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Grave (, formerly ''De Graaf'') is a
municipality A municipality is usually a single administrative division having corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and regional laws to which it is subordinate. The term ''municipality'' may also mean the ...
in the Dutch province
North Brabant North Brabant (; nl, Noord-Brabant, ; Brabantian: ), also unofficially called Brabant, is a province in the south of the Netherlands. It borders the provinces of South Holland and Gelderland to the north, Limburg to the east, Zeeland to the west, ...
. The municipality had a population of in . Grave is a member of the Dutch Association of Fortified Cities. The municipality includes the following towns : Grave (capital), Velp,
Escharen Escharen is a village in the Dutch province of North Brabant. It is located in the municipality of Grave. Escharen was a separate municipality until 1942, when its territory was divided between Grave and Mill en Sint Hubert. References External ...
and Gassel.


History

Grave received
city rights 250px, Medieval square in Spišská Sobota, Slovakia (Now Poprad). The former name of the town literally means "Saturday in Spiš">Poprad.html" style="text-decoration: none;"class="mw-redirect" title="Slovakia (Now Poprad">Slovakia (Now P ...
in 1233. The municipality Grave was formed in the Napoleonic era (1810) and coincided with the fortified Grave and immediate surroundings. The history of the town was thus linked to that of the place. This changed in 1942. Then there was a reclassification place where the municipality Grave was expanded with the previously independent municipalities Velp and
Escharen Escharen is a village in the Dutch province of North Brabant. It is located in the municipality of Grave. Escharen was a separate municipality until 1942, when its territory was divided between Grave and Mill en Sint Hubert. References External ...
. Moreover, in 1994 the neighboring municipality of Beers was abolished and a part thereof, the parish Gassel, was also added to the municipality Grave.


Popular attractions

Near to Grave lies a bridge, now called John S. Thompsonbrug, built in 1929. It is the northern connection to
Gelderland Gelderland (), also known as Guelders () in English, is a province of the Netherlands, occupying the centre-east of the country. With a total area of of which is water, it is the largest province of the Netherlands. Gelderland shares borders wi ...
, spanning the river
Maas Maas, MAAS or MaaS may refer to: People * Maas (surname), including a list of people with the name * Maas Thajoon Akbar (1880–1944), a Ceylonese judge and lawyer * Timo Maas (born 1969), a German DJ/producer and remixer * Thomas Samuel "Maas" Sw ...

Maas
. The bridge was one of the key strategic points in
Operation Market Garden Operation Market Garden was an unsuccessful World War II military operation fought in the Netherlands from 17 to 25 September 1944. It was the brainchild of Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery and strongly supported by Winston Churchill and Franklin ...
; the city was liberated at 17 September 1944, but suffered very little damage. The bridge was named in 2004 after Lieutenant
John S. Thompson
John S. Thompson
who commanded the platoon of the
82nd Airborne Division The 82nd Airborne Division is an airborne infantry division of the United States Army, specializing in parachute assault operations into denied areasSof, Eric"82nd Airborne Division" ''Spec Ops Magazine'', 25 November 2012. Archived from thorigi ...
that captured the bridge. The Hampoort is the old entrance to the city, and it is still largely intact and can be visited.


Notable people


Nobility

*
Mary of Guelders Mary of Guelders (; c. 1434/1435 – 1 December 1463) was the queen of Scotland by marriage to King James II of Scotland. She ruled as regent of Scotland from 1460 to 1463. Background She was the daughter of Arnold, Duke of Guelders, and Ca ...
(ca.1434 in Grave – 1463), the
queen consort of Scotland The consorts of the monarchs of Scotland bore titles derived from their marriage. The Kingdom of Scotland was first unified as a state by Kenneth I of Scotland in 843, and ceased to exist as an independent kingdom after the Act of Union 1707, whe ...
as the wife of King
James II of Scotland James II (16 October 14303 August 1460) was King of Scots from 1437 until his death. Life James was born in Holyrood Abbey.Grants "Old and New Edinburgh" He was the son of King James I and Joan Beaufort. By his first birthday, his only brother ...

James II of Scotland
, served as regent of Scotland from 1460 to 1463 *
Adolf, Duke of Guelders Adolf of Egmond (Grave, February 12, 1438 – Tournai, June 27, 1477) was a Duke of Guelders, Count of Zutphen from 1465–1471 and in 1477. He was the son of Arnold, Duke of Guelders and Catherine of Cleves. In the battle of succession for ...
(1438 in Grave – 1477) a
Duke of Guelders of the County and Duchy of Guelders Image:Guelders-Jülich Arms.svg, 125px, Coat of arms after 1379 This article is about the rulers of the historical county and duchy of Guelders. List of Counts of Guelders House of Wassenberg * before 1096–ab ...
&
Count of Zutphen The title of Count of Zutphen historically belonged to the ruler of the Dutch province of Gelderland (Zutphen being one of the major cities in the province during the medieval period). The lordship was a vassal title before it eventually become a c ...
1465–1471 *
Charles II, Duke of Guelders Charles II (9 November 1467 – 30 June 1538) was a member of the House of Egmond who ruled as Duke of Guelders and Count of Zutphen from 1492 until his death. He was the son of Adolf of Egmond and Catharine of Bourbon. He had a principal role in ...
(1467 in Grave – 1538) a member of the
House of Egmond The House of Egmond or Egmont (French: ''Maison d'Egmond'', Dutch: ''Huis Egmond'') is named after the Dutch town of Egmond, province of Noord Holland, and played an important role in the Netherlands during the Middle Ages. History They were one o ...
who ruled as
Duke of Guelders of the County and Duchy of Guelders Image:Guelders-Jülich Arms.svg, 125px, Coat of arms after 1379 This article is about the rulers of the historical county and duchy of Guelders. List of Counts of Guelders House of Wassenberg * before 1096–ab ...
and
Count of Zutphen The title of Count of Zutphen historically belonged to the ruler of the Dutch province of Gelderland (Zutphen being one of the major cities in the province during the medieval period). The lordship was a vassal title before it eventually become a c ...
from 1492-1538 *
Anna van Egmont Anna van Egmont (March 1533 – 24 March 1558), mainly known as Anna van Buren (or Anna van Bueren), was a Dutch heiress who became the first wife of William the Silent, Prince of Orange. Life Anna was born in Grave (?), Netherlands in March 153 ...
(1533 in Grave – 1558) a wealthy Dutch heiress, the first wife of
William the Silent#REDIRECT William the Silent#REDIRECT William the Silent {{Redirect category shell, 1= {{R from other capitalisation ...
{{Redirect category shell, 1= {{R from other capitalisation ...
,
Prince of Orange Prince of Orange (or Princess of Orange if the holder is female) is a title originally associated with the sovereign Principality of Orange, in what is now southern France. The title "Prince of Orange" was created in 1163 by the Emperor Frede ...
* Louise van der Nooth (1630s in Grave – 1654) a maid of honour and favorite of
Queen Christina of Sweden Christina ( sv, Kristina; 18 December 1626 – 19 April 1689), a member of the House of Vasa, was Queen of Sweden from 1632 until her abdication in 1654. She succeeded her father Gustavus Adolphus upon his death at the Battle of Lützen, but beg ...


and

*
Johann Weyer Johann Weyer or Johannes Wier ( la, Ioannes Wierus or '; 1515 – 24 February 1588) was a Dutch physician, occultist and demonologist, disciple and follower of Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa. He was among the first to publish against the ...
(1515 in Grave – 1588) a Dutch physician, occultist and demonologist, disciple and follower of
Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa von Nettesheim (; ; 14 September 1486 – 18 February 1535) was a German polymath, physician, legal scholar, soldier, theologian, and occult writer. He is considered one of the most influential occultists of the early mod ...
*
Charles de Thierry Charles Philippe Hippolyte de Thierry (April 1793 – 8 July 1864) was a nineteenth-century adventurer who attempted to establish his own sovereign state in New Zealand in the years before the Treaty of Waitangi between the British Crown and the Mao ...
(1793 in Grave – 1864) an adventurer in New Zealand * Jan Pieter van Suchtelen (1751 in Grave – 1836) a general in the Russian army during the Russo-Swedish War (1808–1809) * Johan Stein (1871 in Grave – 1951) a Dutch astronomer and a member of the Society of Jesus


Images

Image:2006-05-17 13.37 Grave, brug over de Maas.JPG, Bridge: John S. Thompsonbrug Image:Grave, straatzicht Brugstraat 2-10 bij Oranjehotel foto1 2010-04-10 11.02.jpg, Houses in centre Image:Grave vistrap inlaat scheepswerf.jpg, Fish ladder and shipyard Image:Grave canal lock.jpg, Canal lock


See also

* Apostolic Vicariate of Grave–Nijmegen, former Catholic pre-diocesan jurisdiction


References


External links

*
Official website
{{Authority control Grave, Populated places in North Brabant Municipalities of North Brabant Cities in the Netherlands