John Joseph Travolta (born February 18, 1954)
is an American actor and singer. He rose to fame during the 1970s, appearing on the television sitcom ''Welcome Back, Kotter
'' (1975–1979) and starring in the box office successes ''Carrie''
(1976), ''Saturday Night Fever
'' (1977) and ''Grease
'' (1978). His acting career declined throughout the 1980s, but he enjoyed a resurgence in the 1990s with his role in ''Pulp Fiction
'' (1994) and has since starred in the films ''Get Shorty
'' (1995), ''Broken Arrow
'' (1996), ''Face/Off
'' (1997), ''Phenomenon
'' (1997), Swordfish
'' (2001), ''The Punisher
'' (2004), ''Hairspray''
'' (2008) and ''The Taking of Pelham 123
Travolta was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor
for performances in ''Saturday Night Fever'' and ''Pulp Fiction''. He won a Golden Globe Award
for Best Actor in a Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy
for his performance in ''Get Shorty'' and has received a total of six nominations, the most recent being in 2011. In 2014, he received the IIFA Award for Outstanding Achievement in International Cinema
. In 2016, Travolta received his first Primetime Emmy Award
, as a producer of the first season of the anthology series ''American Crime Story
'', subtitled ''The People v. O. J. Simpson
''. He also received an additional Emmy nomination and a Golden Globe nomination for his portrayal of lawyer Robert Shapiro
in the series. Travolta is also a private pilot and owns four aircraft.
The youngest of six children,
Travolta was born
and raised in Englewood, New Jersey
, an inner-ring suburb of New York City
in Bergen County, New Jersey
. His father, Salvatore "Sam" Travolta (November 1912 – May 1995),
was a semiprofessional American football
player turned tire salesman and partner in a tire company, Travolta Tyre Exchange.
His mother, Helen Cecilia (''née'' Burke; January 18, 1912 – December 1978),
was an actress and singer who had appeared in The Sunshine Sisters, a radio vocal group, and acted and directed before becoming a high school drama and English teacher.
[Stated on ''Inside the Actors Studio'', 2003]
His siblings Joey
, Ann, Margaret
, and Sam Travolta were all inspired by their mother's love of theatre and drama and became actors.
[ His father was a second-generation Italian American with roots in Godrano, Sicily, and his mother was Irish American.] He grew up in an Irish-American neighborhood and said that his household was predominantly Irish in culture. He was raised Roman Catholic, but converted to Scientology in 1975. Travolta attended Dwight Morrow High School, but dropped out as a junior at age 17 in 1971.
After dropping out of school, Travolta moved across the Hudson River to New York City and landed a role in the touring company of the musical ''Grease'' and on Broadway in ''Over Here!'', singing the Sherman Brothers' song "Dream Drummin'." He then moved to Los Angeles for professional reasons.
Travolta's first screen role in California was as a fall victim in ''Emergency!'' (S2E2), in September 1972, but his first significant movie role was as Billy Nolan, a bully who was goaded into playing a prank on Sissy Spacek's character in the horror film ''Carrie'' (1976). Around the same time, he landed his star-making role as Vinnie Barbarino in the ABC TV sitcom ''Welcome Back, Kotter'' (1975–1979), in which his sister, Ellen, also occasionally appeared (as Arnold Horshack's mother).
Travolta had a hit single titled "Let Her In," peaking at number 10 on the ''Billboard'' Hot 100 chart in July 1976. In the next few years, he starred in ''The Boy in the Plastic Bubble'' and two of his most noted screen roles: Tony Manero in ''Saturday Night Fever'' (1977) and Danny Zuko in ''Grease'' (1978).
[ The films were among the most commercially successful pictures of the decade and catapulted Travolta to international stardom. ''Saturday Night Fever'' earned him an Academy Award nomination for Best Actor, making him, at age 24, one of the youngest performers ever nominated for the Best Actor Oscar. His mother and his sister Ann appeared very briefly in ''Saturday Night Fever'' and his sister Ellen played a waitress in ''Grease''. Travolta performed several of the songs on the ''Grease'' soundtrack album. After the disastrous Moment by Moment (1978) in which he starred with Lily Tomlin, Travolta, in 1980, inspired a nationwide country music craze that followed on the heels of his hit film ''Urban Cowboy'', in which he starred with Debra Winger.
After ''Urban Cowboy'', Travolta starred in a series of commercial and critical failures that sidelined his acting career. These included ''Two of a Kind'' (1983), a romantic comedy reuniting him with Olivia Newton-John, and ''Perfect'' (1985), co-starring Jamie Lee Curtis. He also starred in ''Staying Alive'', the 1983 sequel to ''Saturday Night Fever'', for which he trained rigorously and lost 20 pounds; the film was a financial success, grossing over $65 million, though it, too, was scorned by critics.
During that time, Travolta was offered, but declined, lead roles in what would become box-office hits, including ''American Gigolo'' and ''An Officer and a Gentleman'', both of which went to Richard Gere.
In 1989, Travolta starred with Kirstie Alley in ''Look Who's Talking'', which grossed $297 million, making it his most successful film since ''Grease''. He subsequently starred in ''Look Who's Talking Too'' (1990) and ''Look Who's Talking Now'' (1993), but it was not until he played Vincent Vega in Quentin Tarantino's hit ''Pulp Fiction'' (1994), with Samuel L. Jackson, for which he received an Academy Award nomination, that his career was revived.
[ The movie shifted him back onto the A-list and he was inundated with offers. Notable roles following ''Pulp Fiction'' include a movie-buff loan shark in ''Get Shorty'' (1995), ''White Man's Burden'' (1995), a corrupt U.S. Air Force pilot in ''Broken Arrow'' (1996), an FBI agent and terrorist in ''Face/Off'' (1997), a desperate attorney in ''A Civil Action'' (1998), a Bill Clinton–esque presidential candidate in ''Primary Colors'' (1998),] [ and a military investigator in ''The General's Daughter'' (1999).
In 2000, Travolta starred in and co-produced the science fiction film ''Battlefield Earth'', based on the novel of the same name by L. Ron Hubbard, in which he played the villainous leading role as a leader of a group of aliens that enslaves humanity on a bleak future Earth. The film had been a dream project for Travolta since the book's release in 1982, when Hubbard had written to him to try to help make a film adaptation.
The film received almost universally negative reviews and did very poorly at the box office. Travolta's performance in ''Battlefield Earth'' also earned him two Razzie Awards.
Throughout the 2000s, Travolta remained busy as an actor, starring in many films, including ''Swordfish'' (2001); ''Ladder 49'' (2004); ''Be Cool'' (2005); ''Lonely Hearts'' (2006); ''Wild Hogs'' (2007); the Disney computer animated film ''Bolt'' (2008), in which Travolta voiced the title character; ''The Taking of Pelham 123''; and ''Old Dogs'' (both 2009).
In 2007, Travolta played Edna Turnblad in the remake of ''Hairspray'', his first musical since ''Grease''.
Since 2010, Travolta has starred mostly in action films and thrillers. In 2016, he returned to television in the first season of the anthology series ''American Crime Story'', titled ''The People v. O. J. Simpson'', in which he played lawyer Robert Shapiro.
At the 2014 Academy Award ceremony, Travolta famously misannounced Idina Menzel, who performed the award-winning song "Let it Go" from the Disney animated movie ''Frozen''.
Following the death of his wife Kelly Preston in July 2020, Travolta hinted on his Instagram account that he would be putting his career on hold, stating "I will be taking some time to be there for my children who have lost their mother, so forgive me in advance if you don’t hear from us for a while."
Travolta was in a relationship with actress Diana Hyland, whom he met while filming ''The Boy in the Plastic Bubble'' (1976). They remained together until Hyland's death from breast cancer on March 27, 1977. In 1980, Travolta dated French actress Catherine Deneuve. Travolta also had an on-again/off-again relationship with actress Marilu Henner, which ended permanently in 1985. He married actress Kelly Preston in 1991, and they bought a house in Islesboro, Maine. They had three children: Jett (1992–2009), Ella Bleu (born 2000) and Benjamin (born 2010). They regularly attended marriage counseling and Travolta has stated that therapy helped the marriage. They resided in Ocala, Florida.
On January 2, 2009, Jett died at age 16 while on a Christmas vacation in the Bahamas.
A Bahamian death certificate was issued, attributing the cause of death to a seizure. Jett, who had a history of seizures, reportedly suffered from Kawasaki disease since the age of two. Travolta confirmed that Jett was autistic and suffered regular seizures, and immediately made his public statements while giving testimony after a multimillion-dollar extortion plot against him in connection with Jett's death. After a mistrial, Travolta dropped the charges and has credited his immediate family and Scientology with helping him to cope with Jett's death and move forward with his career. In memory of Jett, Travolta created the Jett Travolta Foundation, a nonprofit organization to help children with special needs. It has contributed to organizations such as the Oprah Winfrey Leadership Academy, Institutes for the Achievement of Human Potential, and Simon Wiesenthal Center.
On July 12, 2020, Travolta's wife, Kelly Preston, died at the age of 57, two years after she had been diagnosed with breast cancer. Her diagnosis had been kept quiet and was not widely publicized. Preston had been receiving treatment at the MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston, Texas; she had also been treated at other medical centers. Preston was at her home in Anthony, Florida when she died. Her death was announced in an Instagram post under an account belonging to John Travolta and Ella Bleu.
Travolta has been a practitioner of Scientology since 1975 when he was given the book ''Dianetics'' while filming the film ''The Devil's Rain'' in Durango, Mexico.
After the 2010 Haiti earthquake, joining other celebrities in helping with the relief efforts, Travolta reportedly flew his Boeing 707 full of supplies, doctors, and Scientologist Volunteer Ministers into the disaster area.
Travolta is a private pilot
and owns four aircraft. This excludes the ex-Qantas Boeing 707-138B (Ex-VH-EBM) that he owned. In 2017, the plane was donated to the Historical Aircraft Restoration Society (HARS) near Wollongong, Australia, and was expected to be flown to Australia in November 2019. This was later delayed to sometime in 2020 due to condition of the aircraft. Travolta plans to be on board when the aircraft is flown to Illawarra Regional Airport, where HARS is based, however will not be allowed to fly it, because it will be registered as an Australian aircraft. [ The 707 aircraft bears an old livery of Qantas, and Travolta acted as an official goodwill ambassador for the airline wherever he flew. Travolta named his 707 "Jett Clipper Ella," in honor of his children. The "Clipper" in the name refers to the use of that word by Pan Am in the names of their aircraft.
His estate in Ocala, Florida is situated at Jumbolair Airport with its own runway and taxiway right to his house, with two outbuildings for covered access to planes.]
In 1984, Travolta was inducted into the American Academy of Achievement and presented with the Golden Plate Award by Awards Council member General Chuck Yeager, USAF.
On November 24, 1992, Travolta was piloting his Gulfstream N728T at night above a solid undercast when he experienced a total electrical system failure while flying under instrument flight rules into Washington National Airport. During the emergency landing, he almost had a mid-air collision with a USAir Boeing 727, an event attributed to a risky decision by an air traffic controller.
Travolta was inducted into the Living Legends of Aviation in 2007 and acts as the award show's official ambassador.
On September 13, 2010, during the first episode of the final season of her talk show, Oprah Winfrey announced that she would be taking her entire studio audience on an eight-day, all-expenses-paid trip to Australia, with Travolta serving as pilot for the trip. He had helped Winfrey plan the trip for more than a year.
He is the author of the book ''Propeller One-Way Night Coach'', the story of a young boy's first flight.
Travolta endorsed Democratic candidate Hillary Clinton during the 2016 U.S. presidential election.
Sexual assault allegation
In May 2012, an anonymous male masseur filed a lawsuit against Travolta, citing claims of sexual assault and battery. A lawyer for Travolta said that the allegations were "complete fiction and fabrication". Travolta's counsel also stated that his client would be able to prove that he was not in California on the day in question and asserted that Travolta would "sue the attorney and Plaintiff for malicious prosecution" after getting the case thrown out. A second masseur later joined the lawsuit making similar claims. Both lawsuits were subsequently dropped by the complainants and dismissed without prejudice.
On September 27, 2012, Los Angeles Superior Court Judge Malcolm Mackey dismissed a defamation lawsuit against Travolta and his attorney Marty Singer by writer Robert Randolph because he found that a letter, written by Singer in response to allegations in a book by Randolph, was protected by free speech.
Awards and nominations
* List of oldest and youngest Academy Award winners and nominees – Youngest Nominees for Best Actor
* Tast, Brigitte (ed.). ''John Travolta''. (Hildesheim/Germany 1978.) .
on ''Charlie Rose''
at Hollywood Walk of Fame
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