HOME
        TheInfoList






Australasia

LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGB people allowed to serve openly in military? Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression
Australia Australia
(including territories of
 Christmas Island,
 Cocos (Keeling) Islands and
 Norfolk Island)
Yes Legal in some states and territories since 1975, nationwide since 1997
+ UN decl. sign.[49]
Yes Unregistered cohabitation nationally since 2009;
Domestic partnerships in Tasmania (2004),[658] South Australia (2007),[659] Victoria (2008),[660] New South Wales (2010),[661] and Queensland (2012);[662]
Civil unions in the Australian Capital Territory (2012)[663]
Yes Legal since 2017[664] Yes Legal in some states and territories since 2002, nationwide since 2018 Yes Since 1992[665]; Includes transgender people[666] Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination.[667] Yes The ACT, NT, SA, WA, TAS and VIC do not require sex reassignment surgery to change gender on a birth certificate - however both NSW and QLD does legally require sex reassignment surgery[668][669][667]
New Zealand New Zealand Yes Legal since 1986
+ UN decl. sign.[49]
Yes Unregistered cohabitation since 2002;
Civil unions since 2005
Yes Legal since 2013[670] Yes Legal since 2013[670] Yes Since 1993; Includes transgender people[671] Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination Yes Covered under the "sex discrimination" provision of the Human Rights Act 1993

Melanesia

LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGB people allowed to serve openly in military? Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression
Fiji Fiji Yes Legal since 2010
+ UN decl. sign.[672][49]
No No No Emblem-question.svg Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination[49] Emblem-question.svg
New Caledonia New Caledonia
(Special collectivity of France)
Yes Legal
(No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the collectivity)
+ UN decl. sign.[49]
Yes Civil solidarity pact since 2009[673] Yes Legal since 2013 Yes Legal since 2013 Yes France responsible for defence Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination Yes Under French law
Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea No Male illegal
Penalty: 3 to 14 years imprisonment (Not enforced).
Yes Female always legal[49]
No No No No No No
Solomon Islands Solomon Islands No Illegal
Penalty: Up to 14 years imprisonment (Not enforced).[49]
No No No Has no military No[674] No
Vanuatu Vanuatu Yes Legal since 2007
+ UN decl. sign.[49]
No No No Emblem-question.svg Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination No

Micronesia

LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGB people allowed to serve openly in military? Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression
Guam Guam
(Unincorporated territory of the United States)
Yes Legal since 1978 Yes Since 2015 Yes Legal since 2015 Yes Legal since 2002 Yes United States responsible for defense[675][676] Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination Yes Allowed to legally change gender, but requires sex reassignment surgery
Federated States of Micronesia Micronesia Yes Legal
+ UN decl. sign.[49]
No No No Has no military Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination[677] Emblem-question.svg
Kiribati Kiribati No Male illegal
Penalty: 5-14 years imprisonment (Not enforced).
Yes Female legal[49]
No No No Has no military Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination No
Marshall Islands Marshall Islands Yes Legal since 2005
+ UN decl. sign.[49]
No No No Has no military No Emblem-question.svg
Nauru Nauru Yes Legal since 2016[678][679]
+ UN decl. sign.
No No No Has no military No No
Northern Mariana Islands Northern Mariana Islands
(Unincorporated territory of the United States)
Yes Legal since 1983 Yes Since 2015 Yes Legal since 2015 Yes Legal since 2015 Yes United States responsible for defense[675][676] Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination[680][681] Yes Under the Vital Statistics Act of 2006
Palau Palau Yes Legal since 2014
+ UN decl. sign.[682]
No No Constitutional ban since 2008 No Has no military No No
United States United States Minor Outlying Islands
(Unincorporated territories of the United States)
Yes Legal Yes Yes Legal Yes Legal Yes United States responsible for defense[675][676] No No

Polynesia

LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGB people allowed to serve openly in military? Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression
American Samoa American Samoa
(Unincorporated territory of the United States)[683]
Yes Legal since 1980 No No[684] No Yes United States responsible for defense[174][676] No Yes[685]
Easter Island Easter Island
(Special territory of Chile)
Yes Legal since 1999;
Age of consent discrepancy
+ UN decl. sign.[49]
Yes Civil unions since 2015 No Pending No Pending Yes Chile responsible for defence Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination Yes Since 2007
Cook Islands Cook Islands
(Part of the Realm of New Zealand)
No Male illegal
Penalty: 5-14 years imprisonment (Not enforced).
Legalization pending[686]
Yes Female legal
+ UN decl. sign.[49]
No No No Yes New Zealand responsible for defence Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination[687] No
French Polynesia French Polynesia
(Overseas collectivity of France)
Yes Legal
(No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the collectivity)
+ UN decl. sign.[49]
Yes Since 2013 Yes Legal since 2013 Yes Legal since 2013 Yes France responsible for defence Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination Yes Under French law
Hawaii Hawaii
(Constituent state of the United States)
Yes Since 1972 Yes Since 1997 Yes Since 2013 Yes Since 2012 Yes United States responsible for defence Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination Yes
Niue Niue
(Part of the Realm of New Zealand)
Yes Legal since 2007
+ UN decl. sign.[49]
No No No Yes New Zealand responsible for defence Emblem-question.svg Emblem-question.svg
Pitcairn Islands Pitcairn Islands
(Overseas Territory of the United Kingdom)
Yes Legal since 2001
+ UN decl. sign.[49]
Yes Since 2015 Yes Legal since 2015[688] Yes Legal since 2015[689] Yes UK responsible for defence Yes Constitutional ban on all anti-gay discrimination[690] Emblem-question.svg
Samoa Samoa No Male illegal
Penalty: 5-7 years imprisonment (Not enforced).
Yes Female always legal
+ UN decl. sign.[49]
No No No Has no military Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination[691] Emblem-question.svg Samoa has a large transgender or "third-gender" community called the fa'afafine. They are a recognized part of traditional Samoan customs.
Tokelau Tokelau
(Part of the Realm of New Zealand)
Yes Legal since 2007
+ UN decl. sign.[49]
No No No Yes New Zealand responsible for defence No No
Tonga Tonga No Male illegal
Penalty: Up to 10 years imprisonment (Not enforced).
Yes Female always legal[49]
No No No No No No
Tuvalu Tuvalu No Male illegal
Penalty: Up to 14 years imprisonment (Not enforced).
Yes Female legal
+ UN decl. sign.[49]
No No No Has no military No Emblem-question.svg
Wallis and Futuna Wallis and Futuna
(Overseas collectivity of France)
Yes Legal
(No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the collectivity)
+ UN decl. sign.[49]
Yes