned prior to final report

Robert Gates Rudy Giuliani

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Cabinet of President Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
(1993–2001)

Cabinet

Secretary of State

Warren M. Christopher (1993–97) Madeleine Albright
Madeleine Albright
(1997–2001)

Secretary of the Treasury

Lloyd Bentsen
Lloyd Bentsen
(1993–94) Robert Rubin
Robert Rubin
(1995–99) Larry Summers (1999–2001)

Secretary of Defense

Les Aspin
Les Aspin
(1993–94) William J. Perry (1994–97) William S. Cohen (1997–2001)

Attorney General

Janet Reno
Janet Reno
(1993–2001)

Secretary of the Interior

Bruce Babbitt
Bruce Babbitt
(1993–2001)

Secretary of Agriculture

Mike Espy
Mike Espy
(1993–94) Dan Glickman
Dan Glickman
(1995–2001)

Secretary of Commerce

Ron Brown (1993–96) Mickey Kantor
Mickey Kantor
(1996–97) William M. Daley
William M. Daley
(1997–2000) Norman Mineta
Norman Mineta
(2000–01)

Secretary of Labor

Robert Reich
Robert Reich
(1993–97) Alexis M. Herman (1997–2001)

Secretary of Health and Human Services

Donna Shalala
Donna Shalala
(1993–2001)

Secretary of Housing and Urban Development

Henry G. Cisneros (1993–97) Andrew M. Cuomo (1997–2001)

Secretary of Transportation

Federico Peña
Federico Peña
(1993–97) Rodney Slater (1997–2001)

Secretary of Energy

Hazel O'Leary (1993–97) Federico Peña
Federico Peña
(1997–98) Bill Richardson
Bill Richardson
(1998–2001)

Secretary of Education

Richard W. Riley (1993–2001)

Secretary of Veterans Affairs

Jesse Brown
Jesse Brown
(1993–97) Togo West (1998–2000)

* Acting secretary

Cabinet-level

Vice President

Al Gore
Al Gore
(1993–2001)

White House Chief of Staff

Mack McLarty
Mack McLarty
(1993–94) Leon Panetta
Leon Panetta
(1994–97) Erskine Bowles
Erskine Bowles
(1997–98) John Podesta
John Podesta
(1998–2001)

Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency

Carol M. Browner (1993–2001)

Ambassador to the United Nations

Madeleine Albright
Madeleine Albright
(1993–97) Bill Richardson
Bill Richardson
(1997–98) Richard C. Holbrooke (1999–2001)

Director of the Office of Management and Budget

Leon Panetta
Leon Panetta
(1993–94) Alice Rivlin
Alice Rivlin
(1994–96) Franklin D. Raines (1996–98) Jack Lew
Jack Lew
(1998–2001)

Director of National Drug Control Policy

Lee P. Brown
Lee P. Brown
(1993–95) Barry McCaffrey
Barry McCaffrey
(1996–2001)

Trade Representative

Mickey Kantor
Mickey Kantor
(1993–97) Charlene Barshefsky
Charlene Barshefsky
(1997–2001)

Director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency

James L. Witt (1993–2001)*

Director of Central Intelligence

R. James Woolsey Jr.
R. James Woolsey Jr.
(1993–95) John M. Deutch
John M. Deutch
(1995–96) George Tenet
George Tenet
(1997–2001)

Chairperson of the Council of Economic Advisers

Laura Tyson
Laura Tyson
(1993–95) Joseph Stiglitz
Joseph Stiglitz
(1995–97) Janet Yellen
Janet Yellen
(1997–99) Martin Neil Baily
Martin Neil Baily
(1999–2001)

Administrator of the Small Business Administration

Philip Lader
Philip Lader
(1994–97) Aída M. Álverez (1997–2001)

* took office in 1993, raised to cabinet-rank in 1996

United States
United States
Secretaries of Defense

Forrestal Johnson Marshall Lovett Wilson McElroy T. Gates McNamara Clifford Laird Richardson Schlesinger Rumsfeld Brown Weinberger Carlucci Cheney Aspin Perry Cohen Rumsfeld R. Gates Panetta Hagel Carter Mattis

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Cabinet of President Barack Obama
Barack Obama
(2009–2017)

Cabinet

Secretary of State

Hillary Clinton
Hillary Clinton
(2009–2013) John Kerry
John Kerry
(2013–2017)

Secretary of the Treasury

Timothy Geithner
Timothy Geithner
(2009–2013) Jack Lew
Jack Lew
(2013–2017)

Secretary of Defense

Robert Gates
Robert Gates
(2009–2011) Leon Panetta
Leon Panetta
(2011–2013) Chuck Hagel
Chuck Hagel
(2013–2015) Ash Carter
Ash Carter
(2015–2017)

Attorney General

Eric Holder
Eric Holder
(2009–2015) Loretta Lynch
Loretta Lynch
(2015–2017)

Secretary of the Interior

Ken Salazar
Ken Salazar
(2009–2013) Sally Jewell
Sally Jewell
(2013–2017)

Secretary of Agriculture

Tom Vilsack
Tom Vilsack
(2009–2017)

Secretary of Commerce

Gary Locke
Gary Locke
(2009–2011) John Bryson
John Bryson
(2011–2012) Penny Pritzker
Penny Pritzker
(2013–2017)

Secretary of Labor

Hilda Solis
Hilda Solis
(2009–2013) Thomas Perez (2013–2017)

Secretary of Health and Human Services

Kathleen Sebelius
Kathleen Sebelius
(2009–2014) Sylvia Mathews Burwell
Sylvia Mathews Burwell
(2014–2017)

Secretary of Housing and Urban Development

Shaun Donovan
Shaun Donovan
(2009–2014) Julian Castro
Julian Castro
(2014–2017)

Secretary of Transportation

Ray LaHood
Ray LaHood
(2009–2013) Anthony Foxx
Anthony Foxx
(2013–2017)

Secretary of Energy

Steven Chu
Steven Chu
(2009–2013) Ernest Moniz
Ernest Moniz
(2013–2017)

Secretary of Education

Arne Duncan
Arne Duncan
(2009–2016) John King (2016–2017)

Secretary of Veterans Affairs

Eric Shinseki
Eric Shinseki
(2009–2014) Robert McDonald (2014–2017)

Secretary of Homeland Security

Janet Napolitano
Janet Napolitano
(2009–2013) Jeh Johnson
Jeh Johnson
(2013–2017)

Cabinet-level

Vice President

Joe Biden
Joe Biden
(2009–2017)

White House Chief of Staff

Rahm Emanuel
Rahm Emanuel
(2009–2010) William Daley (2011–2012) Jack Lew
Jack Lew
(2012–2013) Denis McDonough
Denis McDonough
(2013–2017)

Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency

Lisa Jackson (2009–2013) Gina McCarthy
Gina McCarthy
(2013–2017)

Director of the Office of Management and Budget

Peter Orszag (2009–2010) Jack Lew
Jack Lew
(2010–2012) Sylvia Mathews Burwell
Sylvia Mathews Burwell
(2013–2014) Shaun Donovan
Shaun Donovan
(2014–2017)

Trade Representative

Ron Kirk
Ron Kirk
(2009–2013) Michael Froman
Michael Froman
(2013–2017)

Ambassador to the United Nations

Susan Rice
Susan Rice
(2009–2013) Samantha Power
Samantha Power
(2013–2017)

Chair of the Council of Economic Advisers

Christina Romer
Christina Romer
(2009–2010) Austan Goolsbee
Austan Goolsbee
(2010–2011) Alan Krueger
Alan Krueger
(2011–2013) Jason Furman
Jason Furman
(2013–2017)

Administrator of the Small Business Administration

Karen Mills
Karen Mills
(2012–2013)** Maria Contreras-Sweet
Maria Contreras-Sweet
(2014–2017)

* Acting ** took office in 2009, raised to cabinet-rank in 2012 See also: Confirmations of Barack Obama's Cabinet

v t e

War on Terror

War in Afghanistan Iraq
Iraq
War War in North-West Pakistan Symbolism of terrorism

Participants

Operational

ISAF Operation Enduring Freedom
Operation Enduring Freedom
participants Afghanistan Northern Alliance Iraq
Iraq
(Iraqi Armed Forces) NATO Pakistan United Kingdom United States European Union Philippines Ethiopia

Targets

al-Qaeda Osama bin Laden al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula Abu Sayyaf Anwar al-Awlaki Al-Shabaab Boko Haram Harkat-ul-Jihad al-Islami Hizbul Mujahideen Islamic Courts Union Islamic State of Iraq
Iraq
and the Levant Jaish-e-Mohammed Jemaah Islamiyah Lashkar-e-Taiba Taliban Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan

Conflicts

Operation Enduring Freedom

War in Afghanistan OEF – Philippines Georgia Train and Equip Program Georgia Sustainment and Stability OEF – Horn of Africa OEF – Trans Sahara Drone strikes in Pakistan

Other

Operation Active Endeavour Insurgency in the Maghreb (2002–present) Insurgency in the North Caucasus Moro conflict
Moro conflict
in the Philippines Iraq
Iraq
War Iraqi insurgency Operation Linda Nchi Terrorism in Saudi Arabia War in North-West Pakistan War in Somalia (2006–09) 2007 Lebanon conflict al-Qaeda insurgency in Yemen Korean conflict

See also

Abu Ghraib torture and prisoner abuse Axis of evil Black sites Bush Doctrine Clash of Civilizations Cold War Combatant Status Review Tribunal Criticism of the War on Terror Death of Osama bin Laden Enhanced interrogation techniques Torture Memos Extrajudicial prisoners Extraordinary rendition Guantanamo Bay detention camp Iranian Revolution Islamic terrorism Islamism Military Commissions Act of 2006 North Korea
North Korea
and weapons of mass destruction Terrorist Surveillance Program Operation Noble Eagle Operation Eagle Assist Pakistan's role Patriot Act President's Surveillance Program Protect America Act of 2007 September 11 attacks State Sponsors of Terrorism Targeted killing Targeted Killing in International Law Targeted Killings: Law and Morality in an Asymmetrical World Unitary executive theory Unlawful combatant Withdrawal of U.S. troops from Afghanistan CAGE

Terrorism portal War portal

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 119092429 LCCN: no92005709 GND: 1070414719 SUDOC: 081394276 US Congress: P000

.