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The Gauteng Provincial Legislature is the
legislature A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority In the fields of sociology Sociology is the study of society, human social behaviour, patterns of social relationships, social interaction, and culture that surrounds everyday l ...
of the South African province of
Gauteng Gauteng ( ; tn, Gauteng; Sotho language, Northern and Southern Sotho: ''Gauteng''; zu, eGoli; Tsonga: ''Gauteng/eXilungwini;'' Southern Ndebele language, Ndebele, xh, iRhawuti; nr, I-Gauteng; ve, Gauteng) is one of the nine provinces of Sout ...
. It is a
unicameral In government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a State (polity), state. In the case of its broad associative definition, government normally consists of legislature, Executive ...
body of 73 members elected every five years. The current legislature, the sixth, was elected on 8 May 2019 and has an
African National Congress The African National Congress (ANC) is the Republic of South Africa's governing political party. It has been the ruling party of History of South Africa (1994–present), post-apartheid South Africa since the election of Nelson Mandela in th ...
majority of 37 members. The legislature is housed in
Johannesburg City Hall
Johannesburg City Hall
in central
Johannesburg Johannesburg ( , also ; ; Zulu language, Zulu and xh, eGoli), informally known as Jozi, Joburg, or "The City of Gold", is the largest city in South Africa, classified as a Megacity#List of megacities, megacity, and is List of urban areas b ...

Johannesburg
. The Gauteng Provincial Legislature, like the eight other provincial legislatures in South Africa, was created on 27 April 1994 by the Interim Constitution of South Africa, which dissolved the four original provinces (and their provincial councils) and created the nine current provinces. It is currently constituted in terms of Chapter Six of the Constitution of South Africa, which defines the structure of the provincial governments.


Powers

The Gauteng Provincial Legislature elects the Premier of Gauteng, the head of Gauteng's provincial executive. The legislature can force the Premier to resign by passing a
motion of no confidence A motion of no confidence, vote of no confidence, or no confidence motion, sometimes in the reverse as a motion of confidence or vote of confidence, is a statement or vote about whether a person in a position of responsibility (government, manager ...
. Although the Executive Council is selected by the Premier, the legislature may pass a motion of no confidence to compel the Premier to reshuffle the council. The legislature also appoints Gauteng's delegates to the
National Council of Provinces The National Council of Provinces (NCOP) is the upper house of the Parliament of South Africa The Parliament of South Africa is South Africa's legislature; under the present Constitution of South Africa, the bicameral Parliament comprises a N ...
, allocating delegates to parties in proportion to the number of seats each party holds in the legislature. The legislature has the power to pass legislation in various fields specified in the national constitution; in some fields, the legislative power is shared with the national parliament, while in other fields it is reserved to the province alone. The fields include matters such as health, education (except universities), agriculture, housing, environmental protection, and development planning. The legislature oversees the administration of the Gauteng provincial government, and the Gauteng Premier and the members of the Executive Council are required to report to the legislature on the performance of their responsibilities. The legislature also manages the financial affairs of the provincial government by way of the appropriation bills which determine the annual provincial budget.


Election

The provincial legislature consists of 73 members, who are elected through a system of party list proportional representation with
closed list Closed list describes the variant of party-list proportional representation where voters can (effectively) only vote for political parties A political party is an organization that coordinates candidates to compete in a country's elections ...
s. In other words, each voter casts a vote for one political party, and seats in the legislature are allocated to the parties in proportion to the number of votes received. The seats are then filled by members in accordance with lists submitted by the parties before the election. The legislature is elected for a term of five years, unless it is dissolved early. This may occur if the legislature votes to dissolve and it is at least three years since the last election, or if the Premiership falls vacant and the legislature fails to elect a new Premier within ninety days. By convention all nine provincial legislatures and the National Assembly of South Africa, National Assembly are elected on the same day. The most recent election was 2019 Gauteng provincial election, held on 8 May 2019. The following table summarises the results. The following table shows the composition of the provincial parliament after past elections and floor-crossing (South Africa), floor-crossing periods.


Officers

The Speaker (politics), Speaker is the political head of the legislature, and is assisted by a Deputy Speaker. The Speaker is Ntombi Lentheng Mekgwe and her deputy is Nomvuyo Mhlakaza-Manamela; they are both members of the African National Congress. The following people have served as Speaker:


Member


References


External links


Official website
{{Authority control Government of Gauteng, Legislature Provincial legislatures of South Africa Unicameral legislatures