Education Act 1918 (8 & 9 Geo. V c. 39), often known as the Fisher Act, is an Act
of the Parliament of the United Kingdom
. It was drawn up by H. A. L. Fisher
. Herbert Lewis
, Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Education, also played a key role in drawing up the Act. Note that the "Education Act 1918" applied to England and Wales, whereas a separate "Education (Scotland) Act 1918" applied for Scotland.
This raised the school leaving age
to fourteen and planned to expand tertiary education
. Other features of the 1918 Education Act included the provision of ancillary services (medical inspection
, nursery schools
, centres for pupils with special needs
By the 1920s, the education of young children was of growing interest and concern to politician
s, as well as to educationalist
s. As a result of this rising level of public debate, the Government of the day referred a number of topics for enquiry to the Consultative Committee of the Board of Education,
[Brehony, K. J. (1994). "The 'School Masters Parliament: the origins and formation of the Consultative Committee of the Board of Education 1868–1916." History of Education 23(2): 171–193.]
then chaired by Sir William Henry Hadow
. Altogether the Hadow Committee
published three very important reports – 1926, 1931 and 1933.
These reports led to major changes in the structure of primary education. In particular, they resulted in separate and distinctive educational practice for children aged 5–7 (infants) and those aged 7–11 (juniors).
The Reports recommended child centred approaches and class sizes of no more than thirty. These recommendations marked a triumph of 'progressive' educational thought and practice over the more 'traditional' ideas and proved to be popular with many policy makers and teachers alike.
*Digital Reproduction of the Original Act on the Parliamentary Archives catalogue
Category:United Kingdom Education Acts
Category:1918 in education
Category:1918 in law
Category:United Kingdom Acts of Parliament 1918
Category:Public education in the United Kingdom