The flag of Namibia was adopted on 21 March 1990 upon independence from South Africa.


The National Symbols Sub-Committee received 870 entries for the national flag. Six designs were short-listed; this was reduced to three, those of three Namibians – Theo Jankowski of Rehoboth, Don Stevenson of Windhoek and Ortrud Clay of Lüderitz. These three designs were combined to form the Namibia national flag, adopted unanimously on 2 February 1990 by the Constituent Assembly. The three designers were publicly acknowledged by judge Hans Berker, the chairman of the subcommittee, at the unveiling ceremony on 9 March 1990. However, two other claims were made – South African Frederick Brownell claimed that he had designed the flag in his role as South African State Herald. (A series of 8 articles.) The other claimant was Briton Roy Allen, who claimed that the flag design was the result of a competition run by Hannes Smith of the ''Windhoek Observer'', and that he had won. The colours of the Namibian flag are described in the Government Gazette. This document also details construction of the Presidential flag. The tone or specific shade for white has not been specified.


The chairman explained the symbolism of the flag's colours as follows: * Red – represents Namibia's most important resource, its people. It refers to their heroism and their determination to build a future of equal opportunity for all. * White – represents peace, unity, tranquility, and harmony. * Green – symbolises vegetation and agricultural resources. * Blue – represents the clear Namibian sky and the Atlantic Ocean, the country's precious water resources and rain. * Golden-yellow sun – life and energy


The flag has a white-edged red diagonal band radiating diagonally from the lower hoist-side corner. The upper triangle is blue with a gold sun with 12 triangular rays and the lower triangle is green. ''In Blazon: Tierced per bend sinister Azure, and Vert, a bend sinister Gules fimbriated Argent and in dexter chief a Sun with twelve straight rays Or charged with an annulet Azure.''

Other flags

File:Flag of the President of Namibia.svg|Presidential Standard File:Flag of the Namibian Police Force.svg|Police Flag

Historical flags

File:Reichskolonialflagge.svg|Flag of German South-West Africa from 24 April 1884 to 9 July 1915. File:Flag of Deutsch-Südwest.svg|Proposed flag of German South-West Africa in 1914, which was never implemented. File:Flag of the United Kingdom.svg|Flag of South West Africa between 1915 and 28 June 1919. File:Red Ensign of South Africa (1912–1951).svg|Merchant flag of South-West Africa from 1915 to 1928. File:Flag of South Africa 1928-1994.svg|Flag of South West Africa from 1960 to 21 March 1990 under Trusteeships by South Africa. File:Flag of South West Africa People's Organisation.svg|Flag of SWAPO used at the United Nations between 1976 and 21 March 1990.

Flags of bantustans in South West Africa

Some of the bantustans established by South Africa during its period of administering South West Africa had adopted their own distinctive flags whilst others used the flag of South Africa. File:Flag of Bushmanland.svg|Bushmanland File:Flag of Damaraland.svg|Damaraland File:Flag of Caprivi Bantustan.svg|East Caprivi File:Flag of Hereroland.svg|Hereroland File:Flag of South Africa (1928–1994).svg|Kaokoland File:Flag of Kavangoland.svg|Kavangoland File:Flag of South Africa (1928–1994).svg|Namaland File:Flag of Ovamboland.svg|Ovamboland File:Flag of Rehoboth-Basterland.svg|Rehoboth (Basterland) File:Flag of South Africa (1928–1994).svg|Tswanaland


External links

World Statesmen – Namibia
{{DEFAULTSORT:Namibia, Flag of Category:Flags of Africa Flag Category:Flags introduced in 1990 Category:Flags adopted through competition Namibia