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South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over Demographics of South Africa, 59 million people, it is the world's List of countries by population, 23rd-most populous nation a ...
, the Executive Council of a
province A province is almost always an administrative division within a country or state. The term derives from the ancient Roman '' provincia'', which was the major territorial and administrative unit of the Roman Empire's territorial possessions outs ...
is the cabinet of the provincial government. The Executive Council consists of the
Premier Premier is a title for the head of government in some countries, states and sub-national governments. A second in command to a premier is designated as a vice-premier or deputy premier. Examples by country The word comes from french "Premier mi ...
and five to ten other members,'' Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996'', Chapter 6: "Provinces", ss. 125–141 who have the title "Member of the Executive Council", commonly abbreviated to "MEC". MECs are appointed by the Premier from amongst the members of the provincial legislature; he or she can also dismiss them. The provincial legislature may force the Premier to reconstitute the council by passing a motion of no confidence in the Executive Council excluding the Premier; if the legislature passes a motion of no confidence in the Executive Council ''including'' the Premier, then the Premier and the MECs must resign. The Premier designates powers and functions to the MECs; conventionally they are assigned portfolio (government), portfolios in specific areas of responsibility. They are accountable to the provincial legislature, both individually and as a collective, and must regularly report to the legislature on the performance of their responsibilities. The Western Cape, the only province to have adopted its own constitution, chose to call its executive council the "Government_of_the_Western_Cape, Provincial Cabinet", and its MECs "Provincial Ministers".


Membership of executive councils

The following tables show the members of the nine Executive Councils .


Eastern Cape


Free State


Gauteng


KwaZulu-Natal


Limpopo


Mpumalanga


North West


Northern Cape


Western Cape


References

{{Reflist Provincial governments of South Africa