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The flag of the
United Arab Emirates The United Arab Emirates (UAE; Arabic: الإمارات العربية المتحدة '), sometimes simply called the Emirates (Arabic: الإمارات '), is a country in Western Asia located at the eastern end of the Arabian Peninsula. It b ...
( ar, علم دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة) contains the Pan-Arab colors red, green, white, and black. It was designed in 1971 by Abdullah Mohammed Al Maainah, who was 19 years old at that time, and was adopted on 2 December 1971. The main theme of the flag's four colors is the unity of Arab nations. In 2008, there was a minor change to the Emblem. Merchant ships may fly the alternative
civil ensignA civil ensign is an ensign An ensign is the national flag flown on a vessel to indicate nationality. The ensign is the largest flag, generally flown at the stern (rear) of the ship while in port. The naval ensign (also known as war ensign), us ...
, a red flag with the national flag in the canton.
Emirates Airlines Emirates ( ar, طَيَران الإمارات DIN 31635, DMG: ''Ṭayarān Al-Imārāt)'' is an international airline. It is the largest airline in, and also the flag carrier of, the United Arab Emirates. Based in Al Garhoud, Garhoud, Dubai, t ...
utilises the UAE flag as part of their livery. All seven Emirates use the federal flag interchangeably as the flag of the emirate.


History


Ancient flags

File:Standard_of_Cyrus_the_Great_(Achaemenid_Empire).svg,
Achaemenid Empire The Achaemenid Empire (; peo, 𐎧𐏁𐏂, translit=Xšāça, translation=The Empire), also called the First Persian Empire, was an ancient Iranian empire based in Western Asia Western Asia, also West Asia, is the westernmost subregion of ...

Achaemenid Empire
File:Derafsh_Kaviani_flag_of_the_late_Sassanid_Empire.svg,
Sasanian Empire The Sasanian () or Sassanid Empire, officially known as the Empire of Iranians ( Middle Persian: 𐭠𐭩𐭥𐭠𐭭𐭱𐭲𐭥𐭩 '' Ērānshahr''), and called the Neo-Persian Empire by historians, was the last Persian imperial dynasty bef ...

Sasanian Empire
File:Umayyad Flag.svg,
Umayyad Caliphate The Umayyad Caliphate (661–750 CE; , ; ar, ٱلْخِلَافَة ٱلْأُمَوِيَّة, al-Khilāfah al-ʾUmawīyah) was the second of the four major caliphate A caliphate ( ar, خِلَافَة, ) is an Islamic state under th ...
File:Standard_of_the_Sultan_of_Oman.png,
Omani Empire The Omani Empire ( ar, الإمبراطورية العمانية) was a thalassocracy, maritime empire, vying with Portuguese Empire, Portugal and British Empire, Britain for trade and influence in the Persian Gulf and Indian Ocean. At its peak in ...

Omani Empire


Historical flags

File:Red_flag.svg, Flag of the
Hinawi Hināwī are one of two major tribes of History of Oman, Oman and the Trucial Coast, the other being the Ghafiri, Ghāfirī. Characterized as two significant factions having distinct interests and organizations, their rivalry began approximately 200 ...
(the
Bani Yas Bani Yas (from ar, بَنُو ياس) is a tribe, tribal confederation of Najdi origin in the United Arab Emirates. It had a coalition with many other tribes in the region. The tribal coalition which consists of tribes from Dubai to Khawr al Udayd ...
- Abu Dhabi and Dubai, and Fujairah) and
GhafiriThe Ghāfirī (also ''Ghafiri'' or ''al-Ghafiriyah'') are one of two major tribal confederations of History of Oman, Oman and the Trucial Coast, the other being the Hinawi, Hināwī. Both confederations claim their origin to the Bedouin tribe and the ...
(Umm Al Quwain and Ajman) tribal confederations prior to 1820 File:Qawasim Flag.svg,
Al Qawasim The Al Qasimi (spelled sometimes as Al Qassimi or Al Qassemi; plural: Al Qawasem ar, القواسم and, archaically, Joasmee) is an Arab dynasty in the Persian Gulf that rules Emirate of Sharjah, Sharjah and Emirate of Ras Al Khaimah, Ras Al Kha ...
(Sharjah and Ras Al Khaimah) flag prior to 1820 File:Flag_of_the_Trucial_States.svg, Unofficial Flag of the
Trucial States The Trucial States ( ' or '), also known as Trucial Coast, Trucial Oman, Trucial States of the Coast of Oman, and Trucial Sheikhdoms, was the name the British government gave to a group of tribal confederations in southeastern Arabian Peninsul ...
Council (1968-1971)


Colors


Meaning behind the colors


Color shades


Gallery


Flag of each emirate

Each of the seven emirates within the United Arab Emirates belonged to either
Hinawi Hināwī are one of two major tribes of History of Oman, Oman and the Trucial Coast, the other being the Ghafiri, Ghāfirī. Characterized as two significant factions having distinct interests and organizations, their rivalry began approximately 200 ...
or the
GhafiriThe Ghāfirī (also ''Ghafiri'' or ''al-Ghafiriyah'') are one of two major tribal confederations of History of Oman, Oman and the Trucial Coast, the other being the Hinawi, Hināwī. Both confederations claim their origin to the Bedouin tribe and the ...
tribal confederations. Both tribal confederations had a red banner representing the
Hashemite dynasty The Hashemites ( ar, الهاشميون, al-Hāshimīyūn), also House of Hashim, are the Dynasty, royal family of Jordan, which they have ruled since 1921, and were the royal family of the kingdoms of Kingdom of Hejaz, Hejaz (1916–1925), Arab ...
and allegiance to the prophet
Muhammad ) , birth_date = , birth_place = , death_date = , death_place = , resting_place = , resting_place_coordinates = , nationality = , other_names = , years_active = , notable ...
. The Qawasim, although part of the
GhafiriThe Ghāfirī (also ''Ghafiri'' or ''al-Ghafiriyah'') are one of two major tribal confederations of History of Oman, Oman and the Trucial Coast, the other being the Hinawi, Hināwī. Both confederations claim their origin to the Bedouin tribe and the ...
, had their own flag (a green, white, and red banner) which used to distinguish them as a maritime power. In 1820, after the British Empire campaign on Ras Al Khaimah, six out of the seven emirates signed the General Maritime Treaty with the British Empire which compelled them to be under the British Protectorate rule and protection in the region. A white segment was enforced to be added to each emirate's flag. At that time, Fujairah was not recognized as an emirate by the British and hence did not sign the general treaty in 1820 with the British protectorate and therefore continued to use its plain red flag. On 6 November 1975, Sheikh
Sultan bin Muhammad Al-Qasimi '' , spouse = Sheikha Moza bint Salim Al FalasiJawahir bint Mohammed , issue = Azza Sultan Al-Qasimi, Sheikha Azza bin SultanSheikh Mohammed bin Sultan, Crown Prince of SharjahBodour bint Sultan bin Muhammad Al Qasimi, Sheikha ...
took down the British imposed flag, the White Pierced Red flag, from Sharjah and stated:
After defeating the Al-Qawasim tribe, the British occupiers gave the Qawasim this flag to replace their own flag, which used to have three horizontal colours: green, white and red from top to bottom, with a Quranic inscription 'A victory from Allah and an imminent conquest' on the white part. The loss of our national flag occurred on Saturday 8 January 1820. So what I have done now is restore dignity to the citizens of Sharjah of today and to the citizens of Sharjah of past time, all of whom have been obliged to salute the flag of the very aggressors who had removed our own flag, a flag that had symbolized the struggle of Al-Qawasim.
On 15 November 1975, Ajman, Umm Al Quwain, and Fujairah followed suit and replaced their flags with the federation flag. Soon after the flags of the other emirates were lowered and the UAE flag was raised.


Abu Dhabi

The flag of
Abu Dhabi Abu Dhabi (, ; ar, أَبُو ظَبْيٍ ' ) is the capital and the second-most populous city of the United Arab Emirates (after Dubai). The city of Abu Dhabi is located on an island in the Persian Gulf, off the Central West Coast. Most ...
is a red flag with a white rectangle at the top-left corner. According to the 1820 General Maritime Treaty with the British, in times of war a full red flag would be used by the
Bani Yas Bani Yas (from ar, بَنُو ياس) is a tribe, tribal confederation of Najdi origin in the United Arab Emirates. It had a coalition with many other tribes in the region. The tribal coalition which consists of tribes from Dubai to Khawr al Udayd ...
(Abu Dhabi and Dubai). Although per the 1820 General Maritime Treaty with Britain Abu Dhabi was supposed to fly the Truical States flag, the White Pierced Red flag, in practice Abu Dhabi continued to fly a plain red flag. Percy Cox, the British Colonial Office administrator in the Middle East, was unsuccessful in convincing Zayed bin Khalifa Al Nahyan to adopt the Trucial States flag, which, Zayed argued, represented the Al Qawasim tribal federation. Abu Dhabi later adopted a red flag with a top left white rectangle to distinguish it from the surrounding emirates.


Ajman and Dubai

The flags of Emirate of Ajman, Ajman and Emirate of Dubai, Dubai are identical. They are both plain red with a white bar at the hoist, i.e. closest to the flag staff.Hawley, Donald. "The Trucial States". Twayne Publishers, New York, 1970. pp. 326-7. The flag is known as the White Red Halved and was adopted as an alternative to the Sharjah and Ras Al Khaimah White Pierced Red by the Emirate of Dubai and Ajman to distinguish their authority from the
Al Qawasim The Al Qasimi (spelled sometimes as Al Qassimi or Al Qassemi; plural: Al Qawasem ar, القواسم and, archaically, Joasmee) is an Arab dynasty in the Persian Gulf that rules Emirate of Sharjah, Sharjah and Emirate of Ras Al Khaimah, Ras Al Kha ...
in defiance of the bonds of the 1820 General Maritime Treaty with the British. To the British, this flag was titled as Truical Coast Flag No.1 and Abu Dhabi and Umm Al Quwain were also expected to adopt it. According to the 1820 General Maritime Treaty with the British, in times of war a full red flag would be used by the
Bani Yas Bani Yas (from ar, بَنُو ياس) is a tribe, tribal confederation of Najdi origin in the United Arab Emirates. It had a coalition with many other tribes in the region. The tribal coalition which consists of tribes from Dubai to Khawr al Udayd ...
(Abu Dhabi and Dubai) and a full white flag would be used by Ajman. The Shihuh of Musandam Peninsula, Musandam Peninsula (Ruus Al Jibal) also had a similar flag.


Fujairah

Before 1952, the flag of Emirate of Fujairah, Fujairah was plain red. Fujairah did not sign the general treaty in 1820 with the British protectorate and therefore is still using its red plain flag. From 1952 to 1961, the emirate's name was added to the flag, and a red flag with a white Arabic calligraphy of the emirate name was adopted as an ensign to distinguish it from the surrounding emirates. From 1961 to 1975, the emirate used a plain red flag again. In 1975, the flag was replaced with the national flag of the
United Arab Emirates The United Arab Emirates (UAE; Arabic: الإمارات العربية المتحدة '), sometimes simply called the Emirates (Arabic: الإمارات '), is a country in Western Asia located at the eastern end of the Arabian Peninsula. It b ...
.


Ras Al Khaimah and Sharjah

The flags of Emirate of Ras Al Khaimah, Ras Al Khaimah and Emirate of Sharjah, Sharjah are identical as they are both ruled by two branches of the same house. They show a large red rectangle on a white background. The flag is known as the White Pierced Red and was the intended flag for all the Truical States according to the 1820 Maritime Treaty of the Truical States with the British. It was widely attributed to the
Al Qawasim The Al Qasimi (spelled sometimes as Al Qassimi or Al Qassemi; plural: Al Qawasem ar, القواسم and, archaically, Joasmee) is an Arab dynasty in the Persian Gulf that rules Emirate of Sharjah, Sharjah and Emirate of Ras Al Khaimah, Ras Al Kha ...
tribal federation. Percy Cox, the British Colonial Office administrator in the Middle East, was unsuccessful in convincing the rest of the emirates Sheikhs to adopt it. To the British, this flag was titled as Truical Coast Flag No.2. According to the 1820 General Maritime Treaty with the British, in times of war the original Al Qassimi flag (green, white and red flag) would be used by the Qawasim.


Umm Al Quwain

The flag of Umm Al Quwain consists of a red background, a white bar at the hoist similar the flags of Ajman and Dubai, and a large white star and crescent in the center as a symbols of Islam, symbol of Islam and representing allegiance to the Islamic world. Umm Al Quwain flag was supposed to be the same flag used by Dubai and Ajman, the White Red Halved, but a star and crescent was added to distinguish it from the surrounding emirates.


See also

*Emblem of the United Arab Emirates *
Trucial States The Trucial States ( ' or '), also known as Trucial Coast, Trucial Oman, Trucial States of the Coast of Oman, and Trucial Sheikhdoms, was the name the British government gave to a group of tribal confederations in southeastern Arabian Peninsul ...


References


External links


Flag of United Arab Emirates – A Brief HistoryUnited Arab Emirates Flag , All The Details Of FlagFirst raising of the flag on 2 December, 1971 (photo)
*
Interview of the designer of the UAE flagAnthems and Flags of the Truical States in the British Library
{{DEFAULTSORT:United Arab Emirates, Flag of Flags introduced in 1971 National symbols of the United Arab Emirates, Flag Flags of Asia National flags, United Arab Emirates