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The Freedom Front Plus (FF Plus; af, Vryheidsfront Plus, ''VF Plus'') is a national
South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over Demographics of South Africa, 59 million people, it is the world's List of countries by population, 23rd-most populous nation a ...
n political party that was formed (as the Freedom Front) in 1994. It is led by . Its current stated policy positions include amending affirmative action and
land reform Land reform (also agrarian reform, though that can have a broader meaning) involves the changing of laws, regulations or customs regarding land ownership. Land reform may consist of a government-initiated or government-backed property redistri ...
to protect the rights and interests of minorities, especially the
Afrikaner Afrikaners () are an ethnic group An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people who identify with each other on the basis of shared attributes that distinguish them from other groups such as a common set of traditions, ancestry, lan ...
s. Along with other parties, the FF Plus entered into coalition with the Democratic Alliance (DA) after the 2016 municipal elections to govern
Johannesburg Johannesburg ( , also ; ; Zulu language, Zulu and xh, eGoli), informally known as Jozi, Joburg, or "The City of Gold", is the largest city in South Africa, classified as a Megacity#List of megacities, megacity, and is List of urban areas b ...
, Tshwane and several other municipalities.


Foundation and early years

The Freedom Front was founded on 1 March 1994 by members of the Afrikaner community under Constand Viljoen, after he had left the Afrikaner Volksfront amidst disagreements. Seeking to achieve his goals through political means, Viljoen registered the Freedom Front with the Independent Electoral Commission (IEC) on 4 March 1994 to take part in the April 1994 general elections. (This date has also been given as 7 March.) On 12 March 1994 Viljoen handed in a list of candidates for the FF to the IEC, confirming that his party would take part in the elections. In the election, under the leadership of General Viljoen, the Freedom Front received 2.2% of the national vote (with 424,555 votes cast), earning nine seats in the National Assembly, and 3.3% (with 639,643 votes cast) of the combined vote to the nine provincial legislatures. This suggested that many Afrikaners had split their vote. The party performed the best in the rural areas of the former Transvaal and Orange Free State, and was noted by the new deputy president Thabo Mbeki as representing possibly as much as half the Afrikaner voting population in these areas, with the strongest support among farmers and the working class. Freedom Front support would gradually melt away in the coming years, as the party was strung along in ultimately fruitless negotiations with the
African National Congress The African National Congress (ANC) is the Republic of South Africa's governing political party. It has been the ruling party of History of South Africa (1994–present), post-apartheid South Africa since the election of Nelson Mandela in th ...
(ANC) to create a Volkstaat making the party lose its importance. It would also receive increased competition from new parties such as the Afrikaner Eenheidsbeweging. In the 1999 election their support dropped to 0.8% (127,217 votes cast) with three seats in the National Assembly and between 1-2% in their stronghold provinces. This represented a respectable portion of the Afrikaner vote, but nowhere near earlier levels. The party's support remained relatively stable in all national elections held during the next twenty years. In 2001, Viljoen handed over the leadership of the Freedom Front to Pieter Mulder.


Formation of the Freedom Front Plus

In 2003, shortly before the 2004 South African general election, 2004 general election, the Conservative Party (South Africa), Conservative Party, the Afrikaner Eenheidsbeweging and the Freedom Front decided to contest the election as a single entity under the name Freedom Front Plus (FF+), led by Mulder. Later, also the Federal Alliance (South Africa), Federal Alliance joined the VF+/FF+. In the 2004 South African general election, 2004 general election, support for the Freedom Front Plus rose slightly to 0.89% (139,465 votes cast). The party won one seat in most of the provincial legislatures, and four seats in the National Assembly. In the 2006 South African municipal election, 2006 municipal elections, the Freedom Front Plus received 1% of the popular vote (252,253 votes cast). In the 2009 South African general election, 2009 general election, the party received 0.83% (146,796 votes cast) and retained its four seats in the National Assembly but lost its seats in the provincial legislatures of North West, Mpumalanga and Northern Cape. After the elections, the Freedom Front's leader Pieter Mulder was appointed as Deputy Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries by the new President Jacob Zuma. In the 2014 South African general election, 2014 general election, the FF Plus increased its vote slightly to 0.9%. It retained its 4 MPs, and also regained a seat in the North West. FF Plus voter support increased substantially in the 2019 South African general election, 2019 general election, with the party growing its vote total by 250,000, to 2.38% of the national vote, earning ten seats in the National Assembly. This was even slightly more than the nine seats that the old Freedom Front had received in 1994. Additionally, it gained eight seats in the provincial legislatures, for a new total of eleven. In the 2014 general election, the FF Plus won seats in three provincial legislatures, in this election, it has won seats in eight out of the nine provincial legislatures. Its new supporters were largely Afrikaners and coloured voters from the Western Cape who had previously supported the DA. The party has enjoyed consistent landslide victories in the Afrikaner enclave Orania, Northern Cape, Orania. Since the South African general election, 2019, 2019 general election, the FF Plus has also won three wards from the Democratic Alliance (DA) in municipal by-elections in the North West Province and has continued to show growth in various other municipal by-elections in Gauteng, Limpopo and Mpumalanga.


Leaders


Electoral performance

These tables show the electoral performance for the Freedom Front Plus since the advent of democracy in 1994:


National elections

, - ! Election ! Total votes ! Share of vote ! Seats ! +/- ! Government , - ! South African general election, 1994, 1994 , 424,555 , 2.17% , , – , , - ! South African general election, 1999, 1999 , 127,217 , 0.80% , , 6 , , - ! South African general election, 2004, 2004 , 139,465 , 0.89% , , 1 , , - ! South African general election, 2009, 2009 , 146,796 , 0.83% , , ±0 , , - ! South African general election, 2014, 2014 , 165,715 , 0.90% , , ±0 , , - ! South African general election, 2019, 2019 , 414,864 , 2.38% , , 6 ,


Provincial elections

! rowspan=2 , Election ! colspan=2 , Eastern Cape ! colspan=2 , Free State (South African province), Free State ! colspan=2 , Gauteng ! colspan=2 , KwaZulu-Natal, Kwazulu-Natal ! colspan=2 , Limpopo ! colspan=2 , Mpumalanga ! colspan=2 , North West (South African province), North-West ! colspan=2 , Northern Cape ! colspan=2 , Western Cape , - ! % !! Seats ! % !! Seats ! % !! Seats ! % !! Seats ! % !! Seats ! % !! Seats ! % !! Seats ! % !! Seats ! % !! Seats , - ! South African general election, 1994, 1994 , 0.8% , , 0/56 , 6.0% , , 2/30 , 6.2% , , 5/86 , 0.5% , , 0/81 , 2.2% , , 1/40 , 5.7% , , 2/30 , 4.6% , , 1/30 , 6.0% , , 2/30 , 2.1% , , 1/42 , - ! South African general election, 1999, 1999 , 0.3% , , 0/63 , 2.1% , , 1/30 , 1.3% , , 1/73 , 0.2% , , 0/80 , 0.7% , , 0/49 , 1.7% , , 1/30 , 1.4% , , 1/33 , 1.7% , , 1/30 , 0.4% , , 0/42 , - ! South African general election, 2004, 2004 , 0.3% , , 0/63 , 2.5% , , 1/30 , 1.3% , , 1/73 , 0.3% , , 0/80 , 0.6% , , 0/49 , 1.2% , , 1/30 , 1.3% , , 1/33 , 1.6% , , 1/30 , 0.6% , , 0/42 , - ! South African general election, 2009, 2009 , 0.2% , , 0/63 , 2.0% , , 1/30 , 1.6% , , 1/73 , 0.8% , , 0/80 , 0.6% , , 0/49 , 0.9% , , 0/30 , 1.8% , , 0/33 , 1.2% , , 0/30 , 0.4% , , 0/42 , - ! South African general election, 2014, 2014 , 0.3% , , 0/63 , 2.1% , , 1/30 , 1.2% , , 1/73 , 0.2% , , 0/80 , 0.7% , , 0/49 , 0.8% , , 0/30 , 1.7% , , 1/33 , 1.1% , , 0/30 , 0.6% , , 0/42 , - ! South African general election, 2019, 2019 , 0.6% , , 1/63 , 4.0% , , 1/30 , 3.6% , , 3/73 , 0.3% , , 0/80 , 1.4% , , 1/49 , 2.4% , , 1/30 , 4.3% , , 2/33 , 2.7% , , 1/30 , 1.6% , , 1/42


Municipal elections

, - ! Election ! Ward + PR votes ! Share of vote , - ! South African municipal election, 1995–1996, 1995–96 , 230 845 , 2.7% , - ! South African municipal election, 2000, 2000 , , 0.1% , - ! South African municipal election, 2006, 2006 , 185 960 , 0.9% , - ! South African municipal election, 2011, 2011 , 120,519 , 0.5% , - ! South African municipal election, 2016, 2016 , 229,281 , 0.8% , -


See also

*
Afrikaner Afrikaners () are an ethnic group An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people who identify with each other on the basis of shared attributes that distinguish them from other groups such as a common set of traditions, ancestry, lan ...
* Boer Republics * Homeland * Home Rule * Orania, Northern Cape * Whites in South Africa


References


External links

* *
SA TalentUnrepresented Nations and Peoples Organisation
{{Authority control 1994 establishments in South Africa Afrikaner nationalism Boer nationalism Conservative parties in South Africa Members of the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization Nationalist parties in South Africa Political parties established in 1994 Political parties in South Africa Political parties of minorities Separatism in South Africa White nationalist parties Protestant political parties Social conservative parties National conservative parties Right-wing populist parties