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Gorzów Wielkopolski [ˈɡɔʐuf vʲɛlkɔˈpɔlskʲi] ( listen) (abbreviated Gorzów Wlkp.; German: Landsberg an der Warthe; Kashubian: Łącbarg) is a city in western Poland, on the Warta
Warta
river. It is the second largest city in the Lubusz Voivodeship
Lubusz Voivodeship
with 124,116 inhabitants (June 2015) and one of its two capitals with a seat of a Voivodeship governor (the other is Zielona Góra). Previously it was the capital of the Gorzów Voivodeship
Gorzów Voivodeship
(1975–1998). Gorzów is known for its successful sportsmen, including Olympic and world champions and national representatives. The city is also known as the hometown of former Polish Prime Minister Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz. Around Gorzów, there are two large forest areas: Gorzów Woods to the north, where the Barlinek-Gorzów Landscape Park is situated, and Noteć Woods to the southeast. The biggest oil fields in Poland
Poland
are located near Gorzów.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History 3 Main attractions 4 Economy 5 Development

5.1 Current investments 5.2 Planned investments

6 Transport 7 Culture 8 Tourism and leisure 9 Education 10 Politics

10.1 Gorzów Wielkopolski/ Zielona Góra
Zielona Góra
constituency

10.1.1 Members of Parliament (Sejm) by party 10.1.2 Senators

11 Sports 12 International relations

12.1 Twin towns — Sister cities

13 Notable residents 14 References 15 External links

Etymology[edit]

The Spichlerz (City Granary)

The Polish name Gorzów, written as Gorzew, is known from Polish maps and historical books dating back to the 19th century or perhaps earlier.[1] It appeared in a compendium called Ancient Poland
Poland
according to its history, geography and statistics published in 1848 by Samuel Orgelbrand in Warsaw. Ten years earlier, in 1838, the same name Gorzew was used in a book published in Paris with a corresponding yet broader title encompassing all of Poland.[2] The current spelling of "Gorzów" appears on the map featuring "Królestwo Polskie" published in Lviv
Lviv
in 1900 with "Landsberg an der Warthe" in parenthesis next to "Gorzów". The name is interpreted in several different ways according to rules of the Old Polish language, originating from "gorzenie" (fire, burning) or "pogorzelcy" (survivors of a fire), or alternatively "gorzelnia" (distillery) or "gorzałka" (spirits). The German name Landsberg an der Warthe derives from the German words land or 'state' and berg or 'mountain' combined with Warthe – the German name for the river Warta. In Polish, it was the name 'Gorzów' which eventually stuck, beating the alternative postwar name "Kobylagóra", or 'Mare Mountain', which survives today as the name of a street in the city. The word Wielkopolski or "Great Poland", after the voivodeship of that name of which Gorzów was a part from 1946 to 1950, was added later. However, Gorzow itself is not a part of the historical region of Greater Poland. History[edit]

Stamp of Prussia, 1SGr, cancelled at LANDSBERG an der Warthe (Brandenburg) in 1866

Lubusz Museum

Bolesław Chrobry Street

Ul. Hawelańska

Park 111 shopping centre

Park Wiosny Ludów

Spartherm office building

Warta
Warta
embankment by night

Staromiejski (Old Town) Bridge

Christ the King
Christ the King
church tower

MAN in service

Until the mid-13th century, the land where the river Kłodawka meets the Warta
Warta
was the location of a defensive fort established by the Polish Piast dynasty.[3] In 1249 the Silesian Duke Bolesław II Rogatka had sold Lubusz Land
Lubusz Land
in the west to the Ascanian Margraves of Brandenburg, and the city of Landisberch Nova (named after Altlandsberg) was founded on the site in 1257. The city was at that time an eastern outpost of the newly established Neumark
Neumark
region of Brandenburg, close to the Greater Polish fortress of Santok. In 1325 Polish, in 1432 Hussite
Hussite
troops beleaguered the city. In the 16th century the city became Lutheran, with St. Mary's Cathedral changing its allegiance in 1537. In 1701 Landsberg (Gorzów) - like all of Brandenburg - became ruled in personal union with the Kingdom of Prussia. On 4 February 1813 during the Napoleonic Wars
Napoleonic Wars
the Russian Ataman
Ataman
Aleksandr Chernichev and his Cossack
Cossack
troops defeated a French battalion of 1,500 men of Louis-Nicolas Davout's corps. In 1815 - in the course of an administrative restructuring - the town became part of Prussia's Province of Brandenburg. The city, like all of Prussia, was included in the German Empire
German Empire
in 1871 during the unification of Germany. In early 1945 during World War II
World War II
the town was heavily damaged following the retreat of the Wehrmacht
Wehrmacht
ahead of the Soviet Red Army. The Red Army
Red Army
arrived in the city on 30 January 1945, approaching from the left bank of the river Warta. The Wehrmacht
Wehrmacht
had already evacuated most of the city, and the advancing forces met very little resistance. Over the course of the next few days, most of the city centre was destroyed, reportedly through the accidental spread of a fire started in order to light the westward march of the Red Army.[citation needed] The city became part of Poland
Poland
in accordance with the provisions of the post-war Potsdam Conference, and most of the remaining German population was expelled. The last original inhabitants were forced to leave the city in the early 1950s. Between February and September 1945, the original population of the city was gradually replaced by Poles
Poles
from central parts of Poland
Poland
and those expelled from Polish territory annexed by the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
(also known as Kresy). It was at this time that Gorzów's significant Tatar
Tatar
and Romani communities arrived. It was initially renamed as "Kobylagóra" on 30 May 1945, later as "Gorzów nad Wartą" on 7 July 1945 and finally "Gorzów Wielkopolski" on 5 November 1946. Main attractions[edit] Although the centre of Gorzów was heavily damaged during the Second World War, there are still many notable tourist attractions in the city. The largest of these is the Gothic, red-brick Gorzów Cathedral of the Virgin Mary, dating from the end of the 13th century, situated on the old market square. The city centre is overwhelmingly occupied by Communist-era buildings, although many have been beautified, most notably those around the old market square. Many of the façades of the buildings in the centre were renovated in anticipation of the visit of Pope John Paul II to Gorzów in 1997. Due to the large number of parks and green spaces, Gorzów has been termed 'the city of parks and gardens'. In addition to the central Park of Roses, there is also a viewing area on the hilltop of Siemiradzki
Siemiradzki
Park which commands impressive views across the plains and woods to the south of the city. The city also contains the museum of Lubusz Voivodeship, which is divided between two sites. The Spichlerz or 'granary' dates from the 18th century and can be found on the left bank of the Warta. The museum, housed inside, frequently plays host to art exhibitions and has a permanent collection of artifacts and photographs relating to the history of the city. The other part of the museum, on Warszawska street, is housed in the secessionist villa of Gustav Schroeder. This section contains a wide range of artifacts, ranging from portraits of the 17th century, to weapons, pottery, and the Biedermeier
Biedermeier
interior furnishings of the villa itself. The Old Town was almost completely destroyed, but the New Town (19th century) has survived in good condition as a complex of hundreds of buildings and is in the Heritage Register. For the past few years, historical tenements have been successfully undergoing renovation. The Jewish cemetery
Jewish cemetery
of Gorzów is on the western edge of the city. The cemetery was vandalised in the 1930s, but a number of graves still remain intact. Economy[edit] Gorzów is an economic centre of the region with almost 18,000 registered businesses (2008), the unemployment rate is 7,6%(December 2009). The City of Gorzów has received an air Play Commune-Certified Investment Location award in big cities classification. The city has a good shopping and services infrastructure. There are numerous petrol stations, branches of all major banks and insurance companies as well as car dealers. Major shopping malls in the city are Nova Park, Galeria Askana, Panorama, Park 111, there are two Tesco
Tesco
hypermarkets and many discount and department stores and retailers. Landsberg an der Warthe before the World War II
World War II
was a very well developed and industrialized city. The most notable entrepreneurs included industralists Max Bahr and Herman Paucksch. After the War and Red Army
Red Army
liberation the city suffered from heavy losses especially in machinery which was confiscated by the Soviets. In the postwar time Gorzów saw a fast economic development and new industries were founded like Stilon (chemical fibres), Silwana (fabrics) and Ursus (tractors) who remained major employers up to the mid-1990s. After Leszek Balcerowicz's free market reforms former state-owned companies either went bankrupt or had severe financial problems that resulted in radical employment and production reduction. In the 1990s and 2000s the city saw a new economic age. While public giants were collapsing new private companies were established. Currently the biggest employer in the city is Sumitomo Electric
Sumitomo Electric
Bordnetze Sp. z o.o. (previously Volkswagen Elektro-Systemy Sp. z o.o.), car wiring systems. The then German company established in Gorzów in 1993 (taken over by Japanese Sumitomo Electric
Sumitomo Electric
in 2006), it operates in Stilon industrial estate. Gorzów Heat and Power Plant (Elektrociepłownia Gorzów) is a modern company with over 300 staff and it holds an award of Fair Play Company. One of the most distinguished employers is Biowet Vetoquinol which has over 100 years of experience in veterinary medicines and chemistry. manufacturing. Gorzów is a Polish headquarters of Spartherm Feuerungstechnik GmbH. A recent economic development of the city was boosted by creation of Kostrzyn-Słubice Special
Special
Economic Zone and its Subzone Gorzów. At present there are two significant employers in the Subzone: Faurecia and TPV Displays and many other smaller companies operating there. Development[edit] Current investments[edit]

Askana shopping center (2009) Gorzów Philharmonic (due for completion in 2011) Amphitheatre
Amphitheatre
renovation in Siemiradzki
Siemiradzki
Park Eastern Embankment (due for completion in 2010) Gorzów Plaza shopping center Spartherm office building (due for completion in 2010) MediRaj medical center (due for completion in 2010) Nova Park (2012) Speedway Stadium extension (2015)

Planned investments[edit]

Mieszka I Street further renovations (Under Construction 2016) Football stadium (date unknown) Sports hall (date unknown)

Transport[edit] Gorzów has a good public transport network. City Transport Company (MZK) which is in charge of transport services runs 27 daily bus lines, four night lines, and three tram lines. In the summer season there are services to nearby lakes. MZK services carry about 90,000 people every day. The company owns one of the most modern bus fleets in Poland. There are railway connections with major Polish cities, mostly with interchange in Krzyż or Kostrzyn. There are plans to start fast through trains to Poznań, Szczecin, Wrocław
Wrocław
and Berlin. Gorzów main station was renovated in 2009 and 2010 and it offers bed and breakfast, restaurant and retail services. The S3 expressway provides a fast road connection to Szczecin
Szczecin
and Zielona Góra. Culture[edit] Gorzów is well known for the International Romani Gathering Romane Dyvesa which is held every summer in the first week of July. The gathering includes a series of concerts held in the outdoor amphitheatre near the centre of the city. The festival is organised by Edward Dębicki, the founder of the Romani music group Terno, which also performs as part of the series of concerts. Romane Dyvesa continues Gorzów's strong tradition of Romani culture, of which the most widely known member was the poet Bronisława Wajs, often known as Papusza. Wajs's former home on Kosynierów Gdyńskich street is marked with a plaque, as is the main city library on Sikorskiego street. The library itself holds a collection of books about Papusza, as well as the manuscripts of her correspondence with Julian Tuwim. In Poland
Poland
the city is famous for its Jazz Club Pod Filarami which every autumn organizes Gorzów Jazz Celebrations a festival which hosts internationally recognized musicians from Poland and around the world. Tourism and leisure[edit] There are several hotels in Gorzów, major ones include:

Qubus (4 stars) located in the city centre, about 300 m from railway and coach stations, Mieszko (3 stars), in the historic New Town district, the biggest hotel in the city Gracja (3 stars)- leisure complex with swimming pool situated at the Klodawka river. Hotel Gorzów U Marii

There are several small hotels including railway station bed and breakfast. The city offers leisure facilities. Sports and Rehabilitation Centre "Słowianka" offers 50 m Olympic pool, aqua park facilities, saunas, gym, massage and spa. Gracja hotel offers a 25 m pool. There are a few gyms and sports hall in the city. New rowing centre at the Warta
Warta
river has been completed in 2009. Speedway stadium is undergoing major extension works this year. Gorzów embankment, which is undergoing major renovation in 2011, is a new nightlife centre. There are many restaurants and pubs around the embankment and others are coming soon. Education[edit]

Panstwowa Wyzsza Szkola Zawodowa w Gorzowie Wlkp.[4] Poznan University School of Physical Education - Faculty of Physical Education in Gorzów Wielkopolski[5] Wyzsza Szkola Biznesu w Gorzowie Wlkp.[6] Poznan University of Medical Sciences
Poznan University of Medical Sciences
- University Teaching Center in Gorzów Wielkopolski

Politics[edit] In recent years Gorzów Wielkopolski
Gorzów Wielkopolski
has been known for former Prime Minister Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz, who was born and worked here. After stepping down as the PM he was appointed as acting mayor of Warsaw
Warsaw
and then as a counsel to a chairman of PKO BP
PKO BP
bank. In 2007 he became one of the directors of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. He now works for Goldman Sachs. Gorzów Wielkopolski/ Zielona Góra
Zielona Góra
constituency[edit] Members of Parliament (Sejm) by party[edit] The Civic Platform
Civic Platform
(Platforma Obywatelska)

Stefan Niesiołowski Bożenna Bukiewicz Witold Pahl Bogdan Bojko Bożena Sławiak Marek Cebula

Law and Justice
Law and Justice
(Prawo i Sprawiedliwość)

Marek Ast Elżbieta Rafalska Jerzy Materna

The Left and Democrats
Left and Democrats
(Lewica i Demokraci)

Jan Kochanowski Bogusław Wontor

Polish People's Party
Polish People's Party
(Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe)

Józef Zych

Senators[edit]

Henryk Maciej Woźniak Stanisław Iwan Władysław Dajczak

Sports[edit] Gorzów is famous in Poland
Poland
for its great clubs and fine athletes. There are two Olympic champions from Gorzów: Tomasz Kucharski
Tomasz Kucharski
and Michał Jeliński, both in rowing. It is a home for many world champions and Olympic medalists. A historical sport is also volleyball. GTPS holds to a great tradition and has had many outstanding players with the best ever, Sebastian Świderski, born in Gorzów.

AZS PWSZ Gorzów Wielkopolski
AZS PWSZ Gorzów Wielkopolski
- women basketball team extraclass league GKP Gorzów Wielkopolski
GKP Gorzów Wielkopolski
- Polish First League AZS AWF Gorzów Wielkopolski
Gorzów Wielkopolski
men's handball team extraclass league Stal Gorzów Wielkopolski
Stal Gorzów Wielkopolski
(Motorcycle speedway), competing in Speedway Ekstraliga Gorzów is a national powerhouse in water polo for decades. International events are regularly held at the Slowianka Sports Centre with a modern Olympic-size pool.

International relations[edit]

Michał Kwiatkowski, singer, Star Academy
Star Academy
musical show winner, graduate of Tadeusz Kotarbiński Liceum in Gorzów

Sebastian Świderski, volleyball player, Japan 2006 World Championship silver medalist

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Poland Twin towns — Sister cities[edit] Gorzów Wielkopolski
Gorzów Wielkopolski
is twinned with:

Jeddah Cava de' Tirreni Teramo Eberswalde Frankfurt (Oder) Herford

Verden (Aller) Saransk[7] Jönköping Hazleton, Pennsylvania Sumy

Notable residents[edit]

Gottfried Bernhardy

Georg Axhausen (1877–1960), oral and maxillofacial surgeon. Gottfried Bernhardy
Gottfried Bernhardy
(1800–1875), philologist and literary historian Adam Bałdych - (born 1986), musician - violinist, composer Piotr Bukartyk - (born 1964), musician - singer, poet, composer Edward Dębicki
Edward Dębicki
(born 1935), Romani poet, composer and musician Tomasz Gollob
Tomasz Gollob
(born 1971) Speedway Grand Prix multimedalist, Stal Gorzów rider Zbigniew Herbert
Zbigniew Herbert
(1924–1998), Polish poet, essayist and playwright, art director of the Juliusz Osterwa Theatre in Gorzów in 1965/66 Edward Jancarz
Edward Jancarz
(1946–1992), bronze medalist in speedway championship Zenon Jaskuła
Zenon Jaskuła
(born 1962), bicyclist Marie Juchacz
Marie Juchacz
(1879–1956), German SPD politician Marek Jurek
Marek Jurek
(born 1960), politician, former Marshal of the Sejm of the Republic of Poland Michał Jeliński (born 1980), olympic and four times world champion in rowing Adalbert Kelm, Architect, famous for the Naval Academy Mürwik
Naval Academy Mürwik
in Flensburg-Mürwik. Victor Klemperer
Victor Klemperer
(1881–1960), author and literary scientist Teresa Klimek (1929-2013), math teacher, co-founder of the local branch of the Catholic Intellectuals Club and executive on the regional branch of Solidarity Tomasz Kucharski
Tomasz Kucharski
(born 1974), double olympic champion in rowing Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz
Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz
(born 1959), former Prime Minister of Poland Michal (Michał Kwiatkowski, born 1983), singer, Star Academy
Star Academy
music contest runner-up Lech Piasecki
Lech Piasecki
(born 1961), bicyclist Tour de France leader, Giro d'Italia 5 stages winner Zenon Plech
Zenon Plech
(born 1953), Speedway World Championships runner-up in 1979 bronze medalist in 1973, former Stal Gorzów coach and rider. Krzysztof Pulkowski (born 1956), independent creator, film and theater director Kurt Scharf
Kurt Scharf
(1902–1990), Lutheran bishop of Berlin Arthur Moritz Schönflies (1853–1928), mathematician Beata Sokołowska-Kulesza
Beata Sokołowska-Kulesza
(born 1974), sprint canoer, olympic bronze medalist and world champion Sebastian Świderski, volleyball player, silver medalist at World Championship Japan 2006 Bronisława Wajs
Bronisława Wajs
(1908–1987), Romani poet Christa Wolf
Christa Wolf
(1929–2011), writer and literary critic

References[edit]

^ Henryk M. Wozniak, Gazeta Zachodnia, "Gorzów tak - Wielkopolski nie." Archived 2013-11-04 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Polska Bibliografia Literacka Polska w kształcie dykcjonarza historyczno-statystyczno-jeograficznego opisana przez Jędrzeja Słowaczyńskiego ^ Encyklopedia Powszechna PWN Warsaw
Warsaw
1976 ^ "Aktualności - Akademia im. Jakuba z Paradyża w Gorzowie Wielkopolskim". pwsz.pl.  ^ "Zamiejscowy Wydział Kultury Fizycznej w Gorzowie Wielkopolskim". awf-gorzow.edu.pl.  ^ wojtek@profit.blink.pl. "Wyższa Szkoła Biznesu - Gorzów Wielkopolski". wsb.gorzow.pl.  ^ "Саранск - столица Мордовии - Официальный сайт Администрации городского округа Саранск". Adm-saransk.ru. Retrieved 2011-09-16. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gorzów Wielkopolski
Gorzów Wielkopolski
.

Official website (in English) Official website (in Polish) Jewish Community in Gorzów Wielkopolski
Gorzów Wielkopolski
on Virtual Shtetl

v t e

Counties of Lubusz Voivodeship

City counties

Gorzów Wielkopolski
Gorzów Wielkopolski
(governor's seat) Zielona Góra
Zielona Góra
(assembly seat)

Land counties

Gorzów Krosno Odrzańskie Międzyrzecz Nowa Sól Słubice Strzelce-Drezdenko Sulęcin Świebodzin Wschowa Żagań Żary Zielona Góra

v t e

Gorzów County

Seat (not part of the county): Gorzów Wielkopolski

Urban gmina

Kostrzyn nad Odrą

Urban-rural gmina

Gmina Witnica

Rural gminas

Gmina Bogdaniec Gmina Deszczno Gmina Kłodawa Gmina Lubiszyn Gmina Santok

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 131368942 GND: 4034340-6 BNF: cb1553

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