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Halmstad () (old da, Halmsted) is a port, university, industrial and recreational
city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: Routledge. It can be defined as a pe ...
at the mouth of the
Nissan (trading as the Nissan Motor Corporation and often shortened to Nissan) is a Japanese multinational automobile manufacturer headquartered in Nishi-ku, Yokohama, Japan. The company sells its vehicles under the Nissan, Infiniti, and Datsun bran ...
river, in the
province A province is almost always an administrative division within a country or state. The term derives from the ancient Roman ''provincia'', which was the major territorial and administrative unit of the Roman Empire's territorial possessions outside ...
of
Halland Halland () is one of the traditional provinces of Sweden (''landskap''), on the western coast of Sweden. It borders Västergötland, Småland, Scania and the sea of Kattegat. Until 1645 and the Second Treaty of Brömsebro, it was part of the Ki ...
on the Swedish west coast. Halmstad is the seat of
Halmstad Municipality Halmstad Municipality (''Halmstads kommun'') is a municipality in Halland County on the Swedish west coast, in which the city Halmstad is the seat. The 1971 local government reform was implemented gradually in the area. In 1967 the rural municipal ...
and the capital of
Halland County Halland County ( sv, Hallands län) is a county (''län'') on the western coast of Sweden. It corresponds roughly to the cultural and historical province of Halland. The capital is Halmstad. It borders the counties of Västra Götaland, Jönköpi ...
. The city had a population of 70,480 in 2019, out of a municipal total of over 100,000 (19th most populous - 2019). Halmstad is Sweden's 19th-largest city by population and located about midway between
Gothenburg Gothenburg (; abbreviated Gbg; sv, Göteborg ) is the second-largest city in Sweden, fifth-largest in the Nordic countries, and capital of the Västra Götaland County. It is situated by Kattegat, on the west coast of Sweden, and has a populatio ...
(the second most populous) and
Malmö Malmö (; ; da, Malmø ) is the largest city in the Swedish county (län) of Scania. It is the third-largest city in Sweden, after Stockholm and Gothenburg, and the sixth-largest city in Scandinavia, with a population of 316,588 (municipal total ...
(the third).
Timber framing Timber framing and "post-and-beam" construction are traditional methods of building with heavy timbers, creating structures using squared-off and carefully fitted and joined timbers with joints secured by large wooden pegs. If the structural fr ...
architecture is common.


History

Halmstad, at the time part of the
Kingdom of Denmark Denmark ( da, Danmark, ), officially the Kingdom of Denmark, da, Kongeriget Danmark, . See also: The unity of the Realm is a Nordic country in Northern Europe. Denmark proper, which is the southernmost of the Scandinavian countries, consists o ...
, received its first
city charterA city charter or town charter (generically, municipal charter) is a legal document (''charter'') establishing a municipality such as a city or town. The concept developed in Europe during the Middle Ages. Traditionally the granting of a charter ga ...
in 1307, and the city celebrated its 700th anniversary in 2007. The oldest remains of that first town are to be found at "
Övraby Övraby was the village that was left after the town Halmstad in Halland moved five kilometers to the south in 1320. The town Halmstad is believed to have been moved because the ships were growing too big to be able to travel up the river Nissan, ...
" upstream on Nissan, just south of and quite close to the present day regiment buildings. The remains of the church can still be seen today between a defunct brick industry and a former landfill. In the 1320s the town moved to the present day town centre. At this time there were two monasteries in the town and during the 15th century the St. Nikolai church was built. Halland was the object of numerous battles, sieges and occupations by Swedish troops. During the
Kalmar Union The Kalmar Union (Danish, Norwegian, and sv, Kalmarunionen; la, Unio Calmariensis) was a personal union in Scandinavia, agreed at Kalmar in Sweden, that from 1397 to 1523 joined under a single monarch the three kingdoms of Denmark, Sweden (then in ...
– a Nordic Union between Sweden, Norway and Denmark which lasted between 1397 and 1523 – it was in Halmstad that the Union King was to be finally selected. At the end of the 16th century
Christian IV of Denmark Christian IV (12 April 1577 – 28 February 1648) was King of Denmark and Norway and Duke of Holstein and Schleswig from 1588 to 1648. His 59-year reign is the longest of Danish monarchs, and of all Scandinavian monarchies. A member of the H ...
ordered the fortification of Halmstad and in the beginning of the 17th century to build a crescent-shaped fort with Nissan as part of the defences. 1619 is an important date in the history of Halmstad. In March of that year, King
Gustav II Adolf Gustavus Adolphus (), also known in English as Gustav II Adolf or Gustav II Adolph, was the King of Sweden from 1611 to 1632, and is credited for the rise of Sweden as a great European power ( sv, Stormaktstiden). During his reign, Sweden became ...
of Sweden and Christian IV met at the castle. Over a period of a week they celebrated the payment in full of the Älvsborg ransom. August of the same year saw the destruction of Halmstad by fire. Halland became part of Sweden for a period of thirty years when peace was declared at the Treaty of Brömsebro in 1645 and Danish rule ended. The
Treaty of Roskilde 250px, The Treaty of Roskilde was concluded on 26 February (OS) or 8 March 1658 (NS) during the Second Northern War between Frederick III of Denmark–Norway and Karl X Gustav of Sweden in the Danish city of Roskilde. After a devastating defeat, ...
in 1658 made this acquisition permanent. Sweden defeated Denmark in the
Battle of Fyllebro The Battle of Halmstad (also known as the ''Battle at Fyllebro'') was fought on August 17, 1676, at Fyllebro, approximately five kilometers south of the town Halmstad in southwest Sweden. It was the last battle in Halland between Denmark and Swede ...
which took place in 1676 just outside Halmstad. The first
May Day May Day is a public holiday usually celebrated on 1 May or the first Monday of May. It is an ancient festival of spring and a current traditional spring holiday in many European cultures. Dances, singing, and cake are usually part of the festi ...
demonstration in Sweden was held in Halmstad in 1897. The population grew from 48,800 in 1990 to 58,577 in 2010. In September 2007 the city hosted the
Solheim Cup The Solheim Cup is a biennial golf tournament for professional women golfers contested by teams representing Europe and the United States. It is named after the Norwegian-American golf club manufacturer Karsten Solheim, who was a driving force behin ...
, which was played at the Halmstad Golfklubb. In 2011 Halmstad was the final port of the
Tall Ships' Races The Tall Ships Races are races for sail training "tall ships" (sailing ships). The races are designed to encourage international friendship and training for young people in the art of sailing. The races are held annually in European waters and cons ...
.


Climate

Halmstad has the south Scandinavian variety of the relatively wet
humid continental climate A humid continental climate is a climatic region defined by Russo-German climatologist Wladimir Köppen in 1900, typified by four distinct seasons and large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (som ...
(''Dfb'') with warm summers and cold winters, closely bordering on an
oceanic climate Oceanic may refer to: *Of or relating to the ocean *Of or relating to Oceania **Oceanic climate **Oceanic languages **Oceanic person or people, also called "Pacific Islander(s)" Places *Oceanic, British Columbia, a settlement on Smith Island, Br ...
(''Cfb'').


Demographics


Education

Founded in 1983, Halmstad University is a public higher education institution offering bachelor's and master's programs in various fields of study. In addition, it conducts Ph.D. programs in three fields of research: Information Technology, Innovation Science and Health Science.Swedish Universities & University Colleges - Short Version of Annual Report 2012
, p. 51
Halmstad University has more than 9 000 students, including 245 exchange students (2013) and 163 international programme students (2013).


Notable natives

*
Daniel Alexandersson Daniel Alexandersson (born 3 December 1978) is a former Swedish footballer who played as a midfielder or forward. He is the younger brother of Niclas Alexandersson. Career Alexandersson started his youth career at Vessigebro BK and continued his ...
- football player *
Niclas Alexandersson Jens Niclas Alexandersson (born on 29 December 1971) is a Swedish former professional footballer who played as a right winger and right back. He won 109 caps for the Sweden national team, and represented his country at two FIFA World Cups (2002 an ...
- football player *
Christopher Amott Christopher Amott (born 23 November 1977) is a Swedish guitarist and vocalist, younger brother of Michael Amott and founding member of the Swedish metal bands Arch Enemy and Armageddon. He is currently the guitarist for Dark Tranquillity. Biograp ...
- guitarist (
Arch Enemy Arch Enemy is a Swedish melodic death metal band, originally a supergroup, from Halmstad, formed in 1995. Its members were in bands such as Carcass, Armageddon, Carnage, Mercyful Fate, Spiritual Beggars, The Agonist, Nevermore, and Eucharist. It ...
/
Armageddon According to the Book of Revelation in the New Testament of the Christian Bible, Armageddon (, from grc, Ἁρμαγεδών ''Harmagedōn'', Late Latin: , from Hebrew: ''Har Məgīddō'') is the prophesied location of a gathering of armies f ...
/Dark Tranquillity) *
Michael Amott Michael Amott (born 28 July 1969) is a Swedish guitarist, songwriter, founding member of the bands Arch Enemy, Spiritual Beggars and Carnage, as well as a former member of the extreme metal band Carcass. He is the older brother of Christopher Am ...
- guitarist (
Spiritual Beggars Spiritual Beggars is a stoner metal band from Halmstad, Sweden, formed by Michael Amott, who is known from Arch Enemy, Carcass and Carnage. The band is heavily influenced by 1970s hard rock and incorporates elements of psychedelia into its music ...
/
Arch Enemy Arch Enemy is a Swedish melodic death metal band, originally a supergroup, from Halmstad, formed in 1995. Its members were in bands such as Carcass, Armageddon, Carnage, Mercyful Fate, Spiritual Beggars, The Agonist, Nevermore, and Eucharist. It ...
/
Carcass Carcass or Carcase (both pronounced ) may refer to: *Dressed carcass, the body of a livestock animal ready for butchery, after removal of skin, visceral organs, head, feet etc. *Carrion, the dead body of an animal or human being *The structural sy ...
) *
Fredrik Andersson Hed Fredrik Andersson Hed (born 20 January 1972) is a former Swedish professional golfer, who is now a commentator. Golf career Andersson Hed was born in Halmstad. He turned professional in 1992. He has had two victories on the Challenge Tour but found ...
- professional golfer *Sofia Arvidsson - professional tennis player *Basshunter (Jonas Altberg) - singer, record producer, DJ *Carl Bildt - former prime minister, former foreign minister *Carl Johan Chilberg - ancestor of the Chilberg family, which includes art director John Edward Chilberg II *Dusan Djuric - football player *Björn Folkow - professor in physiology at the University of Gothenburg and a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. *Per Gessle - musician (Roxette/Gyllene Tider) *Aida Hadzialic - Minister for Upper Secondary School, Adult Education and Training *Olle Hagnell, psychiatrist *Halmstadgruppen - Painter group *Klara Johanson - writer *Bengt Johansson (handball), Bengt Johansson - handball coach *Niklas Kvarforth - musician (Shining (Swedish band), Shining/Den Saakaldte/Skitliv) *Ola Lindgren - handball player *Freddie Ljungberg - football player *Susanne Ljungskog - cyclist *Magnus Mandersson - Executive Vice-President of Ericsson *Sven Nordqvist - author *Gustav Nyquist - ice hockey player (Columbus Blue Jackets) *Erik Olson - Painter (Halmstadgruppen) *Jörgen Persson - table-tennis player *Charlotta Richardy, industrialist *Johannes Rydberg - physicist *Bengt I. Samuelsson - Nobel prize winner *Johan Staël von Holstein - entrepreneur *Annakarin Svedberg - novelist *Ernst Wigforss - politician, former Minister of Finance


Sport

Image:HBK-Gefle.JPG, 200px, Halmstads BK versus Gefle IF at Örjans Vall 2007. Halmstad is host of the ongoing 2018 World Team Table Tennis Championships. *American Football **Halmstad Eagles *Association football **Halmstads BK **IS Halmia ** Alets IK ** BK Astrio ** IF Centern ** IF Leikin ** Snöstorp/Nyhem FF ** IS Örnia *Badminton **Halmstad Badmintonklubb *Bowling **BK 91:an Halmstad **BK Hallandia **BK Nyhem **BK Pantern **BK Safir **BS Tylön **Halmia BS **IF Tre Hjärtan **Team Halmstad BF *Dancing **Laxbuggarna *Fencing **Halmstads Fäktsällskap *Figure skating **Halmstads konståkningsklubb *Golf **Halmstad GK ** Bäckavattnets GK ** Garnisonen GK ** Holms GK ** Ringenäs GK ** Haverdals GK *Gymnastics **Halmstad Frigymnaster **Halmstad Kvinnliga GF **Halmstad Rytmiska GF **Nissaflickorna *Ice hockey **Halmstad Hammers HC - filed for bankruptcy in 2005 ** Halmstad Ungdom HC ** Sannarps HC *Swimming **SK Laxen *Table tennis **Halmstad BTK *Team handball **HK Drott **Halmstads HP *Tennis ** Söndrums TK *Track & Field **IFK Halmstad *E-sports **Ninjas in Pyjamas *Cricket **Halamstad Cricket club


Schools

* Kattegattgymnasiet * Brunnsåkersskolan * Centrumskolan * Frennarps Byskola * Furulundsskolan * Linehedsskolan * Nyhemsskolan * Slottsjordsskolan * Sofiebergsskolan * Stenstorpsskolan * Sturegymnasiet * Östergårdsskolan


See also

*
Halmstad Municipality Halmstad Municipality (''Halmstads kommun'') is a municipality in Halland County on the Swedish west coast, in which the city Halmstad is the seat. The 1971 local government reform was implemented gradually in the area. In 1967 the rural municipal ...
* Kroenleins Brewery * Mjellby Art Museum *Norre Port - Halmstad, Sweden City Gate, Norreport historic city gate * Chronicle of the Expulsion of the Grayfriars#Chapter 11 Concerning the Friary in Halmstad


References


External links

*
Official homepage for the MunicipalityOfficial homepage for visitors and tourists
{{Authority control Halmstad, County seats in Sweden Municipal seats of Halland County Swedish municipal seats Populated places in Halland County Populated places in Halmstad Municipality Port cities in Sweden Port cities and towns of the North Sea Coastal cities and towns in Sweden University towns in Sweden