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Forest Gate is a residential district in east London,
England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. En ...
, in the
London Borough of Newham The London Borough of Newham is a London borough The London boroughs are the 32 local authority districts that make up the ceremonial county of Greater London Greater London is a Ceremonial counties of England, ceremonial county of ...
. The area has never been an administrative unit and so has never had any formal boundaries, but it is often seen as conterminous with the E7 (Forest Gate) postal area and so it lies on both sides of the boundary between
West 250px, A compass rose with west highlighted in black West is one of the four cardinal directions or points of the compass. It is the opposite direction from east, and is the direction in which the sun sets. Etymology The word "west" is a Germa ...
and East Ham. The area lies roughly northeast of
Charing Cross Charing Cross () is a junction in London London is the capital city, capital and List of urban areas in the United Kingdom, largest city of England and the United Kingdom. The city stands on the River Thames in the south-east of England, a ...
and is bordered by Manor Park to the east and Stratford town centre to the west. Forest Gate is east of
Westfield Stratford City
Westfield Stratford City
and the 2012
Olympic Park
Olympic Park
. The northern half of the busy Green Street runs through it and from 2019, Forest Gate railway station will be served by Crossrail.


History

The first known record of the name 'Forest Gate' comes from the West Ham parish registers of the late 17th centuryThe London Encyclopaedia, 1983, edited by Weinreb and Hibbert and describes a gate placed across the modern Woodford Road to prevent cattle straying from the open
Wanstead Flats
Wanstead Flats
area of
Epping Forest Epping Forest is a area of ancient woodland between Epping, Essex, Epping in Essex to the north, and Forest Gate in Greater London to the south, straddling the border between London and Essex. It is a former royal forest, and is managed by th ...
onto the main
Roman road Roman roads ( la, viae Romanae ; singular: ; meaning "Roman way") were physical infrastructure vital to the maintenance and development of the Roman state, and were built from about 300 BC through the expansion and consolidation of the Roman Re ...

Roman road
(
Romford Romford is a large town in east London and the administrative centre of the London Borough of Havering. It is located northeast of Charing Cross and is one of the major metropolitan centres identified in the London Plan. Historically Romford ...
road) linking
Camulodunum Camulodunum (; la, ), the Ancient Roman name for what is now Colchester Colchester () is a historic market town A market town is a European Human settlement, settlement that obtained by custom or royal charter, in the Middle Ages, t ...
to
Londinium Londinium, also known as Roman London, was the capital of Roman Britain Roman Britain is the period in classical antiquity when large parts of the island of Great Britain were under Roman conquest of Britain, occupation by the Roman Empire. ...
. The gate was located close to the former Eagle & Child public house. It never was a toll gate and was demolished along with the keepers' cottage in 1881. At the time of the gate's construction, the Forest and its mosaic of habitats (coppice woodland, common grazing and wood pasture) extended from Epping, Essex, Epping to the Romford Road where a coppice woodland called 'Hamfrith' (Meaning the woodland belonging to the Ham area) Wood which existed until around 1700, formed the southernmost point. An Anglo-Saxon jeweled bead was found in Forest Gate in 1875 during sewer construction behind the former Princess Alice public house in the Sprowston Road area. The 'bead' is made of gold, garnet and blue glass dating to the late sixth or early seventh century with the workmanship suggesting that it belonged to a woman of wealth or high status such as a 'princess' and dates from the 6th–7th centuries (500 – 699 AD). At this time Essex was an independent kingdom with a territory extending over Essex, Middlesex and London and half of Hertfordshire. Having been found as a single object, it is surmised that the bead was lost casually whilst travelling along the ancient Roman road (now the Romford Road) rather than as a burial object, but this is by no means certain as there is a lack of detail about how it was recovered. Stylistically, the piece is said to relate to similar jewellery produced in Kent, which influenced designs in Essex. It is known that King Sledd of Essex married Ricula, the sister of King Æthelberht of Kent in about 580 AD. The piece was acquired by Sir John Evans and was presented to the Ashmolean Museum in Oxford by Sir Arthur Evans in 1909. The area remained rural until the 19th century. From the 18th century a number of wealthy city dwellers had large country houses in the area and many of them were Quakers, the best known of these were the families of Gurney, Fry and Lester. As the population expanded new churches were built in the area, such as Emmanuel Church, Forest Gate, Emmanuel (1852) and its mission church St Mark's Church, Forest Gate, St Mark's (1893-1898). In 1890 a fire at the Forest Gate Industrial School in Forest Lane, occupied by children belonging to the Whitechapel Union, killed 26 boys between the ages of 7 and 12 years old. Forest Gate formed part of the County Borough of West Ham since its creation (initially as a municipal borough) in 1886. The county borough was abolished to form part of the present-day London Borough of Newham in 1965. Local history blog ''E7 Now and Then'' details other Forest Gate history. Newham has the second highest percentage of Muslims in Britain at 24.3% and Forest Gate reflects this with 23.4% stating their religion as Islam in the 2001 census, many have their roots in Bangladesh and Pakistan and mostly follow the Sunni Deobandi or the Salafi tradition.


Residential areas

The Woodgrange Estate Conservation Area is a residential area with predominantly double-fronted Victorian architecture, Victorian three and four bedroomed houses built between 1887 and 1892 by developer Thomas Corbett and sons who went on to oversee the construction of more than 1,100 houses to exploit the transport links provided by one of the first Essex lines, opened by Eastern Counties Railway in 1839, running through Forest Gate in 1840. Corbett paid £40,000 () for land associated with Woodgrange Farm, Essex, in 1877, which was formerly used as a market garden serving London. The Woodgrange Estate consists of four roads from north to south: Hampton Road; Osborne Road; Claremont Road and Windsor Road, all of which link to Woodgrange Road to the west. There are blocks of council flats at the western end of Claremont and Windsor roads built on the site of houses damaged during bombing in World War II. Nearby Godwin Junior School in Forest Gate recently picked up a British Council International School Award, while the Ofsted Outstanding-rated Forest Gate Community School remains one of the best in the country, by measure of Progress 8 scores. The secondary school is also a member of World Class Schools, having been accredited following a process. To the north of the railway running through Forest Gate is the "village" with terraced streets named for the Oxford Martyrs (Latimer, Ridley and Cranmer) running up to the open spaces of .


Leisure

Forest Gate also houses West Ham Park, providing a place for sports to be played and to the north Forest Gate borders , which has numerous football pitches and areas set aside for bio-diversity and walking. Among the many teams playing on the flats is Sunday League football team Senrab F.C.. Based in Forest Gate, Senrab operates fifteen teams for age groups ranging from 5 to 17 years old and has produced several players who have gone on to successful professional careers, including: John Terry (who gave an undisclosed sum to keep the club running in April 2011), Sol Campbell, Jermain Defoe, Ledley King, Bobby Zamora and Paul Konchesky. Several professional coaches also started out at Senrab, most notably Dario Gradi, Ray Wilkins and Alan Curbishley. Forest Gate also has a local branch of the Women's Institute and is home to the Spotted Dog, Forest Gate, Spotted Dog at 212 Upton Lane.


Transport

Forest Gate railway station has services to Liverpool Street station, London Liverpool Street via Stratford station, Stratford. It is in Travelcard Zone 3 on the Great Eastern Main Line, and was first opened in 1840, a year after the line was built, but closed in 1843, before re-opening after pressure from local residents on 31 May 1846. Other stations in the area include Wanstead Park railway station, which is on the Gospel Oak to Barking line in Zone 3. Forest Gate will be linked by the Elizabeth line to Central London, Central and West London (sub-region), West London in 2019. This will significantly improve rail services in the area.


Music

Forest Gate has various associations with music and acting: it was for many years the home of the Tonic Sol-fa College of John Curwen, which taught large numbers of people to play music without learning conventional notation. In December 1966 Jimi Hendrix wrote ''Purple Haze'' in the Upper Cut Club, owned by Douglas Bayle and George and Billy Walker, it had been opened by The Who, and had The Small Faces as the house band, for a while. It later became the Ace of Clubs in Woodgrange Road. The Newham Generals (D Double E & Footsie) are also from Forest Gate, and the video for their song 'Frontline' was filmed at Forest Gate railway station. Ben Drew aka Plan B (musician) grew up in Forest Gate and lived in Hampton Road on the Woodgrange Estate. Depeche Mode started recording in John Bassett's studio on Sebert Road. Damnably Records began in Forest Gate on Salisbury Road and many of its bands including Shonen Knife, Geoff Farina, Chris Brokaw, Wussy stayed or visited there while on tour and Kath Bloom played a house concert there in 2011. Also based in the same E7 cul de sac that Damnably Records once called home are Vacilando '68 Recordings (previously operating as The Orchestra Pit Recording Co.) who have released vinyl records by international artists such as Howe Gelb, Orkesta Mendoza, Marianne Dissard and Naim Amor, as well as having a heavy involvement in the Medway music scene through the likes of The Singing Loins, Theatre Royal and Stuart Turner and the Flat Earth Society. Damnably and Vacilando '68 have teamed up numerous times to promote live shows including at the now defunct Moka East based in the Olympic Park, Stratford.


Sport

Forest Gate is home to non-league football club Clapton F.C. as well as Sunday league side Senrab F.C..


Notable people


Business and politics

* Sam Alper – Travel trailer, caravan designer and founder of Little Chef * Tony Banks, Baron Stratford – Labour MP (Newham North West 1983 to 1997, West Ham 1997 to 2005) * David Amess, Sir David Amess – Conservative MP (Basildon 1983 to 1997, Southend West 1997 onwards) * Dawn Butler – Labour MP (Brent South 2005 to 2010) * Mark Stephens (solicitor), Mark Stephens – lawyer, mediator, broadcaster, writer * Amelia Chowdhury - Pride Of Britain 2020


Sport

Former managers of West Ham United Football Club associated with Forest Gate include Alan Curbishley and Ted Fenton; also former Brighton and Hove Albion manager Chris Hughton. Other footballers from the area include Simon Royce, Jason Lee (footballer), Jason Lee, Ken Brown (footballer born 1934), Ken Brown, Linvoy Primus, Bondz N'Gala and Jay-Emmanuel Thomas. JJ Jegede, the long jumper, was born and raised in Forest Gate and won the Silver Medal at the 2011 UK Championships and Gold at 2012 UK Indoor Championships. JJ was a Team GB member for the London 2012 Olympics. Mark Hunter (rower), Mark Hunter, MBE, was born and raised in Forest Gate and won the Gold Medal in the lightweight double scull at the 2008 Beijing Olympics and Gold Medals in the lightweight double scull at 2010 and 2011 World Championships. Mark was a Team GB member for the London 2012 Olympics. Other sportsmen and women connected with Forest Gate include heavyweight boxing champions Bombardier Billy Wells, Billy Wells and Lennox Lewis, 7 times world karate champion Molly Samuel MBE, cricketer Ravi Bopara, sprinter Damien Greaves, Olympic fencer Linda Strachan, and Olympic and Commonwealth Games athlete Jean Pickering, Jean Desforges.


Arts and entertainment

Dame Anna Neagle was born in the area in 1905, and has a road named after her off Dames Road. Other actors born in Forest Gate include David Farrar (actor), David Farrar, Malcolm McFee, Billy Murray (actor), Billy Murray, Terrence Hardiman and Chiwetel Ejiofor. Arnold Schwarzenegger was known to have lived in Forest Gate and lifted weights at Wag Bennett's gymnasium in Romford Road before he achieved fame. Other actors associated with the area include ''The Wire'' star Idris Elba, and ''Eastenders'' Ricky Norwood. Jimi Hendrix is reputed to have composed "Purple Haze" in the Upper Cut Club in Woodgrange Road. Musicians from Forest Gate include biographer, composer and pianist Norman Charles Suckling, John Ashton (musician), John Ashton, Kele Le Roc and heavy metal vocalist Sarah Jezebel Deva. Ronnie Lane of the Small Faces was born in Plaistow, Newham, Plaistow but spent his childhood and early adulthood in Forest Gate, living at 385 Romford Road.Ronnie Lane spent childhood in Forest Gate
accessed 07/01/08
Roy Carter, a rhythm guitarist with 70s hit funk band Heatwave (band), Heatwave, was raised in Forest Gate. Many current British hip hop artists are associated with the area including D Double E and Tempa T. Top-selling Grime (music), Grime artist and rapper Plan B (rapper), Plan B, has a song "Raking the Dead" which refers to a friend who discovered a body on Wanstead Flats. Artists from Forest Gate include Betsy Schneider, John Bowstead, Walter Westley Russell and Barry Windsor-Smith. Writer Mary Renault was born in the area. Fashion designer Bubs Mahil runs the famous saree house Chiffons London in Green Street, Forest Gate, and has made costumes for Bollywood diva Aishwarya Rai as well as British Prime Minister Tony Blair – who wore her Nehru jacket in India – and his wife, Cherie Blair, Cherie. In the early 1990s and 21st century she also made headlines for dressing other notable people including Prince Buthalezi, Richard Branson, Mark Ramprakash, Britt Ekland, Parminder Nagra, Gurinder Chadha, Meera Syal, Myleene Klass and Joss Stone. In recent years, she has been involved in commissioning dresses for reality TV stars such as Yazmin Oukhellu from The Only Way Is Essex and Laura Anderson from Love Island (2015 TV series), Love Island.


Other

* Christopher Charles Dalliston – Dean of Newcastle * Elizabeth Fry – prison reformer, lived at The Cedars on Portway between 1829 and 1844. * John Grahl – economist * Vera Day – glamour girl and actress * Claude Scudamore Jarvis – British colonial governor * Joseph McCabe – writer and speaker on freethought * Edward Whymper – climber, who married at Emmanuel Church, Forest Gate, Emmanuel Church in 1906 * Jane Rebecca Yorke – the last person convicted under the Witchcraft Act of 1735


See also

* Forest Gate railway station *
London Borough of Newham The London Borough of Newham is a London borough The London boroughs are the 32 local authority districts that make up the ceremonial county of Greater London Greater London is a Ceremonial counties of England, ceremonial county of ...
* Stratford *2 June 2006 Forest Gate raid


References

{{Authority control Forest Gate, Districts of the London Borough of Newham Areas of London