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Iraq War
Part of the Iraqi conflict and the War on Terror
Iraq War montage.png
Clockwise from top: U.S. troops at Uday and Qusay Hussein's hideout; insurgents in northern Iraq; an Iraqi insurgent firing a MANPADS; the toppling of the Saddam Hussein statue in Firdos Square
Date
  • 20 March 2003 – 18 December 2011 (2003-03-20 – 2011-12-18)
    (8 years, 8 months and 29 days)
Location
Result
Belligerents
Invasion phase (2003)
 United States
 United Kingdom
 Australia
 Poland
 Iraq

Supported by:

 Syria
 Libya

Post-invasion
(2003–11)
Iraq
 United States
 United Kingdom

Post-invasion (2003–11)
Ba'ath loyalists


Sunni insurgents

Supported by:
Saudi Arabia (alleged)


Shia insurgents

Supported by:
 Iran


For fighting between insurgent groups, see Sectarian violence in Iraq (2006–2009).
Commanders and leaders
Ayad Allawi
Ibrahim al-Jaafari
Nouri al-Maliki
Ricardo Sanchez
George W. Casey, Jr.
David Petraeus
Raymond T. Odierno
Lloyd Austin
George W. Bush
Barack Obama
Tommy Franks
Donald Rumsfeld
Robert Gates
Tony Blair
Gordon Brown
David Cameron
John Howard
Kevin Rudd
Ion Iliescu
Traian Băsescu
Ilham Aliyev
Sheikh Jaber 
Sheikh Sabah 
Silvio Berlusconi
Romano Prodi
José María Aznar
Anders Fogh Rasmussen
Ba'ath loyalists

Commanders and leaders
Ayad Allawi
Saddam Hussein (POW) Skull and Crossbones.svg
Izzat Ibrahim ad-Douri 
Iraq Qusay Hussein 
Iraq Uday Hussein 
Iraq Abid Hamid Mahmud (POW) Skull and Crossbones.svg
Iraq Ali Hassan al-Majid (POW) Skull and Crossbones.svg
Iraq Barzan Ibrahim (POW) Skull and Crossbones.svg
Iraq Taha Yasin Ramadan (POW) Skull and Crossbones.svg
Iraq Tariq Aziz (POW)
Iraq Mohammed Younis al-Ahmed


Sunni insurgency
Abu Musab al-Zarqawi 
Abu Ayyub al-Masri 
Abu Omar al-Baghdadi 
Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi 
Islamic Army of Iraq (emblem).png Ishmael Jubouri
Abu Abdullah al-Shafi'i (POW)


Shia insurgency
Muqtada al-Sadr
Shiism arabic blue.svg Abu Deraa
Qais al-Khazali
Akram al-Kaabi
Iran Qasem Soleimani [14]
Strength

Invasion forces (2003)
309,000
 United States: 192,000[15]
 United Kingdom: 45,000
 Australia: 2,000
 Poland: 194
Kurdistan Region Peshmerga: 70,000

Coalition forces (2004–09)
176,000 at peak
United States Forces – Iraq (2010–11)
112,000 at activation
Security contractors 6,000–7,000 (estimate)[16]
Iraqi security forces
805,269 (military and paramilitary: 578,269,[17] police: 227,000)
Awakening militias
≈103,000 (2008)[18]
Iraqi Kurdistan
≈400,000 (Kurdish Border Guard: 30,000,[19] Peshmerga 375,000)

Coat of arms of Iraq (1991–2004).svg Iraqi Armed Forces: 375,000 (disbanded in 2003)
Iraqi Republican Guard Symbol.svg Special Iraqi Republican Guard: 12,000
Iraqi Republican Guard Symbol.svg Iraqi Republican Guard: 70,000–75,000
Fedayeen Saddam SSI.svg Fedayeen Saddam: 30,000


Sunni Insurgents
≈70,000 (2007)[20]
Al-Qaeda
≈1,300 (2006)[21]

Islamic State of Iraq
≈1,000 (2008)
Army of the Men of the Naqshbandi Order
≈500–1,000 (2007)
Casualties and losses

Iraqi security forces (post-Saddam)
Killed: 17,690[22]
Wounded: 40,000+[23]
Coalition forces
Killed: 4,825 (4,507 U.S.,[24] 179 U.K.,[25] 139 other)[26]
Missing/captured (U.S.): 17 (9 died in captivity, 8 rescued)[27]
Wounded: 32,776+ (32,292 U.S.,[28] 315 U.K., 210+ other[29])[30][31][32][33] Injured/diseases/other medical*: 51,139 (47,541 U.S.,[34] 3,598 UK)[30][32][33]
Contractors
Killed: 1,554[35][36]
Wounded & injured: 43,880Sunni insurgency
Abu Musab al-Zarqawi 
Abu Ayyub al-Masri 
Abu Omar al-Baghdadi 
Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi 
Islamic Army of Iraq (emblem).png Ishmael Jubouri
Abu Abdullah al-Shafi'i (POW)


Invasion forces (2003)
309,000
 United States: 192,000[15]
 United Kingdom: 45,000
 Australia: 2,000
 Poland: 194
Kurdistan Region Peshmerga: 70,000

Coalition forces (2004–09)
176,000 at peak
United States Forces – Iraq (2010–11)
112,000 at activation
Security contractors 6,000–7,000 (estimate)[16]
Iraqi security forces
805,269 (military and paramilitary: 578,269,[17] police: 227,000)
Awakening militias
≈103,000 (2008)[18]
Iraqi Kurdistan
≈400,000 (Kurdish Border Guard: 30,000,[19] Peshmerga 375,000)

Coat of arms of Iraq (1991–2004).svg Iraqi Armed Forces: 375,000 (disbanded in 2003)
Iraqi Republican Guard Symbol.svg Special Iraqi Republican Guard: 12,000
Iraqi Republican Guard Symbol.svgCoat of arms of Iraq (1991–2004).svg Iraqi Armed Forces: 375,000 (disbanded in 2003)
Iraqi Republican Guard Symbol.svg Special Iraqi Republican Guard: 12,000
Iraqi Republican Guard Symbol.svg Iraqi Republican Guard: 70,000–75,000
Fedayeen Saddam SSI.svg Fedayeen Saddam: 30,000


Sunni Insurgents
≈70,000 (2007)[20]
Al-Qaeda
≈1,300 (2006)[21]

Islamic State of Iraq
≈1,000 (2008)
Army of the Men of the Naqshbandi Order
≈500–1,000 (2007)
Casualties and losses

Iraqi security forces (post-Saddam)
Killed: 17,690[22]
Wounded: 40,000+Sunni Insurgents
≈70,000 (2007)[20]
Al-Qaeda
≈1,300 (2006)[21]

Iraqi security forces (post-Saddam)
Killed: 17,690[22]
Wounded: 40,000+[23]
Coalition forces
Killed: 4,825 (4,507 U.S.,[24] 179 U.K.,[25] 139 other)[26]
Missing/captured (U.S.): 17 (9 died in captivity, 8 rescued)[27]
Wounded: 32,776+ (32,292 U.S.,[28] 315 U.K., 210+ other[29])[30][31][32][33] Injured/diseases/other medical*: 51,139 (47,541 U.S.,[34] 3,598 UK)[30][32][33]
Contractors
Killed: 1,554[35][36]
Wounded & injured: 43,880[35][36]
Awakening Councils
Killed: 1,002+[37]
Wounded: 500+ (2007),[38] 828 (2008)[39]

Total dead: 25,069
Total wounded: 117,961
Iraqi combatant dead (invasion period): 5,388–10,800[40][41][42]
Insurgents (post-Saddam)
Killed: 26,544 (2003–11)Lancet survey** (March 2003 – July 2006): 654,965 (95% CI: 392,979–942,636)[47][48]
Iraq Family Health Survey*** (March 2003 – July 2006): 151,000 (95% CI: 104,000–223,000)[49]
Opinion Research Business**: (March 2003 – August 2007): 1,033,000 (95% CI: 946,258–1,120,000)[50]
Iraq Family Health Survey*** (March 2003 – July 2006): 151,000 (95% CI: 104,000–223,000)[51]
PLOS Medicine Study**: (March 2003 – June 2011): 405,000 (95% CI: 48,000–751,000)
Documented deaths from violence:
Iraq Body Count (2003 – 14 December 2011): 103,160–113,728 civilian deaths recorded[52] and 12,438 new deaths added from the Iraq War Logs[53]
Associated Press (March 2003 – April 2009): 110,600[54]

For more information see Casualties of the Iraq War.
* "injured, diseased, or other medical": required medical air transport. UK number includes "aeromed evacuations".
** Total excess deaths include all additional deaths due to increased lawlessness, degraded infrastructure, poorer healthcare, etc.
*** Violent deaths only – does not include excess deaths due to increased lawlessness, poorer healthcare, etc.