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The Supreme Court of Illinois is the state supreme court, the highest court of the State of Illinois. The court's authority is granted in Article VI of the current Illinois Constitution, which provides for seven justices elected from the five appellate judicial districts of the state: three justices from the First District (Cook County) and one from each of the other four districts. Each justice is elected for a term of ten years and the chief justice is elected by the court from its members for a three-year term.

Jurisdiction

The court has limited original jurisdiction and has final appellate jurisdiction. It has jurisdiction in cases where the constitutionality of laws has been called into question, and discretionary jurisdiction from the Illinois Appellate Court. Until 2011, when Illinois abolished the death penalty, it had mandatory jurisdiction in capital cases. Along with the state legislature, the court promulgates rules for all state courts. Also, its members have the authority to elevate trial judges to the appellate court on a temporary basis. The court administers professional discipline through the Attorney Registration and Disciplinary Committee and it governs initial licensing through the Illinois Board of Admissions to the Bar. The official reporter of the Illinois Supreme Court is ''Illinois Reports''.

Districts

The Illinois Supreme Court is separated into 5 districts, with one Justice elected from each except the 1st, which elects three Justices. They are separated by county lines, as follows. As of 2018 Census estimates, the populations are: 1st District: 5,194,000; 2nd District: 3,189,000; 3rd District: 1,805,000; 4th District 1,320,000; 5th District: 1,321,000.

1st District

*Cook

2nd District

*Boone *Carroll *DeKalb *DuPage *Jo Daviess *Kane *Kendall *Lake *Lee *McHenry *Ogle *Stephenson *Winnebago

3rd District

*Bureau *Grundy *Fulton *Hancock *Henderson *Henry *Iroquois *Kankakee *Knox *LaSalle *Marshall *McDonough *Mercer *Peoria *Putnam *Rock Island *Stark *Tazewell *Warren *Whiteside *Will

4th District

*Adams *Brown *Calhoun *Cass *Champaign *Clark *Coles *Cumberland *DeWitt *Douglas *Edgar *Ford *Greene *Jersey *Livingston *Logan *Macon *Macoupin *Mason *McLean *Menard *Morgan *Moultrie *Piatt *Pike *Sangamon *Schuyler *Scott *Vermilion *Woodford

5th District

*Alexander *Bond *Christian *Clay *Clinton *Crawford *Edwards *Effingham *Fayette *Franklin *Gallatin *Hamilton *Hardin *Jackson *Jasper *Jefferson *Johnson *Lawrence *Madison *Marion *Massac *Monroe *Montgomery *Perry *Pope *Pulaski *Randolph *Richland *Saline *Shelby *St. Clair *Union *Wabash *Washington *Wayne *White *Williamson

Justices

While the justices of many states' supreme courts are expected to relocate to the state capital for the duration of their terms of office, the justices of the Illinois Supreme Court continue to reside in their home constituencies and have chambers in their respective appellate districts (for example, the three First District justices are chambered in the Michael Bilandic Building in Chicago). The justices travel to Springfield to hear oral arguments and deliberate. Accordingly, the Illinois Supreme Courthouse includes temporary apartments for the justices' use while in Springfield.

Current justices



Previous justices



2000–present

* Thomas R. Fitzgerald (2000–2010) * Philip J. Rarick (2002–2004) * Robert R. Thomas (2000–2020) * Thomas L. Kilbride (2000-2020)

1900–1999

* Charles E. Freeman (1990-2018) * S. Louis Rathje (1999–2000) * Michael Anthony Bilandic (1994–1997) * Mary Ann McMorrow (1992–2006) * Moses Harrison (1992–2002) * John L. Nickels (1992–1998) * Benjamin K. Miller (1984–2001) * Joseph F. Cunningham (1991–1992) * James D. Heiple (1990–2000) * Horace L. Calvo (1988–1991) * John J. Stamos (1988–1990) * Joseph F. Cunningham (1987–1988) * Seymour Simon (1980–1988) * Thomas E. Kluczynski (1978–1980) * William G. Clark (1976–1992) * Caswell J. Crebs (1975–1976) * Thomas J. Moran (1976–1992) * James A. Dooley (1976–1978) * Howard C. Ryan (1970–1990) * Joseph H. Goldenhersh (1970–1987) * Charles H. Davis (2nd time, 1970–1975) * Marvin Burt (1969–1970) * Caswell J. Crebs (1969–1970) * John T. Culbertson Jr. (1969–1970) * Thomas E. Kluczynski (1966–1976) * Daniel P. Ward (1966–1990) * Robert C. Underwood (1962–1984) * Roy Solfisburg (1962–1963) * Byron O. House (1957–1969) * Charles H. Davis (1st time, 1955–1960) * Ray Klingbiel (1953–1969) * Walter V. Schaefer (1951–1976) * Harry B. Hershey (1951–1966) * George W. Bristow (1951–1961) * Ralph L. Maxwell (1951–1956) * Albert M. Crampton (1948–1953) * Joseph E. Daily (1948–1965) * Jesse L. Simpson (1947–1951) * Charles H. Thompson (1942–1950) * William J. Fulton (1942–1954) * June C. Smith (1941–1947) * Loren E. Murphy (1939–1948) * Walter T. Gunn (1938–1951) * Francis S. Wilson (1935–1951) * Elwyn Riley Shaw (1933–1942) * Lott R. Herrick (1933–1937) * Paul Farthing (1933–1942) * Norman L. Jones (1931–1940) * Warren H. Orr (1930–1939) * Paul Samuell (1929–1930) * Cyrus E. Dietz (1928–1929) * Oscar E. Heard (1927–1928) * Frank K. Dunn (1907–1933) * Frederic R. DeYoung (1924–1934) * Oscar E. Heard (1924–1933) * Floyd E. Thompson (1919–1928) * Clyde E. Stone (1918–1948) * Warren W. Duncan (1915–1933) * Albert Watson (1915–1915) * Charles C. Craig (1913–1918) * George A. Cooke (1909–1919) * Frank K. Dunn (1907–1933) * Orrin N. Carter (1906–1924) * Alonzo K. Vickers (1906–1915) * William M. Farmer (1906–1931) * Guy C. Scott (1903–1909) * James B. Ricks (1901–1906) * John P. Hand (1900–1913)

1818–1899

* Carroll C. Boggs (1897–1906) * Joseph N. Carter (1894–1903) * James H. Cartwright (1895–1924) * Jesse J. Phillips (1893–1901) * Joseph M. Bailey (1888–1895) * Jacob W. Wilkin (1888–1907) * Benjamin D. Magruder (1885–1906) * Simeon P. Shope (1885–1894) * Damon G. Tunnicliff (1885–1885) * David J. Baker Jr. (1888–1897) * John H. Mulkey (1879–1888) * David J. Baker Jr. (1878–1879) * T. Lyle Dickey (1875–1885) * Alfred M. Craig (1873–1900) * John Scholfield (1873–1893) * William K. McAllister (1870–1875) * Benjamin R. Sheldon (1870–1888) * John M. Scott (1870–1888) * Anthony Thornton (1870–1873) * Charles B. Lawrence (1864–1873) * Corydon Beckwith (1864–1864) * Pinkney H. Walker (1858–1888) * Sidney Breese (1857–1878) * Onias C. Skinner (1855–1858) * Walter B. Scates (1853–1857) * Lyman Trumbull (1848–1853) * David M. Woodson (1848–1848) * Jesse B. Thomas Jr. (1847–1848) * William A. Denning (1847–1848) * Norman H. Purple (1845–1848) * Gustavus P. Koerner (1845–1848) * James Shields (1843–1845) * Jesse B. Thomas Jr. (1843–1845) * John D. Caton (1843–1864) * John M. Robinson (1843–1843) * Richard M. Young (1843–1847) * James Semple (1843–1843) * John Dean Caton (1842–1843) * Stephen A. Douglas (1841–1843) * Samuel H. Treat (1841–1855) * Walter B. Scates (1841–1847) * Sidney Breese (1841–1843) * Thomas Ford (1841–1842) * Theophilus W. Smith (1825–1842) * Samuel D. Lockwood (1825–1848) * Thomas Reynolds (1822–1825) * William Wilson (1819–1848) * Joseph Phillips (1818–1822) * Thomas C. Browne (1818–1848) * William P. Foster (1818–1819) * John Reynolds (1818–1825)


See also


* Judiciary of Illinois

References




Bibliography



List of Supreme Court Justices
from Supreme Court's website * * * * * * *


External links



Illinois Supreme Court website

A Chronicle of the Illinois Supreme Court

Illinois State Judiciary

Chief Justices of the Illinois Supreme Court

Illinois Supreme Court Historic Preservation Commission
{{authority control Category:Springfield, Illinois Supreme Court Illinois Category:1818 establishments in Illinois Territory Category:Courts and tribunals established in 1818 Category:Government of Illinois