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Konkani Muslims (also known as Kokani Muslims) are an ethnoreligious subgroup of the Konkani people primarily living in the Konkan region of western India, who practise Islam.[1] Indigenous Muslims from the districts of Sindhudurg, Ratnagiri, Raigad, Mumbai (Bombay) city and suburb, and Thane are generally regarded as Konkani Muslims.[2] Karwari Konkani Muslims of Bhatkal, situated at the southern border of Konkan in Uttara Kannada district of Karnataka are known as Nawayaths[3]

Geography

The Konkani Muslim community forms a part of the larger Konkani speaking demographic and are predominantly located in the Konkan division of the Indian state of Maharashtra.[4] This includes the administrative districts of Mumbai, Mumbai Suburban, Palghar, Thane, Raigad, Ratnagiri and Sindhudurg.

There is a diaspora Konkani Muslim community based in Persian Gulf states,[5][6] United Kingdom[7][8] and South Africa.[9][10] Many Konkani Muslims migrated to Pakistan after the independence in 1947 and have settled in Karachi[11] as part of the Muhajir community.

History

Since antiquity, the Konkan coast has had mercantile relations with major ports on the Red Sea and Persian Gulf. Konkani Muslims can trace their ancestry to Arab traders who visited the coast in the medieval era.[12] Ancestry formed the basis for social stratification: direct descendants of Arab traders formed an elite class over those who had indirect descent through intermarriages with local converts to Islam.[13]ethnoreligious subgroup of the Konkani people primarily living in the Konkan region of western India, who practise Islam.[1] Indigenous Muslims from the districts of Sindhudurg, Ratnagiri, Raigad, Mumbai (Bombay) city and suburb, and Thane are generally regarded as Konkani Muslims.[2] Karwari Konkani Muslims of Bhatkal, situated at the southern border of Konkan in Uttara Kannada district of Karnataka are known as Nawayaths[3]