HistoryISU was founded as a training school for teachers in 1857, the same year Illinois' first Board of Education was convened and two years after the Free School Act was passed by the state legislature. Among its supporters were judge and future Supreme Court Justice, David Davis (Supreme Court justice), David Davis and local businessman and land holder Jesse W. Fell whose friend, Abraham Lincoln, was the attorney hired by the board of education to draw up legal documents to secure the school's funding. Founded as Illinois State Normal University, its name was reflective of its primary mission as a normal school. Classes were initially held in downtown Bloomington, Illinois, Bloomington, occupying space in Major's Hall, which was previously the site of Lincoln's "Lincoln's Lost Speech, Lost Speech." With the completion of Old Main in 1860, the school moved to its current campus in what was then the village of North Bloomington, which was chartered as "Normal" in 1865. The new town had named itself after the university. In 1965, the institution's name was changed to Illinois State University at Normal, and then again in 1968 to the current Illinois State University. In accordance with its mission, the school's motto was originally "and gladly wold he lerne and gladly teche," in the Middle English spelling of Geoffrey Chaucer which has since been updated to modern English in the gender-neutral form "Gladly we Learn and Teach."
Academics and organizationsFounded as a teachers' college, the university now offers a range of programs at the bachelor, master, and doctoral levels. Illinois State is accredited by the Commission on Institutions of Higher Education of the North Central Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools. The teacher preparation programs are accredited by the National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education and certified by the Illinois State Board of Education. In addition, 22 programs hold discipline-based accreditation.
Academic colleges* Illinois State University College of Applied Science and Technology, College of Applied Science and Technology * Illinois State University College of Arts and Sciences, College of Arts and Sciences * Illinois State University College of Business, College of Business * Illinois State University College of Education, College of Education * Illinois State University College of Fine Arts, College of Fine Arts * Mennonite College of Nursing
RankingsIn 2020, ''U.S. News & World Report'' ranked Illinois State University (tied for) 197 among a combined list of America's best 310 private and public "national universities" and (tied for) 98 among 133 public "national universities" in the United States that qualified for the list. Forbes (magazine), ''Forbes'' magazine ranks Illinois State #350 out of 650 American colleges.
DemographicsAs of the fall of 2019, total on-campus enrollment was 20,878, with 18,250 undergraduate students and 2,628 graduate students.Illinois State University. (2019). ''Planning, Research, and Policy Analysis: Census Day Enrollment'' (Report 2019 Fall Semester)''.'' Normal, Illinois: Illinois State University 56.5 percent of students are female, while 43.5 percent are male. About 28.8% of all students were from minority groups. Of the 558 international students 422 are graduate students. International students come from 69 different countries. The average new beginning student had an ACT score of 23.7. The student-faculty ratio is 18 to one.
The QuadImage:Cookhall.JPG, John W. Cook Hall on the quad's west side The Illinois State University campus quadrangle is compact compared with other large universities, with buildings spaced closely together around a rectangular center lawn. The Quad is a popular site for small special events including movies and concerts and University Program Board's Festival ISU, where campus organizations set up tables with games, prizes, and information about their organizations. Lined with benches and shady trees, the site is a popular spot for students to relax, study, and play informal games of sports. The ISU Quad is also host to the Fell Arboretum, which is part of a 490-acre site that represents over 154 species of trees from the state of Illinois. Trees on the north side of the quad are from Northern Illinois and those on the south side of the quad from southern parts of the state. The Fell Arboretum won the Tree Campus USA award in 2008.
Milner LibraryMilner Library has a collection of more than 1.5 million volumes and an ever-increasing number of electronic materials accessible by the Internet to students and faculty. The library's collection is distinguished by materials related to educational theory and policy, curriculum development, and issues related to special education and assistive technology. The Special Collections include extensive Circus and Allied Arts materials and a children's literature collection that features more than 100 first edition volumes signed by author Lois Lenski. Milner Library is also a selective federal depository for government information. Combined Milner's collections contribute to the university's relatively high standing in regional, national, and world rankings. In 2007, the library received the John Cotton Dana Library Public Relations Award, an award given to only seven libraries nationwide. Milner Library administers the Dr. Jo Ann Rayfield University Archives, which houses selected official records from university departments and organizations, faculty and student publications and local history materials including a collection from the Stevenson family, Adlai Stevenson family. The archives also houses an Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD). Additional library facilities include book storage both on and off-site as well as a Preservation (library and archival science), preservation department. The Milner Library was named for Angeline "Ange" Vernon Milner (1856–1928), a Bloomington-Normal native and the first full-time librarian of Illinois State Normal University. Milner is credited with organizing the university's initial collection of more than 40,000 items and was a prolific author of more than seventy articles and short monographs in library and education journals during her tenure as University Librarian from 1890 to 1927. The library building, the third in the university's history, opened in 1976.
Residence hallsIllinois State University's seven residence halls house about 6,000 students. Administered by the ISU's University Housing Services, they include lifestyle floors that serve residents with shared interests.
WattersonWatterson Towers is not only the largest residence hall on campus, it is also one of the world's tallest student residence halls, and provides the highest vantage point in Illinois between Chicago and St. Louis. Watterson features areas for wellness, quiet, substance-free, and restricted visitation. Built between 1968 and 1970, the facility is named for Arthur W. Watterson, a geography faculty member and chair. Watterson went through a massive renovation from March 2010 through August 2012. Watterson's twin towers have five "houses" apiece. Each "house" has five floors with each floor divided into four suites. Each of the 10 houses was named after a former United States Secretary of State. In 2020, the houses were renamed due to 8 of the 10 secretaries having had slaves.
East CampusHewett and Manchester Hall are in East Campus. Built in 1966, they were named after Edwin C. Hewett, the third University president, and Orson L. Manchester, Illinois State Normal University dean from 1911 to 1928. Both are for the most part coed, with specialty floors designated as all male or all female. Until recently, Hewett was all-female. Between both Hewett and Manchester, there are floors dedicated to students majoring in art, business, communication, co-sciences, curriculum and instruction, Geo-Environmental, Honors, Information Technology, Math, and Music. Other floors are dedicated to students with interests and preferences such as service and leadership, substance-free, quiet, and international house. These residence halls were renovated in 2008–09. During this renovation, the dining center in the basement between each hall was transformed into the Julia N. Visor Center which is dedicated to helping students achieve academic success through free tutoring and other services.
West CampusHaynie, Wilkins, and Wright Hall are in West Campus, next to Redbird Arena and Hancock Stadium. Also known as "The Tri Towers", they feature floors for ROTC, Wellness, Substance-Free, and Quiet. These halls are the most remote residence facilities on campus and are known for housing a majority of athletes because of their proximity to practice areas. They were built in 1962 and named for Martha D.L. Haynie, the first female Illinois State Normal University professor, Daniel Wilkins, principal of the Female School Institute of Bloomington in the 1850s, and Simeon Wright, one of the university's founders.
Cardinal CourtIn 2012, the university opened the new Cardinal Court Apartments to replace a complex by the same name and on the same site built in 1959. Much like the old Cardinal Court, the new Cardinal Court provides apartment-style living combined with the benefits of university housing. Besides simply being more modern, the primary difference is that the old Cardinal Court had been reserved for married couples and graduate students.
South CampusUntil recently, there were several residence halls in what has been known as "South Campus". There are no longer any students housed in the area now, and the buildings were demolished in the summer of 2016. Hamilton and Whitten Hall (aka "Ham-Whit) shared a joint entrance and front desk. They featured lifestyle floors such as Upper-class and Graduate, Student Nursing, and Speech Pathology and Audiology. Constructed in 1959, the facility was named for Alma H. Hamilton, the first recipient of an Illinois State Normal University bachelor degree, and Jennie Whitten, the former head of the Foreign Language Department. Atkin and Colby Hall, though built later than "Ham-Whit", were essentially a mirror image of the former, and shared a dining center with the same. Built in 1962 as female-only dorms, they were converted to co-ed. They were named for Edith Irene Atkin, Illinois State Normal University mathematics professor from 1909 to 1940 and June Rose Colby, English professor from 1892 to 1932.
Central CampusThree residence halls, Dunn, Barton, and Walker Hall, were demolished in 2008 to provide space for the Student Fitness, Kinesiology and Recreation Center.
Student lifeThe school publishes two newspapers, ''The Vidette'' and ''The Indy'', the latter being an alternative weekly publication. ISU owns a public radio station WGLT ("News, Blues and All That Jazz"), which broadcasts on 89.1 in Normal, 103.5 in Peoria, Illinois, Peoria, and by streaming audio. The call letters are from keywords of the school's motto: "Gladly-Learn-Teach." The university also maintains a student radio station, WZND. On January 20, 2010, WZND changed its format from a dual format (Rock and Jamz) to a college shuffle format. The station broadcasts on 103.3 FM, channels 4 & 5 in the residence halls and on the web. TV-10, a part of the School of Communication, provides the only live local television newscast produced entirely in Bloomington-Normal.
Student organizationsIllinois State is home to over 350 registered student organizations or "RSOs". These organizations can range from intramural sports to branches of nationally recognized student organizations. Every year RSOs are able to advertise themselves to students during Festival ISU where RSOs can reserve a booth on the quad where they can meet passing students looking to join an organization. Illinois State University also boasts one of the largest student spirit organizations in the United States, RED ALERT. This registered student organization has over 4,100 members, roughly one fourth of the student body. The group was founded in 2006 to promote student involvement in university athletics and has grown exponentially. ISU is also the home of the Gamma Phi Circus, the oldest collegiate circus in the world, founded in 1929. It is one of two collegiate circuses in the US; the other is run by Florida State University. The Student Government Association at Illinois State University is a unique governing body for the ISU Student Body. It is unique in that it sends 21 voting student members to serve on the Academic Senate which is composed of student, faculty, staff, and administrators. This place in the shared governance of the university is rare among universities giving ISU Students a major voice on campus.
Greek lifeThe Illinois State University Greek community was established in 1967. Currently about 14% of the student population are active members of Greek Life. Greek organizations provide students with a wide range of academic, social, and leadership opportunities. In the 2015–2016 academic year fraternity and sorority members collectively raised $175,054 for charities and volunteered 44,864 hours of community service. Fraternity and Sorority members had an average GPA of 3.02 in 2016. Fraternities Social: Acacia (fraternity), Alpha Sigma Phi, FarmHouse, Phi Kappa Psi, Pi Kappa Phi, Phi Gamma Delta, Sigma Nu, Kappa Sigma, Phi Mu Alpha, Alpha Epsilon Pi, Alpha Tau Omega, Lambda Chi Alpha, Phi Rho Eta, Sigma Alpha Mu, Sigma Chi, Sigma Pi Social/Cultural: Kappa Alpha Psi, Alpha Phi Alpha, Alpha Psi Lambda, Iota Phi Theta, Sigma Lambda Beta, Omega Psi Phi, Phi Beta Sigma, Lambda Theta Phi Professional/Music: Delta Omicron, Pi Sigma Epsilon,, Alpha Kappa Psi, Delta Sigma Pi, Gamma Iota Sigma, Phi Beta Lambda, Phi Sigma Pi, Phi Gamma Nu Service: Alpha Phi Omega, Omega Delta Sigma Sororities Social: Alpha Gamma Delta, Alpha Omicron Pi, Alpha Delta Pi, Sigma Sigma Sigma, Gamma Phi Beta, Phi Sigma Sigma, Chi Omega, Delta Delta Delta, Delta Zeta, Zeta Tau Alpha, Sigma Alpha, Kappa Kappa Gamma, Zeta Theta Pi Social/Cultural: Delta Phi Lambda, Delta Sigma Theta, Zeta Phi Beta, Sigma Gamma Rho, Gamma Phi Omega, Omega Phi Beta, Sigma Lambda Gamma Service: Epsilon Sigma Alpha Music: Tau Beta Sigma, Sigma Alpha Iota, Delta Omicron
Nationally ranked teamsThe ISU Forensics Individual Events team is one of the most successful forensics individual events teams in the country. In 1995, 1999, and 2000 it won the National Forensic Association team championship and in 2005 its team won the American Forensic Association team championship. Illinois State has been selected as the host of the 2011 NFA National Championship. Famous alumni include Nelsan Ellis of HBO's True Blood. The Illinois state co-ed cheerleading team has competed at both NCA and UCA nationals in co-ed Division 1. In 2002 they placed 2nd in the nation in co-ed Division 1 at UCA nationals in Orlando, FL. In 2001 they placed 3rd in the nation in co-ed division 1 at UCA nationals in Orlando, FL. They have appeared on ESPN and in American Cheerleader Magazine. The Illinois State Club Baseball team was ranked No. 18 in the country in the spring of 2010 for much of the year, but ultimately finished second in the Great Lakes South Conference behind the University of Illinois. The Redbirds compiled a 15–5 overall record, including 9–4 in conference. The Illinois State University Mock Trial Team has enjoyed continue success since its inception in 1987. The team competes in intercollegiate tournaments sponsored by AMTA (American Mock Trial Association). In 2004, they won the National Championship after defeating Gonzaga University in the final round. The team is consistently ranked as a top 5 team in the Midwest. The ISU Solar Car Team was founded in 2005 and has earned two 2nd place (2011, 2013) a 3rd place (2015) a 4th place (2012) and a 5th place (2009) finish in the Formula Sun Grand Prix.
AthleticsThe school's fight song is "Go, You Redbirds," a song written specifically for ISU and frequently played at sporting events. The Alma Mater song, also played at sporting events from time to time, is "Glory Hast Thou," written to the tune of Haydn's "Gott erhalte Franz den Kaiser," and better known as the tune used for "Deutschlandlied," the German national anthem.
Folklore and legendsThe ghost of Angeline Vernon Milner, the university's first librarian, is said to haunt the former library building, now called Williams Hall. Built in 1940, the building was named in honor of Milner who served as University Librarian from 1890 until her retirement in 1927. Beginning in the 1990s, personnel working in the book storage and archives facilities formerly housed in Williams Hall reported encounters with what they believe to be the ghost of Milner.
Points of interest* Fell Arboretum * Constitution Trail * Bowling and Billiard Center * Redbird Arena * Bone Student Center ** Braden Auditorium * Center for the Performing Arts * Ewing Cultural Center * Normal Public Library * Milner Library * Illinois State University Planetarium * Student Fitness and Kinesiology Recreation Building * State Farm Hall of Business * University Galleries *Intercollegiate Biomathematics Alliance: Research Center * John W. Cook Hall * Hancock Stadium * Weibring Golf Club
Laboratory schoolsThe university has two laboratory schools: University High School (Normal), University High School and Thomas Metcalf Laboratory School. Bloomington/Normal Japanese Saturday School (ブルーミントン・ノーマル補習授業校 ''Burūminton Nōmaru Hoshū Jugyō Kō''), a Hoshuko, Japanese weekend school, was established in 1986 and held at the Thomas Metcalf School. It has a separate office in Normal
Notable alumni and facultyThe Illinois State University Alumni Center, located at 1101 N. Main in Normal, is designed to serve over 215,000 alumni of Illinois State University, as well as current students, faculty/staff, and the Bloomington/Normal community.
University presidents* Charles Edward Hovey, Charles E. Hovey (1857–1862) * Richard Edwards (educator), Richard Edwards (1862–1876) * Edwin C. Hewett (1876–1890) * John Williston Cook (1890–1899) * Arnold Tompkins (1899–1900) * David Felmley (1900–1930) * Harry A. Brown (1930–1933) * Raymond W. Fairchild (1933–1955) * Robert Gehlmann Bone (1956–1967) * Samuel Braden (1967–1970) * David Berlo, David K. Berlo (1971–1973) * Gene Budig, Gene A. Budig (1973–1977) * Lloyd Watkins (1977–1988) * Thomas Wallace (1988–1995) * David A. Strand (1995–1999) * Victor Boschini, Victor Boschini Jr. (1999–2003) * Alvin Bowman, C. Alvin Bowman (2004–2013) * Timothy Flanagan (2013–2014) * Larry Dietz (2014–Present)
Further reading* Freed, John, "The Founding of Illinois State Normal University: Normal School or State University?" ''Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society,'' 101 (Summer 2008), 106–26. * Freed, John B. ''Educating Illinois: Illinois State University, 1857–2007''. Virginia Beach, VA: Donning Company Publishers, 2009. * www.justifygettinglost.wordpress.com – Illinois State University News Watch