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Ironwood is a common name for many woods or plants that have a reputation for hardness, or specifically a wood density that is heavier than water (approximately 1000 kg/m3, or 62 pounds per cubic foot), although usage of the name ironwood in English may or may not indicate a tree that yields such heavy wood.


Some of the species with their common name


* ''Acacia aulacocarpa'' (Brush ironwood) * ''Acacia estrophiolata'' (Southern ironwood), central Australia * ''Acacia excelsa'' (Ironwood) * ''Acacia melanoxylon'' (Ironwood) * ''Acacia stenophylla'' (Ironwood), Australia * ''Aegiphila martinicensis'' (Ironwood) * ''Afzelia africana'' (Ironwood) * ''Androstachys johnsonii'' (Lebombo ironwood), southeastern Africa and Madagascar * ''Allagoptera caudescens'', ''Borassus flabellifer'', ''Caryota urens'', ''Iriartea deltoidea'' Black Palm, Palmira wood (Black ironwood) * ''Argania spinosa'' (Marocco ironwood, Thorny, Prickly ironwood) * ''Astronium fraxinifolium'', ''Astronium urundeuva'' (Ironwood) * ''Backhousia bancroftii'' (Bancroft's ironwood) * ''Backhousia citriodora'' (Lemon ironwood), northeastern Australia * ''Backhousia myrtifolia'' (Carrol ironwood, Ironwood) * (''Backhousia subargentea'' Syn.: ''Choricarpia subargentea'') (Giant ironwood), eastern Australia * ''Bridelia micrantha'' (Benin or Yoruba ironwood), ''Bridelia atroviridis'' (Yoruba ironwood) * ''Carpinus caroliniana'' American hornbeam (Ironwood, Blue-beech ironwood, Smooth-barked ironwood), eastern North America * Casuarinaceae, She-oaks in general, Southeast Asia (Australian ironwood) ** ''Allocasuarina'' spp.; ''Allocasuarina luehmannii'', ''Allocasuarina torulosa'', ''Allocasuarina inophloia'' (Ironwood), ''Allocasuarina verticillata'' (Long-leaved, Longleaf ironwood, Highland or Mountain ironwood) ** ''Casuarina cunninghamiana'' (Small-cone ironwood, Australian coast ironwood, River-oak ironwood) ** ''Casuarina equisetifolia'' Toa (Beach, Coast ironwood, Pacific, Sea, South Sea or Polynesian ironwood or Short-leaf and False ironwood, Lowland Ironwood), native from Burma south to Australia ** ''Casuarina cristata'' (Ironwood) ** ''Casuarina glauca'' (Long-leaf Ironwood, Saltmarsh Ironwood, Blue ironwood) ** ''Casuarina stricta'' (Highland ironwood, Fodder ironwood) ** ''Casuarina junghuhniana'' (Mountain Ironwood) * (''Cenostigma pluviosum'' Syn.: ''Caesalpinia pluviosa'') (Bolivian ironwood) * ''Cercocarpus'' spp. (Ironwood), ''Cercocarpus betuloides'' (Mountain ironwood) * ''Chionanthus battiscombei '' (Water pock ironwood, Small-fruited ironwood, Water Ornate-leaf(ved) ironwood) * ''Chionanthus caymanensis'' (Ironwood, Cayman ironwood) * ''Chioanthus compactus'' (White ironwood) * ''Chionanthus panamensis'', ''Chionanthus ligustrinus'' (Pine ridge ironwood) * ''Chionanthus peglerae'' (Bastard black ironwood or Giant pock ironwood and Pegler's bastard ironwood, Large-leaved ironwood) * (''Citharexylum flexuosum'' Syn.: ''Citharexylum spinosum'') (White ironwood) * ''Cliftonia monophylla'' (Ironwood) * ''Coccoloba pubescens'' (Broad-leaved ironwood) * ''Colophospermum mopane'' (Black ironwood, Rhodesian ironwood) * ''Colubrina elliptica'' (Ironwood, Martinique ironwood), ''Colubrina arborescens'' (West Indian ironwood) * ''Combretum imerbe'' (Ironwood) * ''Cordia subcordata'' (Ironwood) * ''Cossinia pinnata'' (Judas ironwood) * ''Cryptocarya lauriflora'' (Borneo ironwood), ''Cryptocarya ferrea'' (Java ironwood) * ''Cynometra alexandri'' (Uganda ironwood), central and east Africa * ''Cyrilla racemiflora'' (Ironwood, Swamp ironwood) * ''Dalbergia melanoxylon'' (African ironwood) * ''Dialium guianense'' (Ironwood) * ''Diploglottis australis'' Syn.: ''Diploglottis cunninghamii'') (Australian, New Holland ironwood) * ''Distylium racemosum'' (Japanese ironwood) * ''Drypetes gerrardii'' (Bastard white ironwood, Forest ironwood) * ''Erythrophleum chlorostachys'' Steelwood (Cooktown ironwood, Red or Northern ironwood, Leguminous ironwood, Poisonous ironwood), native to northern Australia * ''Erythroxylum areolatum'' (Cartagena ironwood, Jamaica ironwood) * ''Eucalyptus'' spp. (Australian ironwood) * ''Eugenia confusa'' (Red berry ironwood, Tropical ironwood) * ''Eusideroxylon zwageri'' (Borneo ironwood, Chinese ironwood, Real or True ironwood), southeast Asia * ''Exostema caribaeum'' (Bastard ironwood) * ''Exothea paniculata'' (Ironwood) * ''Fagraea fragrans'' (Sumatra or Java ironwood) * ''Fagara lentiscifolia'' (Bastard ironwood) * ''Forestiera pubescens'' (Ironwood) * ''Forestiera pubescens'' var. ''parvifolia'' (New Mexican ironwood) * ''Genipa americana'' (Brazilian ironwood) * ''Gordonia haematoxylon'' (Ironwood) * ''Gossia bidwillii'' (Smooth-barked ironwood, Scrub ironwood), ''Gossia acmenoides '' (Scrub ironwood), ''Gossia dulcis'' (Ironwood), ''Gossia floribunda'' (Cape ironwood), ''Gossia myrsinocarpa'' (Malanada ironwood) * ''Gymnanthes lucida'' (Narrow-leaf ironwood) * (''Gymnostoma nodiflorum'' Syn.: ''Casuarina nodiflora '') (Knot-flowered ironwood) * (''Gymnostoma papuanum'' Syn.: ''Casuarina papuana'') (Papuan ironwood) * (''Gymnostoma sumatranum'' Syn.: Casuarina sumatrana) (Ironwood) * ''Handroanthus'' spp. formerly ''Tabebuia'' spp.; ''Handroanthus heptaphyllus'', ''Handroanthus serratifolius'' etc., Ipê, Brazilian walnut, Lapacho, Yellow poui (Ironwood) * ''Heritiera trifoliolata'' Black stavewood, ''Heritiera actinophylla'' Stavewood (Ironwood) * ''Holodiscus discolor'' Oceanspray (Ironwood), western North America * ''Homalium dentatum'', ''Homalium letestui'' (Brown ironwood), ''Homalium rufescens'' (Small-leaved brown ironwood), ''Homalium abdessammadii'' (Zambezi brown ironwood) * ''Hopea odorata'', ''Hopea parviflora'' (Malabar, Ceylon ironwood) * ''Hypelate trifoliata'' (White ironwood) * ''Ilex mitis'' (Lance-leaved ironwood, Smooth or Mild, Unarmed ironwood) * ''Inhambanella henriquesii'' (Rock, Water or Small ironwood) * ''Intsia bijuga'', ''Intsia palembanica'' (Moluccan, Madagascar ironwood) * ''Ixora ferrea'' (Ironwood, West Indian ironwood, Martinique ironwood, Red ironwood, Three-flowered ironwood) * ''Jacquinia keyensis'' (Ironwood) * ''Krugiodendron ferreum'' (Black ironwood, Caribbean or Guadeloupe ironwood), Caribbean * (''Libidibia ferrea'' Syn.: 'Caesalpinia ferrea'') (Brazilian ironwood), Brazil * ''Lignum vitae''; ''Guaiacum officinale'', ''Guaiacum sanctum'' and Argentine, Paraguay Lignum Vitae, Verawood ''Bulnesia arborea'' also als Maracaibo Lignum Vitae and ''Bulnesia sarmientoi'' (Ironwood) * ''Lophira alata'' (West African ironwood, (Small) Red ironwood, Dwarf (red) ironwood, Dryzone (red) ironwood), western and central Africa * ''Lophira lanceolata'' ((Dwarf) Red ironwood) * ''Lyonothamnus floribundus'' (Catalina or Western ironwood, Island or Santa Cruz (Island) Ironwood, Lyon's Ironwood or Fern-leaved ironwood), in the rose family, Channel Islands of California * ''Manilkara hexandra'' (Ceylon ironwood) * ''Manilkara kauki'' (Moluccan ironwood) * ''Mesua ferrea'' (Sri Lankan or Ceylon and Assam ironwood, East Indian Ironwood), southern and southeastern Asia * ''Metrosideros'' spp. all Species (Ironwood), ''Metrosideros umbellata'' (New Zealand Ironwood), ''Metrosideros kermadecensis'' (Real or True ironwood) * ''Millettia grandis'' (Kafir ironwood) * ''Minquartia guianensis'' (Ironwood) * ''Mouriri myrtilloides'' (Small-leaved ironwood) * ''Myoporum obscurum'' (Bastard ironwood) * ''Myracrodruon urundeuva'' (Ironwood) * ''Nestegis apetala'' (Bastard ironwood), New Zealand and Norfolk Island * ''Notelaea ligustrina'' (Tasmanian ironwood, New-South-Wales ironwood) * ''Notelaea longifolia'' (Norfolk-Island ironwood) * (''Noronhia foveolata'' Syn.: ''Chionanthus foveolatus'') (Pock ironwood, Bastard ironwood or Cape pock ironwood, Bastard, Forest pock ironwood, Ornate-leaf(ved), Fine-leaved ironwood) native to southern Africa * ''Ochna holstii'' (Red ironwood) * ''Oldfieldia africana'' (West African ironwood) * ''Olea capensis'' (''Bastard'' Black, Forest, Bushveld or False, Bastard ironwood, South African ironwood, Small and Olive ironwood, East African ironwood), Africa * ''Olea woodiana'' (Black ironwood), eastern and southern Africa * ''Olinia ventosa'' (Sproutful ironwood) * ''Olneya tesota'' (desert ironwood, Arizona or Sonora ironwood, Mexican ironwood) * ''Ostrya knowltonii'' Knowlton's or Western hophornbeam (Canyon ironwood, Western Ironwood) * ''Ostrya virginiana'' Hophornbeam, (North-American, American ironwood, Canadian ironwood, Rough-barked ironwood, Eastern ironwood) * ''Palicourea cardiomorpha'' subsp. ''cardiomorpha'' (Panicled-flowered ironwood) * ''Parrotia persica'' (Persian ironwood, Transcaucasian ironwood) * ''Parrotia subaequalis'' (Chinese ironwood) * ''Paubrasilia echinata'' (Ironwood) * ''Peltophorum rufum'' (Cochinchina ironwood) * ''Pemphis acidula'' (Maldivian ironwood) * ''Picrodendron baccatum'' (Black ironwood) * ''Planchonella costata'' (Bastard ironwood) * ''Planchonella obovata'' (Silvery ironwood, Obovate ironwood) * ''Prosopis juliflora'', ''Prosopis glandulosa'' (Texas ironwood), ''Prosopis kuntzei'', ''Prosopis africana'' (Ironwood) Mesquite * ''Prunus africana'' (Ironwood) * Quebracho ''Schinopsis'' spp.; ''Schinopsis brasiliensis'', ''Schinopsis balansae'', ''Schinopsis lorentzii'' and ''Aspidosperma quebracho-blanco'' (Ironwood) * ''Rhodamnia acuminata'' (Cooloola ironwood) * ''Rhodomyrtus trineura'' var. ''canescens'' (Crater ironwood), ''Rhodomyrtus pervagata'' (Rusty ironwood) * ''Rapanea melanophloeos'' (Laurel-leaved ironwood) * ''Rauvolfia sandwicensis'' (Hawaiian ironwood) * ''Reynosia septentrionalis'' (Red ironwood) * ''Rothmannia capensis'' (Black ironwood, Cape of Good Hope ironwood) * ''Schleichera oleosa'' (Ironwood) * ''Senegalia intsia'' (Indian ironwood) * ''Senegalia muricata'' (Ironwood) * ''Senegalia tenuifolia'' (Antillean ironwood) * ''Senna siamea'' (Indonesian or Indian ironwood) * ''Sideroxylon'' spp. (Ironwood); ** ''Sideroxylon inerme'' (Smooth or White ironwood, Broad-leaved, Unarmed ironwood, Cape or East African ironwood) ** ''Sideroxylon lanuginosum'' or Gum bully (Ironwood) ** ''Sideroxylon lycioides'' (American ironwood, Canada thorny ironwood, Willow-leaved, Boxthorn-leaved ironwood, Ten-threaded, Decandrous ironwood, Bumelia ironwood) ** ''Sideroxylon tenax'' (Silky(-leaved) ironwood, Silvery-leaved ironwood) ** ''Sideroxylon celastrinum'' (Ironwood) ** ''Sideroxylon cinereum'' (White ironwood, Bourbon or Mauritius ironwood) ** ''Sideroxylon foetidissimum'' (Opposite-leaved ironwood) ** ''Sideroxylon lanuginosum'' (Woolly-leaved ironwood) ** ''Sideroxylon reclinatum'' (Reclined ironwood) * ''Sloanea dentata'' (Black ironwood, Broad-leaf ironwood) * ''Sloanea jamaicensis'', ''Sloanea sinemariensis'' (Ironwood) * ''Stadmania'' spp. (Ironwood, ''Bois de fer'', Mauritius ironwood), ''Stadmania oppositifolia'' (Bourbon ironwood) * ''Swartzia'' spp.; ''Swartzia tomentosa'' (Cayenne ironwood), ''Swartzia bannia'', ''Swartzia bidentata'', ''Swartzia leiocalycina'', ''Swartzia ingifolia'', ''Swartzia grandifolia'', ''Swartzia panacoco'' (Guiana ironwood) etc. (Ironwood, South American ironwood, Suriname ironwood) * ''Terminalia canescens'' (Ironwood) * ''Tetragastris balsamifera'' (West Indian ironwood) * ''Thouinia striata'' (Ironwood, Quebracho) * ''Trichilia hirta'' (Bastard ironwood) * ''Tristaniopsis laurina'' (Canungra ironwood) * ''Vachellia farnesiana'' (Ironwood) * ''Vepris lanceolata'' (White ironwood), ''Vepris reflexa'' (Woodland white ironwood, Bushveld white ironwood, Drooping or Rock white ironwood), ''Vepris undulata'' (White ironwood), ''Vepris carringtoniana'' (Coastal white ironwood, Wing-leaved white ironwood), ''Vepris zambesiaca'' (Rare white ironwood), ''Vepris termitaria'' (Riverine white ironwood) native to South Africa * ''Vernonia angustifolia'' (Narrow-leaf ironwood) * ''Vernonia gigantea'' (Oval-leaved ironwood) * ''Xanthostemon verdugonianus'' or Mangkono (Philippine ironwood) endemic to the Philippines, ''Xanthostemon verus'' (Asian or Moluccan, Real or True ironwood) * ''Xantolis tomentosa'' (Armed ironwood, Felty, Woolly, Downy-leaved ironwood) * ''Xylia xylocarpa'' (Burma ironwood or Myanmar ironwood) * ''Zanthoxylum fagara'' (Bastard, False ironwood, Yellow ironwood, Jamaica, Brazilian ironwood, Intended-leaved American ironwood) * ''Zanthoxylum piperitum'' (Crenated-leaved ironwood) * ''Zanthoxylum tragodes'' (Prickly-leaved American ironwood) * ''Zapoteca tetragona'' (Antillean ironwood)

Plants named ironwood

Acacia estrophiolata habit.jpg|''Acacia estrophiolata'' Acacia-stenophylla-flowers.jpg|''Acacia stenophylla'' flowers American Hornbeam Leaves 600.jpg|''Carpinus caroliniana'' leaves Casuarina equesitifolia tree.jpg|''Casuarina equisetifolia'' subsp. ''incana'' Chionanthus foveolatus - Pock Ironwood Tree - Cape Town 6.jpg|''Chionanthus foveolatus'' leaves Eusideroxylon zwageri.JPG|''Eusideroxylon zwageri'' leaves Holodiscus discolor 3007.JPG|''Holodiscus discolor'' flowers PAU-FERROceret10.jpg|''Libidibia ferrea'' Lyonothamnus floribundus floribundus.jpg|''Lyonothamnus floribundus'' MesuaFerrea IronWood.jpg|''Mesua ferrea'' NestegisApetala.jpg|''Nestegis apetala'' Olea capensis - Ironwood Tree - Cape Town 2.jpg|''Olea capensis'' Olea woodiana, KwaZulu-Natal NBT, PMB.jpg|''Olea woodiana''


See also


* Ironwood Island (Wisconsin) * Ironwood, Michigan * Ironwood State Prison * Black ironwood (disambiguation) * Ironbark, various ''Eucalyptus'' spp. * Iron tree (disambiguation) * ''Sideroxylon'', from sideros (σιδηρος) meaning "iron", and xylon (ξύλον) meaning "wood"

References

{{Plant common name Category:Wood Category:Trees