John Francis Rague (1799–1877; pronounced ''ra-gu'') was a mid-19th century architect who designed and built numerous public buildings including the 1837 Old Capitol of Illinois and the 1840 Territorial Capitol of Iowa. He was born on March 24, 1799 in Scotch Plains, New Jersey. He studied under Minard Lafever in New York, and moved to Springfield, Illinois in 1831. While there, he designed both the Illinois and Iowa capitol buildings, the Tinsley Dry Goods Building and many Greek Revival homes. In Springfield, Rague was a friend of Abraham Lincoln, and suggested Lincoln wear white gloves to dinner parties. Lincoln followed this recommendation. Rague moved to Milwaukee, Wisconsin where is known for designing the Phoenix Building in Milwaukee, as well as the original portions of Bascom Hill, including Bascom Hall, North Hall and South Hall at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. In 1854, Rague moved to Dubuque, Iowa. While there, he designed a number of buildings, including the city hall, Central Market House, the jail and many homes such as the Mathias Ham and the Langworthy Octagon House.The Wisconsin Magazine of History Vol. 10, No. 2, Dec., 1926. Rague's style varied widely over his career from Neoclassical to Federalist to Late Victorian and even to Egyptian Revival.

Gallery of Rague-designed buildings

Illinoisoldcapitol.jpg|1839 Old Capitol of Illinois Dubuque City Hall 2016.jpg|1857 Dubuque City Hall Dbq jail.jpg|1858 Dubuque County Jail Mathias_Ham_House_01.jpg|1856 Mathias Ham House BascomHill.JPG|1857 Bascom Hall, University of Wisconsin North Hall, UW Madison.jpg|1851 North Hall, University of Wisconsin Langworthy House.jpg|1856 Langworthy House, Dubuque


{{DEFAULTSORT:Rague, John F. Category:1799 births Category:1877 deaths Category:Architects from Iowa Category:Architects from Illinois Category:People from Dubuque, Iowa Category:Architects from Milwaukee Category:People from Scotch Plains, New Jersey Category:19th-century American architects