The biblical patriarch
Isaac ( ar|إسحاق or ' or ''Isḥaaq'') is recognized as a prophet
s. As in Judaism
maintains that Isaac was the son of the patriarch and prophet Abraham
from his wife Sarah
. Muslims hold Isaac in deep veneration because they believe that both Isaac and his older half-brother Ishmael
continued their father's spiritual legacy through their subsequent preaching of the message of God
after the death of Abraham. Isaac is mentioned in fifteen passages of the Quran
. Along with being mentioned several times in the Quran, Isaac is held up as one of Islam's prophets.
Because of God’s grace and covenant with Abraham, Sarah was gifted with a child in her old age. Isaac was the age of 10 when his half-brother Ishmael went out from Abraham’s house into the desert. While in the desert Ishmael took a wife of the daughters of Moab named ‘Ayeshah.
In the Quran
Isaac is mentioned fifteen times by name in the Quran
, often with his father and his son, Jacob
(''Yaʿqūb''). The Quran states that Abraham received "good tidings of Isaac, a prophet, of the righteous", and that God blessed them both (37: 112). "And We gave him glad tidings of Isaac, a prophet from among the righteous. And We blessed him and Isaac. And among their progeny are the virtuous and those who clearly wrong themselves" In a fuller description, when angel
s came to Ibrahim
to tell him of the future punishment to be imposed on Sodom and Gomorrah
, his wife, Sarah
, "laughed, and We gave her good tidings of Isaac, and after Isaac of (a grandson) Jacob" (11: 71-74); and it is further explained that this event will take place despite Abraham and Sarah's old age. Several verses speak of Isaac as a "gift" to Abraham (6: 84; 19: 49-50), and 29: 26-27 adds that God made "prophethood and the Book to be among his offspring", which has been interpreted to refer to Abraham's two prophetic sons, his prophetic grandson Jacob
, and his prophetic great-grandson Joseph
. In the Quran, it later narrates that Abraham also praised God for giving him Ishmael and Isaac in his old age (XIV: 39-41).
Elsewhere in the Quran, Isaac is mentioned in lists: Joseph
follows the religion of his forefathers Abraham, Isaac and Jacob (12: 38) and speaks of God
's favor to them (12: 6); Yaʿqūb
's sons all testify their faith and promise to worship the God that their forefathers, "Abraham, Ishmael and Isaac", worshiped (2: 127); and the Quran commands Muslim
s to believe in the revelations that were given to "Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob and the Patriarchs" (2: 136; III: 84). In the Quran's narrative of Abraham's near-sacrifice of his son (37: 102), the name of the son is not mentioned and debate has continued over the son's identity, though many feel that the identity is the least important element in a story which is given to show the courage that one develops through faith.
[''Concise Encyclopedia of Islam'', C. Glasse, ''Isaac'']
His tomb and that of his wife Rebekah
is considered to be in the Cave of the Patriarchs
, known in Islam as the ''Ibrahim-i-Mosque'' ("Mosque of Abraham"). Alongside Isaac's tomb are those of some of the other Qur'anic/Biblical
patriarchs and their wives: Abraham and Sarah and Jacob and Leah
* Biblical narratives and the Quran
* Prophets of Islam
* Stories of The Prophets
() is the traditional Quran
ic spelling after vocalizing
with a super script
''. In Modern Standard Arabic
, it is normally written
* C.H. Becker, ''Islamstudien'', i, 47
* ''ZDMG'', xxxii, 359, ii
* ''Encyclopedia of Islam'', W. M. Watt, ''Ishak''
* ''Stories of the Prophets
; Ibn Kathir
, ''The Story of Isaac and Jacob''
Category:Hebrew Bible people in Islam